rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!

                                          

"ige;jkpo;g;;  gpd;nrd;w gr;irg; gRq; nfhz;lNy"

 

(11)

 

jkpo; ,yf;fpa cyfpy;  gf;jp ,af;f  fhyj;jpy;  nre;jkpio tsHj;Jr; nropg;Gwr; nra;j ngUik irtrkaf;FutH ehy;tHf;Fk; itzt Mo;thHfs; gd;dpUtHf;Fk; cupaJ.

 

jpj;jpf;Fk; nre;jkpopy; njtpl;lhj jPq;fdpg; ghly;fisg; ghb rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpOf;F msg;ngUe; njhz;bid mtHfs; Mw;wpapUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

vt;thW fUizf;nfhU mUzfpupahH KUfid "nfhd;iwr; rilahHf; nfhd;iwj; njupaf; nfhQ;rpj; jkpohw; gfHNthNd" vd;W re;jj; jkpopy; ghb kfpo;e;jhNuh> mNjNghy; mtUf;F Ke;ija Mo;thHfs; jhk; topgl;l fz;zidj; jkpo;nkhopapd; kPJ jzpahj fhjy; nfhz;ltd; vd;Wk;> jkpo;f; ftpij mKjk; cz;L jpisj;jtd; vd;Wk; Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;Js;shHfs;.

 

Mo;thHfs; mUspr; nra;j jkpo; khiyfs; ehyhapuj;ijAk;  jpUkhy; kpfTk; tpUk;gp Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhd; vd;gij jkpo; mUshsHfs; njhd;W njhl;L nrhy;ypte;jpUf;fpd;wdH. mUl;ngUq; ftpQuhfpa FkuFUguH>

 

gokiwfs; Kiwaplg; ige;jkpo;g; gpd;nrd;w

  gr;irg; gRq; nfhz;lNy

 

vd;W jpUkhiy miof;fpwhH. fk;gH ,aw;wpa rlNfhgH me;jhjp>

 

 ftpg;gh mKjk; ,irapd; fwpnahL

 fz;zw;F cz;zf; Ftpg;ghd;

 

vd;W Mo;thHfisg; Nghw;WfpwJ. cyfse;j khatd; Nfhapy;nfhz;L epw;Fk; vopy;kiyahk; jpUNtq;fl khkiyia (,d;iwa jpUg;gjp)>

 

"Mo;thHfs; nre;jkpio Mjupj;j Ntq;flk;"

 

vd;W gps;isg; ngUkhs; Iaq;fhH Gfo;fpd;whH.  

 

,sq;Nfhtbfspd; neQ;iras;Sk; rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; ,uz;lbahy; %TyfKk; mse;j jpUkhiy Ma;r;rpaH Mbg;ghb kfpo;e;J tho;j;Jfpd;wdH.

 

tlfiuia kj;jhf;fp> thRfpia ehzhf;fpf;>

fly;tz;zd; gz;nlhUehs; fly;tapW fyf;fpidNa>

fyf;fpaif mNrhijahH filfapw;why; fl;Lz;if!

kyHf;fky ce;jpaha;! khaNkh? kUl;ifj;Nj!

 

fly;tz;zh? ,kakiyia japHkj;Jg; Nghd;W mikj;J> thRfp vd;Dk; ngupa ghk;ig fapwhff; nfhz;L  eP Kd;G xU  ehs; ghw;fly; tapw;iwf; fyf;fpdha;> mt;thW fyf;fpa ifia aNrhijg; gpuhl;bahH> jhd; japH filAk; fapw;why; fl;bdhH> jhkiu kyH Nghd;w ce;jpf; fkyk; cilatNd! ,J khakhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. tpag;ghfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ.  

 

'mWnghUs; ,td;" vd;Nw mkuHfzk; njhONjj;j

cWgrp xd;W ,d;wpNa cyFmila cz;lidNa>

cz;ltha; fstpdhy; cwpntz;nza; cz;ltha;!

tz;Joha; khiyaha; khaNkh? kUl;ifj;Nj!

 

Kbthd nghUs;> Iak; mw;w nghUs; ,td; vd;W fUjp thNdhH njhOJ> GfOk; khatd;> jdf;F grpNa ,y;yhjjhy; cyfk; KOtijAk; cz;lha;!  mt;thW cz;ltha;> ntz;nza; jpUb cz;ltha;>  tstpa Jsrp khiyia cilatNd mr;nray; khakhf ,Uf;fpwJ. tpag;ghfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. fz;zd; jpUtpisahly;fspy; ,JTk; xd;W.  

 

jpuz;L mkuH njhONjj;Jk; jpUkhy;! epd; nra;fky

,uz;Lmbahy; %TyFk; ,Us;jPu ele;jidNa!

ele;j mbgQ;rtHf;Fj; Jhjhf ele;jmb!

klq;fyha;! khW ml;lha;! khaNkh? kUl;ifj;Nj." 

                                                                                                                                                                                                (rpyk;G- Ma;r;rpaH Fuit 32-34)           

 

NjtHfs; midtUk; jpuz;L te;J Nghw;wk; jpUkhNy! epdJ rpte;j jhkiu Nghd;w ,uz;L ghjq;fshy; ,e;j Nky;> eL> fPo; vd;W %Tyfq;fspd; Jd;gk; jPu ele;jhNa! mt;thW ele;j ghjq;fs;> ghz;ltHfSf;Fj; JhJ Nghd ghjq;fs;> rpq;fk; Nghd;wtNd! eurpq;fk; Nghd;wtNd! giftdha; khWgl;l ,uzpaidf; nfhd;wtNd! ,r;nray;fs; vy;yhk; khakhapUf;fpd;wd. tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

"ngupatid> khatid NgHcyfk; vy;yhk;

tpupfky ce;jpAil> tpz;ztidf;> fz;Zk;

jpUtbAk;> ifAk;> jpUtha; nra;af;

fupatidf; fhzhj fz;vd;d fz;Nz?

fz;,ikj;Jf; fhz;ghH jk;fz; vd;dfz;Nz?"

 

                                                  (rpyk;G- Ma;r;rpaH Fuit 36)

 

NjtHfSf;nfy;yhk; ngupatid>  khaq;fspy; ty;ytid> ,e;jg; ngupa cyfj;ij vy;yhk; mlf;fpAs;s tpupe;j fkyj;ij ce;jpahfAila> tpz;zyfj;jhid> mtd; fz;Zk;> jpUtbfSk;> ifAk;> thAk;> rpte;jpUf;Fk;> fupa epwj;jtidf; fhzhj fz;fs; vd;d fz;fs;? fz; ,ikj;Jg; ghHf;fpd;w fz;fs; vd;d fz;fs;?

 

gokiwfs; Kiwaplg; ige;jkpo;g; gpd; nrd;w

gr;irg; gRq; nfhz;lNy

 

vd;W  FkuFUguH Vd; ghbdhH? me;jg; ghly; tupfSf;Fg; gpd;dhy;  xU fij Gije;jpUf;fpwJ.   

 

jpUkopiraho;thH fhQ;rpGuj;jpy; tujuhrg;ngUkhisr; Nrtpj;Jf; nfhz;L jq;fpap;jNghJ mbahH xUtH mtUf;F ghy; nfhz;Lte;J  nfhLf;f mjid Mo;thH gUfpdhH. vQ;rpapUe;j ghiy mbahH gpurhjkhf  cd;dp kidtpf;Ff; nfhLf;f mjid mtH cz;ldH. gpd;dH mtHfSf;F xU mofhd Foe;ij gpwe;jJ. Foe;ijf;F ngw;NwhHfs; fzpfz;zd; vd;W ngaupl;ldH. Foe;ij tsHe;J ngupatdhdJk; jpUkopir Mo;thUf;Fj; njhz;lhw;wp te;jdd;.

 

xUKiw jpUthyaQ; nrd;W tujuh[g;ngUkhis tzq;fp Myaj;ij tyk; te;jNghJ xU taJte;j %jhl;b  js;shj tajpy; Rthkp ifq;fupak; nra;tijf; fz;lhH. mts;kPJ fzptz;zH ,uf;fk; nfhz;lhH. ,e;j cly;jsHe;j  %jhl;b ,sikg; gUtk; mile;jhy; ,d;Dk; gy;yhz;L topghL nra;thNu vd epidj;j fzptz;zH "fhQ;rPGuj;jpy; vOe;jUsp ,Uf;Fk; fkyf; fz;zh ,e;j %khl;bf;F cd; jpUtUs; cz;lhf Ntz;Lk;" vd;W $wp me;j %jhl;bapd; KJif jdJ jpUf;fuj;jhy; njhl;lhH. clNd %jhl;bapd; fpoj;jd;ik ePq;fp kq;ifg; gUtk; mile;J fl;bsq; Fkupahdhs;.

 

fzpfz;zH fpotpiaf; Fkupahf;fpa nra;jp  fhl;Lj; jPNghy Cnuq;Fk; gutpaJ. mf;fhyj;J fhQ;rpGuj;ij Mz;L te;j gy;ytuhad; fhJf;Fk; nra;jp vl;baJ. fzpfz;ziuf; mioj;J "ehDk; fpoj;jd;ik mile;J tpl;Nld;. mjidg; Nghf;fp vdf;Fk; ,sikg; gUtj;ij juNtz;Lk;" vd;whd;.

 

fzpfz;zH   eifj;J "vd;dhy; mJ  KbahJ" vd;whH. kd;dd; tpltpy;iy. "Nfhapypy; topgl;l fpotpapd;  KJifj; jltp Fkupahf;fp tpl;lha; vd;W CuhH NgRfpd;wdH. ,g;NghJ Kbahnjd;why; vg;gb?"

 

"fpotpia Fkupahf;fpaJ ehdy;y. mJ mtd; nray;. mtdplk; ePNa Ntz;Ljy; nra;J nfhs;"

 

"gpr;ir vLj;Jg; gpiof;Fk; epdf;F  ,j;jid nrUf;fh. ,g;NghNj eP ehl;il tpl;Lr; nry;YjP"

 

"mg;gbNa nra;fpNwd; kd;dh! cd;id ek;gpah  flTs; vd;id ,e;j cyfpy; gilj;jhH? ,e;j tpdhbNa ehd; Ciu tpl;L ePq;FfpNwd;!"

 

jpUkopiraho;thuplk; ele;jij vLj;Jr; nrhy;yp fzpfz;zH tpilngw;W mfd;whH. rPldpd; gpupit Mw;whj jpUkopiraho;thH gpd; nrd;whH. mf;fhy; fr;rp tujiuf; fz;L xU ghRuk; ghbdhH>

 

fzpfz;zd; Nghfpd;whd; fhkUG+q; fr;rp

kzptz;zh eP fplf;f Ntz;lh- Jzpnthd;wpr;

nre;ehg; GyNthd; nry;fpd;Nwd; ePAKd;wd;

ige;ehfg; gha;RUl;bf; nfhs;"

 

,jidf; Nfl;lTld; tujuh[g; ngUkhs; Mo;thH $wpa tz;zNk MjpNrldhfpa ghaiyr; RUl;bf; nfhz;L jkpo; ghLNthH gpd; nrd;whH.

 

jpUkopir Mo;thiug; gpd;njhlHe;J ngUkhs; nry;y>  ngUkhisj; njhlHe;J jpUkfSk; gpd; nrd;whH. fhQ;rpGuj;jpy; rPNjtpf;Fg; gjpy;  %Njtp te;J NrHe;jhs;. efuk; nghyptpoe;jJ. kf;fs; kd;dplk; nrd;W Kiwapl;ldH.

 

kd;dd; tUe;jpdhd;. ngUkhSf;F gpio ,ioj;NjhNk  vd;W Gyk;gpdhd;. jpUkhyplKk; jpUkfsplj;Jk; nrd;W njhOJ jpUk;gp ,UtiuAk; tUkhW kd;whbf; Nfl;lhd;. Mo;thH jpUk;gptuhtpl;lhy; ehKk;  jpUk;Nghk; vd;whHfs;.

 

kd;dd; Mo;thuplk; Xbr; nrd;W "ve;ijNa! ePH jpUk;GtPNuahkhfpy; tujUk; rPNjtpAk; jpUk;gp tUthHfs;. mUs; nra;a Ntz;Lk;" vd;whd;.

 

"kd;d! ekJ rPld; te;jhyd;wp ehk; jpUk;Nghk;" vd;W gjpypWj;jhH Mo;thH. kd;dDf;F NtW topapUf;ftpy;iy. fzpfz;zH fhypy; tpOe;jhd;. "mbNad; nra;j gpioia kd;dpj;jUs Ntz;Lk;. ePq;fs; jpUk;gpdhy;jhy; mtHfs; jpUk;GthHfs;" vd;W Ntz;bdhd;.

 

fzpfz;zH fUiz $He;J FUehjHghy; te;J kd;did kd;dpf;FkhW Nfl;L efH jpUk;gpdhH. rPld; jpUk;gNt jpUkopir Mo;thH gpd;njhlHe;jhH. clNd Mo;thH tujiu Nehf;fpj; jhd; $wpa ntz;ghitj; jpUg;gpg; ghbdhH.

 

fzpfz;zd; Nghf;nfhope;jhd; fhkUG+q; fr;rp

kzptz;zh eP fplf;f Ntz;Lk;- Jzpnthd;wpr;

nre;ehg; GyNthd; nrynthope;Njd; ePAKd;wd;

ige;ehfg; gha;tpupJf; nfhs;"

 

jpUkopiraho;thH ghbaTlNd ngUkhs; rPNjtpAlNd nrd;W gd;dfg; ghaiy tpupj;J mkHe;jhH. ,jdhy; ngUkhSf;F "nrhd;dtz;zk; nra;j ngUkhs;" vd;nwhU jpUehkk; toq;FfpwJ. tlnkhopapy; "aNjhj;jfhup" vd;gH. tujuh[ngUkhs; Myaj;ij fhQ;rpapy; ,d;Wk; fhzyhk;.

 

ngUkhSk;> Mo;thUk;> fzpfz;zUk; Ngha; XupuT jq;fpapUe;j CUf;F XuputpUf;if vd;W ngaH. ,t;T+H fhQ;rPGuj;Jf;F mUfpy;; cs;sJ. ,jidj;jhd; FkuFUgu Rthkpfs;>  

 

gzpnfhz;l Jj;jpg; glg;gha;r; RUl;Lg;

gize;Njhs; vUj;jiyg;gg;

gokiwfs; Kiwaplg; ige;jkpo;g; gpd;nrd;w

gr;irg; gRq; nfhz;lNy"

 

vd;Wk;

 

fUizf;nfhU mUzfpupahH jpUg;Gfopy; ,dpa ghtyd; ciuapdpy; xOfpa flTs;

 

vd;fpwhH.

 

(tsUk;)  

 

 


  

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (12)

 

vd;ided; whf ,iwtd; gilj;jdd;

jd;ided; whfj;  jkpo;nra;A khNw!

 

ef;fPud;

 

gd;dpU Mo;thHfspd; ehyhapujpt;tpag; gpuge;jk; vt;thW jkpo; Ntjk; vd;W Nghw;wg;gLfpwNjh mt;thW jpU%yupd; jpUke;jpuk; jkpo; Ntjk; vdg; Nghw;wg;gLfpwJ. mjw;F ,d;ndhU ngaH "jkpo; %thapuk;." jkpopy; vOjg;gl;l Kjy; Mfk Ehy; jpUke;jpuk;.

 

nrg;Gk; rpthfkk;; vd;Dkg; NgH ngw;Wk;

mg;gb ey;Fk; mUze;jp jhs;ngw;Wj;

jg;gpyh kd;wpy; jdpf;$j;Jf; fz;lgpd;

xg;gpy; vONfhb AfkpUe; NjNd!"

 

%yd; ciunra;j Kg;gJ cgNjrk;

%yd; ciunra;j Ke;EhW ke;jpuk;

%yd; ciunra;j %thapuk; jkpo;

%yd; ciunra;j %d;Wk; xd;whNk

 

jpU%yiug;gw;wpg; gy Guhzf; fijfSk;> IjPfq;fSk; cz;L. mtw;iw ehk; xUGwk; Xukhfj; js;spitj;J tpl;L jpUke;jpuj;jpd; Clhf jpU%yH nrhy;ypa tho;tpay; cz;ikfis czuNtz;Lk;. jkpopy; kpfr; rpwe;j rhj;jpu EhyhfTk; Njhj;jpu EhyhfTk; jpUke;jpuk; tpsq;FfpwJ. Md;kPf <Nlw;wj;jpw;F jpUke;jpuk; topfhl;LfpwJ.  jpU vd;why; nja;tj;jd;ik tha;e;jJ vd;W nghUs;. ke;jpuk; vd;why; kiwnkhop.                                                          

 

epiwnkhop khe;jH Mizapw; fpse;j

kiwnkhopjhNd ke;jpuk; vd;g.             (njhy;.nghU. nra;Aspay; 480)

                                                                             

vd;gJ  ke;jpuk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F njhy;fhg;gpaH $Wk; tiutpyf;fzkhFk;.

 

"epiwe;j nkhopia cila khe;jH jkJ Mizahw; nrhy;yg;gl;l kiwe;j nrhy; ke;jpukht njd;WzHf"vd ,e;jr; #j;jpuj;Jf;F ,sk;G+uzdhH ciunra;thH. ,Nj nghUspy; ,r; nrhy;iy jpUts;StH ifahs;tij jpUf;Fwspy; fhzyhk;.

 

epiwnkhop khe;jH ngUik epyj;J

kiwnkhop fhl;b tpLk;.          (Fws; 28)

 

epiwe;j nkhopapid cila Jwe;jhuJ ngUikia  epyTyfj;jpd;fz; mtH Mizahfr; nrhy;ypa ke;jpuq;fs; fz;$lhff; fhl;Lk;.

 

jtj;jpdhy; jhk; fz;lwpe;j cz;ikapidAk;> Ngupd;gj;ijAk; cyf kf;fs; ahtUk; ngw;W ca;aNtz;Lk; vd;gJ jpU%yuJ ,yl;rpakhFk;.

 

ehd;ngw;w ,d;gk; ngWf,t; itafk;

thd;gw;wp epd;w kiwg;nghUs; nrhy;ypbd;

Cd;gw;wp epd;w czHTW ke;jpuk;

jhd;gw;wg; gw;wj; jiyg;gLe; jhNd!

 

,e;j itaj;jpy; cs;s kf;fs; midtUk; jk;ikg; NghyNt> me;jg; Ngupd;gj;ij milaNtz;Lk; vd;gJ jpU%yupd; Mir. Mir kl;Lky;y mtuJ tho;j;Jk; mJNt!

 

fTjk Gj;jUf;Fk; jpU%yUf;Fk; ahf;ifgw;wpa Gul;rpfukhd rpe;jidapy; xU xw;Wik cz;L. Gj;jH nka;awpT (cz;ik Qhdk;) ngWKd; cz;zhky; mUe;jhky; jd;id tUj;jp ePz;l ehl;fs;  Nehd;G ,Ue;jhH. cz;dh Nehd;gpdhy; cly; ,isj;J vYk;Gk; NjhYkhfp  rhtpd; tpopk;gpw;Nf NghdhH. gpd;dH cliy tUj;Jtjd; %yk; nka;awpitg; ngwKbahJ vd gl;lwptpdhy; czHe;J mjidf; iftpl;lhH. ,e;j mDgtk; jpU%yUf;Fk; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ.  

 

clk;ghH mopapy; capuhH mopthH

jplk;gl nka;Q;Qhdk; NruTk; khl;lhH

clk;ig tsHf;Fk; cghak; mwpe;Njd;

clk;ig tsHj;Njd; capHtsHj; NjNd!

 

vd;fpwhH. clk;Gf;Fk; capUf;Fk; neUq;fpa cwTz;L. capUk; clYk; $b tho;tNj tho;thFk;. mit gpupjNy ,wg;ghFk;. nka;awpT ngw tpiogtH clk;igg; Ngzp tsHf;f Ntz;Lk;.  "MwpYk; rhT EhwpYk; rhT" vd;W ntl;b Ntjhe;jk; NgRtjhy; gad; ,y;iy.  clk;igg; gl;bdp Nghl;lhy; Md;kyhgk; fpilahJ. clk;G rpijAkhdhy; capUk; gad;ngwhJ jsHr;rp cWk;. ,jidNa ts;StH "Rit> xsp> CW> Xir> ehw;wk; vd;iwe;jpd; tifnjupthd; fl;Nl cyF" vd;fpwhH. NkYk;>

 

clk;gpid Kd;dk; ,Of;nfd;W ,Ue;Njd;

clk;gpDf;F cs;Ns cWnghUs; fz;Nld;

clk;GNs cj;jkd; Nfhapy; nfhz;lhd; vd;W

clk;gpid ahdpUe;J Xk;Gfpd; NwNd

 

,iwtd; vq;Fk; epiwe;jtd;. MfNt clk;G mtd; ,Uf;Fk; ,lk; Mapw;W. clk;gpd; mUik njupahJ mjidf; Fw;wKs;s nghUs; vd vz;zp tho;;tpd; Kw;gFjpapy; ,Ue;Jtpl;Nld;. gpd;dH clk;Gf;Fs;Ns ,iwtd; tPw;wpUg;gij czHe;J nfhz;Nld;. clk;G Nfhapyhapw;W. vdNt ,t;Tlk;ig ehd; fz;Zk; fUj;Jkhf fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpNwd;.

 

cly; topghL vd;gJ mftopghlhFk;. ,jd;  ,d;wpaikahikia jpUke;jpuk; typAWj;JfpwJ. jyahj;jpiu> jPHj;jk; vd kdnkhd;whJ nra;Ak; Gwtopghl;bdhy; gad; ,y;iy vd;fpwhH mg;gubfs;>

 

fq;if ahbnyd; fhtpup ahbnyd;

nfhq;Fjz; Fkupj; Jiw ahbnyd;

Xq;F khfly; XjePH Mbnyd;

vq;Fk; <rd; vdhjtHf;F ,y;iyNa.

 

rptthf;fpahH vd;w rpj;jUk; Gwtopghl;bid kWj;J mftopghl;bidg; Nghw;WfpwhH.

 

NfhapyhtJ Vjlh? Fsq;fshtJ Vjlh?

NfhapYk; Fsq;fSk; Fk;gpLk; FyhkNu

NfhapYk; kdj;JNs Fsq;fSk; kdj;JNs

MtJk; moptJk; ,y;iy,y;iy ,y;iyNa!

  

mwpTj;Jiwapy; jpUts;StH nra;j Gul;rp NghyNt jpU%yUk; Md;kPfj; Jiwapy; Gul;rp nra;jpUf;fpwhH. "NgHnfhz;l ghHg;ghd; gpuhd;jd;id mHr;rpj;jhy; NghHnfhz;l Nte;jHf;Fk; nghy;yh tpahjpahk;> ghHnfhz;l ehl;Lf;Fg; gQ;rKk; Mk;" vd jpU%yH nrg;GfpwhH! (gpd;dH ,Jgw;wp vOJNthk;)

 

jpU%yiu ,iwtd; ,t;Tyfpy; Ntj Mfkq;fspd; fUj;ij jkpo;nkhopapy;  Mf;fr;nra;aNt gilj;jhd;. ,e;j cz;ikia jpU%yuJ thf;iff; nfhz;Nl mwpayhk;.

 

vd;ided; whf ,iwtd; gilj;jdd;

jd;ided; whfj;  jkpo;nra;A khNw!

 

kz; Mir> nghd; Mir> ngz; Mir vd;w %thirAk; Jwe;j jpU%yUf;F jkpo; Miriaj; Jwf;f Kbatpy;iy. jd;id (,iwtid) Mw;wy; kpf;f ey;y jkpo;g; ghly;fspy; vLj;J tpsk;g Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fj;NjhLjhd; jd;id Ma;e;JzUk; mwpNthL ,iwtd; gilj;jhd; vd;fpwhH.  ,jid czHe;Jnfhz;l Nrf;fpohH>

 

jz;zpyhH rilahHjhk; je;j Mfkg; nghUis

kz;zpd; kpirj; jpU%yH thf;fpdhy; jkpo; ...

 

vd;fpwhH. gpwg;ghfpa fliy ePe;jpf; flj;jw;Fj; jpU%yH jpUke;jpuk; njg;gkhf cjt ty;yJ vd;w fUj;jpy; "jpU%yH khiy vDk; njg;gj;ijg; gw;wpf; fUtiyiaf; flg;Nghk; fhz;" vd;W $WfpwJ ''rpe;jhe;j juprdk;.''

 

NjtH FwSk; jpUehd; kiwKbTk;

%tH jkpOk; KdpnkhopAk; - Nfhit

jpUthrfKk; jpU%yH nrhy;Yk;

xUthrfk; vd;WzH.   

 

vd;gJ jkpo;kfs; mt;itahH thf;F.  irtrpj;jhe;jk; Ntjk; nghJthdJ Mfkk; rpwg;ghdJ vd;fpwJ. Mupa Ntjk; Mfkj;ij xg;Gf;nfhs;tjpy;iy.

 

Ntjhe;jk; [Pthd;kh-gukhd;kh xd;W vd;w fUj;jpy; ehNk gpukk; vd;W $Wk;. Mdhy; rpj;jhe;jk; gjpNtW gRNtW ,uz;Lk; mehjp vd;W $Wk;. ,uz;Lk; ,t;thW fUj;jpy; NtWgl;lhYk; ,uz;Lk; tPLNgw;iwNa typAWj;Jfpd;wd. jpU%yH Ntjj;ijtpl mwk; ,y;iy> Ntjj;ij XjpNa tPL ngw;whHfNs! vd;fpwhH. NkYk;>  

 

NtjnkhL Mfkk; nka;ahk; ,iwtDhy;

XJk; rpwg;Gk; nghJT nkd;Ws;sd

ehjd; ciuait> ehba ,uz;le;jk;

Ngjk njd;gH> ngupNahHf; fNgjNk!"

 

vd;fpwhH. ,jdhy; Ntjk; Mfkk; ,uz;Lk; tho;tpw;fhd Mjhuk; vd;gJ jpU%yH fUj;jhFk;. Ntjk; Mfkk; ,uz;bYk; rkurk; nra;J nfhz;lJ NghyNt jkpo;nkhop tlnkhop ,uz;bYk; jpU%yH rkurk; nra;J nfhs;fpwhH.

 

mtpo;f;fpd;w thWk; mJfl;L khWk;

rpkpl;liyg; gl;LapH Nghfpd;w thWk;

jkpo;r;nrhy; tlnrhy; vDk;,t; tpuz;Lk;

czHj;Jk; mtid czuYk; MNk!''

 

capHfs; ge;jj;jpdpd;W tpLgLjiyAk; cl;gLjiyAk; gpwg;gpd;W capH tpLgl;Lg; NghFk; Mfpa ,it midj;ijAk; jkpo;nkhop tlnkhop Mfkq;fspd; %yk; mwptpf;Fk; guk;nghUis czHjy; Ntz;Lk;. 'jkpo;r;nrhy;  tlnrhy; vd ,t;tpuz;Lk; czHj;Jk;" vd;gjhy; jkpo; Mupak; ,uz;bYk; Ntjhfkg; nghUs; nghjpe;Js;sJ vd;gJ jpU%yH jPHg;G.

 

,J   Mupak; tof;nfhope;j nkhopahdhYk; thOk;nkhop jkpNohL nry;thf;Fs;sJ vd;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,ijNajhd; jpUthrfk; "Mupak; fz;lha; jkpo; fz;lha;" vd ,uz;LNk flTsH nkhop vdg; NgRfpwJ!

 

,Ue;Jk; eilKiwapy; jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; jkpo; jPz;lj;jfhj nkhopahf> 'ePrghi\' Mf js;sp itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. jpU%yupd; jpUke;jpuj;ij gd;dpUjpUKiwapy; gj;jhtJ jpUKiwahfr; NrHj;jNjhL rup. ,d;W jkpo; KdptH jpUke;jpuj;ij  XJthUk; ,y;iy. Nghw;WthUk; ,y;iy. Gfo;thUk; ,y;iy.

 

"vd;id ,iwtd; ed;whfg; gilj;jdd; jd;id ed;whfj; jkpo; nra;AkhNw' vd;Wk;

 

"xd;Nw Fyk; xUtNd Njtd;" vd;Wk; "ehd; ngw;w ,d;gk; ngWf ,t;itafk;" vd;Wk;

mUspa nre;jkpo;r; rpj;jupd; jpUke;jpuk; ,d;W Flj;jpy; ,l;l tpsf;fhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ. jpU%yNu>

 

mz;zy; mUshy; mUSk; rpthfkk;

tpz;zpy; mkuH jkf;Fk; tpsq;fupJ

mz;zy; miwe;j mwptwpahtpbd;

vz;zpyp NfhbAk; ePHNky; vOj;Nj!''  

 

vd;fpwhH.    (tsUk;)

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!

 

njs;sKjpd; Nkyhd Kj;jpf; fdpNanad; Kj;jkpNo

 

(13)

 

rpw;wpyf;fpatif njhz;Zhw;whW vd;Dk; fUj;J jkpo; ,yf;fpa cyfpy; ngupJk; toq;fg; ngWfpwJ. cz;ikapy; ghl;bay;fs; $Wk; rpWEhy;fis vy;yhk; milT nra;ag; ngwpd; 96 tiff;Fk;; kpFfpd;wd. ghl;bay; Ehy;fs;> rpw;wpyf;fpa Ehy;fs;> ,yf;fpa tuyhWfs;> GytH tuyhWfs; Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L Fiwe;jJ 163 tifr; rpW Ehy;fs; cz;L vdf; fzf;fplg;gl;Ls;sJ. mfyf;ftp njhlf;fk; Ntdpy;khiy <whf nkhj;jk; 287 rpw;wpyf;fpatif Ehy;fs; cz;nld;W gl;bay; ,l;Lf; fhl;LgtHfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

njhy;fhg;gpak; rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs; gytw;wpw;F fhy;Nfhs; nra;jJ. ghl;L> njhif> ghtpfk; Mfpait gy rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fis cUthf;fpd.

 

murpay;> fiyapay;> njhopypay;> tho;tpay;> ,iwapay;> nka;apay; Nghd;wit rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs; gytw;iw cUthf;fp cukpl;L tsHj;Js;sd.

 

mfg;nghUl;Nfhit> mfty;> mq;fjr; nra;As;> mq;fkhiy> ml;lfk;> me;jhjp (KbKjy;)> mk;khid> Mw;Wg;gil>  ,ad;nkhop  tho;j;J> ,ul;il kzpkhiy> jpUtpisahly;> Ie;jpizr;  nra;As;> fl;lisf; fypg;gh> fhQ;rp khiy> fhg;gpak;> nre;jkpo; khiy> gonkhop> jhopir khiy> jpUg;gy;yhz;L> jpUg;gs;spnaOr;rp> gps;isj; jkpo;> kzpkhiy> thAiw tho;j;Jg; Nghd;wit ,e;jr; rpw;wpyf;fpatifiar; rhHe;jit MFk;.

 

,jpy; fypntz;ghtpdhy; caHjpiz ,UghypdiuAk;> m/wpizg; nghUs;fisAk; Jhjhf tpLj;Jj; jk; Ntl;if epiyAiug;gjhff; $WtJ JhJ MFk;.

 

MZk; ngz;Zk; mtutH fhjy;

ghzd; Kjypa caHjpiz NahLk;

fps;is Kjypa m/wpiz NahLk;

nrhy;ypj; JhJ Ngha;th ntd;df;

fypntz; ghthy; miwtJ JhJ.          (Kj;JtPupak; 1112)

 

gapy;jUk; fypntz; ghtp dhNy

caHjpizg; nghUisAk; m/wpizg; nghUisAk;

re;jpd; tpLj;jy; Ke;EhW Jhnjdg;

ghl;baw; GytH ehl;bdH njspe;Nj.         (,yf;fztpsf;fg; ghl;bay;)

 

JhJf;Fupait ,it vd;gijg; gj;njd tiug;gLj;jpf; $wpatHfs; csH. Mdhy; mt;tiuaiw fle;J vz;zpyhg; nghUl;ngauhy; JhJ Ehy;fs; ,aw;wg;gl;Ls;sd. JhJ vd;gJ njhopw;ngaH.  xUtH jdJ vz;zj;ij my;yJ fUj;ij gpwHf;F mwptpf;f JhJ mDg;GtH.

 

jpUts;StH mq;ftpaypy; JhJgw;wp xU mjpfhuNk mikj;Js;shH. mjpy; JhJtUf;Fupa tiutpyf;fzk; $wpAs;shH. "md;Glik> Md;w Fbg;gpwj;jy;> Nte;jthk; gz;Gilik JhJiug;ghd; gz;G" vdf; $WthH. ,e;j mjpfhuj;J tpsf;fTiu ey;Fk; gupNkyofH>

 

jhd; tFj;Jf; $Wthd;> $wpaJ  $wpthnddj; JhJ ,Utifg;gLk;. mtUs; Kd;Ndhd; mikr;rNdhL xg;ghd;  MfyhDk;> gpd;Ndhd; mtdpy; fhw;$W Fzk; Fiwe;Njhd; MfyhDk; m/J mikr;rpayhapw;W.

 

ghujf;fijapy; fpU\;z gukhj;kh  ghz;ltHfSf;fhf JhJ NghdhH. ,uhkfhijapy; mDkd;  ,uhtzdplk; JhJ Nghdhd;. mt;itahH mjpakhDf;fhf njhz;ilkhdplk; JhJ Nghdij GwehDhW njuptpf;fpwJ.

 

mWgj;J %tUs; xUtuhd Re;juHf;Fk;  guitehr;rpahUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,iwtNd JhJNghdjhf Nrf;fpohupd; ngupaGuhzk; gfUk;.  

 

mfj;jpizapy;  jiytd;> jiytpapilNa fUj;J NtWghL cUthFk;. mjdhy; Cly; epfOk;. mjid jPHj;Jitf;f jiykfDf;Fk; jiykfSf;Fk; ,ilNa JhJ ,lk;ngWk;. ,e;jj; JhJf;FuptHfs; ahtH vd;gij njhy;fhg;gpak; nrhy;fpwJ.

 

Njhop jhNa ghHg;ghd; ghq;fd;

ghzd; ghbdp ,isaH tpUe;jpdH

$j;jH tpwypaH mwptH fz;NlhH

ahj;j rpwg;gpd; thapy;fs; vd;g>            (njhy;. nghUs;. fw;gpay;)

 

,e;j gd;dpUtUk; jiytd; jiytp ,ilapyhd Cliyg; Nghf;fp xUq;fpizj;J itg;gH. jiykfd; JhjDg;Gjw;Fupa thapy; xd;iwj; NjHe;J JhJ mDg;Gtd;. Mdhy; jiykfs; jd; cs;sj;jpw; nghq;fpf; fpisj;J NkYhWk; cl;fpilia ntspg;gl nkhopahs;.  flyd;d fhkk; coe;j fhiyAk;  mts; klNywhs;. me;epiyapy; gwitfis Nehf;fpAk;> tpyq;Ffisg; ghHj;Jk; jd; czHr;rpia ntspg;gLj;Jths;.

 

JhJf;Fupait gj;njd tiugLj;jpf; $wpatHfs; csH. Mdhy; mt;tiuaiw  fle;J  vz;zpyhg;  nghUl;ngauhy; JhJ Ehy;fs; csthjy; fz;$L.

 

vfpdkapy; fps;is vopypnahL G+it

rfpFapy;neQ; re;njd;wy; tz;L- njhifgj;ij

NtWNt whg;gpupj;J tpj;jupj;J khiynfhz;lhd;

G+wpth ntd;wJhJ.                          (gpuge;jj; jpul;L)

 

',uj;jpdr; RUf;fk;' vd;w Ehy; Jhjhf  nry;yw;Fupa  nghUs;fis nrhy;fpwJ. mit md;dk;> kapy;> fpsp> Nkfk;> G+it> Njhop> Fapy;> kdk;> njd;wy;> gpukuk; (tz;L) vd;gdthk;>

 

,ak;Gfpd;w fhyj; njfpdkapy; fps;is

gak;ngWNk fk;G+it ghq;fp - eae;jFapy;

Ngij neQ;rj; njd;wy; gpukukP iue;JNk

JhJiuj;J thq;Fe; njhil.   

 

gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,jpy; nrhy;yg;glhj nghUs;fSk;  Jhjhfr; nry;tjw;Fupait vdf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sJ. 'tpwyp tpLJhJ'> 'ney; tpLJhJ' 'jkpo; tpLJhJ' Nghd;wtw;iw vLj;Jf;fhl;lhfr; nrhy;yhk;.

 

Njthuk;> jpUthrfk;> jpt;tpag; gpuge;jk; Mfpa  gf;jp ,yf;fpaq;fspy; JhJ xU ,yf;fpa cj;jpahf gad;ngw;Ws;sJ. jiytd; jiytp cwTf;F <lhf ,iwtd; capH ,ilapyhd cwit ntspg;gLj;j JhJg; nghUz;ikia ehad;khHfSk;> Mo;thHfSk; mofpa fUtpahfg; gad;gLj;jp ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

rpiwahUk; klf;fpspNa ,q;Nfth NjndhLghy;

KiwahNy czj;jUtd; nkha;gtsj; njhLjusk;

JiwahUq; fly;Njhzp Guj;jPrd; Jyq;Fkpsk;

gpiwahsd; jpUehkk; vdf;nfhUfhy; NgrhNah!

 

vd m/wpizg; nghUshd  fpspaplk;  jiykfs; jd;  tpuf Ntl;ifia  NgRtjhfg; ghLthH. ,JNt NkYk; tsHe;J JhJ tpLg;gjhfTk; ghlg;ngw;wJ.

 

Mo;thH ghRuq;fspy; JhJ itzt jj;Jtj;ij  tpsf;f mOj;jKwg; gad;gl;Ls;sJ. guk;> tpA+fk;> tpgtk;> me;jhahkp> mHr;ir Mfpa Ie;J epiyfspy; ,iwtd; jd;id ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;fpwhd;. guk; vd;gJ Nkyhd epiy. tpA+fk; ehuhazdpd; ,aq;Fk; tbtkhd thRNjtd; cs;spl;l  ehd;F epiyfs;. tpgtk; vd;gJ mtjhuk;. vy;y capHfspYk; cs;Ns kiwe;jpUg;gJ me;jHahkp. jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; fhzg;gLk; topgLk; %Hj;jk; mHr;irahFk;.

 

guk;> tpA+fk; vd;Dk; ,e;j Itif ,iwepiyfis Nehf;fpj; JhJ tpLtjhf Mo;thH ghRuq;fs; cs;sd. ek;kho;thH jkJ jpUtha;nkhopapy;>

 

nghd;DyF MsPNuh> GtdKOJk; MsPNuh

ed;dyg; Gs;spdq;fhs;! tpidahl;bNdd; ehd; ,ue;Njd;

Kd;Dfq;fs; vy;yhk; gilj;j Kfpy;tz;zd; fz;zd;

vd;dyq; nfhz;lgpuhd; jdf;F vd;dpiyikAiuj;Nj!"

 

vd;W ghLtH. khzpf;fthrfH>

 

jhd;jdf;F md;gpd;ik ehDk;jh Dk; mwpNthk;

jhd;vd;id Ml;nfhz;lJ vy;yhUk; jhkwpthH

Md fUizAk; mq;Fw;Nw jhdtNd

Nfhndd;idf; $lf; FspHe;Jhjha; Nfhj;Jk;gP!"

 

vdj; Jk;gpaplk; JhJiuf;f Ntz;LfpwhH. ,it JhJ xU ,yf;fpa cj;jpahfg; gapd;wik fhzyhk;.

 

JhJ Ehy;fspy; ,d;W kpfTk; Nghw;wg;gLfpw> ghuhl;lg;gLfpw> Gfog;gLfpw Ehy; jkpo;tpL JhJ. jkpo;tpL JhJ vd;W nrhy;Yk;NghNj rpe;ijf;F tpUe;jhfTk;> nrhy;tjw;F ,dpikahfTk;> Nfl;gjw;F mUikahfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ.  ,jpy; jkpNo murdhf cUtfk; nra;J jiytp gps;isg; gUtk; njhlq;fp> fhg;G Kjyha gj;Jg; gUtk; nrhy;yp> nra;Al; nrhy; ehd;F> nre;jkpo; nrhy; ehd;F> vOj;jhjpahd ahg;ngl;L> mzp Kg;ge;ije;> Xir ehd;F> gz; Ehw;W %d;W> Rit xd;gJ Mfpatw;iw cUtfg;gLj;jpg; ghbapUf;fpwhs;>

 

jkpo; kzKk; nja;tkzKk; fye;J tPRk; ,e;j ,dpikahd Ehiy vOjpa

Gytupd; ngaH njupatpy;iy. ,e;j Ehiy vOjpa Gytiug;gw;wp c.Nt.rhkpehj IaH gpd;tUkhW Fwpf;fpd;whH.

 

"mtH jkpo;nkhopapy; kpf;f gapw;rpAs;stnud;Wk;> gue;j Nfs;tpAilatnud;Wk;> rptngUkhdplj;Jk;> ehad;khHfsplj;Jk; md;G tha;e;jtnud;Wk;> = NrhkRe;juf; flTSila jpUtpisahly;fspy; <Lgl;L ,iltplhJ mtw;iw vz;zp kdKUFgtH vd;Wk;> tlnkhopr; nrhw;fisAk;> nrhw;nwhlHfisAk; ,lj;jpw;Nfw;g mikf;Fk; ,ay;Gilanud;Wk;> jhkwpe;J ,d;GWtij mwpe;J ,d;Gwr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; Nehf;fk; cilatH vd;Wk; njupfpd;wd. mtHghy; mike;Js;s md;gpd; kpFjpNa ,r;nra;Ashf ntspg;gl;l njd;W nrhy;Yjy; kpifahfhJ."

 

jkpioj; jpj;jpf;Fk; njs;sKjha;j; njs;sKjpd; Nkyhd Kj;jpf; fdpahf cUtfg;gLj;jpg; ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

jpj;jpf;Fk; njs;sKjha;j; njs;sKjpd; Nkyhd

Kj;jpf; fdpNanad; Kj;jkpNo - Gj;jpf;Fs;

cz;zg;gLe;NjNd cd;NdhL cte;Jiuf;Fk;

tpz;zg;g Kz;L tpsk;gf;Nfs;.                    jkpo;tpL JhJ - fz;zp 70)

 

Kj;jpf;fdpNa - Nkd;ikahd tPLNgw;iw mspf;Fk; fdpNa. (tsUk;)

 

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj; jkpo;!

 

,Ue;jkpNo cd;;dhy; ,Ue;Njd;!

 

(14)

 

jkpo;tpL JhJ nkhj;jk; 268 fz;zpfs; nfhz;lJ. jkpopd; rpwg;G> jkpio JhJ mDg;Gtjd; Nehf;fk;> nrhf;fehjupd; ngUik> jkpOf;Fk; rptdhUf;Fk; cs;s tuyhw;Wj; njhlHG> jkpio JhJ nrhy;yf; Nfl;ly;> JhJ nrhy;tjw;Fupa topKiwfs;> kJiuf; Nfhtpw; rpwg;G ,itahTk; ,e;jf; fz;zpfspy; jiytp thapyhf nrhy;yg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

jiytp rptngUkhd;> jlhjifg; ngUkhl;b> tpehafH> KUfg; ngUkhd;> jpUQhdrk;ge;jH> Re;juH> ehTf;furH> khzpf;fthrfH> mfj;jpaH> njhy;fhg;gpaH> nka;fz;lhH> jpUkhspifj; NjtH> jpUke;jpuk; ghba jpU%yH> Nrukhd; ngUkhs; ehadhH> nja;tg; GytH jpUts;StH> ef;fPudhH Kjypa rq;fg;GytH midtUk; jkpohf tpsq;FtjhfTk;> mtHfSf;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; NtWghby;iy vdf; $wp cd; jpUtbfis milf;fyk; GFfpNwd; vdj; jiytp tzq;fpr; nrhy;fpwhs;.

 

xy;fhg; ngUe;jkpo; %d;W Xjp mUs; khKdpAk;

njhy;fhg;gpak; nkhope;j njhd;KdpAk; - ky;fhr;nrhw;

ngha;abik apy;yhg; Gytnud;W ehtyHnrhy;

nka;abikr; rq;fj;J NkNyhUk; -Iabfs;

fhltUQ; nrQ;nrhw; fowpw;W mwpthUk;

ghltUe; nja;tnkhopg; ghtyUk; -ehltUk;

fy;yhjhH rpq;fnkdf; fy;tpNfs;tpf;F cupaH

vy;yhU ePaha; ,Ue;jikahy; - nrhy;yhUk;

vd;dbf NsAidf; fz;L Vj;jpd; ,lH jPUk; vd;Wd;

nghd;dbfNs Gfyhg; Nghw;wpNdd; ...........        

jkpo;tpL JhJ> fz;zpfs; 9> 13-16)

mLj;J ,t;Tyfj;jpy; xU gps;is gpwg;gJ Nghy;> nfhg;g+opy; fhw;wha;j; jq;fpg; gpd; fUg;gkha; Mfp moNf cUtha; jkpo; ,t;Tyfpy; gpwe;jJ. mJ Kjy; vOj;J Kg;gJ> rhHngOj;J ,UEhw;W ehw;gjhfTk; tpsq;fpaJ vdg; Gide;Jiuf;fpwhs; jiytp.

 

Foe;ij xd;Wf;F fhg;G Kjypa gj;Jg;gUtk; ,l;L tsHg;gJ Nghy; vz;Kjyhff; $wg;gLk; gd;dpuz;L gUtk; mikj;J jkpio tsHj;jdH. Foe;ijia njhl;bypy; ,l;Lj; jhyhl;LtJ Nghy; jkpioAk; njhl;bypy; ,l;Lj; jhyhl;bAk;> kQ;rs; G+rpf; Fspg;ghl;bAk;> Foe;ijf;Fj; jha;g;ghy; Mtpd;ghy; Ml;Lg;ghy; vd %d;Wtifg; ghYk; Gfl;b jkpo; tsHf;fg;gl;ljhk;. NkYk;>

 

Gz;zpaQ;NrH ce;jpg; Gyj;Nj tspjupj;Jf;

fz;zpa thf;fhq; fUg;gkha; - ez;zpj;

jiykplW %f;Fuj;jpw; rhHe;jpjo;ehj; je;jk;

ciytpyh tz;zj; JUtha;j; - jiyjpUk;gp

gs;spf; $lj;jirahk; gw;gynjhl;bw; fplj;jpj;

js;spr; rpwhH$bj; jhyhl;b - cs;spyF

kQ;rl; Fspg;ghl;b ikapl;L Kg;ghYk;

kpQ;rg; Gfl;l kpftsHe;jha; - kQ;riuNa

gd;dpnahU gj;Jg; gUtkpl;L ePtsHe;jha;

cd;id tsHj;Jtpl nthz;ZNkh -Kd;Nd

(jkpo;tpL JhJ> fz;zpfs; 20-21> 24-26)

Xq;FGfo; %tH xUgh xUg/Jk;

Mq;fitnrhy; thjT+ uhsp nrhy;Yk; -Xq;Fktd;

$w;wh aundOJq; NfhitAq; Nfhjpwha;

khw;wh ,ul;ilkzp khiyAk;-Njw;wKwg;

gw;wh kpyf;fzEhw; ghTEhw; ghtwpe;J

fw;whH toq;F gQ;r fhg;gpaKk; - nfhw;wtUf;

(jkpo;tpL JhJ> fz;zpfs; 50-52) 

Xq;F Gfo; %tH       -  kpf;f GfioAila jpUQhdrk;ge;jH> jpUehTf;furH> Re;juH

xU gh xU g/J       -  Njthug; gjpfq;fs;

thjT+uhsp nrhy      -  khzpf;fthrfuhy; mUsg;gl;l jpUthrfk;

Nfhit               -  mUkzpthrfuhy; mUsg;gl;l jpUf;NfhitahH

Nfhjpwha;             -  Nfhjpy;jha;. fhiuf;fhy; mk;ikahH mUspa ,ul;il kzpkhiy

,yf;fz Ehw;gh       -  ,yf;fzj;ijf; $Wk; #j;jpuq;fs;

gQ;rfhg;gpaq;fs;       -  Ik;ngUq; fhg;gpaq;fshd rpyg;gjpfhuk;> kzpNkfiy> rPtfrpe;jhkzp>
                        isahgjp> Fz;lyNfrp
 

,t;thNw Nrukhd; ngUkhs; ehadhH ,aw;wpa nghd; tz;zj;je;jhjp> jpUth&H Kk;kzpf; Nfhit>

jpUKUfhw;Wg;gil> nghUeH Mw;Wg;gil Kjypa gj;Jg;ghl;L Ehy;fs;.

 

ew;wpiz> FWe;njhif> mfehDhW> GwehDhW cl;gl;l vl;Lj; njhif Ehy;fs;.

 

jpUf;Fws;> ehybahH> fhHehw;gJ> fstopehw;gJ Kjypa gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fs;.

 

,ul;ilg;GytH ghba jpUthkhj;JhHf; fyk;gfk;.

 

nraq;nfhz;lhH ghba fypq;fj;Jg; guzp.

 

xl;lf;$j;jH ghba ,uhruhrd; cyh> FNyhJq;fd; gps;isj;jkpo;. ,e;Ehy; muq;Nfw;wpa NghJ Nrho kd;dd; ,uhruhrd; xU fz;zpf;F XH Mapuk; nghd; guprpy; je;jhd; vd;gJ tuyhW.

 

rka FutHfs; ehy;tH ,aw;wpa Njthu jpUthrfq;fs; Kjypa Ehf;fs; vy;yhk; nka;fhg;ghsH Nghy; cd;idr; #o;e;jpUf;f mupahrdk; tPw;wpUf;Fk; jkpNo cdf;F ,t;Tyfpy; rupahUk; cz;Nlh?

 

mupahrdk; cdf;Nf ahdhy; cdf;Fr;

rupahUk; cz;Nlh jkpNo? - tpupthH

 

(jkpo;tpL JhJ fz;zp 62)

 

,jd;gpd; (fz;zp 63) jkpiof; "fdpahf" cUtfk; nra;aj; njhlq;Ffpwhs; jiytp. ntz;gh> Mrpupag;gh> fypg;gh> tQ;rpg;gh vd;w ehd;Ftifg; ghf;fs;> taypd; tug;Gf;fs;> ghtpdq;fs; kilfs; mike;j taypy;> GytH> ehw;fuzk; vd;w Viug; G+l;b> ehd;F newpfshd tpijfis tpijj;J tsHj;jdH. ,ilapy; fisaha; mike;j fy;tp ,y;yhj GytH vd;w fisg;gapiug; gps;isg; ghz;bad;> tpy;ypGj;JhuH> xl;lf;$j;jH MfpNahH fise;jdH. mjdhy; jkpo; tsHe;jJ. ghy;> Ke;jpupif> fUk;G> Njq;fha; vd;Dk; RitfSld; $bg; gOj;jJ Kj;jpahfpa fdp.

 

,t;thnwy;yhk; jkpior; rpwg;gpj;j jiytp "cd;Dld; ciug;gJ xd;Wz;L" vdj;jhd; JhJ tpLk; nra;jpiaf; $wyhdhs;. "rpe;jhkzpaha; ,Ue;j cd;idr; "rpe;J" vd;w eh rpe;JNk"> Kk;%Hj;jpfSk; %d;W Fzq;fNs cilahH"> eP gj;Jf; Fzk; cilaha;"> cyfpy; cs;s tz;zq;fs; Ie;J> cdf;Nfh EhW tz;zq;fs; cs;sd. czTf;Fupa Rit MW. cdf;Nfh Rit xd;gJ" vdg; gythWk; jkpiog; ghuhl;Lfpwhs;. gpd; nky;y ",j;jifa rpwg;G midj;ijAk; cila cd;idj; Jhjhfg; Ngha; tUk;gb $WtJ vd; tUj;jj;jhy; vdf; nfhs;f" vd;fpwhs;.

 

mjd;gpd;G Mz;gidiag; ngz;gid Mf;fpaJ Kjypa ngz;fs;ghy; jkpOf;Fs;s ,uf;fTzHitr; Rl;b "vd; kdg;Gz;fis Mw;Wtha;" vd Ntz;Lfpwhs;. md;dg;gwit> tz;L> khd;> Fapy;> kdk; Mfpait Jhjhfr; nry;tjw; Fupait Mfhjjw;Fupa fhuzq;fisf; $Wfpwhs;. jkpNo! eP gj;njhd;gjhapuj;J ,UEhw;wj; njhz;Zhw;nwhd;W njhilfis cilia. ,g;gbg;gl;l eP xU khiy thq;fp te;J cjthNah!

 

NrhkRe;juf; flTSf;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; cs;s njhlHig vLj;Jf; fhl;b mtH nra;j jpUtpisahly; gytw;iwAk; vLj;Jf; $wp jkpOf;F rptdhH takhdtd; vd;fpwhs;.

 

",Ue;jkpNo! cd;dhy;jhd; ,Ue;Njd;> ,ikNahH tpUe;J mkpo;jk; vd;whYk; Ntz;Nld;" vd;fpwhs;.

 

",Ue;jkpNo cd;;dhy; ,Ue;Njd; ,ikNahH

tpUe;jkpo;jk; vd;whYk; Ntz;Nld;- tUe;jpdd;khy;

nty;yhid jpd;w tpsq;fdpah Ndd;tpuff;

fy;yhid jpd;w fUk;ghNdd; - ey;ytiuj;

(jkpo;tpL JhJ -fz;zpfs; 151-152)

jiytp jd; tpufjhgj;ij vy;yhk; jkpoplk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhs;. "jpUf;nfhs;sk; G+JhH nts;sj;ijf; fle;j eP vd; fhk nts;sj;ij ehd; flf;FkhW nra;a Ntz;Lk;. rkzHfisf; fOtpy; Vw;wpa eP kd;kjidf; fONtw;w Ntz;Lk;! cd;dhy; MfhjJ vd;w mupa nray; xd;wpy;iy" vdg; gfHfpwhs;.

 

gpd;dH JhJ nry;tjw;Fupa topiar; nrhy;yj; njhlq;Ffpwhs;. "NtAW Njhsp gq;fd;" vd;w Njthug; gjpfj;ij xjpr; nrd;why; topapy; ,lH ePq;Fk; vd;W $wpf; "fw;Wk; nghUis czuhjtH>" "fw;wtiu kjpahjtH" KjypNahuplk; nry;y Ntz;lhk; vd nkhopfpwhs;.

 

mjd; gpd;dH " itif Mw;wpy; ePuhb> kJiuf; Nfhapypy; GFe;J NrhkRe;juUk; mq;faw;fz;zpAk; tPw;wpUf;Fk; jpUNthyf;fj;ij miltha;"; vd;fpwhs;. ,iwtdpd; jpUtbfs;> jpUj;njhil> ,il> gpl;Lz;L grp ePq;fpa jpUtapW> gd;wpf; Fl;bfSf;F ghy; Cl;ba jpUkhHG> ghz;bad; xUtDf;F khzpf;fk; tpw;w jpUf;if> ghz;baDf;Fupa Ntk;Gkhiyiar; #ba jpUj;Njhs;fs;> fupf;FUtpf;F cgNjrpj;j jpUtha;> xUtzpfg; ngz;izj; jOtpf; fz;zPH tpl;Lj;JaH Mw;wpa jpUf;fz;fs;> kz;Rke;j jpUKb Mfpait fz;L kfpo;f!" vdj; jiytp ,iwtid cr;rpKjy; cs;sq;fhy;tiu tHzp?;fpwhs;.

 

mLj;J topghl;L Ntisapy; mLf;Fj; jPgk;> Kj;Jj; jPgk;> jq;fj; jPgk; Kjypa fhl;lg;gLtijAk;> fz;zhb Fil Kjypa cgrhug; nghUs;fSk; jiytpahy; tpsk;gg;gLfpd;wd. ,t;thW $wpa jiytp jd; Jd;gj;ijg; Nghf;f ,iwtH jd;dplk; te;J Jd;gj;ijg; Nghf;fp kfpo;it mspf;FkhW Ntz;bj; JhJ nrhy;yp mtuplk; xU khiy thq;fp tUkhW nrhy;yp Kbf;fpd;whs;.

 

jkpo;tpL JhJf;F GytH m. khzpf;fk; vOjpa Fwpg;GiuiaNa ngUk;ghYk; NkNy je;Js;Nsd;.

 

ngaH njupahj xU GytH xUtH ,aw;wpa jkpo;tpL JhJ jkpod;idf;F mJfhytiu GytHfs; ghkhiy ghb Gfo;khiy rhj;jpatw;wpw;F vy;yhk; nfhLKbahf mike;Js;sJ. ,e;jj; jkpo;tpL JhJ Ehiyg; gbj;J tpl;Lj;jhd; ghujpahH>

 

njs;Sw;w jkpoKjpd; Rit fz;lhH

,q;fkuH rpwg;Gf; fz;lhH.

 

vdg; ghbdhH NghYk;. (tsUk;)

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (15)

 

nre;jkpNo! capNu> eWe;NjNd!

nraypid %r;rpid cdf;fspj;NjNd!"

 

jkpo; vq;fs; %r;rhk;

 

jkpo; vq;fs; capUf;F NeH

 

jkpio vd;DapH vd;Ngd;

 

jkpNo eP vd;wd; Mtp
 

,t;thW jkpioj; jha;nkhopia Vw;wpg; Nghw;Wk; nre;jkpo;f; ftpQd; ahH?  mtH NtW ahUk; my;y. kfhftp ghujpahuhy; mtupd; ftpjh kz;lyj;jpy;  mupahrdk; Nghl;L ,Uj;jp itf;fg;gl;l ghujpf;F xU jhrd; Gul;rpf; ftpQH  ghujpjhrd;! ghNte;jupd; gilg;Gf;fs; gyjpwj;jpd. ,ay;> ,ir> ehlfk; vd;Dk; Kj;jOf;Fk; ,yf;fpak; nra;jtH.

 

ftpQH ghujpjhrd; kfhftp ghujpahupd; rkfhyj;jtH. ghujpahUf;Fk; ghujpjhrDf;Fk; mfit ,ilntsp gj;J kl;LNk. Kg;gj;njhd;gJ tajpy; (1922) ghujpahH kiwe;Jtpl ghNte;jH ghujpjhrd; 74 mfitfs; epiw tho;T tho;e;J kiwe;jtH.

 

ghujpahupd; ftpijg; gl;liwapy; thHj;J vLf;fg;gl;lghujpjhrd; mtiuj; jdJ ghl;Lj;Jiwf;F Kd;Ndhbahff; nfhz;ltH.  

 

ghujpahUf;Nf gbj;j gz;bjHfs; kl;Lky;y vspa nghJ kf;fSk; Gupe;J nfhs;Sk; tz;zk; ftpij gilj;j ngUikAz;L. ftpijf;F ,yf;fzk; nrhy;yp mjw;Nfw;g ftpij gilj;jtH. Gjpa fw;gid> Gjpa moF> Gjpa Rit> Gjpa tsk;> Gjpa nrhy;> Gjpa nghUs;> Gjpa ctik ,tw;iwf; nfhz;L etftpij ve;ehSk; mopahj kfh ftpijfs; ,aw;wpatH.

 

jkpo;f; ftpij cyfpy; ,Ugjhk;  Ehw;whz;bd; Kw;gFjp ghujpahUf;F cupaJ. eLg;gFjp ghujpjhrDf;F cupaJ. gpw;gFjp czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jDf;F cupaJ. ghujpjhrd; jkpio caHj;jpdhy; jkpoH caHtH vd;W fUjpatH.

 

jkpoDf;F tPo;r;rp ,y;iy> jkpod; fPHj;jp

jho;tjpy;iy> jkpo; ehL> jkpo; kf;fs;

jkpo; vd;Dk; NgUzHr;rp ,e;ehs; NghNy   

jkpo; ehl;by; ve;ehSk; ,Ue;j jpy;iy!"

 

ghujpjhrd; tho;e;j fhyk; ,e;jp jpzpf;fg;gLtjw;F vjpuhf jkpo;ehL nghq;fp vOe;j fhyk;. mjd; vjpnuhypiag; ghujpjhrdpd; ftpijfspy; guf;ff; fhzyhk;. jkpo; jdJ capUf;F NeH vd;W mtH gilj;j cjhud; ghj;jpuk; %yk; nkhopfpwhH.

 

jkpOf;Fk; mKnjd;W NgH! - me;jj;

jkpo;> ,d;gj; jkpo; vq;fs; capUf;F NeH!

jkpOf;F epyntd;WNgH!-,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; r%fj;jpd; tpisTf;F ePH!

jkpOf;F kznkd;W NgH! - ,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; tho;Tf;F epUkpj;j CH

jkpOf;F kJntd;W NgH!-,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; cupikr;nrk; gapUf;F NtH!

jkpOf;F kJntd;W NgH!-,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; cupikr;nrk; gapUf;F NtH!

 

jkpo; vq;fs; ,sikf;Fg; ghy;!-,d;gj;

jkpo; ey;y Gfo;kpf;f GytHf;F Nty;!

jkpo; vq;fs; caHTf;F thd;!-,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; mrjpf;Fr; RlHje;j Njd;!

jkpo; vq;fs; mwpTf;Fj; Njhs;- ,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; ftpijf;F tapuj;jpd; ths;!

jkpo; vq;fs; gpwtpf;Fj; jha;- ,d;gj;

jkpo; vq;fs; tskpf;f csKw;w jP!  

 

vd;Wk;

 

,d;gk; vdg;gLjy; - jkpo;

,d;gk; vdj; jkpo;ehl;bdH vz;Zf!"

 

vdj; NjkJuj; jkpiog; Nghw;wpg; ghLfpwhH. NkYk;>

 

jkpowpe;j jhy;Nte;jd; vid mioj;jhd;

jkpo;f;ftpnad; wid mtSk; fhypj;jhs;

mKnjd;W nrhy;Ykpe;jj; jkpo; vd;dhtp

   moptjw;Ff; fhuzkh apUe;j njd;W

rKjhak; epidj;jpLNkh? IaNfh! vd;

   jha;nkhopf;Fg; gopte;jhy; rfpg;gJz;Nlh?

 

cjhud; jiy Jz;bf;fg;gLKd; nghJkf;fisg; Nehf;fpr; nrhy;fpwhd;.

 

cik xd;WNtz;LfpNwd; khrpy;yhj

caHjkpio capH vd;W Nghw;Wkpd;fs;!"

 

ghHNte;jH ghujpjhrdpd; Mo;e;j jkpo;g;gw;W> jha;nkhop kPJs;s jPuhf; fhjy; fly;kly; jpwe;jJ Nghy; gha;fpwJ.

 

nre;jkpNo! capNu> eWe;NjNd

nraypid %r;rpid cdf;fspj; NjNd

iee;jh nadpy; iee;J NghFnkd; tho;T

ed;dpiy cdf;nfdpy; vdf;Fe; jhNd!

 

ghujpjhrd; "Fapy;" ghl;by;>

 

jkpOk;> capUk; clk;Gk; jkpod;

,e;j %d;wpy; vJ Fiwe;jhYk;

jkpod; ,Ug;gpDk; nrj;jtd; jhNd!"

 

vd;fpwhH> jkpoHf;F Kjd;ik> jkpoHf;F  ey;tho;T  vd;W ,dj;Jf;F Kjd;ik nfhLf;Fk; ghNte;jH nkhop fhg;G Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhH. nkhop> ,dk;> ehL kPl;rpngw Ntz;Lk; vd;why; kf;fis ikag;gLj;jpa jkpo; czHr;rp Njit.  mjdhy;

 

vq;fs; tho;Tk; vq;fs; tsKk;

kq;fhj jkpnod;W rq;Nf Koq;F"

 

vd;W Koq;Ffpd;whH. kfhftp ghujpahH " ahkwpe;j nkhopfspNy jkpo;nkhopNghy; ,dpjhtnjq;Fk; fhNzhk;" vdg; ghbdhH. Mdhy; ghujp me;j ,dpik vj;jifaJ vd;gijr; nrhy;ytpy;iy. mtuJ jhrd; mjid moF jkpopy; nrhy;fpwhH.

 

fdpapil Vwpa RisAk; - Kw;wy;

fioapil Vwpa rhWk;

gdpkyH Vwpa NjDk; -fha;r;Rg;

ghfpil Vwpa RitAk;

edpgR nghopAk; ghYk; -njd;id

ey;fpa Fspups ePUk;>

,dpad vd;Ngd; vdpDk;-jkpio

vd;DapH vd;Ngd; fz;BH!"

 

",iraKJ" vd;w Ehypy; ghNte;jH "jkpo;g; gFjp" vd;w jiyg;gpy; ghbAs;s ghly;fs; jkpo; epiyj;J epw;Fk;tiu epd;W epyTk;.

 

jkpoNd ,J Nfsha; - cd;ghy;

rhw;w epidj;Njd; gyehsha;

fkOk; cd; jkpopid capnud Xk;G

fhZk; gpwnkhopfNsh ntWk; Ntk;G!

eiknay;yhk; tlnkhop Jhf;fpLk; jhk;G

ek; cupikjidf; fbj;jjg; ghk;G"

 

vq;fs; tho;Tk; vq;fs; toKk; kq;fhj jkpnod;w rq;Nf Koq;F vd;W guzp ghba ghNte;jH nre;jkpoH Nfhtpy;fspy; tlnkhop ,iur;riy tpUk;Gthuh? mjid <dapuf;fkpd;wpf; ftpijr; rTf;fhy; tpshRfpwhH!

 

nrhw;Nfhtpd; ew; Nghw;wpj;

jpU mfty; nre;jkpopy;

  ,Uf;Fk;NghJ

fw;Nfhtpy; cl;Gwj;jpy; fhy;

   itj;j njt;thW

     rfj;u ehkk;?

njw;NfhJk; Njthuk;

jpUtha; ed; nkhopahd

  NjdpUf;fr;

nrf;fhLk; ,iur;rnyd

    Ntj ghuhaz Nkd;

jpUf;Nfhapy; ghy;?

jpUg;gbapy; epd;wgb>

    nre;jkpopy; ngUk;gbahH

      mUspr; nra;j

cUg;gbia mg;gbNa

   CuwpAk; gbAiuj;jhy;

  gbAk; neQ;rpy;!

njUg;gbapw; fOijnadr;

nry;Ygb ahfhj

 tlnrhw; $r;ry;

neUg;gbia vg;gbNah

nghWj;jpbDk; NeHe;jgb

 nghUs; fz;BNuh!"

 

Nfhtpy;fspy; jkpo; xopg;Gg; Nghjhnjd;W jkpoupd; jpUkz tpohf;fspYk; jkpo; xopg;G ,lk;ngWtij vl;bf;fha; nrhw;fshNy ghNte;jH kztpohf;fhuiur; rhLfpd;whH.

 

khde;jhd; kiwe;jJNth> tpohj; jiytPH?

kznky;yhk; tlnrhy;yhNy

Mditah nrhy;ypLtPH! me;ehspy; jkpoH kzk;

jkpo;r; nrhy;yhNy Mdnjd mwpaPNuh?"

 

ftpQd; vd;why; fdT fhzhJ ,Uf;f KbAkh? ghNte;jH epidtpy; kl;Lky;y fdtpYk; jkpo; gw;wpa Vf;fk;> Vw;wk;> vOr;rp gupzkpf;fpwJ.

 

jhnaopw; wkpio> vd;wd;

jkpoupd; ftpij jd;id

Mapuk; nkhopapw;fhz

,g;Gtp mthtpw;n;wd;w

NjhAWk; kJtpd; MW

njhlHe;njd;wd; nrtpapy; te;J

ghA ehs; ve;j ehNsh

Mupijg; gfHthH ,q;Nf?

 

"jkpOf;Fk;  mKnjd;W NgH! me;jj; jkpo; ,d;gj; jkpo;  vq;fs; capUf;F NeH!" vd Koq;fpa ghNte;jH ghujpjhrdpd; jkpo;g;gw;W  kfhftp ghujpahupd; jkpo;g; gw;iwAk; tpQ;rp epw;fpwJ. (tsUk;)  

 

  


 

 

jkpNo  capNu  tzf;fk;!  jha;gps;is cwtk;kh cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk;!

 

(16)

 

czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; Ehy; ntspaPl;by; fye;J nfhz;L Ngrpa thHj;ijr; rpj;jH tyk;Gup Nahd; kfhftp ghujp> ghNte;jH ghujpjhrd; ,tHfspd; ftpijfspy; fhzg;gLk; jkpo; czHittpl fhrp Mde;jdpd; jkpOzHT kpQ;rp epw;fpwJ vd kdjhug; ghuhl;bdhH.

 

fhep Mde;jd; ftpijfspy; jkpo;nkhop> jkpoH> jkpoH jhafk; ,tw;iwf; Fwpg;gpl;Lg; ghlhj ftpijfs; ,y;iynad;Nw nrhy;yyhk;. mq;fpq;F vd;dhjgb vq;Fk; mtuJ jkpOzHT tpahgpj;Jf; fplf;fpwJ.

 

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lk; ftpQupd; jkpo; czHTf;Fj; Jhgk; Nghl;lJ. jkpo; ehl;by; "ehk; jkpoH" ,af;fk; me;j czHTf;Fj; jPdp Nghl;lJ. "ehk; jkpoH" ,af;fj;jpd; je;ij Mjpj;jdhHjhd; "czHr;rpf; ftpQH" vd;Dk; gl;lj;ij fhrp Mde;jDf;Ff; toq;fpf; fTutpj;jhH.

 

"cWkp Nksj;jpd; Kof;fj;ij fhrp Mde;jdpd; xt;nthU ghlypYk; Nfl;fpd;Nwd;" vd;W ftpQUf;F Mjpj;jdhH Gfohuk; #l;b kfpo;e;jhH.

 

"jhNa... jkpNo!

    jiy ftpo;e;j nghw;nry;tp!

 eP fyq;f Ntz;lhk;......

    tUq;fhyk; epd; fhyk;!

 

 md;dha;.. ,J Nfs;!

    mLj;j guk;giuapy;

 nghd;dhy; Kb eP

    Gid ehs; ,tz; nra;Ntd;!

 

vs;sp eifj;J

    epidg;gopg;Nghd; nre;ePH

nts;sk; Fspj;J

    tpisahLNtd; jhNa!

    

rj;ij ,oe;j jkpo;r;

  rhjp gpiof;f ehd;

gj;jhapuq; ftpij

   ghlhky; NghNtNdh?"

 

"jhNa Jauk; jtpHj;jpub......khw;whid

   ehaha; mbj;J

eLj;njUtpy; itf;fpNwd;!"

 

"vd;Dapiuj; Jhf;fp

    vwpe;J jkpozq;Nf

 md;id epdJapuha;

    MNtd; ehd; ... Mizab!        (fhrp Mde;jd; ftpijfs;)

 

ehw;gJ Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; ghba ftpij tupfs; ,it. mjd; gpd;dUk; ftpQupd; jkpOzHT vs;sTk; FiwahJ fly;kly; jpwe;jJ Nghy; nghq;fp vOe;J te;Js;sJ.

 

jkpNo capNu tzf;fk;!

jha;gps;is cwtk;kh cdf;Fk; vdf;Fk;

mkpo;Nj! eP ,y;iy vd;why;

mj;jidAk; tho;tpy; frf;Fk;! Gspf;Fk;! - jkpNo capNu

 

jkpNo cd;idNa epidf;Fk;;

jkpod; vd; nrQ;rk; ,dpf;Fk;! ,dpf;Fk;!

mkpo;Nj! cd; vopy; epide;jhy;

Mapuk; G+f;fs; rpupf;Fk;! rpupf;Fk;! - jkpNo capNu

 

jkpNo ePNa vd; ,af;fk;!

jha;eP Jizvd; topf;Fk;! eilf;Fk;!

mkpo;Nj! eP jUk; ,d;gk;......

mbNad; tho;tpy;Nt nwq;Nf fpilf;Fk;? - jkpNo capNu

 

jkpNo ,d;Widg; gopf;Fk;  

jWf;fd; cyfpy; ,Uf;Fk; tiuf;Fk;

mkpo;Nj eP thOk; kz;zpy;

mdNy njwpf;Fk;! mdNy njwpf;Fk;! - jkpNo capNu

 

jkpNo cdf;Nfd; fyf;fk;?

jhNa! nghwk;kh Kof;fk; ntbf;Fk;!

mkpo;Nj! cid vtd; njhl;lhd;?  

mtid vd; ifths; mopf;Fk;! Kbf;Fk;! - jkpNo capNu          fhrp Mde;jd; ftpijfs;)

 

mT];jpNuypahtpy; 1998k; Mz;L ele;j khtPuH tpoh Nkilapy; ,e;jg; ghlYf;F jkpo; eHj;jfpfs; eldk; MbdhHfs;. Kjypy; xj;jpifapd;NghJ  ,e;jg; ghliyf; Nfl;lNghJ mre;J NghNdd;. mg;NghJ ghlyhrpupaH ngaUk; njupatpy;iy. kJuf; Fuypy; ftpQupd; ghliy capHj; Jbg;NghL Nkhfdg; gz;zpy; fk;gPukhfg; ghba ghlfH ngaUk; njupatpy;iy.

 

gpd;G ghliy ,aw;wpatH ekJ ftpQH vd;W njupe;JNghJ ehd; tpag;gilatpy;iy. ghliyg; ghbatH fiykhkzp ghthzH G\;gtdk; Fg;Grhkp vdj; njupe;J nfhz;Nld;. gpd;dH mtiu Neupy; ghHf;fTk; mtH ghly;fisf; Nfl;fTk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ.

 

Nkw;fz;l ghlypy; ghNte;jH ghujpjhridg; NghyNt ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; jkpioj; jd; capH vd;fpwhH! jdf;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; cs;s cwT   ngw;w jha;f;Fk; gps;isf;Fk; ,ilapyhd cwT vd;fpwhH! jkpio mkpo;J vd;fpwhH!

 

ftpQHfs; rup> vOj;jhsHfs; rup nghJthf  jq;fs; fhyj;ij xl;ba r%f Xl;lj;ijNa> %r;irNa  jq;fs; ftpijfspy;> fijfspy; gpujpgypf;fpwhHfs;.

 

ghujp fhyk; me;epa Mq;fpy Mjpf;f Ml;rpf;F vjpuhf ,e;jpa Njrpak; vOr;rp ngw;w fhyk;. ghujpapd; ghQ;rhyp rgjk; ghz;ltH fhyj;ij my;yhJ ghujpahupd; ghujNjrj;ijNa gpujpgpk;gg; gLj;jpaJ.

 

JupNahjdd; rigapy; JfpYupag;gl;lJ ghQ;rhyp my;y. mJ ghuj md;id.  JfpYupe;jtd; Jr;rhjdd; my;y. ghujehl;il mbik nfhz;l nts;isad;.

 

me;epaDf;F mbikg; gl;L> cwq;fpf; fple;j ghuj kf;fisg; ghHj;J  "nel;il kuq;fnsd epd;W ngl;ilg; Gyk;gy; Gyk;Gk;" tPzHfs; vdg; ghujp fbthH.

 

Kw;gFjpapy; ghQ;rhypiag; ghujehl;Lf;Nf cupa mr;rk;> ehzk;> klk; gilj;j ngz;zhf cUtfg; gLj;Jk; ghujpahH> gpw;gFjpapy; mwpTk;> jd;khdKk;  kpFe;j GJikg; ngz;zhfg; ghQ;rhypia cUtfpf;fpwhH.

 

nkhj;jj;jpy; jdJ fdTfis> Mirfis ntspapLk; fUtpahf ghQ;rhyp rgjk; vd;w fhtpaj;ij ghujp gilj;jhH.  "ehd; vd;Dila nkhopapy; vd; KO %isiaAk; frf;fpg; gpope;J "ghQ;rhyp rgjk;" vOjpapUf;fpNwd;" vdg; ghujpahNu Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.      

 

me;epa nkhopahd Mq;fpy nkhopf;F vjpuhd ntWg;Ng "ehkwpe;j nkhopfspNy jkpo; nkhopNghy; ,dpjhtJ vq;Fk; fhNzhk;" vd;Wk; "nrhy;ypy; caHT jkpo;r; nrhy;Ny" vd;Wk; mtiug; ghl itj;jJ.

 

Mq;fpyk;> gpuQ;R> ,j;jhyp nkhopfs; gbj;j jkpoHfs; jkpopy; ,yf;fpa moNf ,y;iy vd;W ,opj;Jg; NgrpaNghJ Nfhgk; nfhz;l ghujpahH mtHfSf;Fg; Gj;jp Gfl;LkhW  "njd;wYld; gpwe;j jkpo;" vd;W jdJ ",e;jpah" vd;w thu Vl;by; (29-09-1906) jkpior; rpwg;gpj;Jk; me;epankhopg; gw;whsHfisf; fLikahfj; jhf;fpAk; vOjpdhH.   

 

ghujpjhrd;  fhyk; ,e;jp vjpHg;Gf; fhyk;. "vg;gf;fk; te;jpLk; ,e;jp mJ vj;jid gl;lhsk; $l;b tUk;" vd;W Kof;fkpl;L jkpo;nkhop fhf;fj; jkpoH gil jpuz;l fhyk;. mjd; vOr;rpiaAk;> Ntfj;ijAk;> #l;ilAk; ghNte;jupd; ghly;fspy; fhzyhk;.

 

jkpo;Qhd  rk;ge;jH fhyk; jkpo;nkhopf;Fk; irt newpf;Fk; tlnkhop> ghspnkhop kw;Wk; rkz- gTj;j kjq;fspdhy; Vw;gl;l jho;it vjpHj;J  kPz;Lk; nre;jkpOk; rptnewpAk; jiof;fg; NghHf;Fuy; vOg;gpa fhyk;. mJ mtHfs; Njthug; ghly;fspy; gpujpgypj;jijf; fz;Nlhk;.

 

jpUQhdrk;ge;jH ,iwtidj;  jkpohy; kl;LNk topgl Ntz;Lk; vd;w tpUg;gj;ij jhd; ghba Njthug; gjpfq;fs; Clhf Ie;Ehw;Wf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jlitfs; typAWj;jpAs;shH. jkpopy; topghL nra;ahjtHfisg;  ghHj;J "nre;jkpo;g; gad; mwpfpyh me;jfH ke;jpfs;" vdf; fLikahf itfpwhH!

 

ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; ftpijfspy; mtuJ Nghuhl;l tho;f;ifapd; vjpnuhypg;igg; guf;ff; fhzyhk;. ftpQH jkpOf;fhf rpq;fs ntwpaHfshy;  rpiwkjpYs; G+l;b itf;fg;gl;L Xuhz;ly;y Ie;jhz;Lfs; tij gl;ltH. mq;fk; gpse;J tpOe;J Jbf;f mbfs; thq;fpatH. capH njhq;fp mire;J kbe;J jirAly; Jhs;gl;ltH. me;j mDgtk; ftpijahfg;  gpwe;jJ.

  

gl;bdp fple;J grpahy; nkype;J

     gho;gl NeHe;jhYk; - vd;wd;

fl;Lly; tise;J iffhy; jsHe;J

     ftiy kpFe;jhYk;- tho;T

nfl;L eLj;njU NthL fple;J

     fPo;epiy Aw;whYk; - kd;dH

njhl;L tsHj;j jkpo;kfspd; JaH

     Jilf;f kwg;Ngdh?

 

jkpo;nkhopapd; gy rpwg;Gf;fspy; xd;W Nru> Nrho> ghz;ba Nte;jHfs; %tUk; mjidj; njhl;Lj; jhyhl;b rPuhl;;b tsHj;jJjhd;. mjid kdjpy; epWj;jpNa ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; "kd;dH njhl;L tsHj;j jkpo;kfspd; JaH Jilf;f kwg;NgNdh?" vdf; $WfpwhH. (tsUk;)

 

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!

 

jkpo;ahd; thOk; vopy;kh Qhyk;! jkpNo vd;DapH %yk;!  

 

(17)

 

czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jdpd; jkpo; ntwp fiuGuz;L XLk; fhl;lhW Nghd;wJ. "cly; kz;Zf;F capH jkpOf;F" vd;gJ mtuJ rq;fehjk;! Njidg; nghope;Jk; fdpfs; nrhupe;Jk; nrq;fUk;igg; gpope;Jk; Cid capiu cUf;Fk; jkpio Nrhizg; gaNy! jkpio ,oe;Jk; Jhq;fp epd;whNahlh?  vd;W fhl;lkhff; Nfl;fpwhH ftpQH.

 

"Njidg; nghope;Jk; fdpfs; nrhupe;Jk;

  nrq;fUk;igg; gpope;Jk;

 Mnea; fWthVyk; fye;Jk;

     mKjha;j; jkpo;g; Gytd;....

 Cid capiu cUf;Fk; jkpio

      cd;wDf;Nf je;jhd;

 Nrhizg; gaNy! jkpio ,oe; Jk;

      Jhq;fp epd;whNahlh?"

 

NkYk; rq;f fhy ,yf;fpaq;fshd gj;Jg; ghl;Lk; vl;Lj; njhifAk; kw;Wk; Fws;> Ik;ngUk; fhg;gpaq;fs;> njhy;fhg;gpak;> fk;gd;> GfNoe;jp jkpo;  rpwg;igf; ftpQH gl;baypl;Lf; fhl;LfpwhH.

 

Kj;Jf; FwSk; fhg;gpa ike;Jk;

      KJfhg;gpad; jkpOk;

gj;Jg; ghl;Lk; vl;Lj; njhifAk;

      gjpfKk; cyhEhYk;

jpj;jpf;Fk; fk;gd; GfNoe;jp

      Njd; jkpOk; tPo;e;jNj

nrj;Jj; njhiyag; gif nghq;fpaJ!

      rpuk; jho;e;jidNahlh?

 

fhs Nkff; ftpij kioAk;

    ftp ghujp jkpOk;

Nfhyj; Njk;gh tzpAk; moF

    nfhQ;R ew;rPwhTk;

jhsk; Nghl;L thohg; ghujp

   jhrd; ntwpj; jkpOk;

Vyk; Nghl;lhH giftH! mleP

   vq;Fw;whNahlh?

 

jkpio mk;kh> md;id> jha;> vd %r;Rf;F Ke;EhW juk; risf;fhky; Jjpf;Fk; ftpQH> kw;wtHfisg; Nghy; jpd;dTk; fhiy ef;fpj; jpupaTk; gilj;jplhky; jkpioNa vz;zp Vq;fpl Vd; gilj;jha; vdf; ftiyNahL Nfl;fpwhH..

 

md;idNa! vd;wd; jhNa!

     mk;kheP mLj;jhiug; Nghy;

 vd;idAk; fhiy ef;fpj;

     jpupaTk; gilj;jplhky;

 vd;idNad; jkpio vz;zp

     Vq;fplg; gilj;jha;? ,q;Nf

 cd;dUk; gps;is ehSk;

    capHJbf; fpd;Nwd; jhNa!"

 

ghuk;kh... Kd;dhs; vd;idg;

     gLf;ifapy; mUNf itj;J

NrudhH fijeP nrg;gpr;

     rpwpNaidf; nfLj;jjhNy

ghuk;kh... khw;whDf;Fg;

     gzpahd; cd; gps;is- tPjp

Xukha;f; fple;Jk; fha;e;Jk;

    cupikg;NghH epfo;j;Jfpd;whd;!"

 

khdj;jpd; tbNt! vd;id

    kfthf <d;w jhNa!

 Njndhj;j Kiyg;gh NyhLk;

    jPuj;ij mspj;j Njtp!

 <dj;ij Vw;fh neQ;rk;

    vdf;fspj;jtNs! md;dha;!

 Cdj;jpd; cly; tPo;e;jhYk;

   cupikg;NghH epWj;Nj dk;kh!

 

jkpoupilNa JNuhfpfSf;Fk;> fhl;bf; nfhLg;gtHfSf;Fk;> khw;whd; fhiy ef;fpg; gpiog;gtHfSf;Fk; vd;WNk gQ;rk; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. ,jpfhr fhyk;njhl;L ,e;jf; fhl;bf; nfhLg;Gk; fOj;jWg;Gk; muq;NfwptUfpwJ.

 

md;we;j ,yq;ifapid Mz;l kwj;jkpod; Iapuz;L jpirKfj;Jk; jd;Gfio itj;Njhd; Fd;nwLf;Fk; ngUe;Njhshd; nfhilnfhLf;Fk; ifahd; ,uhtzid tQ;rf tpG+\zd; murgjtpf;fhf ,uhkdplk; fhl;bf; nfhLj;jhd;! fl;lnghk;kid ehL gpbf;f te;j me;epadplk; vl;lg;gd; fhl;bf; nfhLj;jhd;!

 

ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; fhl;bf; nfhLg;gtid ftpijr; rhl;il nfhz;L rhLthH. nja;tj; jkpo;tho ,td; rhT Njit vd;fpwhH!

 

fhl;bf; nfhLg;gtd; vq;Nf?- me;jf;

     fatidf; nfhz;L th! JhNzhL fl;L!

 rhl;il vLj;Jth ,q;Nf! - jk;gp

     rhFk;tiu mb gpd;G nfhSj;J!

 

jPad; cly;jPaj; jPit! - vq;fs;

   nja;tj; jkpo;tho ,td; rhT Njit!

ghAk; GypNa! jkpoh! - jk;gp!

   gr;irj; JNuhfp tpog;gha;e;J thlh!"

 

vj;jidNah jkpo;g; GytHfs; vj;jidNah Mz;Lfhykhf jkpio  mKnjd;Wk;> Njndd;Wk;> ghnyd;Wk;> ghnfd;Wk;> jq;fs; capnud;Wk; ghkhiy ghb  Gfo;;khiy rhj;jpapUf;fpwhHfs;. mtHfis kpQ;Rk; tz;zk; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; jkpioj; jha;> je;ij> kidtp> gps;is> Njhod; Rw;wk; vd;nwy;yhk; Muhjpf;fpwhH!

 

jkpnod; md;id! jkpnod; je;ij!

   jkpnod;wd; cld; gpwg;G!

jkpnod; kidtp! jkpnod; gps;is

  jkpnod; el;Gilj; Njhod;!

jkpnod; Rw;wk;! jkpnod; rpw;WhH!

  jkpnod; khkzpj; Njrk;!

jkpo;ahd; thOk; vopy;kh Qhyk;!

  jkpNo vd;DapH %yk;!"  

 

vd;wd; jkpio vtd; gopj;jhYk; vkd; mtidj; njhly; cWjp! ehd;; ,opfOij my;yd;.. typad;! ehdpyj;jPH! ,J njspkpd;!" vdr; #Siuj;J ,b Kof;fk; nra;a  ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; xUtuhy;jhd; KbAk;!

 

mg;gH vdr; nry;ykhf miof;fg;gLk; jpUehTf;furH gf;jp ,af;fj;jpd; Kd;Ndhb> "ehkhHf;Fk; Fbay;Nyhk; ekid mQ;Nrhk; eliy my;Nyhk;" vdg; gy;yt kd;dd; kNfe;jputHkDf;F vjpuhf fhtpAilapy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L NghHf; Fuy; vOg;gpatH. "mQ;RtJk; ,y;iy mQ;r tUtJk; ,y;iy" vd;W  khH jl;batH. mtH ghba Njthug; ghly;fs; gd;dpU jpUKiwapy; 4Mk; 5Mk; jpUKiwfshfr; NrHf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

jpUehTf;furH jdJ mq;fq;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; ,iwtid tzq;f Ntz;Lk;> fhzNtz;Lk;> Nfl;fNtz;Lk;> Kfu Ntz;Lk;> tho;j;j Ntz;Lk;> epidf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ghbapUf;fpwhH. me;jg; ghly; ,J.

 

"jiyNa ePtzq;fha;- jiy

khiy jiyf;fzpe;J"

 

"fz;fhs; fhz;kpd;fNsh - fly;

eQ;Rz;l fz;ld;wd;id"

 

"nrtpfhs; Nfz;kpd;fNsh-rptd;

vk;kpiw nrk;gts"

 

"%f;Nf ePKuyha;- KJ

fhLiw Kf;fzid"

 

"thNa tho;j;Jfz;lha; - kj

ahid AupNghHj;Jg;"

 

"neQ;Nr ePepidaha; - epkpH

Gd;ril epd;kyid"

 

ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd; jpUehTf;fH ghba  ,e;jg; ghlypd; fUg;nghUis jkpo;nkhopapd;  ngUik ghlg; gad;gLj;jpapUf;fpwhH.

 

Mlh kapyha; mirah ,sq;nfhbaha;

Xlh ejpaha; xU Gjpuha;

ehnly;yhk; ...

tPrhj njd;wyha; tPRk; jkpo;g; ngUik

Ngrhj tha; gpzj;jpd; tha;!

 

GwKk; mfg;ghl;Lk; fhg;gpadhy; G+j;j

,wth ,yf;fzj;jpd; VLk;

Fws; nkhopAk;

MHf;Fk; rpyk;gpd; moF jkpo; eilAk;

ghHf;fhj fz; ghtf;fz;!

 

fj;J fly;gwpj;Jk; fy;yhjhH jPitj;Jk;

Fj;J tlnkhopapd; $Hgl;Lk;

,j;jidf;Fk; ....

thlhj nre;jkpopd; tuyhW Nfl;lgpd;

Mlhj fhy; Midf;fhy;!

 

thdk; msT tsHe;J nkhopf;nfy;yhk;

jhdk; nfhLj;j jkpNol;by;

<dk; gilf;f te;jhuh? mtH gy;iy Xq;fp

cilf;fhj if cyf;if!

 

ftpQH fhrp Mde;jdpd; jkpo;g; gw;Wf;F <Lapiz fpilahJ vd;gij mtuJ ftpijfisg; gbg;gtH czuj; jtw khl;lhHfs;. ige;jkpo; nkhopia vtd; gopj;jhYk; gopj;jtd; jiynfhz;L thlh vd MQ;iQ gpwg;gpf;fpwhH!

 

ige;jkpo; nkhopia vtd; gopj;jhYk;

gopj;jtd; jiy nfhz;L thlh!

 Ie;J Jz;lhf;fp mLg;gpdpy; itg;Nghk;!

mJ ekf; FzthFk; Nghlh!

 

,Wjpahf ftpQH  rq;F Kof;fp jkpio kPz;Lk; khspif Vw;wp tzq;fpNa rhNtd; vdr; #Siuf;fpwhH.

 

"jq;fj; jkpo;kpir Miz! vd;wd;

jha;epfH jkpof kz;kpir Miz!

 rpq;f kwj;jkpo; tPuH - vq;fs;

nre;jkpo;j; Njhs;kpir Miz!

 rq;F Kof;fp Aiug;Ngd; - ehisr;

rz;ilf; fsj;jpNy rhf te;jhYk;

 kq;fpf; fplf;Fe; jkpio - kPz;Lk;

khspif Vw;wp tzq;fpNa rhNtd;!  (tsUk;)

  


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!

 

rpwg;ghd nkhopnadpy; ntsp ehl;NlhH

mij tzf;fQ; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;!

 

(18)

 

%Nte;jUk; Nghw;wp tsHj;j Kj;jkpopd; ePHik> ,dpik> njhd;ik> tz;ik> nropik> tsik> ,sik> ngUik> gw;wp Md;wwpe;j GytHfSk;> ftpaurHfSk;> rka FutHfs;> rpj;jHfs; nrhy;ypatw;iw ,Jtiu vLj;Jr; nrhd;Ndd;.

 

"ahkwpe;j nkhopfspNy  jkpo;nkhopNghy; ,dpjhtnjq;Fk; fhNzhk;" vd;W mWjpapl;Lf; $wpa kfhftp ghujpahH>

 

"jkpopd; ePHik Ngrpj;jhsk; tPiz gz;zpey;y Kotnkhe;ij ky;Fghly;" nra;J ehSk; ,d;dpirahy; jkpo; gug;gpj; jd;idNa "jkpo; Qhdrk;ge;jd; "ew;wkpo;Qhdrk;ge;jd; " vd;W Koq;fpa MSilg;gps;isahH.

 

".........................................jha;e;jtpg; gRe;jkpo; Vid

 kz;zp ilr;rpy ,yf;fz tuk;gpyh nkhopNghy;

 vz;zp ilg;glf; fple;jjh vz;zTk; gLNkh"

 

vdf; flhtpa guQ;Nrhjp KdptH.

 

"Qhdr; RlHtpsf; Nfw;wpNdd; ehuzw;F

 Qhdj; jkpo; Gupe;j ehd;!"

 

vd;W jdJ flTs; gf;jpiaAk;;> jkpo;g; gf;jpiaAk; ntspf;fhl;ba G+jj;jho;thH.

 

"Mupak; ed;W> jkpo;  jP njd" ciuj;j fhupahj;jhy; fhyf;Nfhl;gl;lhid ntFz;L Nehf;fp "nre;jkpNo jPHf;f Rthfh"  vdr; rgpj;j ef;fPudhH.

 

"jkpNohbir ghly; kwe;jwpNad;"vd;W jd; jkpo;nkhopg; gw;iw CUk; cyfKk; mwpag; giwrhw;wpa ehTf;furH.

 

"Kj;jkpo; miltpid Kw;gL fpupjdpy; Kw;gl vOjpa Kjy;NthNd" vdj; njhlq;fp "Ke;Jjkpo; khiy Nfhbf; Nfhb" vdr; re;jnkhL mupa jkpopd; Njhw;wj;ij tha; kzf;fg; Nghw;wpg; ghba mUzfpupahH.

 

"ige;jkpo;g; gpd;nrd;w gr;irg; gRq; nfhz;lNy" vdj;  jpUkhypd;  jkpo;f; fhjiy Kj;jhd jkpopy; jpj;jpf;fg; ghba jpUkopir Mo;thH.

 

"vd;id ed;whf ,iwtd; gilj;jdd; jd;id ed;whfj; jkpo;nra;AkhNw" vd %thiriaAk; ntd;whYk;  jkpo; Miria kl;Lk; nty;y  Kbahj jpU%yH.

 

jpj;jpf;Fk; njs;sKjha;j; njs;sKjpd; Nkyhd

Kj;jpf; fdpNanad; Kj;jkpNo - Gj;jpf;Fs;

cz;zg;gLe;NjNd cd;NdhL cte;Jiuf;Fk;

tpz;zg;g Kz;L tpsk;gf;Nfs;."

 

vdf; $wp ",Ue;jkpNo cd;dhy; ,Ue;Njd; ,ikNahH tpUe;J mkpo;jk; vd;whYk; Ntz;Nld;" vd;W ghba jkpo;tpL JhJ ,aw;wpa GytH.

 

Mupak;Ngh Yyftof; fope;;njhope;J rpijahTd;

rPupoikj; jpwk; tpae;J nrad;kwe;J tho;j;JJNk"

 

vdj; jkpoupd; ePLJapy; ePf;fj; jpUg;gs;spnaOr;rp ghba kNdhd;kzpak; Re;judhH.

 

vq;fs; tho;Tk; vq;fs; tsKk;

kq;fhj jkpnod;W rq;Nf Koq;F"

 

vd;W Njhs;jl;bg; ghba ghNte;jH ghujpjhrd;.

 

jkpo;ahd; thOk; vopy;kh Qhyk;! jkpNo vd;DapH %yk;!" vd;W Koq;fpa vq;fs; czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jd;.

 

,g;gbj; jkpo; md;idiag; Nghw;wpAk;> Vw;wpAk;> rhw;wpAk; ghbatHfspd; KOg; gl;bay; ,Jty;y. Kbe;j kl;Lk; je;jpUf;fpNwd;. kPjp ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

fhf;iff;Fk; jd;FQ;R nghd;FQ;R" vd;gJ gonkhop. jkpo;g; GytHfSk; ftpQHfSk; jkpo;nkhopiag; Nghw;wp kfpo;jy; ,aw;ifNa> mjpy; ve;jg; GJikAk; ,y;iy vd;gJk; cz;ikNa. ,Ue;Jk;>  

 

kiwthf ekf;Fs;Ns goq; fijfs;

  nrhy;tjpNyhH kfpik ,y;iy

jpwkhd Gyiknadpy; ntsp ehl;NlhH

  mijtzf;fQ; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;

 

vd;W ghujpahH Gyikf;Fr; nrhd;d tiutpyf;fzk; nkhopf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;.  jkpo;nkhopapd; rpwg;ig ekf;Fs;Ns nrhy;tjpNyhH kfpik ,y;iy. Ntw;W nkhopf;fhuH jkpo;nkhopia gy;NtW nkhopfNshL xg;G Nehf;fpg; ghHj;J mJ cz;ikapy;  caHthd> nrOikahd nkhopjhd;  vd;gij cs;sgb czHe;J  Nghw;wpg;  ghuhl;b  tzf;fk; nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbr; nra;jhy; kl;LNk vkJ mUikj; jha;nkhopahk; jkpo;nkhop XH  caH jdpr; nrk;nkhop vd;gij cyf muq;fpy; epiy ehl;l KbAk;.

 

me;jg; gzpia ,dpNj nra;jtH lhf;lH fy;Lnty;  ma;auhthH. ,tH maHye;jpy; 1814-Mk; Mz;L Nk khjk; gpwe;jtH. ,tuJ ngw;NwhHfs; ];nfhl;yhe;J ehl;bdH. Gfo;ngw;w fpsh];Nfh (Glasgo) gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;wtH. 1938Mk; Mz;L rdtup khjk; ,e;jpahtpw;F te;jhH. jpUney;Ntyp khtl;lj;J ,ilahd;Fbapy; jq;fpg; gy Mz;Lfs; ,iwgzp nra;jhH. 1877-Mk; Mz;L mj;jpal;rfuhfj; jpUKOf;Fg; ngw;whH.

 

Ik;gj;J  ehd;F Mz;Lfs;  jkpo;ehl;by; tho;e;J njhz;L  nra;j ngupahH> 1892-Mk; Mz;L godpapy; fhykhdH. ,tuJ epidthyak; ,d;Wk; ,ilad;Fbj; Njthyaj;jpy; jkpo;j; njhz;bd; rpd;dkhf vOe;J epw;fpwJ.

 

jkpo;nkhop> jkpopd tuyhw;wpy; lhf;lH fy;Lnty; ma;aH Mq;fpy nkhopapy; vOjpa "jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk;" (A Comparitive Grammar of the Dravidian Languages) vd;w Ma;T Ehy; xU ngupa iky; fy;yhFk;. Mupa khiaapy; tPo;e;J gho;gl;Lf; fple;j jkpopdj;ij me;j Ehy; Jhf;fp epWj;jpaJ. "njd;ghz;br; rPik" vd;w tuyhw;W EhYk; ,tuJ jkpo;j; njhz;by; gpwe;j gilg;ghFk;.

 

Ntw;W ehl;ltuhfTk;> nkhopapduhfTk; gpwe;J fpwpj;Jtj;ijg; gug;g jkpofk; te;jtH> jkpopd; ,dpikAk;> nrwpTk; mtH cs;sj;jpNy Gjpa jpUg;gj;ij  Vw;gLj;jp mtiuj; jkpo;j; njhz;lH Mf;fpaJ.

 

jkpOf;Nf jd;id <ifnra;j mtH> jk; jhapd; ngUikapid cyF midj;Jk; Nghw;Wk;tif nra;a tpUk;gpdhH. gd;nkhop mwpQuhd fy;Lnty; ma;aH jpuhtplf; FLk;g nkhopfis Muha;e;J jkpopd; jdpj; jd;ikiaAk;> jdpr; rpwg;igAk; njspT gLj;jpdhH. mjd; %yk; ,e;jpa cg fz;lj;J nkhopfSf;nfy;yhk; tlnkhopNa jha;nkhop my;yJ gpwg;gplk; vd;W  jkpo;g; giftHfshy; ,ilf; fhyj;jpy; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;l khiaia cilj;njwpe;jhH. mJ kl;Lky;y "jpuhtplj;Jf;F rk];fpUjj;jpd; flikg;ghL" vdj; jdpajpfhuNk vOjpdhH.

 

",uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Nkw;gl;l fhykhf> kpfg;ngupa ,dj;jtUk;> Mw;wYk; ed;F kjpf;fw;ghLk; cilatUk;  topghl;bw;F cupatUkhd Mupa kf;fspd; rk];fpUj nkhopia vjpHj;J epd;W> jk; Ml;rpia epiyehl;b te;Js;s jpuhtpl nkhopfs;> jk; ,lj;ijg; gw;w tUk;  NtW  vk;nkhop Kaw;rpiaAk;> ,dp tUk; fhyq;fspYk; vjpHj;J mopj;JtpLk;" vdj; jPHg;G vOjpa ngUik fy;Lnty; ma;aiuNa rhUk;.

 

fy;Lnty; ma;aH kiwe;j gpd;dNu Vl;by; ,Ue;j rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fshd vl;Lj; njhif gj;Jg; ghl;L Ehy;fs; kw;Wk; xy;fhg; Gfo; njhy;fhg;gpak; mr;Rthfdk; Vwpd. vdNt mtw;iwg; gbj;J jdJ nkhop Ma;Tf;Fg; gad;gLj;Jk; tha;g;G mtUf;F ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; mtuJ Ma;T ,d;Dk; El;gkhfTk;> ,yf;fpar; rhd;NwhLk; mike;jpUf;Fk;.

 

mtH fhyj;jpy; "gj;Jf; fl;lis" fspd; (Ten Commandments) jkpo;nkhop ngaHg;gpy; Vuhskhd rk];fpUjr;  nrhw;fs; ,lk;ngw;wpUe;jd. mjpy; fhzg;gl;l ngUe;njhifahd tlnkhopr; nrhw;fisg; ghHj;J  tUe;jpa fy;Lnty; ma;aH gpd;tUkhW vOjpdhH.

 

"rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fspd; vz;zpf;if> mjd; Mq;fpy eilapy; ,lk;ngw;wpUf;Fk; ,yj;jPd; nrhw;fspd; vz;zpf;ifNahL mbnahl;b xj;Js;sJ vd;whYk;> Mq;fpyk; ,yj;jPDf;Ff; fld; gl;bUg;gijg; NghyNt> jkpOk; rk];fpUjj;jpw;Ff; fld; gl;bUg;gjhff; fUJtJ mwNt nghUe;jhJ. jkpo; jhd; Vw;wpUf;Fk; rk];fpUjj; nrhw;fspy; ngUk; gFjpia> Vd; mit midj;ijANk mwNt iftpl;L mt;thW iftpLtJ xd;wpdhNyNa> Kd;ida epiyapYk; rpwe;j> caH jdpr; nrk;nkhopahk; ngU epiyiag; ngw;WtpLk;."

 

NkYk; mtH vOJk; NghJ ",yj;jPd; nrhw;fisf; iftpLtJ Mq;fpyj;jpw;F  ,ayhJ. ,yj;jPd; nkhopapypUe;J fld; thq;fpapUf;Fk; nrhw;fspy;> ngUk;ghyhd nrhw;fSf;F ,izahd jd; nkhopr; nrhw;fs; Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,y;iy. Mdhy; jkpopd; epiy mj;jifaJ md;W. rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fSf;F ,izahd> Jha jd; nkhopr; nrhw;nry;tq;fis mJ mstpd;wpg; ngw;Ws;sJ."

 

jkpo;nkhopapy; tlnkhop Vd;> vjw;fhf> vt;thW> ahuhy; GFj;jg;gl;lJ? ,e;jf; Nfs;tpfSf;Fk; fy;Lnty; ma;aH tpil ,Wf;fpwhH.

 

"rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fis cz;ikahd Njit Fwpj;J Nkw;nfhs;shJ> fhyf;NfhshW tpUk;Gk; ntspg;gfl;Lf; fhuzkhfNt Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ. mf; "fl;lisfs;"  fy;yh kf;fs; toq;Fk; nfhr;irj; jkpopy; nkhop ngaHf;fg;ngwpd; rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fspd; Ml;rp kpf kpff; Fiwe;J NghFk;.  mk;nkhop ngaHg;gpd; eilia jpUe;jpa ,yf;fpa eil tha;e;jjhf caHj;jptpbd; rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fs; mwNt kiwe;J NghFk;. mf; "fl;lis"fspy; ,lk;ngw;Wk; mj;jid nrhw;fspy;> gpioapy;yhky;> ghl;bd; gz;G nflhky;>  Jha jpuhtplr; nrhy;yhy; ntspg;gLj;j Kbahj nrhy; xd;Nw csJ. mJ ,iwtd; jpUTUitf; Fwpf;f tUk; nrhy;yhk;. mr; nrhy;Yk;> mr;nrhy; czHj;Jk; nghUSk;>  goe;jkpoHfspd; nkhop Ml;rpf;Fk;> fUj;Jr; nry;tj;jpw;Fk; Gwk;ghdit MFk;.

 

"Guhz rhHghd rkaq;fs;> topghl;L Kiwfs; Mfpatw;NwhL> ,itAk;  ghHg;gdHfshy; jkpoupilNa GFj;jg;ngw;wd. ghHg;gdr; rkaq;fspd; mstpwe;j nry;thf;fpd; gadha;> ,d;iwa jkpo; ciueilapy; ,Uf;Fk; rkaf; fUj;Jf;fis ntspaplty;y nrhw;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdit rk];fpUj %yr; nrhw;fshfNt  cs;sd. mr; rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fSf;F ,izahf> Vd; mtw;iwf; fhl;bYk; rpwg;ghf mf;fUj;Jf;fis ntspaplty;y Jha jpuhtplr; nrhw;fSk; cs;sd vd;whYk;> ciueilfspy;  mtw;wpd; Ml;rp fLe; jkpo; eil tha;e;J fhJ ntWf;Fk; fbd xyp cilajhff;  fUJksT mr;nrhw;fs; nky;y nky;y tof;fpwe;J Ngha; tpl;ld. jkpo; nkhopapd; rkaa ,yf;fpaq;fspy; rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fs; Ml;rp Guptjd; cz;ikf; fhuzk; ,J xd;Nw." (tsUk;)

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (19)

 

jkpo;nkhopapd; goikf;F mjd; nrhw;nry;tq;fSk; ,yf;fz tbtq;fSk; rhd;W!

 

NguhrpupaH tpy;rd; mtHfs; "njd;dpe;jpa nkhopfs;> rk];fpUj nkhopiag; ghHj;Jg; gpd;gw;wp tsHf;fg; ngWfpd;wd. Mdhy;> xUghy;> jdpAupik my;yJ jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j ,yf;fpa tsHr;rp ngwTk;; tpUk;Gfpd;wd. jkpo;> njYq;F> fd;dlk;> kiyahsk; Mfpa nkhopfspy; cs;s jiyaha ,yf;fpar; nry;tq;fs; midj;Jk;> xd;W tlnkhop %y ,yf;fpaq;fspd; nkhopngaHg;ghFk; my;yJ mtw;wpd; nghopg;GiufshFk;. mit mk;%y ,yf;fpaq;fspd; nrhw;nwhlH mikg;G KiwfisAk; fld; thq;fpAs;sd" vdf; $wpapUf;fpwhH. ,jid lhf;lH fy;Lnty; fLikahf kWj;Jiuf;fpwhH.

 

jkpiog; nghWj;jtiuapy; mtH $w;W KOtJk; nghUe;Jtjd;W. jkpo;nkhopapd; jiyaha ,yf;fpaq;fshk; vd;W vy;NyhuhYk; xU Nru xg;Gf;nfhs;sg;gl;l jpUf;FwSk;> rpe;jhkzpAk; mikg;gpYk;> Mf;fpa KiwapYk;> mwNt rk];fpUj njhlHgw;wdthk;. KOf;f KOf;f Kjy; Ehy; jd;ik tha;e;jdthk;. jkpo; vOj;jhsHfs; ,uhkhaz ghujq;fis cs;sJ cs;sthNw nkhop ngaHf;ftpy;iy vdpDk;> tlnkhopahsH Nghf;ifg; gpd;gw;wpNa ,aw;wpAs;sdH vd;gJ cz;ikNa. vd;whYk;> mtHfs; jq;fs; fk;gd; Mf;fpa jkpo; ,uhkhazk;> thy;kPfp ,aw;wpa %y ,uhkhazj;ijf; fhl;bYk; edpkpfr; rpwe;jjhk; vd;W ngUik ghuhl;bf; nfhs;tjpYk; jtWtjpy;iy."(jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk;- gf;fk; 35-36)

 

tlnkhop ,yf;fpak; ahTk; rk];fpUjj;jpd; %yj;jpy; ,Ue;J gpwe;jit vd;w khiaia Mupag; ghHg;gdHfs; fhyk; fhykhf jkpo; kf;fs; cs;sj;jpy; tpijj;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf jpU.v];.vd;. =uhkNjrpfd; jpUf;FwSf;F jkpo; Mq;fpyj; njspTiu vOjp ntspapl;l Ehypy; tp.MH. ,uhkr;re;jpu jP\pjH mtHfis Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;b ",uhkhazk;> k`hghujk;> guhru rk;`pij> ghftjk;> upf;Ntjk; ,itfNshL mwj;Jg;ghYf;F cs;s fUj;J xw;WikiaAk;> fhkhe;jf ePjp> mHj;;j rh];jpuk;> Rf;fpuePjp> Nghjhad ];kpUjp MfpaitfNshL nghUl;ghYf;F cs;s fUj;J xw;WikiaAk;> thj;];ahadupd; fhk#j;jpuj;NjhL fhkj;Jg; ghYf;F cs;s fUj;J xw;WikiaAk; tpupthf Mjhuj;NjhL vLj;J tpsf;fpapUf;fpwhH" vd vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

 

,Ugj;J Ie;Jf;Fk; Nkyhd rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fis jpUts;StH ifahz;L ,Ug;gjhy; fUj;Jf;fis khj;jpukpd;wp rk];fpUj;jr; nrhw;fisAk; fld; thq;fpAs;shH vd itahGupg; gps;is vOjpapUf;fpwhH. NkYk; mwd;> ,ay;G> xw;wH> JhjH Mfpa mjpfhuq;fs; nfsby;aupd; mHj;j rh];jpuj;ijg; gpd;gw;wp te;jit vd;w jP\pjupd; fUj;ijAk; itahGupg; gps;is cWjpg;gLj;jpapUf;fpwhH.

 

,uhkr;re;jpu jP\pjH> itahGupg; gps;is Nghd;wtHfs; Rw;wptisj;J vd;d nrhy;ytUfpwhHfs; vd;why; ts;StH tlEhy;fisg; gbj;J mjd; fUj;Jf;fisj; jpUb Fwis vOjpAs;shH vd;gNj.

 

mjpf Jhuk; NghthNdd; jpUf;Fws; ciuahrpupaUf;Fs; kpfr; rpwe;jtuhff; fUjg;gLk; gupNkyofH jkJ ciug; ghapuj;jpy; tHzhr;rpuk jHkj;ijNa ts;StH jpUf;Fwspy; vLj;Jr; nrhy;fpwhH vd vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

 

"mwk; vd;gJ kD Kjypa Ehy;fspy; tpjpj;jd nra;jYk;> tpyf;fpaJ xopjYk;

Mk;. m/J xOf;fk;> tof;F> jz;lk; vd %tifg;gLk;.

 

mtw;Ws; xOf;fkhtJ> me;jzH Kjypa tUzj;jhH jj;jkf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l gpukrupak; Kjypa epiyfspy; epd;W> mtw;wpw;F Xjpa mwq;fspy; tOthJ xOFjy;.

 

tof;fhtJ> xU nghUisj; jdpj;jdpNa "vdJ vdJ" vd;W ,Ug;ghH. mJ fhuzkhfj; jk;Ks; khWgl;L mg;nghUs; Nky; nry;tJ. mJ "fld; Nfhly;" Kjy; gjpndl;Lg; gjj;jJ Mk;.

 

jz;lkhtJ> mt;nthOf;f nepapDk; tof;F newpapDk; top,apdhiu> mwnewp epWj;Jjw; nghUl;L xg;g ehb mjw;Fj;ju xWj;jy;.

 

mJjhd; ehy;tif epiyj;jha; tUze;NjhWk; NtWghL  cilikapd;> rpWghd;ikahfpa mr;rpwg;G ,ay;Gfs; xopj;J> vy;yhHf;Fk; xj;jypd;  ngUk;ghd;ikahfpa nghJ ,ay;G  gw;wp. ",y;ywk;"> "Jwtwk;" vd ,Utif epiyahy; $wg;gl;lJ" vd;W vOjpapUf;fpwhH (KO ciug; ghapuj;ijAk; jpUf;Fwspy; gbj;J mwpaTk;).

 

mjhtJ mwk; vd;w nrhy;Yf;F gupNkyofH Ntjk; kw;Wk; kEjHkrhj;jpuq;fspy; nrhy;yg;gl;l "jUkk;" vd;w nghUspy; ciufhz;fpwhH. Mdhy; ts;StH nrhy;y te;j my;yJ nrhy;Yfpd;w "mwk;" NtW. Ntjk; kw;Wk; kDrhj;jpuk; nrhy;fpd;w 'jUkk;' NtW. jUkk; tUzhr;rpu jHkj;ijNa Fwpf;fpwJ.

 

jkpo;g; gz;ghl;Lf;F ,yf;fzk; tFj;J mJ tlnkhopg; gz;ghl;bw;F NtWgl;lJ vd thd;Gfo; ts;Stuhy; vOjg;gl;l jpUf;Fws;> tlnkhop Ehy;fisj; jOtp vOjg;gl;lJ> mjpYk; tHzhr;rpuk jHkj;jpd; top epd;W xOFtjw;F vOjg;gl;lJ vdj; jpUf;FwSf;F Mupa Kyhk; G+Rk; Kaw;rpapy; FwSf;F type;J nghUs; nfhz;L ts;Stj;ijNa ghHg;gduhd gupNkyofH khRgLj;jp ,Uf;fpwhH.  

 

tHzhr;rpukjHkk; vd;gJ gpuhkzH> rj;jpupaH> itrpfH> #j;jpuH  vd;W kf;fisg; gpwg;G mbg;gilapy; ehy;tFg;ghf tFj;J> gpuhkzdDf;F ntz;zpwKk;> rj;jpupaDf;Fr; nre;epwKk;> itrpaDf;Fg; nghd;epwKk;> #j;jpuDf;F fUepwKk; vd;w ehy;tHzg; ghFghl;ilAk;> ehy;tHzj;jhUf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l xOf;fj;ijAk; Fwpj;J epw;gJ> Mr;rpukk;; vd;gJ gpukr;rhupak;> fpuf];jk;> thdg;gpu];jk;> re;epahrk; vd;w kdpjdJ ehy;tif epiyfisf; Fwpj;J epw;;gJ. gpukr;rhupak;> fpuf];jk; ,y;ywj;jpy; ,Ug;gtHfisAk;> thdg;gpu];jk;> re;epahrk; Jwtwj;ij Nkw;nfhz;ltHfisAk; Rl;Lk;.

 

jpUts;StH Mjp vd;w giwr;rpf;Fk;> gftd; vd;w gpuhkzDf;Fk;; gpwe;jtH vd;w fl;Lf;fijAk;> gpuhkz rk;ge;jk; ,y;yhky; #j;jpud; (jkpod;) xUtd; jpUf;Fws; Nghd;w ,yf;fpaj;ij gilj;jpUf;f Kbahj vd;w "tHzhr;rpuk" Nfhl;ghl;il epiyepWj;jNt vOjg;gl;lJ! "Mjpgftd;" vd;w  nrhy;yhl;rp ts;StH ifahz;l nrhy;yhl;rpjhdh vd;gjpy; Iak; cz;L. mg;gb ,y;iy mJ mtuJ nrhy;yhl;rp vd;W thjpl;lhYk; Mjpgftd; xUtiuNa Fwpf;fpwJ. ,Utiuf; Fwpg;gnjd;why; Mjpgftd; vd;wpy;yhJ MjpgftH vd;W vOjg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.

 

,we;J nfhz;bUe;j gy ,yf;fpa Xiyr; Rtbfis CH Cuhf miye;J jpupe;J Njbg; gpbj;J mtw;iwg; gjpg;gpj;j lhf;lH c.Nt. rhkpehj ma;aH mtHfSk;  "Ntj tof;nfhL ,iae;j gy nra;jpfs; jpUf;Fwspy; cs;sd. epj;jpa iekpj;jpf G+irfs;> ehd;F Mr;rpukk;> Itiff; fld;fs;> me;jzH KjypNahH xOf;fk;> Ntjk; Kjypatw;iwg; gw;wpa nra;jpfs; gy tiffspy; ,izf;fg;gl;L ,Uf;fpd;wd" vdr; nrhy;ypAs;shH. (jpUf;FwSk;> jpUts;StUk; vd;w jiyg;gpy; 4-6-1936-,y; lhf;lH c.Nt.rh. gr;irag;gd; fy;Yhupapy; Mw;wpa ciu)

 

,f;$w;W gupNkyofH topte;jtHfs; tHzhr;rpuk jHkf; Nfhl;ghl;il epiyepWj;jNt njhlHe;J vOjptUtijf; fhl;LfpwJ. gupNkyofH mtH fhyj;J (13-Mk; Ehw;whz;L)  r%f mikg;Gf;Fk;> rpe;jidf;Fk; Vw;g vOjpdhH vd;W itj;Jf; nfhz;lhy;$l ,d;iwa "caHtFg;G" ciuahrpupaHfSk; mg;gbahd fUj;ijj; njhlHe;J Vd; vOjptUfpwhHfs; vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.

 

jpUf;Fws; mwj;Jg; ghYf;Fk; nghUl;ghYf;Fk; ciu vOjpntspapl;l =uhk Njrpfd; vd;gtH " rk];fpUj Ehy;fspy; cs;s fUj;Jf;fisNah nrhw;fisNah ts;StH rpwpjsTk; vLj;Jf; ifahstpy;iy> jkpo;f; fyhrhuj;ijNa ts;StH ,q;Ff; $WfpwhH> jkpo;f; fyhrhuk; itjPff; fyhrhuk; md;W> mJ  jdpik tha;e;jJ" vdf; $WNthupd; thjj;jpy; cz;ik rpwpjsTk; ,y;iy vd;wpwhH.  

 

"gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk;" "me;jzH vd;NghH mwNthH" "mtpnrhupe;J Mapuk; Ntl;lypd; xd;wd; capH nrFj;Jz;zhik ed;W" vd;w ts;StH Nfhl;ghl;Lf;Fk;> gpwg;gpdhy; caHT jho;T fw;gpf;Fk; kDjHkj;jpw;Fk; mbg;gilapy; ngupa r%f-fyhrhu Ntw;Wik ,Uf;fpwJ. mg;gbapUf;f itjPff; fyhrhuKk; jkpo;f; fyhrhuKk; xd;W> jkpo;f; fyhrhuj;jpy; jdpj; jd;ik ,y;iynad;W nrhy;tJ vg;gbg; nghUe;Jk;?  

 

jkpo;nkhop tuyhw;wpy; jkpo;g; giftHfshy; mjd; kPJ elhj;jg;gLk; vjpHj; jhf;Fjy;fisAk; jkpo;g; gz;ghl;bd; kPJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;  CLUty;fisAk; fhl;lNt ts;StH gw;wpAk; ts;Stk; gw;wpAk; vOj Ntz;b Neupl;lJ.

 

,yf;fz mikg;gpy;> jpuhtplj; nkhopfSf;Fk; rk];fpUjj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s ,d;wpaikahr; rpwg;G tha;e;j NtWghLfis lhf;lH fy;Lnty; jhk; vOjpa Ehypy; epiug;gLj;jpapUf;fpwhH.

 

",yf;fpaj;jpy; tlnrhw;fs; ,lk;ngWtJ jkpopd; Jha;ikiaAk;> jdpj;jpaq;Fk; jd;ikiaAk; mopj;JtpLk;. jkpo;nkhop ngw;wpUf;Fk; vz;zp  kjpg;gplw;fpayhr; nrhw;nry;tq;fSk;> nre;jkpo; nkhopapd; gy;NtW tifg;gl;l ,yf;fz tbtq;fSk;> mk;nkhopapd; goikf;Fr; rhd;W. aho;g;ghzj;ijr; NrHe;j  mnkupf;f kjtsHr;rpahsH ntspapl;l khztH jkpo;f; ifafuhjp 58>500-f;Ff; Fiwahj nrhw;fisf; nfhz;Ls;sJ vd;gJ xd;Nw jkpo;nkhopapd; vz;zpyhr; nrhw;nry;tj;jpw;Fg; Nghjpa rhd;whFk;. mt;tfuhjpiaf;  Fiwtpyh KOEhyh Mf;fNtz;bd; mjpy; mlq;fpAs;s nrhw;fNshL> fiyr;nrhw;fSk;> FOcr; nrhw;fSk;> jpirr; nrhw;fSk;> njhifr; nrhw;fSkhf Mapuk; Mapuk; nrhw;fs; NkYk; NrHf;fg;gly;  Ntz;Lk;" (jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk; - gf;fk; 131) vd  ,w;iwf;F  EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Ng fy;Lnty; vLj;Jr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

 

Iag;ghl;bw;Fupa ,dj;jtiu ePf;fptpl;L jpuhtpl ,dj;jtNu vd Iakwj; Jzpe;J Nkw;nfhz;l gy;NtW kf;fspd; njhifia 1911-Mk; Mz;L kf;fs; fzf;nfLg;gpd;gb mwpe;j mstpy; fy;Lnty; je;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

     1. jkpo;            1>9189>740

     2. njYq;F         2>35>42>859

     3. fd;dlk;         1>05>25>739

     4. kiyahsk;        67>92>277

     5. JS              5>31>498

     6. FlF               42>881

     7. Jj                  730

     8. Bfgh               1>280

     9. Nfhz;l;           15>27>157

    10. $                5>30>476

    11. ,uh[;k`hy;         64>875

    12. Xupad;            8>00>328

 

jkpo;> njYq;F> fd;dlk;> kiyahsk;> JS> FlF Mfpa MWk; jpUe;jpa nkhopfs; vd;Wk; Vidait jpUe;jh nkhopfs; vd;Wk; mtH tifg;gLj;jpAs;shH. gpe;jpait ,d;W tlGyj;jpy; thOk; kf;fshy; Ngrg;gLk; nkhopfshFk;.  

 

jkpopy; ,g;NghJ Ngr;R tof;fpYk; vOj;J tof;fpYk; gy rk];fpUjr; nrhw;fs; gad;ghl;by; cs;sd. ngaHfisf; Fwpf;Fk; nrhw;fisg; nghWj;jstpy; Ehw;Wf;Fj; njhz;ZhW  tpOf;fhL tlnkhopr; nrhw;fNs jw;NghJ Gof;fj;jpy; cs;sJ. Mdhy; mit jkpo;nkhopr; nrhw;fs; my;y vd;w njspT gyUf;F ,y;yhky; ,Uf;fpwJ. tpJ\d;> tpJ\pfh>  J\;ae;jd;> epuQ;rd;> A+Nudpah> Xk;fud; vd;W jq;fs; gps;isfSf;Fg; ngaH itf;Fk; ngw;NwhHfSf;F mit jkpo;g; ngaHfs; my;y vd;w cz;ik njupahky; ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpo;nkhop gw;wpa mwpTk;> jkpopdk;gw;wpa czHTk; ,y;yhjNj ,g;gbahd ngaHfs; #l;lg;gLtjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;.

 

nghJthfg; nghUs; Gyg;gLk; nrhw;fs; jkpo; vdf; nfhs;syhk;. nrhw;fspd; njhopy; nghUs; czHj;jNy vd;gij "vy;yhr; nrhy;Yk; nghUs; Fwpj;jdNt" vdj; njhy;fhg;gpaH Fwpg;gH. NkYk; nrhy;Yf;F ,uz;L gz;Gfs; cz;L. mit nghUz;ik> nrhd;ik vdg;gLk;. rhd;NwhH vd;why; gz;GilNahH vd;gJ  nghUz;ik. rhd;NwhH vd;why; caHjpiz gyHghy; vd;gJ nrhd;ik.

 

nghUz;ik njupjYk; nrhd;ik njupjYk;

nrhy;ypd; MFk; vd;kdhH GytH.             (njhy;. nrhy;. ngaupay; 14)            

 

(tsUk;)     

 


  

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!

 

jkpo; caHjdpr; nrk;nkhop

 

ef;fPud;

 

(20)

 

lhf;lH fy;Lnty;Nghy; jkpo;ehl;bw;F ,iwgzp nra;a te;J jkpo;g;gzp Mw;wpNahH gyH MtH. mtHfisg;gw;wpg; gpd;dH tpupthf vOJNtd;. ,g;NghJ ek; fhyj;jpNyNa thOk; fypNghHdpah NgHf;fpyp gy;fiyf; fofj; ( Univeristy of California, Berkeley) jkpo; NguhrpupaH NahH[; `hl; (George Hart ) "jkpo;nkhop caHjdpr; nrk;nkhop vd;w epiy" ( Status of Tamil as a Classical Language ) vd;w jiyg;gpy; mz;ikapy; xU fl;Liu tiue;Js;shH. ,tH Mq;fpy nkhopiaj; jha;nkhopahff; nfhz;ltH vd;gJ nrhy;yhkNy tpsq;Fk;. me;jf; fl;Liuapy; mtH $wpapUg;gij mjd; mUik fUjp KOikahfj; jkpohf;fk; nra;Js;Nsd;.

 

jkpoHfs; xt;nthUtUk; ,jidg; gbg;gNjhL ,d;W Gyk;ngaHe;j ehLfspy; tsHe;JtUk; Gjpa jiyKiwf;F xU Mq;fpNyaH jkpo;nkhopapd; mUik ngUikgw;wp  thdshtg; Gfo;e;J Nghw;Wtij vLj;Jr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;. jkpo; nkhopiaj; jkpoHfs; Gwj;Nj Nghw;wpf;nfhz;L mfj;Nj Gwf;fzpg;gjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzp mtHfSf;Nf jq;fs; jha;nkhopapd; njhd;ik>  tz;ik> nrOik> tsik njupahJ ,Ug;gNj.

 

,d;ndhU Nfhzj;jpy; ghHj;jhy; mJ mtHfSila Fw;wKk; md;W. fhyk; fhykhf Ehw;whz;Lf; fzf;fpy; me;epa ,dj;jtUf;Fk;> me;epa nkhopf;Fk;> me;epa gz;ghl;bw;Fk; mbikg;gl;L me;j ,opTW tho;f;ifNa Rfnkd epidj;J mopTw;wjhy; ,d;W ghkuuha;  tpyq;Ffsha;  cyfidj;Jk; ,fo;r;rp nrhyg; ghd;ik nfl;L ehkkJ jkponudf; nfhz;L tho;e;J tUfpwhHfs;.

 

"NguhrpupaH kiwkiy caHjdpr; nrk;nkhop vd;w epiyf;F jkpo; xg;G Nehf;fj; jf;fjh?" vd;gJgw;wp vOJkhW vd;idf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. mtuJ Ntz;LNfhSf;F nrtprha;j;J tpil vOJtjpy; nkj;j kfpo;r;rp milfpNwd;.

 

ehd; fypNghHdpah NgHf;fpyp gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; jkpo; Nguhrpupauhf 1975-Mk; Mz;L Kjy; gzpahw;wp tUfpNwd;. ehd; jw;rkak; mjd; jkpo;g; gPlj;jpd; jiytuhfTk; ,Uf;fpNwd;. ehd; `hthHl; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; rk];fpUj nkhop gbj;J 1970-Mk; Mz;L ,sq;fiyg; gl;lk; ngw;Nwd;. tp];nfhd;rpd; gy;gfiyf; fofj;jpy; rk];fpUjnkhopg; Nguhrpupauhf epakpf;fg;gl;Nld;. mJjhd; vdJ Kjy; Copak;. jkpo;> rk];fpUjk; ,uz;ilAk; tpl nrk;nkhopfshd ,yj;jPd;> fpNuf;fk; ,uz;Lk; vdf;Fj; njupAk;. mtw;wpy; cs;s ,yf;fpaq;fis me;j nkhopfspNyNa tpupthfg; gbj;Js;Nsd;.

 

NkYk; jw;fhy INuhg;gpa xg;gpay; nkhop ,yf;fzj;ijAk;> ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; (vdf;F cUrpa> n[Hkhdpa> gpuQ;R nkhopfs; njupAk;. me;j nkhopfspNy cs;s ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; epiwa thrpj;Js;Nsd;) ed;F gbj;Js;Nsd;. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhJ jkpo;> nfhQ;rk; kiyahsk; ePq;fyhf> nkhopngaHf;fg;gl;l jw;fhy ,e;jpa ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; thrpj;jpUf;fpNwd;.  

 

njYq;F nkhopapy; ,d;Ws;s  GyikahsHfspy; (Scholars) xUtuhd jpU.ehuhaz uht; vd;gtNuhL njYq;Fnkhopapd; kuGgw;wp ciuahb ,Uf;fpNwd;. vdNt vdf;F me;j nkhopapd; kuGgw;wpAk; ed;F njupAk;. NkYk; njw;fhrpa fw;ifnewpj; Jiwapd; cWg;gpdH vd;W Kiwapy; ,e;jpnkhop ,yf;fpa tsj;jpid mwpe;J nfhs;sTk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ. kfhNjtp tHkh> Jsrp kw;Wk; fgPH ,tHfsJ gilg;Gf;fis tpgukhfg; gbj;Js;Nsd;.

 

rk];fpUj nkhopiag; gbg;gjpy; vdJ tho;ehspy; ngUk;gFjpia (1963 njhlq;fp)nrytpl;Ls;Nsd;. fhspjhrH> kfh (Magha), ghutp (rpy gFjpfs;)  kw;Wk; =`H\h ,tHfsJ gilg;Gf;fs; midj;ijAk; %yj;jpy; gbj;jpUf;fpNwd;. ,Uf;F Ntjj;jpd; Ie;jhk; Gj;jfj;ijAk; Vida gFjpfisAk;> cgepljq;fisAk; kw;Wk; kfhghujk;> Mjp rq;fuupd; gilg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; Vuhskhd rk];fpUjnkhop Ehy;fisg; gbj;Js;Nsd;.

 

ehd; ,tw;iwr; nrhy;tJ vdJ Gyikiag; gl;bay; Nghl;Lf; fhl;Ltjw;F my;y. xU nkhopapd; ,yf;fpak; caHjdpr; nrk;nkhopjhdh vd;W jPHg;Gr; nrhy;y vdf;Fs;s jFjpia epiy epWj;JkhNw vdJ jfikgw;wpr; nrhy;y Ntz;ba fl;lhak; vOe;jJ.  

 

ve;j Iag;ghl;Lf;Fk; ,lkpd;wp nrhy;yptpLfpNwd;> ve;j msTNfhiy vtH gad;gLj;jpdhYk; rup> jkpo;nkhop cyfj;jpd; kpfr; rpwe;j caHjdpr; nrk;nkhopfs;; kw;Wk; kuGfspy; (Tamil is one of the great classical literatures and traditions of the world ) xd;whFk;. ,jw;Fupa fhuzpfs; gy. mtw;iw xt;nthd;whfg; ghHg;Nghk;.

 

Kjy; fhuzp jkpo; kpfTk; njhd;ik tha;e;jJ vd;gjhFk;. Vida ,e;jpa nkhop ,yf;fpaq;fistpl Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;Fg; goik tha;e;jJ. jkpo;nkhopapy; cs;s kpfg; goikahd Ehy; njhy;fhg;gpak;. jkpo;nkhopapd; goikahd fy;ntl;Lf;fspd; mbg;gilapy; ghHf;Fk;NghJ mJ fp.K. 200 Mz;Lf;F Ke;jpaJ. jkpo;nkhopapy; cs;s kpfg; gioiktha;e;j rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fshd gj;Jg;ghl;L> vl;Lj;njhif fp.gp. Kjyhk;> ,uz;lhk; Ehw;whz;ilr; NrHe;jitahFk;. ,e;jpahtpy; vOjg;gl;l kjrhHgw;w rpwe;j ghly;fs; ,itahFk;. ,it fhspjhrdJ gilg;GfSf;F 200 Mz;Lfs; Ke;jpaJ.

 

,uz;lhtJ fhuzk; jkpo; kl;LNk  rk];fpUjj;jpy; ,Ue;J gpwf;fhj ,yf;fpa ghuk;gupaj;ijf; nfhz;lJk;  ,e;jpahtpw;F cupaJkhd xNu nkhopahFk;. mjd; ,yf;fpaq;fs; njw;fpy; rk];fpUjk; nry;thf;Fg; ngWKd; vOe;j ,yf;fpakhFk;. vdNt m/J rk];fpUjk; rup NtW ve;j ,e;jpa nkhopahapDk; rup mtw;wpy; ,Ue;J gz;Geyj;jpy; (qualititatively) NtWgl;ljhFk;.

 

jkpo;nkhop  jdf;nfd  nra;As;  Nfhl;ghl;ilf; nfhz;lJ. jdf;nfd jdpahd ,yf;fz kuigf; nfhz;lJ. jdf;nfd fiyeaq;fs; (aesthetics) nfhz;lJ. ,it vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf  jdf;nfd gue;Jgl;l> jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;j ,yf;fpa tsj;ijf; nfhz;lJ.

 

rk];fpUjnkhopapy;  my;yJ NtW ,e;jpa nkhopapy; fhzg;glhj tpj;jpahrkhd ,e;jpa czHr;rpf; $Wfs; jkpo;nkhopapy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. NkYk; jkpo;nkhop kpFe;j  tsKk;>  gue;Jgl;l mwpTj;jpwKk; gilj;j kuigf; nfhz;lJ ( It shows a sort of Indian sensibility that is quite different from anything in Sanskrit or other Indian languages, and it contains its own extremely rich and vast intellectual tradition).

 

%d;whtJ fhuzk; jkpo; ,yf;fpak; mjd; juk; fhuzkhf rk];fpUjk;> fpNuf;fk;> ,yj;jPd;> rPdk;> ghurPfk; kw;Wk; muG ,yf;fpaq;fSf;F xg;ghf epw;fj; jFjp tha;e;jJ. jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpd; EZf;fk; (subtlety), Mok; (profundity) gy;NtW tifg;gl;l gug;G ( varied scope), (,e;jpahtpd; etPdj;Jf;F Ke;jpa ,yf;fpaj;jpy; jkpo;jhd; rhjhuz Fbkf;fs;gw;wp tpupthfg; NgRfpwJ) kw;Wk; mjd; nghJik (universality) jkpo;nkhop cyfj;jpd; kpfr; rpwe;j caHjdpr; nrk;nkhopfspy;> kuGfspy; xd;whf caHe;J epw;fpw jFjp nfhz;Ls;sJ (The subtlety and profundity of its works, their varied scope (Tamil is the only premodern Indian literature to treat the subaltern extensively), and their universality qualify Tamil to stand as one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world).

 

jpUf;Fws;gw;wp vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;. cyfj;jpy; mwk;gw;wp  vOjg;gl;l Ehy;fspy; kpfr; rpwe;jjhf jpUf;Fws; Nghw;wg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; gue;Jgl;l ntt;NtW jkpo; kuG ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;fspy; xd;Wjhd; jpUf;Fws;. kdpj tho;f;ifapd; gy;NtW gug;Gf;fspy; xd;iwNaDk; js;sptplhJ Ma;e;J mjid xspur;nra;j kpfr;; rpwe;j ,yf;fpak; jpUf;FwshFk; ( There is not a facet of human existence that is not explored and illuminated by this great literature).
 

Kbthf etPd ,e;jpahtpd; gz;ghL kw;Wk; kuGgw;wp mwptjw;Fupa Rje;jpu %yk; jkpo; MFk;. rk];fpUjj;jpy; njd;dpe;jpa kugpd; nry;thf;Fg;gw;wp tpupthf vOjpapUf;fpNwd;. ,d;iwa ,e;Jkjj;jpd; tsHr;rpf;F jkpopy; vOe;j irtrka ,yf;fpaq;fs;> rq;f ,yf;fpak; njhlq;fp> cjtpAs;sd. mtw;wpd; vz;zq;fs; ghftj Guhzk; kw;Wk; Ehy;fs; (njYq;F kw;Wk; fd;dlk;> rk];fpUj nkhopfspy;) ,aw;Wtjw;Fg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;L ,e;jpah KOJk; gutpaJ. jkpopy; Ntjq;fSf;F xg;ghd nja;tPf Ntjq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mit jpUg;gjp Nghd;w  jpUj;jyq;fspy; ghuhazk; nra;ag;gLk; Ntj ke;jpuq;fNshL ,izahf nrgpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.

 

rk];fpUjk; etPd ,e;jpa-Mupa nkhopfspd; Njhw;wj;jpw;F vg;gbj; Njhw;WthNah> mNj Nghy; caHjdpr; nrk;nkhopahd jkpo; ,d;iwa etPd jkpOf;Fk; kiyahsj;Jf;Fk; Njhw;Wtha; MFk;. ,e;jpa-Mupa nkhopfspy; rk];fpUjk; vt;thW mjpfk; khw;wkilahJ ,Uf;fpwNjh mNjNghy; jpuhtpl nkhopfspy; jkpo; khw;wj;Jf;F Mshfhj nkhopahff; fhl;rpaspf;fpwJ.

 

jkpo; xU etPd nkhopahf Vd; xg;Gjy; nra;ag;gltpy;iy vd MuhAk;NghJ murpay;jhd; mjw;Ff; fhuzk; vd ehd; epidf;fpNwd;. jkpo; xU nrk;nkhopahfj; njupT nra;ag;gl;lhy; Vida ,e;jpa nkhopfSk; mNjkhjpupahd me;j];ij Nfhuf;$Lk; vd;w gak; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,J Ntz;lg;glhj gakhFk;.

 

etPd ,e;jpa nkhopfspd; tsk;gw;wp vdf;F ed;F njupAk;. cyfpy; cs;s  nropg;ghd  gad;ghlhd nkhopfspy; mitAk; mlq;Ffpd;wd. ,it xt;nthd;Wk;  cyfpd; Kf;fpa ,yf;fpaq;fSf;F xj;jjhd etPdfhy (ngUk;ghYk; kj;jpafhy),yf;fpaq;fisf; nfhz;lit. ,Ue;Jk; ,tw;wpy; xd;NwDk; nrk;nkhop md;W. Mq;fpyk; kw;Wk; jw;fhy INuhg;gpa nkhopfs; Nghd;W (fpNuf;fk; ,jw;Fg; Gweil) Kd;ida kuGfSf;Fg; gpe;jpj;  Njhd;wp ,uz;lhapuj;jpy; tsHr;rp mile;jd.

 

ma;Nuhg;gh KOJk;  fpNuf;fk; xU nrk;nkhop vd mq;fPfhuk; ngw;wpUg;gijg; ghHj;J gpuQ;Rf;fhuH my;yJ Mq;fpNyaH jq;fs; nkhopf;F mj;jifa mq;fPfhuj;ij NfhuKbahJ.

 

xU nkhop nrk;nkhop kuGf;F jFjpngWtjw;F> me;j nkhop gy msTNfhy;fSf;F nghUe;jp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJ goikahd nkhopahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjdJ kuG ,d;ndhU nkhopkugpd; fpisahf ,y;yhky; ngUk;ghYk; jdf;Nf nrhe;j khd Rje;jpu kuigf; nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.  ,e;jpahtpd; Vida etPd nkhopfs; Nghyy;yhJ jkpo; ,e;j xt;nthU msTNfhy;fisAk; epiwT nra;fpwJ.

 

jkpo; kpfTk; goik tha;e;j nkhop (,yj;jPid xj;j Mdhy; muG nkhopiatpl.g; goikahdJ). mJ rk];fpUjk; my;yJ NtW nkhopfSila nry;thf;F ,y;yhJ Rje;jpukuG nkhopahf tsHr;rp ngw;wJ. mjd; gz;ila ,yf;fpak; tHzpf;f Kbahj mstpw;F gug;Gk; nropg;Gk; tha;e;jJ.

 

jkpo; nrk;nkhop vd;gij epiyehl;l ,g;gbahdnjhU fl;Liu vOj Ntz;bAs;sijg; epidf;f vdf;F tprpj;jpukhf ,Uf;fpwJ> mJ vg;gbg; gl;lnjd;why; ,e;jpah xU rpwe;j ehL my;yJ ,e;Jkjk; cyfpy; cs;s ngupa kjq;fspy; xd;W vd;W $Wtijg; Nghd;wJ.

 

jkpo; cyfpd; kpfr; rpwe;j nrk;nkhopfspy; xd;W vd;w cz;ik nkhopapay; gbj;j  vy;NyhUf;Fk; ntspg;gilahfj; njupe;j cz;ikahFk;. jkpOf;F me;j epiy ,y;iy vd;W kWg;gJ ,e;jpag; gz;ghl;bd; ngUikiaAk; nropg;igAk; kWg;gjw;F xg;ghFk;." (tsUk;)