rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (1)

 

ahkwpe;j nkhopfspNy jkpo;nkhop Nghy;.........!

 

ef;fPud;

 

"ahkwpe;j nkhopfspNy jkpo;nkhop Nghy;

,dpjhtJ vq;Fk; fhNzhk;!

.....................................................................

 

"nrhy;ypy; caHT jkpo;r; nrhy;Ny> - mijj;

njhOJ gbj;jplb ghg;gh"

 

"thdkse;j jidj;Jk; mse;jpLk;

tz;nkhop thopaNt!"

 

,t;thW jkpo; nkhopapd; tz;ikiaAk; jz;ikiaAk; ghujpahH kpfTk; rpyhfpj;Jg; ghbapUf;fpwhH. NkYk;

 

"ahkwpe;j GytupNy fk;gidg; Nghy;ts;StH Nghy; ,sq;Nfh itg; Nghy;

G+kpjdpy; ahq;fZNk gpwe;jjpy;iy"

 

vd;W kfhftp ghujpahH ngUkpjj;NjhL ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

kfhftp Rg;gpukzpa ghujpahUf;F gy nkhopfspy; Gyik ,Ue;jJ. mtuJ jha; nkhopahd jkpioj; jkpo; gz;bjHfsplk; fw;whH. fhrp rHtfyhrhiyapy; (1898-1902) ,e;jpAk; tlnkhopAk; fw;whH>  GJitapy; jiykiwT tho;f;if tho;e;jjhy; gpud;Rnkhop mtUf;F ed;F njupe;jpUe;jJ. Mq;fpy nkhopapYk; mtUf;Fg; Gyik ,Ue;jJ.

 

vdNt jkpo;nkhopia Vida nkhopfNshL xg;gPL nra;J "ahk; mwpe;j nkhopfspNy jkpo;nkhopNghy; ,dpjhtJ vq;Fk; fhNzhk;" vd;W jPHg;G toq;fpdhH. "nrhy;ypy; caHT jkpo;r; nrhy;Ny" vd;Wk;  "thdkse;j jidj;Jk; mse;jpLk; tz;nkhop thopaNt!" mWjpapl;Lf; $wpdhH.

 

cz;ikapy; ghujpahH gpwg;ghy; gpuhkzH. Md fhuzj;jhy; "Njtghi\" vd;W miof;fg;gl;l tlnkhopia mtH caHj;jpr; nrhy;ypapUf;fyhk;. ,d;W$l Ehw;Wf;F njhz;ZhW tpOf;fhl;Lj; jkpo; ehl;Lg; gpuhkzH tlnkhopiaj; jq;fs; "je;ij nkhop" vdf; $wpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs;. jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; jkpo; nkhopapy; mHr;rid nra;ag;gLtjw;F vjpuhf mHr;rfHfNs NghHf; nfhb Jhf;FfpwhHfs;. Mdhy; ftpr; rf;futHj;jp ghujpahH jkpioNa ,dpikahd nkhop> caHthd nkhop> nrOikahd nkhop vd neQ;rhug; Nghw;wpapUf;fpwhH.

 

ghujpahH ,e;j kz;zyfj;jpy; 39 (1882-1921)  mfitNa tho;e;J kiwe;jtH. mtH tho;e;j fhyk; FWfpaJ vd;whYk; ghujpahNu cr;rp kPJ itj;Jg; ghuhl;ba fy;tpapy; ngupa fk;gd;> neQ;ir ms;Sk; rpyk;G gilj;j ,sq;Nfh> thDaH ts;StH ,tHfNshL mupahrdj;jpy; rupahrdk;; ,Uf;ff; $batH.  jkpo; nkhopf;Fk;> jkpopdj;Jf;Fk; xU Gjpa ePHikiaAk;> rPHikiaAk; Vw;gLj;jpatH. jkpo;f; ftpij tuyhw;wpy; xU Gjpa vOr;rpiaAk; nkhopg; Gul;rpiaAk; nra;jtH. jdJ ghl;Lj; jpwj;jhNy itaj;ijg; ghypf;fr; nra;jNjhL jkpo; Njrpaj;Jf;F yhyp ghbatH. mtuJ nrhy;yhl;rpAk; nghUs; eaKk; vk;ikj; jpiff;f itf;fpwJ.

 

"...............................................ngz;zurpd;

Nkdp eyj;jpidAk; ntl;bidAq; fl;bidAk;

Njdp dpdpahs; jpUj;j eyj;jpidAk;>

kw;wtHf;Fr; nrhy;y trNkh? XH thHj;ij

fw;wtHf;Fr; nrhy;Ntd; ftpijf; fdpgpope;j

rhw;wpdpNy> gz;$j; njDkptw;wpd; rhunkyhk;

Vw;wp mjNdhNl ,d;dKijj; jhd; fye;J>

fhjy; ntapypNy fhaitj;j fl;bapdhy;

khjtspd; Nkdp tFj;jhd; gpukndd;Ngd;"

 

NtW nkhopapy; cyff; ftpQd; ahuhtJ ngz;zpd; Nkdp eyj;jpidAk;> ntl;bidAk;> fl;bidAk; ,t;thW tHzpj;jpUg;ghHfs; vd;gJ IaNk!

 

"fhzp epyk; Ntz;Lk; - guhrf;jp

  fhzp epyk; Ntz;Lk;> - mq;F

Jhzpy; mofpajha;-ed;khlq;fs;

  Ja;a epwj;jpdtha; -me;jf;

fhzp epyj;jpilNa - XH khspif

    fl;bj; juNtz;Lk; - mq;Ff;

NfzpaUfpdpNy -njd;idkuk;

   fPw;W kps ePUk;>

gj;Jg; gd;dpuz;L -njd;idkuk;

    gf;fj;jpNy NtZk; - ey;y

Kj;Jr; RlHNghy -epyhnthsp

   Kd;G tuNtZk; - mq;F

............................................................

ghl;Lf; fye;jplNt -mq;NfnahU

   gj;jpdpg; ngz; NtZk; -

vq;fs; $l;Lf; fspapdpNy-ftpijfs;

    nfhz;Lju NtZk; ........"

 

jkpofk; iftpl;l epiyapy; tho;ehnsy;yhk; gl;bdpNahL Nghupl;l xU ftpQdpd; Mir vg;gbnay;yhk; rpwfbj;Jg; gwf;fpwJ? jdJ ,Wjp ahj;jpiuia gj;Jg; gd;dpuz;L NgNuhL elhj;jpa ghujpah ,g;gbg; ghbdhH? mjid ek;g Kbfpwjh?   

 

,Ue;Jk; xU Fiw. ghujpahUf;Fk; jkpod;idf;Fk; ,Ue;j cwT ew;wt thdpYk; rpwe;j jha;f;Fk; gps;isf;Fk; cs;s cwT. jhiag; Nghw;whj gps;is juzpapy; cz;lh?

 

jkpoh? tlnkhopah? vJ caHe;jJ vd;w fUj;J Nkhjy; fhyk; fhykhf ele;J tUfpwJ.

 

jkpo; topghl;bw;Fk;> jkpoH tPl;Lj; jpUkzj;jpw;Fk; jfhj nkhop vd;W js;sg;gl;lJ. js;sg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

 

jkpofj;jpd; jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; NjthuKk; jpUg;ghitAk; jpUntk;ghitAk; jpUthrfKk; XJtij tpLj;J tlnkhopapy; kl;LNk topghL elhj;jp jkpio jkpod; fl;ba jkpo;ehl;Lf; Nfhapy;fspy; ,Ue;J tpul;batH ahH?

 

rka FutHfshd mg;gUk; Re;juUk; MSilg;gps;isahUk; ghba ghly;fspd; vz;zpf;if 96>000 Njthug; ghly;fs; MFk;. mjpy; mg;gubfs; ghba ghly;fs; 49>000 vd;gH. ,e;jg; ghly;fs; mlq;fpa Xiyr; Rtbfs; jpy;iytho; me;jzHfspd; jkpo; vjpHg;G czHthy; jpupGuk; vupj;j tpuprilf; flTs; Fbnfhz;bUf;Fk; jpy;iyak;gyj;jpy; nry;yupj;Jg; Nghapd.    

 

Nrhog; Nguurd; ,uhruhrd; ( fp.gp. 985-1014) kPl;nlLj;j gjpfq;fs; ntWk; 796 (mg;gubfs; 313 gjpfq;fs;) kl;LNk. "muNr ftyw;f! ,f;fhyj;jpw;F Ntz;badtw;iw kl;LNk itj;Jf; nfhz;L Ntz;lhjtw;iw ahNk nry;yupf;f tpl;Ltpl;Nlhk;" vd ,uhruhrDf;F ,iwtdpd; thDiu (mruPup) Nfl;ljhk;! vdNt mtd; jpy;iytho; me;jzHfis kd;dpj;J tpl;lhdhk;!

 

"jpUkfs;Nghyg; ngUepyr; nry;tpAk;

jdf;Nf Aupik G+z;lik kdq;nfhs

fhe;j@Hr; rhiyf; fykWj; jUsp

Ntq;if ehLq; fq;fghbAe;

jbif ghbAk; Esk;g ghbAk;

FlkiyehLq; nfhyKq; fypq;fKk;

Kul;nlhopw; rpq;fs uPokz;lyKk;

,ul;ilghb Naoiu ,yf;fKk;

Ke;ePHg; goe;jPT gd;dPuhapuKe;

jpz;bwy; ntd;wpj; jz;lhw;nfhz;ljz;

 ..........................................................................

NjRnfhs; Nfh uhrNfrup tHkuhd

cilahH =uh[uh[ NjtHf;F ahz;L."

 

gil gy elhj;jp fsk;gy fz;L ntw;wpthif #b mjid nka;fPHj;jpahf vOjpitj;j ,uhruhr NrhoNd Kg;Gup EhNyhupd; #o;r;rpf;Fg; gypahfp tpl;lhd; vd;gij epidf;f neQ;rk; fdf;fpwJ.

 

"Nfhld;" vd;Dk; Fatd; jkpiog; gopj;J Mupa nkhopiag; Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;jijf; fz;L ef;fPuH rpdq;nfhz;lhH. mjdhy; ",oT tUf" vd mtid mtH rgpj;jhH. me;jf; Fatd; clNd nrj;J tPo;e;jhd;. ef;fPuH ghbajhfr; nrhy;yg;gLk; me;jg; ghly; ,J.  

 

"Mupak; ed;W jkpo; jP njdTiuj;j

fhupaj;jhw; fhyf; Nfhl; gl;lhidr; -rPupa

me;jz; nghjpap yfj;jpadh uhizahw;

nre;jkpNo jPHf;f rpth"

 

gpd;dH rpdk; Mwpa ef;fPuH mtDf;F kPz;Lk; capH je;jhH. ,jd; thapyhf tlnkhopia tpl xUtid thoTk; rhfTk; nra;aty;y  nja;t Mw;wy; jkpOf;F cz;nld;gij ef;fPuH nka;g;gpj;jhH. jkpo;nkhopiag; Nghw;wpf; fw;FkhW mtid khw;wpdhH.  jkpiog; gopj;j ,d;ndhU Mupaturd; jkpofj;jpd; kPJ gilnaLj;J te;j gpufj;jdhthd;. ,tDf;Fj; jkpopd; caHitAk; rpwg;igAk; vLj;Jr; nrhy;y rq;fg; GytH fgpyH gj;Jg; ghl;Lf;fspy; xd;whd FwpQ;rpg;ghl;ilg; ghbdhH vd;gJ fij. (tsUk;)  

 


 

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (2)

 

"vz;zpilg; glf; fple;jjh vz;zTk; gLNkh?"

 

Faf;Nfhld; jkpiog; gopj;J Mupa nkhopiag; Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;jijf; fz;L ef;fPuH rpdk; nfhz;L mtdJ capiu ePf;fk; nra;jijAk; gpd;dH kPz;Lk; ghb capHj;njor; nra;jijAk; ghHj;Njhk;. mtid capHnjor; nra;j ghly; gpd;tUkhW. ,e;jg; ghly;fs; jdpg;ghly; jpul;by; cs;sd.

 

"Kuzpy; nghjpapy; Kjw;Gj;Njs; thop

guz fgpyUk; thop - Kuzpa

Mde;j Ntl;ifahd; Ntl;Nfhf; Faf;nfhz;lhd;

Mde;jQ; NrHf;fRth fh"

 

jpUtpisahlw; Guhzj;ij vOjpatH guQ;Nrhjp KdptH. mtH  ,yf;fz tuk;gpyhj Vida rpy nkhopfs; Nghyy;yhJ jkpo;nkhop ,yf;fzr; rpwg;Gila nkhop  vdg; Nghw;wpatH.

 

"fz;Z jw;ngUq; flTSq; fofNkh lkHe;J

gz;Z wj;njupe; jha;ejtpg; gRe;jkpo; Vid

kz;zp ilr;rpy ,yf;fz tuk;gpyh nkhopNghy;

vz;zp ilg;glf; fple;jjh vz;zTk; gLNkh"        (jpUtpisahlw; Guhzk;)

 

jpupGuk; vupj;j tpuprilf; flTSk; KUff; flTSk; cl;gl 549 GytHfs; Kjw; rq;fj;jpy; cldpUe;J jkpohuha;e;jdH vd;w nra;jpia Kjd; Kjyhf ,iwadhH fstpaYiu vOjpa mbahHf;F ey;yhH vd;w ciuahrpupaNu njuptpf;fpd;whH. ,tuJ fhyk; fp.gp. 11 my;yJ 12k; Ehw;whz;lhFk;. rpyH mtuJ fhyj;ij 16k; Ehw;whz;L vd;Wk; $WfpwhHfs;. mbahHf;F ey;yhH fUj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyNa guQ;Nrhjp KdptH "fz;Zjw; ngUq; flTSk; fofNkhL mkHe;J"vdg; ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

jpUf;Fwspd; rpwg;Gg;gw;wp gy GytHfs; ghbapUf;fpwhHfs;. ntt;NtW fhyj;Jg; GytHfs; ghba ,g; ghly;fisf; khiyahff; NfhHj;J jpUts;St khiy vd;w jiyg;gpy; ntspapl;Ls;shHfs;. ,e;jg; ghly;fs; rpytw;wpy; jpUf;Fwis Mupa Ntjk; ehd;fpNdhL xg;gpl;Lk;> jkpo;nkhopia tlnkhopNahL xg;gpl;Lk; GytHfs; ghbAs;shHfs;. cf;fpug;ngUtOjpahH vd;w GytH ghba ghly; ,J.

 

"ehd;kiwapd; nka;g;nghUis Kg;nghUsh ehd;Kfj;Njhd;

jhd;kiye;J ts;Stdha;j; je;Jiuj;j -Ehd;Kiwia

te;jpf;f nrd;dp> tha;> tho;j;Jf> ed;ndQ;rk;

rpe;jpf;f> Nfl;f nrtp."                     (jpUts;StH khiy 4)

 

ehd;Kfd; jd; cUit kiwj;J jpUts;Stuhfj; Njhd;wp ehd;F Ntjq;fspd; cz;ikg; nghUis mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk; vd;Dk; Kg;ghw; nghUshfj; jkpopy; je;J $wpa jpUf;Fwshfpa jpUKiwia vd; jiy tzq;Ff> tha; Nghw;Wf> ey;y kdk; jpahdpf;f. nrtp Nfl;f vd;gJ ,jd; nghUs;..

 

Myq;Fb tq;fdhH vd;w GytH jkpo; tsk; epiwe;j nkhop vd kpfTk; kfpo;e;J ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

"ts;StH ghl;bd; tsKiuf;fpd; tha;kLf;Fk;

njs;sKjpd; jPQ;RitAk; xt;thjhy; - njs;sKjk;

cz;lwpthH NjtH cyfila cz;Zkhy;

tz;lkpopd; Kg;ghy; kfpo;e;J."       (jpUts;StH khiy 53)

 

jpUts;StuJ ghl;bdJ jPQ;Ritiar; nrhy;Ykplj;J> cz;zg;gLfpd;w njs;spa mKjpdJ jpj;jpg;ghfpa RitAk; xg;ghfhJ. mj;njs;spa mKij cz;L mjd; Ritia mwpgtH NjtHfs;. tsk; nghUe;jpa jkpopd; fz;zjhfpa Kg;ghyhfpa  rpwe;j ghiy vt;Tyfj;jhUk; kfpo;e;J cz;L jPQ;Rit mwpthH.

 

ej;jj;jdhH vd;w GytH "ghapuk; ehd;F mjpfhuq;fisAk; NrHj;J nkhj;jk; mupa Mapuj;J Ke;Ehw;W Kg;gJ Fws; ntz;ghf;fisAk; XjpAzHe;j gpd;G> xUtd; Ngha; xUtuJ thahNy Nfl;lwpjw;F EhYsNth? (,y;iy) epiyngw;w jkpopNy Gyik epuk;gpNahuhfpg; gpwH jk;kplj;J te;J Nfl;f tPw;wpUf;fyhk;" vd;W nkhopfpwhH.

 

NkYk; nts;sp tPjpahH vd;w GytH "xUtuhNy nra;ag;glhj nkhopahfpa Ntjj;Jf;Fk; jpUts;Stuhy; mUsg;gl;ljd; topapd; xOFNthHf;Fg; gad; tpistpNy ngha;glhj mt;Ntjk; XJjw;FupatH me;jzNu. ngha;glhj ,j; jpUf;Fws; XJjw;F cupatH my;yhjhH cyfj;jpy; ,y;iy" vd;fpwhH.

 

Mupa Ntjk; nra;ah nkhop. Ntjk; nrhy;ystpy;> Nfs;tp khj;jpiuNa epd;W tpl;lJ. Vl;by; vOjpdhy; mjd; Mw;wy; FiwAnkd;W vOjhJ tpl;ldH. NkYk; mjid me;jzH kl;LNk Xjyhk;. Vida #j;jpuH (jkpoH) mjidg; gbf;ff; $lhJ. fhjhy; Nfl;fTk;  mlhJ. Mdhy; ngha;ah nkhopahfpa jkpo; kiwNah gpwg;G Ntw;Wikapd;wp  vy;NyhUk; gbj;Jg; gad;ngWkhW VLfspy; vOjg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt tlnkhopiatpl jkpNo rpwg;GilaJ vd;W  nts;sp tPjpahH jPHg;gspf;fpwhH!  

 

NguhrpupaH kNdhd;kzPak; Re;judhH  kfhftp ghujpahH Nghy jkpo;j; Njrpaj;Jf;F fhy;Nfhs; ,l;ltH. nkhopQhapW NjtNeag; ghthzhH mtiu "jkpod; gs;sp vOr;rpg; ghlfH" vd tpopg;ghH.

 

Re;judhH Vida GytHfistpl gygb NkNy nrd;W tlnkhop tof;fpoe;jnkhop jkpo;nkhop vd;Wk; ,sik Fd;whj caHjdpr; nrk;nkhop vd;fpwhH. kNdhd;kzPak; vd;w ehlf EhYf;F vOjpa  jkpo;j; nja;t tzf;fg; ghlypy; "Mupak; Nghy; cyf tof;F mope;njhope;J rpijahTd; rPupoikj; jpwk; tpae;J nrad;kwe;J tho;j;JJNk" vd;W jkpo;j; jhiag; Nghw;wpg; ghbapUf;fpwhH.  NkYk;

 

"ts;StHnra; jpUf;Fwis kWtwed; Fze;NjhHfs;

 cs;StNuh kDthjp nahUFyj;Jf; nfhUePjp"

 

vd;W jkpoHfs; fz;%bj;jdkhfg; Nghw;Wk; kDePjpiar; rhb jpUf;Fwis Fw;wkwf; fw;gtHfs; xU Fyj;Jf;F xU ePjp NgRk; kDePjpia epidf;fkhl;lhHfs; vd;W mWjpapl;Lf; $WfpwhH.  

 

Nkw;$wpait ahTk; xUGwk; Mupa Ntjkhd ehy;Ntjj;jpw;Fk; - jkpo; kiwahd jpUf;FwSf;Fk;> ,d;ndhUGwk; tlnkhopf;Fk; - nre;jkpOf;Fk; fhyk; fhykhf xU gdpg; NghH my;yJ gpufldg;gLj;jg; glhj Aj;jk; ,lk;ngw;W te;jpUg;gijr; vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.  

 

tlnkhopNahL rkurk; nra;J nfhz;l GytHfSk; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. tz;zf;fQ; rhj;jdhH vd;w GytH-

 

MupaKk;  nre;jkpOk;  Muha;e;(J) - Mupak;

rPupa njd;njhd;iwr; nrg;gupjhy; -Mupak;

Ntjk; cilj;J> jkpo;jpU ts;StdhH

XJ Fwl;gh cilj;J"               (jpUts;St khiy 43)

 

tlnkhop NtjKilj;J> jkpo; nkhop jpUts;St ehadhH nrhy;ypa  Fwl;ghTilj;J. Mjyhy; tlnkhopiaAk; njd;nkhopiaAk; Muha;e;J ,ijf; fhl;bYk; ,J rpwg;GilaJ vd;W xd;iwj; njupe;J nrhy;Yjy; $lhJ vd;fpwhH.

 

tz;zf;fQ; rhj;jdhH $lg; gUthapy;iy. tlnkhop- njd;nkhop ,uz;Lk; xd;whf itj;J xg;gplf;$baJ vd;whH. tlnkhopia caHj;jp> jkpioj; jho;j;jpg; ghba gpw;fhy ,yf;fz MrpupaH xUtH ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhH. mtuplk; msg;gupa jkpo;g; Gyik ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; jkpo;g; gw;W ,Uf;ftpy;iy. mtH ngaH <rhd NjrpfH. ney;iy <rhd klj;Jj; jiytuhf ,Ue;jikahy; mg;ngaH ngw;whH vd;gH. mtUf;F mtuJ ngw;NwhH ,l;l ngaH rhkpehj NjrpfH vd;gjhFk;.

 

,yf;fz tpsf;f Ehyhrpupauhfpa itj;jpaehj Njrpfuhy; "njhy;fhg;gpa Kjypa Ehy;fis vOj;jnjz;zpg; gbj;j Rthkpehj %Hj;jp" vd;W ghuhl;lg;ngw;wtH. ",yf;fzf; nfhj;J" vd;Dk; Ehiy tlnkhop ,yf;fzk; jOtp vOjpatH.

 

,tH "tlEhiy tpl;Lj; jdpNa jkpo;Ehy; elthjJ epakNk" vd;fpwhH. vg;gb?

 

"jkpo;Ehw;F mstpiy mtw;Ws;

 xd;Nw ahapDk; jdpj; jkpo; cz;Nlh?"

 

"Ie;njOj; jhnyhU ghilnad;W

miwaNt ehZtH mwpTilNahNu!

Mifahy; ahDk; mJNt mwpf"

 

jpUf;Fws; jkpopy; vOjg;gl;l Kjy; Ehy;. mjpy; fhzg;gLk; 133 mjpfhuq;fspYk;Ehw;Wf;Fr; rw;W mjpfkhd tlnkhop nrhw;fNs fhzg;gLfpd;wd. mjhtJ xU mjpfhuj;Jf;F xU tlnrhy;. vdNt jpUf;Fws; jdpj; jkpo; Ehy;jhd;.

 

njhy;fhg;gpaH jkpo; vOj;Jf;fs; nkhj;jk; 33 vd;W RkhH 2>500 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNu $wpg;Nghe;jhH. ,jidj; njhy;fhg;gpak; vOj;jjpfhuk; Ehy;kugpy; njspthfr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

 

Kjy; vOj;Jf;fs;

 

vOj;njdg; gLt

mfuk; Kjy; dfuk; ,Wtha;

Kg;g/J vd;g>

rhHe;J tuy; kugpd; %d;W myq;filNa

 

jkpo; vOj;Jf;fs; "m" Kjy; "d" ,Wjpahf Kg;gJ vdf; $WtH. rhHG vOj;Jf;fs; %d;Wk; my;yhky;.

 

rhH;G vOj;Jf;fs;

 

mit jhk;

Fw;W ,ay; ,fuk;> Fw;W ,ay; cfuk;

Ma;jk; vd;w

Kg;ghy; Gs;spAk; vOj;J XH md;d.

 

rhHG vOj;Jf;fs; FWfpa Xiria cila ,fuk;> FWfpa Xiria cila cfuk;> Ma;jk; vd;w %d;W Gs;spfis cilait. ,it vOj;ij xj;J miktd.  

 

vOj;njz;zp njhy;fhg;gpaj;ijf; fw;w rhkpehj NjrpfH jkpopy; Ie;njOj;J kl;Lk; cz;L vd;W vg;gbf; fz;Lgpbj;jhH? (tsUk;)  

 


 

  

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (3)

 

"Qhdr; RlHtpsf; Nfw;wpNdd; ehuzw;F Qhdj; jkpo; Gupe;j ehd;!"

 

tlnkhopapy; ,y;yhky; jkpopy; kl;LNk ,Uf;Fk; vOj;Jfs; "w d o v x" vd;gd. ,e;j Ie;J vOj;Jf;fs; kl;Lk; jkpo; vOj;Jf;fs; vd;fpwhH rhkpehj NjrpfH. kw;wit vy;yhk; jkpo; vOj;Jf;fs; ,y;iy vd;gJ mtuJ thjk;. jkpo; nkhopapy; Ie;njOj;J kl;LNk ,Ug;gjhy; mtH ehZfpwhuhk;.

 

,g;gb tapw;iwj; jkpo; kz;Zf;F itj;J cs;sj;ij tlnkhopf;F itj;j rhkpehj NjrpfH Nghd;w jkpo;g; giftHfs; Nghy; NtW rpyUk; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

thDaH ts;Stupd; jpUf;FwSf;F gjpd;kH ciu nra;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. gupjpahH mjpnyhUtH. ,tuJ fhyk; 13 my;yJ 14 Ehw;whz;lhFk;. jkpo;kiw vd;W Nghw;wg;gLk; jpUf;FwSf;F ciunaOjpa gupjpahH rhkpehj Njrpfiu kpQ;Rk; tz;zk; jkpo;nkhopiag; gopj;Jk; ,opj;Jk; vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

 

"jkpo; ig]hr ghi\. rk];fpUjk; Njtghi\. jkpo; mgptpUj;jp mile;jJk; mJ ,e;ehs;tiu [Ptpj;J tUtJk; tlnkhopahy;jhd;. Ntjhe;j rpj;jhe;j rh];jpu G+[h tpjpfisAk; ];Njhj;uh G+[h tpjpfisAk; jtNahf ]hjdq;fisAk; ehlf ehl;ba fyh Qhdq;fisAk; jkpoH rk];fpUj;jplkpUe;Nj M];uapj;Jf; nfhz;ldH. mjdhy; rk;];fpUjg; gjq;fis yptpfisj; jkpopy; ntFthf ]k;gj;jg;gLj;jp jkpiog; Ngh\pf;f Ntz;Lk;."

 

jkpopy; cs;s Ntjhe;j rpj;jhe;j Ehy;fs;> ehlf ehl;baf; fiyfs; tlnkhopapypUe;J fld;ngw;wit vd;W nrhy;tNjhL epw;fhky; tlnkhopr; nrhw;fis jkpopy; $basT fye;J jkpiof; fhg;ghw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhH gupjpahH. ,g;gbj; jkpopy; "rk;];fpUjg; gjq;fis ntFthfr; ]k;ge;jg;gLj;jp jkpiog; Ngh\pf;f Ntz;Lk;" vd;gij nraypYk; fhl;LkhW jkpio kzpg;gpuths eilapy; vOjp "Ngh\pf;fTk;"  nra;fpwhH!

 

jkpo; cl;gl jpuhtpl nkhopf; FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;j nkhopfis  "igrhr ghfjk;" vd;w tFg;gpDs; mlf;fp tpLtJ tlnkhopahsuJ tof;fkhf ,Ue;J te;jpUf;fpwJ. jpuhtpl nkhopfis kl;Lky;yhJ mf;fhyj;jpy; toq;fpa jpgj;Jg; Nghd;w cs;ehl;L nkhopfisAk; "igrhr ghfjk;" vd;w njhFg;gpw; NrHj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. "igrhr ghfjk;" vd;why; igrhrk; (grhR) my;yJ  Nga;fshy; Ngrg;gLk; nkhopnad;gJ nghUs;.

 

rhkpehj NjrpfH> gupjpahH Nghd;wtHfspd; cgaj;jhy; tlnkhopNa ,e;jpa nkhopfSf;F vy;yhk; jha;nkhop vd;w khia ePz;l fhykhf ePbj;J te;jpUf;fpwJ. ,uz;L Ehw;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dH jkpopd; ngUikia vLj;Jr; nrhy;y xU ghujpAk;> Re;judhUk;> kiwkiy mbfshUk;> ghujpjhrDk;> NttNeag; ghthzUk; ,y;yhj xU fhyfl;lj;jpy; fy;LntyhH vd;w nkhopQwpaH "jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk;" (Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian Languages) vd;w Ehiy vOjp nkhopj;Jiwapy; mJtiu kiwf;fg;gl;L my;yJ kWf;fg;gl;L te;j xU cz;ikiaj; njspthf;fpdhH.

 

jkpo; nkhopf;Fk; Mupaj;jpw;Fk; njhlHgpy;iy vd;Wk; mJ Mupa nkhopf;Fk; Ke;jpaJk; khe;jd; Kjd;nkhopf;F neUf;fkhdJk; vd;w NgUz;ikia fy;LntyhH gy Mz;L fhyk; Muha;e;J epiyepWj;jpdhH. (,ijapl;L gpd;dH vOJNthk;.)

 

,g;Nghnjy;yhk; jkpoHfs; nfhQ;rk; tpopj;Jf; nfhz;L tpl;lhHfs;. jkpo; jkpo;ehl;by; rl;lg;gb Ml;rpnkhop. jkpo;nkhopf;F jdpg; gy;fiyf; fofk; (jQ;irg; gy;fiyf; fofk;) Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,g;NghJ cyfshtpa jkpoHfs; ,iza jsg; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; jkpopy; gl;lg; gbg;Gg;  gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngwyhk;. me;jg; gl;lj;ij jQ;irg; gy;fiyf; fofk; toq;Fk;.

 

,Ue;Jk; Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;lthW md;WNghy; ,d;Wk; jkpopd; njhd;ikiaAk;> jz;ikiaAk;> tz;ikiaAk;> njhlHr;rpiaAk; xg;Gf;nfhs;shj jkpo;g; giftHfs; rpyH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

 

Mjp rq;fuH (7 MtJ Ehw;whz;L) Nfusj;jpy;  fy;yhb vd;w Cupy; gpwe;jtH. Ie;J tajpy; Ntjq;fisAk; cgepljq;fisAk; fw;wwpe;J vl;L tajpy; rd;dpahrk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ltH. mj;itj Ntjhe;jj;ij (,Uikaw;w Nfhl;ghL) cUthf;fpatH. ,e;jpahtpd; ehd;F jpirfspYk; fhy; eilahfr; nrd;W rkag;gzp Mw;wpatH. njw;fpy; rpUq;Nfup> fpof;fpy; G+up> Nkw;fpy; Jthufh> tlf;fpy; gz;lupehj; vd ehd;F ,e;J kjgPlq;fis epWtpatH.

 

,e;jpahtpy; rkzk;> gTj;jk;> cNyhfhAjk; moptjw;Fk; ,e;J kjj;jpw;Fg; Gj;JapH mspg;gjw;Fk; rq;fuupd; mj;itj Ntjhe;j QhdKk; thjj; jpwikAk; ifnfhLj;jJ.

 

fhQ;rp fhkNfhbgPlKk; Mjp rq;fuuhy; epWtg;gl;lnjd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. mjd; gPlhjpgjp n[fj;FU =n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH. mtUk; gupjpahHNghy jkpo;nkhopia "ePrghi\" vdg; gopj;Jk; tlnkhopia "Njtghi\" vdg; Nghw;wpAk; fUj;J ntspapl;Ls;shH.  jkpo;nkhop "ePrghi\" vd;gjhy; mJ Mz;ltd; jpUr;nrtpf;F MfhJ vd;fpwhH.

 

mg;gH> Re;juH> MSilg;gps;isahH %tuJk;> mUz;nkhopthrfiuAk; NrHj;J ehy;tuJk;> jhAkhdhuJk; jkpo; Nfl;Fk; ,iwtd; jpUl;nrtpf;F tlnkhopjhd; gpbf;Fk;> jkpo; gpbf;fhJ vd;W n[ff;FU rq;fuhr;rhupahH nrhy;tJ MztkhFk;. ,J guk;giu guk;giuahf "mthSf;F" jkpo; kPJ nfhz;Ls;s gifikf;F vLj;Jf; fhl;lhFk;.  

 

fhQ;rpg; ngupatH jd;Dld; jdf;F tpsq;fhj rk];fpUj nkhopapNy Ngrpaijg; ghHj;j ,uhkypq;fdhH vd;w mur CopaH mUfpy; ,Ue;jtiug;  ghHj;J "Rthkpfs; Vd; jkpopy; ciualhky; rk];fpUjj;jpy; NgRfpwhH" vd;W Nfl;ljw;F "kjpak; gd;dpuz;nliu kzpf;F re;jpu kTyP];tuH G+ir elf;fpwJ. mJtiu Rthkpfs; ePr ghi\apy; Ngrkhl;lhHfs;" vd;W gjpy; te;jJ.  

 

jkpo;nkhop tsHr;rpf;Fk;> jkpo; ,yf;fpa tsHr;rpf;Fk; irtrka FutHfshd ehad;khHfSk; itzt Mo;thHfSk; (7-8k; Ehw;whz;L) msg;gupa njhz;lhw;wpapUf;fpwhHfs;.

 

ghujpahH ghbaJ Nghy jkpo;nkhop ,dpikahd nkhop vd;gij ehad;khHfspd; Njthu jpUthrfq;fSk;> Mo;thHfspd; ehyhapu jpt;tpag; gpuge;jKk; vz;gpf;fpd;wd.

jkpopd; ,yf;fpa tsj;jpw;F mtHfsJ ghly;fs; muz; NrHf;fpd;wd.   

 

,tHfs; ,iw gf;jpNahL jkpo;g; gw;iwAk; Cl;b tsHj;jhHfs;. ,tHfspy;   "ehSk; ,d;dpirahy; jkpo; gug;Gk; jpUQhdrk;ge;jH" vd MSilg;gps;isahiu Re;juNu ghuhl;LthH> "jkpNohbir ghly;kwe;jwpNad;" vd mg;gH mUspAs;shH.

 

"md;Ng jfspah MHtNk nea;ahf

,d;GUF rpe;ij ,Ljpupah -ed;GUfp

Qhdr; RlHtpsf; Nfw;wpNdd; ehuzw;F

Qhdj; jkpo; Gupe;j ehd;"

 

vdg; G+jj;jho;thH jdJ Mokhd flTs; gf;jpiaAk; jkpo; gf;jpiaAk; fhl;LkhW xUNrug; Nghw;wpg; ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

tlnkhopapd; kPJ Mo;thHfSf;F kpFe;j <LghLk; kjpg;Gk; cz;L. mNj Neuj;jpy; jkpopd; kPJ mtHfs; nfhz;l fhjYk;> <LghLk; mijtpl caHe;J fhzg;gl;lJ.  nre;jkpopd; KOtbtkhfNt mtHfs; jpUkhiyf; fz;L mDgtpj;Jg; ghbdhHfs;.

 

"nre;jpwj;j jkpNohir tl nrhy;yhfp" vd;w mb jpUneLe;jhz;lfj;jpy; cs;sJ. ,jd; nghUs; jpUkhy; jkpopirahfTk; tlnrhy;yhfhTk; cs;shd; vd;gJ. jkpo; Kjypy; nrhy;yg;gl;L tlnkhop gpd;dH nrhy;yg;gLtJ ftdpf;fj; jf;fJ. NkYk; jkpo; vd;W nrhy;Yk;NghJ Xir vd;w nrhy;iyg; gad;gLj;JfpwhH. tlnkhop  vd;W nrhy;Yk;NghJ ntWkNd tlnrhy; vd;fpwhH.

 

tlnkhopapYs;s Ntjq;fisg; Gupe;J nfhs;tjw;F Mo;thHfspd; <uj; jkpo;g;ghRuq;fs; xd;Nw NghJk; vd Ntjhe;j NjrpfH ghLfpwhH.

 

"nra;a jkpo; khiyfs; njspa Xjp

njspahj kiw epyq;fs; njspfpd;Nwhk;"

 

"nre;jpwj;j vd;w nrhy;Yf;F ,dpik vd;gJ nghUs;. ,dpa jkpo; vd;gJ Kul;L rk];fpUjk; vd;gjw;F khWgl;lJ"  ,t;thW "jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fspy; itztk"; vd;w Ehypy; ,e;jpuh ghHj;jrhujp vOjpapUf;fpwhH.

 

irtrka kWkyHr;rpf; fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa rka ,yf;fpaq;fshd Njthu jpUthrfq;fis gj;jhk; Ehw;whz;by; (gpw;fhyr; NrhoHfs; vOr;rp ngwj; njhlq;fpaJk; ,e;j Ehw;whz;Nl) tho;e;j ek;gpahz;lhH ek;gp tFj;Jk;> njhFj;Jk; gz;Kiwapy; Kiwg;gLj;jpdhH. ,itNa irt rpj;jhe;j jj;Jtj;jpd; Cw;Wf;fshf mike;jd. ,tw;wpd; nghJg; ngaH gd;dpU jpUKiw MFk;.

 

ek;gpahz;lhH ek;gp irtj; jpUKiwfisj; njhFj;jJNghy; mNj gj;jhk; Ehw;whz;by; tho;e;j ehjKdpfs;  jkpo; itztj;jpd; jpUKiwahd ehyhapuj; jpt;tpa gpuge;jj;ijf; fz;L gpbj;J> gFj;J> gz; mikj;J ( ek;kho;thupd; jpUtha;nkhopf;F kl;Lk; kJuftpfs; Vw;fdNt gz; mikj;Jtpl;;lhH) Kiwg;gLj;jpdhH. ehjKdpfs;  ngUksT jkpowpTk;> jkpo;g;gw;Wk;> Ntjhe;j QhdKk; iftug;ngw;wtH. itztj; jpUKiwapd; fz;Lgpbg;Ng irtj; jpUKiwfisf; fhzTk; toptFj;jJ.  (tsUk;) 

 

 


 

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (4)

 

"gz;nghypnre; jkpo;khiy ghbagj; jpity;yhH..."

 

mupQ;ra Nrhoupd; kiwit mLj;J mtuJ kfDk; Kjyhk; ,uhruhrdpd; je;ijAkhd Re;ju NrhoH (fp.gp. 955-985) Kb#l;bf; nfhz;lhH. mNj %r;rpy; jkJ tPuj; jpUkfd; "tPughz;bad; jiy nfhz;l" Mjpj;j fupfhyDf;Fk; ,sturg; gl;lk; fl;b itj;jhH.  

 

Re;ju Nrhoupd; md;Gf;Fk; ek;gpf;iff;Fk; ghj;jpukhf mikr;rH   mepUj;jH tpsq;fpdhH. ,tH jdJ Ntiyg; gSTf;F kj;jpapYk; jkJ ez;gH khjtg; gl;lNuhL jpUtuq;fj;jpw;F (=uq;fk;) mbf;fb te;J nfhz;bUe;jhH.

 

,g;gb tUk;Nghnjy;yhk; ehjKdpfs; jdJ rPlHfs; rfpjk; jpUkhy; ntsptPjp vOe;jUSk; NghJ ehyhapu jpt;tpag; gpuge;jg; ghly;fisAk; ,irg; nghopTfisAk; jg;ghky; Nfl;L te;jhH. ehjKdpfsplk; ehyhapu jpt;tpa gpuge;jj;jpd; Nkd;iggw;wpf; Nfl;lwpe;J nfhz;lhH.

 

mjpy; jpUtha;nkhop jpUkq;ifaho;thupd; fhyj;Nj jpUtuq;fj;jpy; Ntjq;fNshL Xjg;gl;lijAk; mjidj; jhd; capHg;gpf;f jkJ MrhHauhfpa guhq;FrjhrUf;F mspj;j cWjp nkhopiag; gw;wpAk; ehjKdpfs; mepUj;jUf;F vLj;Jr; nrhd;dhH.

 

mtUf;F VjhtnjhU tifapy; cjt Ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;zk; mepUj;juJ cs;sj;jpy; Njhd;wpaJ. ehjKdpfis mioj;Jg; NgRkhW ek;ngUkhs; =fhHak; mtHfisg; gzpj;Jtpl;L mepUj;jH jQ;ir Ngha;tpl;lhH.

 

=fhHak; ehjKdpfis tutioj;J gpd;tUkhW NgrpdhH.

 

"Ia> ehjKdp! NfhtpYf;F tUk; kf;fs; vq;fs; Nfhapy; cw;rtq;fs;> G+irfisf; fhl;bYk; cq;fs; gpuge;jg; ghly;fspYk;> nrhw;nghopTfspYk; mjpf MHtk; fhl;Lfpd;wdH. Kd; vg;NghJk; ,y;yhjthW kf;fs; $l;lk; jpUtpohf;fspd;NghJ miy NkhJfpwJ. mjdhy; jpUtuq;fNk xU Gjpa fyfyg;NghLk; fisNahLk; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

 

,jdhy;> vq;fspy; rpyH cq;fs; ghly;fisAk; cw;rtj;jpd;NghJ NrHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W fpsHr;rp nra;fpwhHfs;. ,J ckJ ,iwgzpapd; tpUk;gj;jfhj vjpnuhyp. ePH jdpg;gl;l Kiwapy; jkpo;g; ghly;fisg; ghLtjpy; vq;fSf;F kWg;gpy;iy. Mdhy; mijf; Nfhapy; Ntjhj; aadj;NjhNlNa ,izj;Jtpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ vd;d epahak;? mdhjpahd Ntjq;fNshL mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j Mo;thHfspd; jkpo;g; ghly;fis ,izg;gJ gpuhkzH vd;W $wpf; nfhs;Sk; ckf;F mLf;Fkh? nrhy;Yk;?"

 

nrhy;fpNwd; vd;w ehjKdpfs; cld; ghbdhH.

 

"Ntnwhd;Wk; ehdwpNad; Ntjk; jkpo;nra;j

khwd; rlNfhgd; tz;FU$H - VW vq;fs;

tho;thk; vd;Nwj;Jk; kJuftpahH vk;ik

Ms;thH mtNu ruz;"

 

njhlHe;J ehjKdpfs; kzpg;gpuths ciueilapy; Nfs;tpfSf;fhd tpiliaf; $wpdhH. nrhy;ypa nrhy;yy; vd;w Fw;wr;rhl;Lf;F ehd; MshfpdhYk; mjd; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; fUjp ehjKdpfsJ gjpiy mg;gbNa jUfpNwd;.

 

"cq;fs; kdj;jpy; %d;Wtpj Ml;Nrgq;fs; xd;Nwhnlhd;W curpf; fplf;fpd;wd. ]k;];fpUjk;> jpuhtplk; - vd;w ghi\g; gpur;rpid ehk; Kjypy; mWj;Jf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. vnddpy;> mJNt gyupd; mbkdjpy; Mf;fpukpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gij rk;gh\izfspy; ehd; ftdpj;jpUf;fpNwd;.

 

]k;];fpUj Nkhfk; gpuhkzHfspd; fz;iz kiwf;Fk; xU khia. mJ tpyfpdhy; md;wp cz;ik Gyg;glhJ.

 

]k;];fpUjk; xU Njt ghi\ vd;gij ehd; kWg;gjhf ahUk; jg;gHj;jk; nra;J nfhs;sf;$lhJ. G+ kz;lyj;jpNyNa mjw;fpizahf ,d;ndhU gioikahd ghi\ ,y;iy. Ntjq;fisg; Nghy; mdhjpahd> mjhtJ ,d;d fhyj;jpaJ vd;W mwpaf; $lhj msTf;Fg; gioikahd> fpue;jq;fs; Ntnwq;F kpy;iy.

 

Mdhy;> guj fz;lj;jpNyNa ]k;];fpUj;jpw;F mLj;jhw;Nghyr; rpwe;j ghi\ vJ? ]k;];fpUjk; rptngUkhd; Ve;jpa lkUfj;jpd; tyg;gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk;> jpuhtplk; mjd; ,lg;gf;fj;jpypUe;Jk; Njhd;wpajhfr; nrhy;yg;gLtij ePq;fs; Nfl;ljpy;iyah? ehk; Ntz;Lkhdhy; ehuhazNd ,uz;L nkhopfisAk; gilj;jhd; vd;W nfhs;syhk;. jpuhtplj;jpd; tpahfuzj;ij mf];jpaNu nra;jhH vd;fpwhHfs;. ,tH Ntjfhy up\p my;yhth?

 

,d;Ws;s jkpo; tpahfuzq;fSs; vy;yhk; gioikahd njhy;fhg;gpaj;ijr; nra;jtH mf];jpaupd; gpujk rp\;aH vd;WjhNd nrhy;fpwhHfs;.? ,e;jj; njhy;fhg;gpaKk; ghzpdpapd; m\;lhj;jpahapf;Fk; Kw;gl;l ,e;jpu tpahfuzkhd Ie;jpuj;Jf;F ,izahdjhk;. ghujg; Nghupy; cztspj;j Nrukhd; xUtidg; gw;wpa ghly; xd;W GwdhDhW vd;w fpue;jj;jpy; cz;nld;Wk;> mjpy njhy;fhg;gpa tpjpfis kPwpa ,lq;fSk; ,Ug;gjhy;> ,t; Mjp tpahfuzk; Fiwe;jJ Jthgu Ajj;Jf;fhfpYk; gpw;glhnjd;Wk; ehd; gy tpj;Jthd;fs; nrhy;yf; Nfl;bUf;fpNwd;.

 

jpuhtpl rq;fj;jhH Kd; jpuhtpl ghi\iaf; Fiwj;J ]k;];fpUjj;ij kl;LNk ghuhl;b Ntl;Nfh Faf; nfhz;lhd; NgrpajhfTk;> mJ Nfl;fg; ngwhj Ntshg; ghHg;gduhd ef;fPuH

 

"Kuzpy; nghjpapy; Kjw;Gj;Njs; thop!

"guz fgpyUk; thop! - muzpyh

Mde;j Ntl;ifahd; Ntl;Nfhf; Faf; nfhz;lhd;

Mde;jk; NrHf Rthfh"

 

vdg; ghlNt mtd; ,we;Jgl;lhdhk;. gpd; mtidr; NrHe;NjhH gpio nghWf;f Ntz;bduhf mtHf;fpuq;fp mg;GytH ngUe;jif>

 

"Mupak; ed;W> jkpo; jP njd ciuj;j

fhupahj;jhy; fhyf;Nfhl; gl;lhid -rPupa

me;jz; nghjpapy; mfj;jpadhH Mizahy;

nre;jkpNo jPHf;f Rthfh"

 

vdTk; ghb capHg;gpj;jhfTk; nrhy;yg;gLtij ePq;fs; Nfl;bUf;fyhk;. Nrhopag; gpuhkzuha; %q;fpw; Fbapw; gpwe;J tp\;Z jUNkhj;jpu Kjyhfpa rpue;jq;fis vy;yhk; fw;Wj;  JiwNghfpa njhz;lubg; nghbfs; jhk; ,iwtidg; ghlg; Gf;f NghJ jkpohNyNa ghuhl;bdhH. mJ kl;Lkh? mtH nra;j ]k;];fpUj fpue;jk; xd;W $l ,y;iy.

 

mgaf;Fuy; vOg;gpa NghJ fN[e;jpuho;thH Mjp %yj;ij ]k;];fpUjj;jpyh mioj;jhH?"

 

"Xa; ehjKdp! NghJk; epWj;Jk;. ,J ]k;];fpUj rkpjp my;y. ePH jpuhtpl gh\h khd;kpak; gw;wp tof;fhl. Ntjq;fSf;F Mo;thHfspd; ghly;fs; vg;gbr; rkkhF nkd;gNj ek; Kd; cs;s gpur;rid" - =fhHaj; jiytH Rl;bf; fhl;bdhH.

 

"ehd; %d;W gpur;ridfisfs; gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpl;Nld; my;yth? mtw;Ws; ,J ,uz;lhtJ. Kjy; gpur;ridiag; gw;wp ehd; Kbf;F Kd;Ng ghi\ ntWk; thfdk; kl;Lk; jhd;> tp\aNk Kf;fpakhdJ - vd;gij ePq;fs; czHe;J tpl;lij ,g;NghJ ePq;fs; ,uz;lhtJ gpur;ridf;F jhtp tpl;lJ fhl;Lfpd;wJ. re;Njh\k;.  cq;fs; tpUg;gg;gb ,e;j ,uz;lhk; gpur;ridf;F tUNthk;."

 

Vw;fdNt ehd; nrhy;ypaJNghy Mupak; jkpo; ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; xU gdpg;NghH ePz;lfhykhf epytp tUfpwJ vd;gij ehjKdpfSf;Fk; =fhHaj; jittH ,ilf;Fk; ,ilapy; ,lk;ngw;w ciuahly; my;yJ jHf;fk; vz;gpf;fpwJ.

 

jkpo; nkhopf;F Vw;wk; nfhLg;gij gpuhkzPak;>  ehjKdpfs;> ,uhkDrH> Qhdrk;ge;jH> Re;juH> khzpf;fthrfH> Mo;thHfs;. ghujp> fy;fp> c.Nt. RthkpehijaH Nghd;wtHfs; ePq;fyhf> xUNghJk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;ljpy;iy. .

 

ehad;khHfspy; jkpio kpfTk; Vw;wpg; Nghw;wpatH jpUQhdrk;ge;jH. gpwg;ghy; me;jzH. cs;sj;jhy; jkpoH. "ehSk; ,d;dpirahy; jkpo; gug;Gk; Qhdrk;ge;jH" vd;W Re;juH ,tiug; ghuhl;LthH. jkpo;nkhopf;Fs;s milnkhopfspy; ghjpf;FNky; Qhdrk;ge;jupd; md;gspg;Gf;fs;. ,jdhy; jpy;iytho; me;jzHfs; mtuJ ngaiu itj;Jf; nfhs;tNj "ePrk;" vd;W js;sptpl;lhHfs;!

 

me;jkpo;

mUe;jkpo;

Muh mUe;jkpo;

,irkyp jkpo;

,d;jkpo;

xz;jkpo;

ew;wkpo;

epd;wjkpo;

rq;fkyp nre;jkpo;

re;jkhH jkpo;

re;jkhiyj; jkpo;

nre;jz;lkpo;

nre;jkpo;

nra;jkpo;

jz;jkpo;

Kj;jkpo;

%d;Wjkpo;

Qhdj;jkpo;

Fd;whj;jkpo;

Fw;wkpy;

nre;jkpo;

 

(,e;jg; gl;bay; epiwthdjy;y. ,d;Dk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,lf;FiwT fhuzj;jhy; juKbatpy;iy)

 

MSilg;gps;isahupd; jkpo;g; gw;Wf;F mtuJ Njthuq;fs; rhd;W gfUfpd;wd. xt;nthU jpUf;Nfhtpiygw;wpg; ghba gjpfj;jpd; filrpg; ghlypy; Qhdrk;ge;jd; vd;w ngaNuhL jkpo; vd;w nrhy;iyAk; gad;gLj;j mtH xUNghJk; jtWtjpy;iy. jd;idNa jkpo;Qhdrk;ge;jd;> ew;wkpo;Qhdrk;ge;jd; vd tha; XahJ miof;fpwhH.

 

"jz;nghopy;#o; rz;igaHNfhd; jkpo;Qhd rk;ge;jd;

tpz;nghypntz; gpiwr;nrd;dp tpfpjDiw ntz;fhl;ilg;

gz;nghypnre; jkpo;khiy ghbagj; jpity;yhH

kz;nghypa tho;e;jtH Ngha; thd;nghpag; GFthNu"   (,uz;lhk; jpUKiw 11-11) (tsUk;) 

 

 


 

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (5)

 

"jkpNohL ,irghly; kwe;jwpNad;" 

 

NkYk; jkpo;Qhd rk;ge;jH jkpopd; ePHik Ngrpj; jhsk; tPiz gz;zp ey;y Kotnkhe;ij ky;Fghly; nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhH.

 

"jkpopd;ePHik Ngrpj;jhsk; tPiz gz;zpey;y

Kotnkhe;ij ky;Fghly; nra;if aplNkhthH

Fkpopd;Nkdp je;JNfhy ePHik aJ nfhz;lhH

fkOQ;Nrhiyf; fhDhHNka gts tz;zNu."    

 

(jyhk; jpUKiw 47-8)

 

jkpo; ehl;;by; irt rka FutHfshd mg;gUk;> Re;juUk;> MSilg; gps;isahUk;> itzt Mo;thHfshd ngupaho;thH njhlq;fp jpUkq;if Mo;thH <whfg; gd;dpUtUk; njhlf;fpa gf;jp ,af;fk; (flTis mwpTj; jsj;jpy; ,y;yhJ czHTj; jsj;jpy; ,Ue;J topgly;) ntw;wp ngw;wjw;F ,uz;L fhuzq;fis Kf;fpakhf vLj;Jr; nrhy;yyhk;.

 

KjyhtJ gpuhkzHfspd; Nkyhjpf;f MSikf;F cl;gl;ljhf rkak; Ntjfhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. ,jw;F khwhf ahiuAk; tpl;L tplhJ> vy;NyhiuAk; mutizj;Jr;nry;tjhf gf;jp  ,af;fk; ,Ue;jJ.

 

,uz;lhtjhf ,iw topghl;by; kf;fs; nkhopahd jkpOf;Fk; jkpopirf;Fk; ehad;khHfSk; Mo;thHfSk; nfhLj;j Kd;Dupik.  ,tHfsJ gzpahy; jkpo; nkhopf;Fk; jkpopirf;Fk; xU GJg; nghypTk;> tdg;Gk;> tz;zKk;> tsHr;rpAk;  Vw;gl;ld. NtW nkhopfspy; fhzg;glhjthW  rka ,yf;fpak; jkpo; nkhopia tsg;gLj;jpaJ.

 

mg;gH> MSilg; gps;isahH ,UtUf;Fk; gpw;fhyj;jtuhd Re;ju%Hj;jp ehadhH ,iwtd; mg;gUf;Fk; MSilg; gps;isahUf;Fk; fhRfs;  nfhLj;J jkpopir ghLkhW Nfl;ljhf ghly; mUspapUf;fpwhH.

 

"njupe;j ehd;kiwNahHf; fplkha jpUkpoiy

,Ue;J ePH jkpNohbir Nfl;Fk;

,r;irahy; fhR epj;jy; ey;fpdPH

mUe;jz; tPop nfhz;BH mbNaw;Fk; mUSjpNu"

         

(Vohk; jpUKiw 899)

 

gpw;fhyj;jtuhd  jhAkhdRthkpfs;  (19k; Ehw;whz;L) mg;gUk;> Re;juUk;> MSilg;gps;isahUk; nkhopf;F nkhop jpj;jpf;Fk; %tH nrhYk; Njthuj; jkpo;nkhopia ,iwtd; Vw;wUspdhd;> mg;gbg;gl;l ,iwtd; jd;nkhopiaAk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;thuh vd;W Vq;FfpwhH.  

 

"Njtnuy;yhk; njhor; rpte;j nre;jhs; Kf;fl;

nrq;fUk;Ng nkhopf;F nkhop jpj;jpg;ghf

%tH nrhYk; jkpo;nkhop Nfl;Fk; jpUr; nrtpf;Nf

%lNdd; Gyk;gpa nrhy; Kw;W Nkhjhd;"

 

mg;gUk;> Re;juUk;> MSilg;gps;isahUk;> mUkzpthrfUk; jkpio Vw;wpg; Nghw;Wtjpy; xUtiunahUtH tpQ;RfpwhHfs;.

 

ehTf;furH Qhdrk;ge;juJ rkfhyj;jtH. vz;gJ mfitfs; epiwtho;T tho;e;jtH.irtj;jpy; kUs;ePf;fpahuhfg; gpwe;J rkzj;Jf;Fr; nrd;W jUkNrdH Mfp kPz;Lk;  irtj;Jf;F te;J jpUehTf;furH MfpatH. ehTf;furH jkJ jkf;ifahH jpyftjpahuhy; jpUePW ngw;Wr; irtuhfpj; jpUtjpifg; ngUkhidg; Nghw;wpg; ghbaNghJjhd; jpUehTf;fuR vd;w ngaH cz;lhapw;W.

 

"ghtw;wyH nre;jkpo; ,d;nrhy;tsg;

     gjpfj;njhil ghba ghd;ikapdhy;

ehTf;fuR vd;W cyNfopDk;; epd;

     ehkk; eag;Gw kd;Df vd;W

ahtHf;Fk; tpag;Gw kQ;Riwthd;

     ,ilNa xUtha;ik vOe;jJNt"

 

vd;W ngupaGuhzk; ghba Nrf;fpshH nre;jkpo; ,d;nrhy;tsg; gjpfj;njhil ghbaghd;ikapdhy; ehTf;fuR vd;w ngaH ngw;whH vd;fpwhH.

 

jpUehTf;furH ehad;khHfspNyNa ngupa Gul;rpthjp. kWkyHrpahsH. mtH  "fhaNk ,J ngha;alh fhw;wile;j igalh" vd;W Gyk;gp mOj $l;lj;ijr; rhHe;jtH my;y.

 

ahUf;Fk; mQ;rNtz;lhk;> ahUf;Fk; mbikahf thoNtz;lhk;. ek; Mw;wiyg; ngUf;fpr; nfhz;L ,iwtid ek;gp NeH topapy; elj;jhy; ehk; ahUf;Fk; mQ;r Ntz;bajpy;iy. ahUf;Fk; mbik nra;a Ntz;bajpy;iy. ,jid ehTf;furH ,Wkhg;Gld; ,g;gbr; nrhy;YthH.

 

"ehk; ahHf;Fk; Fbmy;Nyhk;> ekid mQ;Nrhk;

     eufj;jpy; ,lHg;gNlhk; eliy ,y;Nyhk;

 Vkhg;Nghk; gpzp mwpNahk; gzpNthk; my;Nyhk;

  ,d;gNk ve;ehSk; Jd;gk; ,y;iy

ehkhHf;Fk; Fbmy;yhj; jd;ik ahd

  rq;fud;ew; rq;fntz; FioXH fhjpw;

Nfhkhw;Nf ehk; vd;Wk; kPsh Msha;f;

  nfha;k;kyHr;Nr tbapizNa FWfp NdhNk"     (kWkhw;wj; jpUj;jhz;lfk; 1)  

 

gpwpNjhuplj;jpy; nrhy;fpwhH-

 

"jpz;zd; nfbyg; GdYk; cilahH xUtH jkH ehk;

mQ;RtJ ahnjhd;Wk; ,y;iy mQ;r tUtJk; ,y;iy"

 

NkYk; nry;te;jHfsJ nry;tr; nropg;ig kjpf;f khl;Nlhk; vd Koq;FfpwhH:

 

"rq;fepjp gJkepjp ,uz;Lk; je;J

juzpnahL thd;Msj; jUtNuDk;

kq;FthH mtH nry;tk; kjpg;Nghk; my;Nyhk;"

 

jpUehTf;furupd; Nkw;$wg;gl;l ghly;fSf;F xU tuyhw;Wg; gpd;Gyk; ,Ug;gjhfr;nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

gy;yt kd;dd; Kjyhk; kNfe;jputHkd; (fp.gp. 610-630) ehTf;furupd; rkfhyj;jtd;.rkzk; jkpofj;jpy; tsug; gy;ytHfs; NguhjuT ey;fpapUf;fpwhHfs;. kNfe;jputHkd; rkz rkaj;jtdhf Muk;gj;jpy; ,Ue;jtd;. ,jdhy; irt rkaj;Jf;F gifahf ,Ue;jhd;.

 

tapw;Wtypahy; thba  ehTf;furH rkz rkaj;jpypUe;J irt rkaj;Jf;F khwpaNghJ rkzHfs; Mj;jpuk; mile;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; Jhz;Ljypd; Ngupy; kNfe;jputHkd; ehTf;furiu ifJ nra;J gpbj;J tUkhW jdJ fhtyHfis Vtpdhd;. fhtyHfs; kd;dd; gzpg;gpy; tpiue;J Vfp ehTf;furiuf; ifJnra;a te;jpUg;gjhff; $wpaNghNj ehTf;furH ,e;jg; ghliyg; ghbajhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.

 

ehTf;furiu fw;Wizg; G+l;bNahH flypy; gha;r;rpAk;>  ePw;wiwapNy ,l;Lk; Njhy;tpfz;l kNfe;jputHkNd kdk;khwp irt rkaj;ijj; jOtpf; nfhz;lhd; vd;gJ tuyhW.

 

cs;sj;jpy; cs;nshsp ,y;yhky; Gwr; rlq;Ffs; %yk; ,iwtidf; fhzyhk; vd vz;zpf; fq;ifapy;> fhtpupapy; %o;fp vOe;J Ntjk; Xjp Nts;tpfs; nra;J fhyj;ijf; fopg;gtiug; ghHj;J mtw;why; ve;jg; gaDk; ,y;iy vd ehTf;furH ,bj;Jiuf;fpwhH.  

 

"fq;if ahbnyd; fhtpup ahbnyd;

nfhq;F jz;Fk upj;Jiw ahbnyd;

Xq;F khfl Nyhj eP uhbnyd;

vq;Fk; <rnd dhjtHf; fpy;iyNa!"

 

"Ntj Nkhjpnyd; Nts;tpfs; nra;fpndd;

ePjp Ehy;gy epj;jk; gapw;wpntd;

Xjp mq;fNkh uhW Kzupnyd;

<r idAs;F thHf;fd;wp apy;iyNa!"          (jdpj;jpUf; FWe;njhif)

 

,e;j ehTf;furHjhd; "jkpNohL ,ir ghly; kwe;jwpNad;" vd;W ,iwtdplk; jd;id tUj;jpa nghy;yh #yNehia Fzkhf;FkhW Nfl;Fk;NghJ nrhy;fpwhH.

 

"ryk;G+NthL Jhgkwe; jwpNad;

jkpNoh birghly; kwe;jwpNad;

eye;jPq;fpY Kd;id kwe;jwpNad;

cd;dhk nkd;dhtpd; kwe;jwpNad;

cye;jhH jiyapw; gypnfhz;Loy;tha;

clYs;SW #iy jtpHj;jUs;tha;

mye;Nj dbNa djpiff;nfby

     tPul;lhdj; Jiwak; khNd!              (jpUKiw)   

 

jkpo; cl;gl ,e;jpa nkhopfs; vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; jha;nkhop rk];fpUjk; vd;w khia ePz;l fhykhf epytp te;jijAk; mjid Kwpabj;J jkpo; nkhopf;Fk; Mupaj;jpw;Fk; njhlHgpy;iy vd;w NgUz;ikia fy;LntyhH Muha;e;J epiyepWj;jpdhH vd;gij Kd;dH $wpNdhk;.

 

jkpo; Mupaj;jpw;F Kw;gl;l nkhop vd;gJ jkpo;tpLJhJ Kjypa Ehy;fshYk; mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;.

 

"nraw;ifg; nghUs;fs; nra;thd; Ntz;bd;

,aw;ifg; nghUspd; wpaf;fy; Ntz;Lk;

,aw;ifg;nghUs;f spyNty;

nraw;ifg;nghUs;fS kpyNtahFk;

glk; Ntz;bd; gQ;RNtz;Lk;

gQ;rpd;Nww; glkpy;iy. mJNghy;

nraw;if Nahirapdpd; wpaf;fy; Ntz;Lk;

,aw;if NahirapyNty;

nraw;ifNahirA kpyNtahFk;"  

 

(tsUk;)

 

 


 

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (6)

 

"Kj;jkpo; miltpid Kw;gL fpupjdpy; Kw;gl vOjpa Kjy;NthNd"

ef;fPud;

 

xU nkhopapYs;s nrhw;fspd; xypfis tuptbtpy; vOJtjw;F  ,d;wpaikahj fUtp vOj;J. jkpopy; vOj;Jf;Fk; xypf;Fk; xw;Wik cz;L. NtW gy nkhopfspy; xypf;Fk; vOj;Jf;Fk; xw;Wikapy;yhJ ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

,d;W cyf nkhop vd;w ngUikf;Fupa Mq;fpy nkhopapy; ,e;j vOj;J xyp xw;Wik fhzg;gltpy;iy.  ,e;j xw;Wikapd;ik fhuzkhf Mq;fpy  nkhopiag; NgRtjpYk; vOJtjpYk; mjpy; Gyik va;JtjpYk; ngupa ,lHg;ghL epyTfpwJ.

 

njd;dpyq;ifapy; XH Mz;L tho;e;jhy; rpq;fs nkhopiag; Ngrf; fw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. jpy;ypapy; XH Mz;L tho;e;jhy; ,e;jpiag; Ngrf; fw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. jkpOk; mt;thNw. Mdhy; Mq;fpyk; Ngrg;gLk;; mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> fdlh Nghd;w ehLfspy; MW Mz;Lfs;  tho;e;jhYk;  Mq;fpy nkhopia rupahd cr;rupg;NghL ahUk; Ngr  KbahJ. Mq;fpy nkhopia ,sikapy; fy;yhJ ,ilapy; fw;fj; njhlq;fpatH me;j nkhopia vj;jid Mz;Lfs; nrd;whYk; rupahd cr;rupg;NghLk; Ngr KbahJ.

 

Mq;fpyj;jpy; vOj;Jf;Fk; xypg;Gf;Fk; NtWghL ,Ug;gJNghy (Colonel vd;w nrhy; Nfzy; vd;W xypg;gJ) tlnkhopapy; J:f;fk; vd;nwOjp J`;f;fk; vd;W xypf;fg;gLfpwJ. mt;thNw mj:guk; mjfguk; vd;Wk;> me;j:fuzk; me;j`;fuzk; vd;Wk; xypf;fg;gLfpd;wd>

 

NkYk; g;u`;k vd;nwOjp g;uk;` vd;nwhypf;fg;gLfpwJ. mt;thNw rp`;k rpk;` vd;Wk;> t`;ep: te;`p: vd;Wk; tp[;Qhdk; tpf;Qhdk; vd;Wk; xypf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

,yf;fzj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhy; jkpo;nkhopapy; vy;yhg; nghUs;fSk; ,uz;L jpizfshfg; gFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

gFj;jwpTila capHfs; ahTk;  caHjpizahfg; gFf;fg;gl;L>  caHjpizapy; MZf;F Mz;ghYk; ngz;Zf;F ngz;ghYk;. gyUf;F gyHghYk; #l;lg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

(1)

 

gFj;jwptw;w tpyq;F> gwit> ePH tho;td Kjypa capHfisAk;> kuk;> nrb> nfhb> fy;> kz; Kjypa rlg;nghUs;fisAk; m/wpizahfg; gFj;J mtw;Ws; xd;Wf;F xd;wd;ghYk;> gytw;Wf;Fg; gytpd;ghYk; $wg;gl;Ls;sd.

 

jkpopy; tpyq;F. gwit> CHtd ,tw;wpd;  Mz; ngz;fSf;F ntt;NtW ngaH $wg;gbDk;> mitfs; gFj;jwptw;w "rhjp"apw; gl;ldthjyhy; m/wpizahfNt $wg;gLfpd;wd.

 

Mq;fpyk; Nghd;w nkhopfspy; caHjpiz m/wpiz vd;w Ntw;Wik ghuhl;lg;gLtjpy;iy. capUs;sit gFj;jwpT> gFj;jwptw;w ghFghL fhl;lg;glhJ Mz; ngz; ghy; Ntw;Wik kl;Lk; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. capuy;yhj nghUs;fSf;F ghy; fpilahJ. gpud;Rnkhop ,jw;F tpjptpyf;F. gpud;R nkhopapy; rlg;nghUs;fSf;Fk; Mz;ghy; ngz;ghy; tFf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

Mq;fpy nkhopapy;  ngaHfs; %d;W  ghy;fshf tFf;fg;gLfpwJ. murd;> kdpjd;> vUJ> Nrty; Mz;ghy; (Masculine gender).

 

gFj;jwptpd; mbg;gilapy; caHjpiz m/wpiz NtWghL Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,y;yhjjhy; "kdpjd; te;jhd;" "khL te;jJ" vd;gjw;Fg; gjpy; kdpjd; te;jJ> khL te;jJ vd;W vOjg;gLk;.

 

murp> ngz;> gRkhL> ngl;ilf; Nfhop ngz;ghy; (Feminine gender) kuk;> nrb> nfhb> Gj;jfk;> tPL m/wpizg; ghy; (Nueter gender).

 

rpy nrhw;fs; Mz;ghyhfTk; ngz;ghyhfTk; tof;fpy; ,Uf;Fk;. mtw;iw nghJg; ghy; (Common gender)  vd tifg;gLj;jg;gLk;.   

 

tlnkhopapy; ghy; tuk;gpd;wpg; gythW $wg;gLfpwJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;L kidtp ngaH ghHah- ngz;ghy; (xUik). jhuh - Mz;ghy; (vd;Wk; gd;ik) fsj;juk; - xd;wd;ghy;.

 

fy;ypd; ngaH gh\hz - Mz;ghy;. rpyh - ngz;ghy;. cgyk; - xd;wd;ghy;.

 

jkpo;nkhopapy; tpidr; nrhy; xUtd;> xUj;jp> xd;wd; nray;fisf; Fwpf;FQ; nrhy; njspthff; Fwpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

 

jkpo;

Mq;fpyk;

tlnkhop

nry;;fpwhd;

(He) goes

(]) fr;rjp

nry;fpwhs;

(She) goes

(]h) fr;rjp

nry;fpwJ

(It) goes

(jj;) fr;rjp

 

xU thf;fpak; vd;gJ vOtha;> gadpiy> nrag;gLnghUs; vd;gd $b xU fUj;ij tpsf;FtJ.  ngaH tpidfspd; ,aiy cupr;nrhw;fshYk;> gy ngaHfis ,ilr; nrhw;fshYk;> gy tpidfis vr;rj;jhDk;> ngaHf;Fk; tpidf;Fk; cs;s rk;ge;jj;ij Ntw;Wik cUghYk; GzHj;jp jkpopy; tpsf;fg;gLfpwJ. Mq;fpyj;jpYk; jkpo; NghyNt nrhw;nwhlH mike;Js;sJ.

 

Mdhy; tlnkhop> ,yj;jPd;> fpNuf;f Kjpypa nkhopfspy; ,e;j xOq;F ,y;iy. ngaHfspd; Ntw;Wikg; ghy;fis Vw;wy;> ,ilr;nrhy; ,d;wpf; $wy; Kjypa mofpd;ik fhzg;gLfpd;wd. vLj;Jf;fhl;L-

 

jkpo;       -  fupa ngupa Fapiy tQ;rfKila fhf;ifahf vz;zpdhd;.

 

tlnkhop   -   "f;U\;zk; g;u`e;jk; tQ;rfp ek; fhfk; NgNdh"

              fupaij ngupaij Fapiy tQ;rfKilaij fhf;ifia vz;zpdhd;.

 

,JfhWk; $wpatw;why;  "tlnkhopapYk; jkpo;nkhop tpahgfKila njd;gJk;> Mupak; tUKd; rfKOJk; jkpopUe;njnjd;gJk;> Mupaj;jpw;F Kd;NdNa jkpo;jpUj;JghLs;s njd;gJk;>  jkpo;r; nrhy;ypy;  nghUl;nghjpTs;sJ vd;gJk;> jkpo; jpiz ghy; Kjypatw;why; rpwe;jnjd;gJk;> jkpo; xypAk; vOj;Jk; xd;Wgl;Ls;sJ vd;gJk;> tlnkhop Kjypatw;wpDk; jkpo;r; nrhw;nwhlH moFilaJ vd;gJk;> gpwTk; ngwg;gl;ld" vdj; jkpo;g; gz;bjH khfwy;. fhHj;jpNfa (KjypahH) jhk; ,aw;wpa "nkhopEhy;" vd;w Ehypy; tpsf;fpAs;shH.

 

jkpo;nkhopapd; rpwg;G ,dpik kl;Lky;y njhd;ikAk; mjd; rpwg;ghFk;. njhy;fhg;gpaH ,jid vLj;Jr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

 

(2) 

 

",Onkd; nkhopahd; tpOkpaJ EtypDk;

gue;j nkhopahd; mb epkpHe;J xOfpDk;

Njhy; vd nkhopg njhd;nkhopg;GytH"

 

(njhy;. nghUs; mjpfhuk;. nra;Aspay; 236)

 

(nghUs;) Xir kpFe;j nrhw;fshy; tho;f;iff;Fupa cz;ikg; nghUs;fis> Mrpupag;gh Nghd;w ghf;fshYk; ,izj;Jf; $WtJ Njhy; vd;W $wg;gLk; vdg; gioikia czHe;j GytHfs; $WtH.  

 

njhy;fhg;gpaUf;F Kd;Dk; nre;jkpopy; Njhnyd;Dk; goik moF ,Ue;jJ vd;gJ ,r; #j;jpuj;jhy; GydhfpwJ. ,/J jkpo;nkhopapd; njhd;ikf;F  rhd;whFk;> mjhtJ jkpo;nkhopapd; goik njhy;fhg;gpaj;jpw;Fk;> mfj;jpaj;Jf;Fk; Ke;jpajhFk;.  

 

re;jj; jkpopy; tha;  kzf;f  kzf;fj;  jpUg;Gfo; ghba mUzfpupehjH KUff; flTsplk; "Rk;kh,U nrhy;yw" vd;w  kTd ke;jpu cgNjrk; ngw;W epWtpfw;g rkhjpapy; tPw;wpUe;j NghJ KO Kjw;flTs; kapy;kpir Njhd;wp "ek; Gfiog; ghLjp" vd;W Nfl;f "ngUkhNd!  kiwfshYk; rhw;Wjw;fupa NjtuPuJ Gfio "VnlOjh KO Vio" ahfpa mbNad; vq;qdk; ghLNtd;" vd;dYk; Re;juUf;F "gpj;jh gpiw#b" vd;W Kf;fz;zd; Kjyb vLj;Jf; nfhLj;J "ghLf" vd;W mUspaJNghy nre;jkpo; nrt;Ntl; Fkud; jdJ "Qhd%W nrq;fdptha;" kyHe;J fdj;j nre;jkpohy; "Kj;ijj; jU" vd;w kJu kpFe;j nrhw;nwhlH vLj;Jf; nfhLf;f mUzfpupehjH-

 

(3)

"Kj;ijj; jU gj;jpj; jpUeif

mj;jpf;fpiw rj;jpr; rutz

Kj;jpf;nfhU tpj;jpf; FUgud;       vdNthJk;

.........................................................................."

 

vdj; njhlq;fp jdJ Kjw; jpUg;Gfiog; ghb Kbj;jhH vdj; jpUKUf fpUghdde;jthupahH ciu $WthH. jpUg;Gfo; flTs; tho;j;jpy; mUzfpupehjH-

 

   "Kj;jkp oiltpid Kw;gL fpupjdpy;

 Kw;gl vOjpa Kjy;NthNd  

   Kg;Gu nkupnra;j mr;rpt Diwujk;

   mr;rJ nghb nra;j ............

     

vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. Kj;jkpoilT vd;gJ vy;yh nkhopfSf;Fk; Kw;gLkhW ,ay; ,ir ehlfk; vd;Dk; Kj;jkpo; Ehy; Kiwikia mfj;jpaH $w tpehafH vOjpdhH vd;gJ fHdguk;giu.

 

"Kj;jkp oltpid Kw;gL fpupjdpy; Kw;gl vOjpa Kjy;NthNd" vd;gjhy; Mupaj;Jf;F Kd;dNkNa jkpOz;nld;gJ mUzfpupehjH KbthFk;. NkYk;-

 

"gupTld ofpa gonkhL fliyfs;

 ganwhL rpytif - gzpahuk;

 gUfpL ngUtap WilatH gonkhop

 vOjpafzgjp - apisNahNd"

                                            (jpUg;Gfo; 223)

 

 "mwj;ij tsHj;jpL gurpitFytjp

 jpwj;jkpioj;jU gioatsUspa -  rpwpNahNd"

 

 "mkU kplddnyD nkhUtbTil

 atdpYiuatd; KJjkpOilatd;

 mupnahlaDy  fupatdletpy; - rptd; tho;Nt"

 

                                          (jpUg;Gfo; 278)

"Kjpakhjkp opirajhfNt - nkhopnra;Nj

epide; jpLkhW"       

                                         (jpUg;Gfo; 536)

 

vd mUzfpupehjH  mUspapUf;fpwhH.  mUzfpupehjH "Kw;gl vOjpa Kjy;Nthd;> gonkhop> gioats;>  KJjkpo;>> Kjpakhjkpo;" vd mUs;tjhy; jkpo; tlnkhopf;Fk; Kw;gl;lnjdj; njspag;gLk;. (tsUk;)  

  


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (7)

 

"Ke;Jjkpo; khiy Nfhbf; Nfhb re;jnkhL ePL ghbg; ghb"

 

tlnkhop Njtghi\> jkpo; nkhop eP\ghir vdNt jkpo; mHr;rid nkhopahf ,Uf;fj; jFjpaw;wJ vd;W jkpo;g; giftHfs; nkhopfpd;wdH. ,e;jj;; jkpo;g; giftHfs; rhjhuzkhdtHfs; my;y. rdhjd jHkj;jpd; (,e;J) ghJfhtyH vd;W fUjg;gLk; fhQ;rp fhkNfhbgPlhjpgjp n[fj;FU =n[Nae;jpu ru];tjp rq;fuhr;rhupahH "kjpak; gd;dpuz;nliu kzpf;F re;jpu kTyP];tuH G+ir elf;fpwJ. mJtiu Rthkpfs; ePi\apy; Ngrkhl;lhH" vd;fpwhH mtuJ cjtpahsH.  

 

Mdhy; jkpo; kzf;Fk; jpUg;Gfio tha; kzf;fg; ghba  mUzfpupehjH-

 

"nfhd;iwr; rilahHf; nfhd;iwj; njupaf;

nfhQ;rpj; jkpohw; gfHNthNd"                    (jpUg;Gfo; 137)

 

vd nfhd;iwg; G+it rilapy; #l;bf; nfhs;Sk; rptngUkhDf;F nfhQ;rpj; jkpohy; KUfd; gfHtjhy; jkpo;jhd; flTz;nkhop vd;fpwhH.

 

flTjy; - nrYj;Jjy;> clk;Gf;Fs; capUk;> capUf;Fs; ,iwtDk; epd;W nrYj;Jtjdhy; ,iwtd; flTs; vdg;gl;ldd;.

 

"nrYj;Jjy; vd;DQ; nrhy;Ny flTjy;  vdr;nre; Ehy;fs;

gyj;Jld; ciuf;F khw;why; gRf;fspd; csj;Nj epd;W

nrYj;Js khq;Ffw;Ff; flTnsd; jpUg;NgH xd;nwj;

jyj;jUk; ,Wk;G+ nja;jj; jkpopdpy; Va;e;jjhNk"    (ghk;gd; Rthkpfs;)

 

jkpo; kpfr; rpwe;j flTs; nkhopahFk;. Njhd;wpj; Njhd;wp kiwAk; Vida nkhopfs; Nghd;wjd;W. vd;iwf;Fk; ,sikahfNt tpsq;fp vz;Ze;NjhWk; vz;Ze;NjhWk; ctl;lh ,d;gj;ij Cl;lty;yJ.

 

"Mupak;Ngh Yyftof; fope;;njhope;J rpijahTd;

 rPupoikj; jpwk; tpae;J nrad;kwe;J tho;j;JJNk"

 

vdj; jkpod; gs;spnaOr;rpg; ghlfH NguhrpupaH Re;judhH jhk; ghba kNdhd;kzPaj; jkpo;j; nja;t tzf;fj;jpy; jkpopd; rPupioikj; jpwj;ij tpae;Jiuf;fpwhH.     

 

ghz;b ehl;bd; jiyefuhd njd;kJiuapy; Kjy; jkpo;r; rq;fk; Vw;gl;lJ. mjpy; "mfj;jpadhUk;> Fd;wnkupj;j tpuprilf; flTSk;> $HikAila Ntypdhy; fpuTQ;rkiyiag; gpse;j KUfNtSk;> KuQ;rpA+H Kb ehfuhaUk; epjpapd; fpotDk; vd ,j;njhlf;fj;jhH Ie;Dhw;W ehw;gj;njhd;gH ghbdH> mtUs;spl;L ehyhapuj;J ehDhw;W ehw;gj;njhd;gJ GytHfs; jkpouha;e;jdH vd ,iwadhH fstpay; ciuahrpupaH ef;fPudhH (ngUk;ghYk; 11 my;yJ 12k; Ehw;whz;by; tho;e;jtH) njuptpf;fpd;whH.

 

,/J nrtp topf; fijnad;whYk; Kg;Guk; vupj;j tpuprilf; flTSk;> Fd;nwwpe;j KUfDk; cldpUe;J jkpo; Muha;e;jdH vd;W nrhy;yg;gLtJ  jkpo; flTz;nkhop vd;W rpwg;gpj;Jf; $wjy; Ntz;bNa. jkpo;r; rq;fk; gw;wpa tuyhw;iwg; gpd;dH tpupthf vOJNthk;.

 

mUzfpupehjH mUspr; nra;j jpUg;Gfioj; jkpo;kiw  vd;fpwhH jpUKUf fpUghde;jthupahH. jpUg;Gfo; kpf kpd ,dpikahdJ. rHf;fiu> ghF nra;J jhNd cjpHe;j khk;gok;> khJsk; gok;> jpuhl;irg;gok;> ghyg;gok;> Njhlk;gok;> khJsk;gok;> jpuhl;irg; gok;> gyhg;gok; Kjypa goq;fisg; gpope;J mjpy; nea;Ak; ghYk; tpl;Lf; fha;r;rp ,wf;fpitj;j ,sQ; #l;by;  nfhy;ypkiyj; NjidAk; tpl;Lf; fpz;b itj;jhy; mJ vg;gbapUf;FNkh  mijtplj; jpUg;Gfo;; kJukhdJ.

 

"vjpUk; Gytd; tpy;ypnjho

  ve;ij cdf;fe; jhjpnrhy;yp

Viog;GytH nrtpf;FUj;Njh

  nlwpAq; fUtp gwpj;njupe;j

mjpUq; fly;#o; ngUk;Gtpapy;

  mwp;e;jhH mwpahH ,uz;Lkpy;yhH

MUk; vidg;Nghy; cidj;Jjpf;f

  mspj;j mUz fpupehjd;

cjpUq; fdpif eWk;ghfpy;

   cilj;Jf; fye;J Njidtbj;

Jhw;wp aKjp Dld;$l;b

  xf;ff; Fioj;j Urpgpwe;J

kJuq; fdpe;j jpUGfo;g;;gh

  khiy Gide;jhd; tUfNt

tujr; rujj; jpUkiyapd;

  koiyf; Fotp tUfNt!"         (jpUkiy KUfd; gps;isj;jkpo;)

 

jpUKUfg; ngUkhDila jpUkhHig myq;fupf;Fk; kjhzp (Mguzk;) MFk;. mtUila jpUkhHgpy; tpsq;Fk; flk;g kyH khiy  kzf;FkhW njspf;fpd;w jkpo;g; gd;dPUk; MFk;.

 

"ciungw tFj;jUiz efupnyhU gf;jdpLk;

 xsptsH jpUg;Gfo; khzpf;U ghfuDk;"

 

"gygy igk;nfhd; gjf;fkhuKk;

  mbik nrhYQ;nrhy; jkpo;g;g dPnuhL

 gupkskpQ;rf; flk;g khiyA  kzpNthNd."

 

Ntjk;> Mfkk;> Guhzk;> ,jpfhrk;> cgepljk;> kUj;Jtk;> Nahfk;> ,ir> Kjypad vJTk; Ntz;lhk; mit ahTk; jpUg;Gfopy;  epiwe;Js;sJ.  mjdhy; Xir eaq;fSk; jhsfjpSk; Ftpe;jpUf;Fk; jpUg;Gfiof; fw;ghHf;F Ntjk; Kjypa vy;yh tpj;ijfisAk; fw;w gad; cz;lhFk; vd  xU gok; ghly; njuptpf;fpwJ.

 

"Ntjk;Ntz; lhk;rfy tpj;ijNtz; lhq;fPj

ehjk;Ntz; lhk;Qhd Ehy;Ntz;lhk; - Mjp

FUg;Gfio NkTfpd;w nfhw;wtd; Ws;Nghw;Wk;

jpUg;Gfiof; NfsPH jpdk;"

 

mUzfpupehjiug; NghyNt jpUtpisahlw; Guhzk;  vOjpa  guQ;Nrhjp KdptH jkpo; nja;tnkhop vd;fpwhH.

 

"njhz;lH ehjidj;Jhjpil tpLj;jJ Kjiy

cz;lghyid mioj;jJ vYk;G ngz; ZUthf;

fz;lJk;kiwf; fjtpidj; jpwe;jJk; fd;dpj;

jz;lkpo;r;nrhNyh kWGyr; nrhw;fNsh rhw;wPH"

 

vYk;G ngz;ZUf; nfhz;lJk;> kiwf; fjT jpwe;jJk; fd;dpj; jz;lkpo;r; nrhy;Nyh my;yJ Ntw;W nkhopr; nrhy;Nyh $Wq;fs; vd;W flhTfpwhH guQ;Nrhjp KdptH .

 

jpUr;nre;Jhupy; gioikahd nre;jkpohy; Mfpa ftpkhiyfis jupj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nre;jpy; Fkud; re;jj;NjhL ePskhff; Nfhb Nfhbahf ve;NeuKk; ghbg; ghb mope;J Nghfpd;w kdpjHfspd; tPl;L thry; NjhWk;  mtHfisj; Njbf;nfhz;L cod;W mtNk miyah tz;zk; jpUtUs; Gupa Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhH mUzfpupehjH. jpUg;Gfopd; re;jj; jkpior; Ritf;FkhW me;jg; ghliy  KOikahfNt jUfpNwd;.

 

"Ke;Jjkpo; khiy Nfhbf; Nfhb

re;jnkhL ePL ghbg; ghb

KQ;rHkid thry; Njbj;            NjbAoyhNj  

 

Ke;ijtpid Nat uhkw; Nghf

kq;ifaHfs; fhjy; Jhuj; Njf

Ke;jbik Naid ahsj; jhD         KidkPNj

       

jpe;jpjpkp Njhjp jPjpj; jPjp

je;jjd jhd jhdj; jhd

nrQ;nrzF NrF jhsj; NjhL         elkhLQ;

 

nrQ;rpwpa fhy;tp rhyj; Njhif

Jq;f mE $y ghHitj; jPu

nrk;nghd;kapy; kPjpNynag; NghJ       tUthNa

    

me;jz;kiw Nts;tp fhtw; fhu

nre;jkpo;nrhy; ghtpd; khiyf; fhu

mz;lUg fhu Nrtw; fhu             KbNkNy

      

mQ;rypnra; NthHfs; Neaf; fhu

Fd;WUt VTk; Ntiyf; fhu

me;jk;ntF thd &gf; fhu            vopyhd

 

rpe;Jukpd; NkT Nghff; fhu

tpe;ijFw khJ Ntisf; fhu

nrQ;nrhyb ahHfs; thuf; fhu         vjpuhd

       

nrQ;rkiu khA khaf; fhu

Jq;fuz#u #iwf; fhu

nre;jpy;efH thO thz;ikf;fhu        ngUkhNs

 

                                           (jpUg;Gfo; - jpUr;nre;JhH)

 

Ke;J jkpo; vd;gJ tlnkhopf;Fk; njd;nkhopf;Fk; MrpupaH rptngUkhNdahtH> tlnkhopiag; ghzpdpf;Fk;> njd;nkhopia mfj;jpaHf;Fk; rptngUkhd; mUspr; nra;jhH vd;gJ IjPfk;. rptngUkhd; ,e;j ,U nkhopfspf; tbthf tpsq;Ffpd;whH. rptngUkhd; Mrpupauhjyhy; jkpo; njhd;ikAilaJ vy;yh nkhopf;Fk; Kjd;ikAilaJ vdpDk; mikAk;.

 

 "MupaKQ; nre;jkpOk; Mdhd; fz;lha;" vd mg;gH ghLtJ <z;L ftdpf;fj;jf;fJ.

  


  

 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (8)

 

"Nrhfhe;jfhuk; nflj; jkpoha;te;J Jyq;fpw;Nw"

 

mUzfpupehjH tuyhW gyUf;Fj; njupe;jNj. mtuJ mUik ngUikfisAk; mtH mUspr; nra;j jpUg;Gfo;g; ghly;fisAk; gw;wp mwpahjtH ,Uf;f KbahJ. ,Ue;Jk; mtuJ  tuyhWgw;wpa Fwpg;Gfs; vJTk; NghjpasT fpilf;ftpy;iy.

 

"mjyNrldhuhl" vdj;  njhlq;Fk;jpUg;Gfopy; "gpuGl Njtkhuhad;" vdtUk; Fwpg;gpdhy; ,tH tp[aefu murHfSs; xUtdhf tpsq;fpapUe;j  gpuGlNjtuhrd; vd;Dk; kd;ddpd; fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jtH vd;gJ Gyg;gLfpwJ.

 

tuyhw;W MrpupaHfs; ,k; kd;dd; fp.gp.1450-y; muNrhr;rpajhff; fy;ntl;Lf;fisf; nfhz;L Muha;e;J $Wfpd;wdH.

 

mUzfpupehjH jdJ ,sikf; fhyk;gw;wp mtNu xspTkiwtpd;wpg; ghbapUf;fpwhH. xd;wy;y gy jpUg;Gfo;;g; ghly;fspy;.

 

"tplkilR Ntiy akuHgil #yk;

tprad; tpL ghz nkdNtjhd;

tpopAkjp ghu tpjKKil khjH

tpidapd;tpis NtJ kwpahNj

fbAyT ghay; gfypunt dhJ

fytpjdpy; %o;fp twpjha

fatdwp tPd  dptDKaH ePL

foypizfs; Nru mUs;thNa"

 

gjTiu

 

    tplk; milR Ntiy           -    eQ;R nghUe;jpa flYk;

    mkuHgil                   -    NjtHgilAk;

    #yk;                      -    #yKk;

    tprad; tpLghzk;             -    mUr;Rdd; tpLfpd;w mk;Gk;

    vdNtjhd; tpopAk;             -    rkhdk; vd;W nrhy;yf;$ba fz;fSk;

    mjpghuhtpjKk; cilkhjH      -    fdj;j nfhq;iffisAila ngz;fspd;

    tpidapd; tpisT VJk; mwpahNj    rhfrj; njhopyhy; tpisAk;                

                                  Jd;gq;fs; xd;iwAk; mwpe;J nfhs;shJ

    fb cyT ghay;              -    thrid kpf;f gLf;ifapy;

    gfy; ,uT vdhJ             -    gfy; ,uT vd;w NtWghL ,y;yhky;

    fytpjdpy; %o;fp twpjha       -    Nkhfj;jpy; %o;fp Vo;ik mile;j

    fatd;                     -    fPo;kfDk;

    mwpT <dd; ,tDk;           -    mwptpy; Fiwe;jtDk; Mfpa  mbNaDk;

    capH ePL                   -    caHT ePz;l

    foy; ,izfs; Nru            -    ,uz;L jpUtbfisAk; NrHe;J ,d;Gw

    mUs;thNa                 -     jpUtUs; ey;fPH

 

Nehapdhy; thba mUzfpupehjH jpUtz;zhkiyf; Nfhapy; NfhGuj;jpy; ,Ue;J fPNo tpOe;J jw;nfhiy nra;Jnfhs;s tpUk;gpaNghJ mtiu nre;jkpo;j; nja;tkhfpa KUfd; jLj;jhl;nfhz;lhH vd;W mtNu nrhy;fpwhH.  

 

Lj;jhl;nfhz;l KUfd;  "ek; Gfiog; ghLjp" vd;W  Nfl;f "ngUkhNd!  kiwfshYk; rhw;Wjw;fupa NjtuPuJ Gfio "VnlOjh KO Vio ahfpa mbNad;" vq;qdk; ghLNtd;" vd;dYk; "Kj;ijj; jUgf;jpj; jpUeif" vdj; njhlq;Fk; jpUg;Gfo; tupia vLj;Jf; nfhLj;J "ghLf" vd;W mUspdhH. ,jid mUzfpupehjNu nrhy;ypapUg;gjpy; ,Ue;J mt;Tz;ik njspthfpd;wJ.  

 

"vOikAk; vidj;jdJ

foy;guT gf;jd;vd

,dpJ ftp ghblg;

gpurhjpj;j fhtyd;"

 

mUzfpupehjupd; jpUg;Gfo; vJif Nkhid epuk;gp topAk; rpj;jpu ftpj;Jtk;. tif tifahd re;j Ngjq;fs; mike;J gbg;gjw;Fk; Nfl;gjw;Fk; ,dpikahd  Xir eyk;  kpFjpahf cilaJ. jkpo; cz;ikapNyNa xU ,dpikahd nkhop vd;gjw;F mUzfpupehjH mUspr; nra;j jpUg;Gfo; mUikahd vLj;Jf;fhl;L.

 

fhyj;jpd; Nfhyj;jhy; gpwnkhopf; fyg;G jpUg;Gfopy; $Ljyhff; fhzg;gl;lhYk;jkpopd; Rit FiwahjthW jpfl;LfpwJ. jpUg;Gfo; mUzfpupehjupd; fhyj;jpNyNa ehd;F jpirfspy; cs;stUk; Nfl;Lk; ghbAk; Nghw;wpAk; kfpo;e;jdH vd mtNu ghbapUf;fpwhH.

 

,j;jifa Gfo;tha;e;j jpUg;Gfiog; ghLk;gb jkf;F mUs;nra;j jpUKUfid ahd; vg;nghOJk; kwf;f khl;Nld; vd mUzfpupehjNu etpy;fpwhH.

 

"gr;rpk jl;rpz cj;ju jpf;Fs

gf;jHfs; mw;Gjk; vd XJk;

rpj;jpu ftpj;Jt re;jk; kpFe;j

jpUg;Gfior; rpwpJ mbNaDk;

nrg;gd itj;J cyfpw; ghyj;

njuprpj;j mDf;fpufk; kwNtNd"

 

"gf;fiu tprpj;ukzpnghw;fyiz apl;leil

    gl;rpnaDk; cf;uJu fOePgf;

 gf;Ft kyHj;njhilAk; mf;FtL ghl;nlhopa

    gl;LUt tpl;Us;if tbNyYk;

 jpf;fJ kjpf;f tU Ff;FlKk; ........................

....................................................................................

 itj;JaH jpUg;Gfo; tpUg;gnkhL

    nrg;gd vdf;fUs;if kwNtNd"

 

vdTk;

 

"vl;buz;Lk; mwpahj vd; nrtpapy;

vl;buz;Lk; ,Jthk; ,ypq;fnkd

vl;buz;Lk; ntspah nkhope;jFU KUNfhNd"

 

jhsEl;gq;fSk;> mofpa gw;gy nrhw;nwhlH mLf;FfSk; nfhz;l jpUg;Gfiog; ghb KUfid topgLjy; rpwe;j cghrid   vdf; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

 

"thf;fpw;F mUzfpup thjT+uH fdptpy;

jhf;fpy; jpUQhd rk;ge;jH - Nehf;fpw;F

ew;fPuH NjtH> eaj;jpw;Fr; Re;judhH

nrhw;FWjpf;F mg;gH vdr; nrhy;"

 

vd;gjhy; thf;F ty;yikapy; mUzfpupehjH kpfTk; rpwg;G tha;e;j mtUf;F NtW ahUk; ,izapy;iy vd;gJ njspthfpwJ. thf;fpw;F mUzfpup kl;Lky;y fUizf;Fk; mUzfpup vd ,d;ndhU gok;ghly;  mtiug; Nghw;wpg; ghuhl;LfpwJ.

 

"fhRf;Ff; fk;gd;> fUizf;F mUzfpup

MRf;Ff; fhsKfpy; MthNd - NjRngWk;

COf;Ff; $j;jd;> ctf;fg; GfNoe;jp

$Of;F,q;F mt;itvdf; $W"

 

mUzfupehjH jpUg;Gfo; kl;Lky;y> fe;jH mDG+jp> fe;jH myq;fhuk;> fe;jH me;jhjp> jpUtFg;G vd;Dk; Ehy;fisAk; ,aw;wpAs;shH. Ntjhe;j rpj;jhe;j rkur Qhdpahfpa jhAkhd Rthkpfs;-

 

"Iah mUzfpup mg;gh cidg;Nghy

nka;ahf XHnrhy; tpsk;gpdH ahH?"

 

vd;W mUzfpupehjiu tpae;J Gfo;e;J Nghw;Wfpd;whH. mNjhL epd;Wtplhky; NkYk;-

 

"fe;jH mDG+jp ngw;Wf;

fe;jH mdG+jp nrhd;d

ve;ij mUs; ehb

,Uf;Fk; ehs; ve;ehNsh?"

 

jkpo;f; fhjy; vd;W tUk;NghJ  ehSk; ,d;dpirahy; jkpo;gug;Gk; Qhd rk;ge;jH thnay;yhk; jkpo; kzf;fj; jpUg;Gfo;ghba mUzfpupehjH" ,e;j ,Utupy; ahH fhjy; ngupJ vd;w kiyg;Gj; Njhd;WfpwJ.

 

jkpo;Qhd rk;ge;juJ jkpo;f; fhjy;gw;wp Kd;dNu vOjpAs;Nsd;. rk;ge;jH ghba Njthug; ghly;fspd; njhif 4>196 MFk;. ,jpy; 147 ,lq;fspy; "jkpo; Qhdrk;ge;jd;" "Kj;jkpo; tpujd;" vd;W jd;idj; jkpNohL NrHj;Jr; nrhy;yp jkpo;nkhopf;F Vw;wk; nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

Qhdrk;ge;jUf;Fk; mUzfpupehjUf;Fk; xU xw;Wik ,Uf;fpwJ. ,UtUk; ,iwaUs; iftug; ngw;wjhNyNa jkpo;g; ghly; ghbatHfs;.  

 

Qhdrk;ge;jH jdJ je;ijiaf; fhzhJ mOjNghJ cik rptQhdkhfpa ghiy cte;jspj;J Cl;l>  MSila gps;isahH Qhd ehl;lk; iftug; ngw;whH vd;gH. rptQhdk; kl;Lky;y mtUf;F nre;jkpo; QhdKk; Cl;lg;gl;lJ vd jz;lghzp Rthkpfs; eak;gl me;j epfo;r;rpia vLj;Jiuf;fpwhH.

 

"rPfhop CHj;jlk; ngha;iff; fiuapy;

rpwpJ mOj  thfhUk; Nra;f;F cik ey;fpa ghypd;

kJuk; - md;gH"

 

md;W rPHfhop jpUf;Fsf;fiuapy; cik ey;fpa rptQhd mKjj;ijAz;l rk;ge;jupdp tha;kyupy; gpwe;jit nra;tj; jPQ;Ritj; jkpo;g; ghly;fs;. vdNtjhd; "mg;ghypd; kJuk; jkpoha; te;J Jyq;fpw;W" vd jz;lghzp Rthkpfs; tpae;Jiuf;fpwhH.  

 

cik rk;ge;jUf;F Qhdg;ghy; Cl;;ba mNj fhl;rpia Nrf;fpshUk; jdJ kdf;fz;zhy; fz;L csKUfpg; ghLfpwhH.

 

"fz;kyHfs; ePHjJk;gf; ifkyHfshy; gpire;J

tz;zkyHr; nrq;fdptha; kzpmjuk; GilJbg;g

vz;zpkiw xypngUf vt;TapUq; FJhfypg;gg;

Gz;zpaq;fs; widatHjhk; nghUkp mOjUspdhH"            (ngupaGuhzk;)

(tsUk;)  

 

  


 

  

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;! (9)

 

mupa jkpo; jhd; mspj;j kapy;tPuh!

 

jpUg;Gfo; jkpo;kiw vd jpUKUf fpUghde;jthupahH jpUg;GfOf;F vOjpa tpupTiuapy; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; typAWj;jpf; $WfpwhH. nja;t kzKk; nre;jkpo; kzKk; xUNru kzf;Fk; mUzfpupehjupd; jpUg;Gfo; jpUKiwapy; NrHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.

 

gd;dpU jpUKiwfisj; njhFj;jtH ek;gpahz;lhH ek;gp. mUzfpupehjH fhyj;jhy; mtUf;Fg; gpe;jpatH. Md fhuzj;jpdhy;jhd; jpUg;Gfo; NrHf;fg;gltpy;iy. jpUg;Gfio gd;dpU jpUKiwNahL NrHj;J gjpd;%d;W jpUKiwahf Mf;f Ntz;Lk;. jpUg;Gfo; jpUf;Nfhtpy;fspy; ,g;NghJ gbf;fg;gLfpwJ. vdNt mjidj; jpUKiwapy; NrHg;gjw;F jilNaJk; vo topapy;iy.

 

jpUg;Gfopy; ,d;W vkf;Ff; fpilj;jpUf;Fk;  nkhj;jg; ghly;fspd; njhif 1>307 MFk;. ,e;j 1>307 ghly;fspy; 1008 ntt;NtW re;jq;fis rpj;jpuj;jkpopy; mw;Gjkhf mikj;Jg; ghb ,irj; jkpo; tsHr;rpf;F mUzfpupehjH NgUjtp nra;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

"Fk;gNfhzg; ngUkhNd! nrQ;nrhy;  NrH rpj;jpuj;jkpohy; cd; nrk;nghdhHtj;ij ngWNtNdh?" vd;W jhd; rpj;jpuj;jkpopy; ghLk; tpUg;gj;ij mUzhfpupehjNu njuptpj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

jpUg;Gfo; ghly;fspy; ngUk;ghyhdit  jkpo;ehl;by; MWgil tPLfs; (jpUg;guq;Fd;wk;> jpUr;rPH Miytha; (jpUr;nre;JhH)> jpUMtpd;Fb> jpUVufk; (Rthkpkiy)> Fd;WNjhwhly;> goKjpHNrhiy) vdr; rpwg;Gg;ngw;w jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; vOe;jUspapUf;Fk; KUfd; kPJ ghlg;ngw;wit MFk;.

 

mUzfpupehjupd; jpUg;ghjq;fs; glhj KUfd; jpUj;jyq;fs;  jkpo;ehl;by; ,y;iynad;Nw $wyhk;. ,kak; Kjy; Fkuptiu mtuJ ghjq;fs; KUfidj; Njb XbMb miye;jd. mtuJ jpUtha; ghb kfpo;e;jJ. mjw;F mg;ghYk; <oehl;bd; jpUj;jyq;fshd jpUf;NfhNzRtuk;>  jpUf;NfjPr;Rtuk;> fjpHfhkk; nrd;W Njd; jkpopy; jpUg;Gfo; ghb kfpo;e;jhH. fjpHfhkf; fe;jid "fjpHfhk ntw;gpy; ciwNthNd"

 

"tdKiw Ntld; mUspa G+ir kfpo; fjpHfhkk; cilNahNd"vd tpopj;Jg; ghLfpwhH. .

 

"mfuKk; Mfp mjpgDk; Mfp

mjpgDk; Mfp mfkhfp

mad; vd thfp mup vd thfp

mud; vd thfp mtH Nkyha;

,fuKk; Mfp vitfSk; Mfp

,dpikAk; Mfp tUNthNd!

,U epyk; <jpy; vspaDk; tho

vdJ Kd;; Xb tu NtZk;!

kfgjp Mfp kUTk; tyhup

kfpo; fsp $Wk; tbNthNd!

tdKiw Ntld; mUspa G+ir

kfpo; fjpH fhkk; cilNahNd!

nrf; fz NrF jF jpkp Njhjp

jpkp vd MLk; kapNyhNd!

jpU kyp thd go KjpH Nrhiy

kiy kpir NkTk; ngUkhNs!

 

mUzfpupehjuJ jkpo;r; nrhy;yhl;rpapd; moifAk;> ,dpikiaAk; xt;nthU jpUg;Gfo; ghlypYk; fz;L kfpoyhk;.

 

"jQ;re; jQ;rQ; rpwpNad; kjp nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;re; JiuNa

mUs; je;njd; ,d;ge;jU tPlJ jUthNa!"

 

mDkid mtH tHzpf;Fk; moFk; mUikAk; mghuk;.

 

",yq;ifapy; ,yq;fpa ,yq;fSs; ,yq;fUs; ,nyq;fZk;

,yq;nfd - KiwNahjp- ,Lq;fdy; Fuq;F"

 

vg;gb ",yq;F" vd;w nrhy;iy itj;J  mUzfpupehjH rpyk;gk; MbapUf;fpwhNuh mNjNghy; jpUke;jpuj;jpYk; jpU%yH "tpsf;F" vd;w nrhy;iy itj;J rpyk;gk; Mb jkpo; tpUe;J gilj;jpUf;fpwhH. me;jj; jpUke;jpuk; ,J.

 

"tpsf;fpid Naw;wp ntspia mwpkpd;

 tpsf;fpdpd; Kd;Nd Ntjid khWk;

 tpsf;if tpsf;Fk; tpsf;Fil ahHfs;

 tpsf;fpy; tpsq;Fk; tpsf;ftH jhNk!"

 

mUzfpupehjuJ re;jeilf;F jpUg;Gfo; ghly;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; ey;y rhd;W.

 

"Fapy;nkhopf; fay;tpopj; JfpH ,jo;r; rpiyEjy;

 rupKfj;J ,seiff; fdFoy; jdjpupf;

 nfhb ,ilg; gpbeilf; Fwkfs; jpUtpidg;  -GzHNthNd"

 

jpUKUfd; nja;tPf jpUeldk; nra;Ak; jpUTUtf; fhl;rpapid mUzfpupehjH fhz tpUk;gpr; re;jj; jkpopy; ghLfpwhH.

 

"jz;ilmzp ntz;ilaq; fpz;fpzp rjq;ifAk;

 jz;foy; rpyk;Gld; nfhQ;rNt epd;

 je;ijapid Kd;gupe;J ,d;gTup nfhz;L ed;

 re;njhlk; mizj;J epd;W md;G Nghyf;

 fz;L cs flk;Gld; re;j kFlq;fSk;

 fQ;rkyH nrq;ifAk; rpe;JNtYk;

 fz;fSk; Kfq;fSk; re;jpu epwq;fSk;

 fz;Fspu vd;wd; Kd; re;jpahNth?

 Gz;lupfH mz;lKk; nfhz;lgfpH mz;lKk;

 nghq;fpnao ntq;fsk; nfhz;lNghJ

 nghd;fpup nadr;rpwe;J vq;fpDk; tsHe;J Kd;

 Gz;lupfH je;ijAk; rpe;ij$uf;

 nfhz;l eldk; gjk; nre;jpypYk; vd;wd; Kd;

 nfhQ;rp eldk; nfhSk; fe;jNtNs

 nfhq;if Fwkq;ifapd; re;jkzk; cz;bLk;

 Fk;gKdp Fk;gpLk; jk;gpuhNd!"

 

jz; - FspHe;j> foy;-jpUtb> gupe;J - md;Gld;> ,d;gk;- kfpo;r;rp> re;njhlk; - kfpo;r;rp> flk;G - xUtif kuk;> re;jk;-moF> kfplk;- fpuPlk;> fQ;rkyH- jhkiukyH> re;jpu epwk; - mofpa epwk;> re;jpahNth- Kd;Nd tukhl;lhNth? Gz;lupfH -gpukd;> mz;lk; - cyfk;> gfpuz;lk;- ntsp mz;lk;> ntq;fsk; -NghHf;fsk;> Gz;lupfH je;ij- gpukdpd; je;ij jpUkhy;> cz;bLk; -EfUk;> Fk;;gKdp -Flj;jpy; gpwe;j KdptH (mfj;jpaH)> jk;gpuhd; - flTs;.

 

jpUg;Gfopy; jhd; ,sikapy; guj;ijaH kQ;rNk jQ;rnkdf; fple;J cod;w jd;id Ml;nfhz;l KUfid tho;j;jpAk;> KUfd; Gfo;ghl jdf;F njc;tPf Mw;wy; gilj;j mupa jkpio mspj;jjw;F ed;wp etpd;Wk;> ngUtho;T tho mUs; nra;f! rptQhdj;ij mUs; Gupf! rfy nry;tq;fisAk; jUf! vd mUzfpupehjH ,iwQ;RfpwhH.

 

 ruz fkyhaj;ij miu epkpl Neu(k;) kl;by;

 jt Kiw jpahdk; itf;f mwpahj

 rl(d;) frl(d;) %l(d;) kl;;bgt tpidapNy rdpj;j

 jkpad; kpbahy; kaf;fk; cWNtNdh? ,t;Ntis nrg;G!

 fapiykiy ehjH ngw;w FkNurNd!

 flf Gay;kPJ uj;dkzp mzp nghd;khiy nrr;ir

 fkOk; kzkhH flg;gk; mzpNthNd!

 jUzk; ,J Iah! kpFe;j fikJW ePs; rTf;fpa

 rfy nry;t Nahfk; kpf;f ngUtho;T

 jfik rptQhdk; Kj;jp gufjpAk; eP nfhLj;J

 cjtpGupa NtZk; nea;j;j tbNtyh!

 mUzjs ghj gj;kk; mJ epjNk Jjpf;f

 mupa jkpo; jhd; mspj;j kapy;tPuh!

 mjprak; mNefk; cw;w godp kiy kPJ cjpj;j

 mof! jpUNthfj;jpd; KUNfhNd!

 

nea; G+rpa tbj;j Ntiy cilatNd!

xsp nghUe;jpa jhkiu kyH Nghd;w cd;

jpUtbfis ehs;NjhWk; Jjpf;f

mUikahd jkpio eP vdf;f mspj;jha;!  

(tsUk;)

 


 

rq;fk; tsHj;j jkpo;!  (10)

 

"vd;neQ;rj;J cs; ,Ue;J> ,q;F ,Ue;jkpo; Ehy; ,it nkhope;J"

 

kyUk; kzKk; Nghy;> ePythDk; epyTk; Nghy; irtKk;  jkpOk; xd;wpypUe;J xd;W  gpupf;f Kbahjd>  irtj;jhy; jkpo; vd;Wk;> jkpohy; irtk; vd;Wk; irtk; ,d;Nwy;  jkpopy;iy> vd;w xU fUj;J gyupilNa epyTfpwJ. ,g;gbr; nrhy;gtHfs; my;yJ epidg;gtHfs; jkpOf;F itztk; je;j tsj;ijAk;> tdg;igAk;> rpwg;igAk; mwpe;jpyH Nghy; njupfpwJ.

 

irtKk; jkpOk; xd;nwd;W  irtHfs; Koq;fpdhYk;  jkpod;id jpUf;Nfhapy;fspd; fUtiwf;F ntspNa cs; tPjpapy;jhd; epWj;jg;gl;Ls;shs;. fUtiwf;Fs; jkpo; md;id GFe;jhy; jPl;Lg;gl;LtpLk; vd;W ngUk;ghyhd irtHfs; epidf;fpwhHfs;.

 

Ntjq;fSk; Mfkq;fSk; rptngUkhdhNyNa mUsg;ngw;wit vd;gJ  irt rpj;jhe;j jj;Jtj;jpd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;iffspy; xd;whFk;. Njthu MrpupaH %tUk; "mud; Mfkk;" "mz;lHjkf;fhf Mfk Ehy; nkhopAk; Mjpia" "Mfk rPyHf;F mUs; ey;Fk; ngUkhNd" vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhHfs;.

 

,Ue;Jk; Ntjk; nghJthdJ Mfkk; rpwg;ghdJ vd;gJ irt rpj;jhe;jpfspd; epiyg;ghL.  Mfkk;gw;wp Kjypy; $Wk; jkpo; Ehy; jpU%yupd; jpUke;jpuk; MFk;. jpUke;jpuj;ij Mfkk; vd;Nw jpU%yH Fwpf;fpwhH. ,jid "rpe;ij nra;J Mfkk; nrg;gYw;NwNd" vd;W mtH Fwpg;gjpypUe;J mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;.  

 

jpU%yH Ntjhe;jj;jpw;Fk; rpj;jhe;jj;jpw;Fk; cs;s NtWghl;il jpUke;jpuj;jpy;  (2329-2331) tpsf;fpAs;shH.  'irt'  vd;Dk; milnkhopiar; NrHf;fhky; Mfk KiwiaNa 'rpj;jhe;jk;" vd jpUke;jpuk; (2344) tpsf;FfpwJ.  "rpthfkq;fs; rpj;jhe;jk; MFk;" vd;fpwhH mUze;jp. ",iwtNd Mfkk;" vd;fpwhH kzpf;fthrfH. "Ntjhe;jj;jpd; njspthk; irtrpj;jhe;jk;" vd;W ckhgjprptk; $WfpwhH.

 

G+iria mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l Ntjk; rhuhj jkpoupd;  ,iwtopghl;L KiwfNs Mfkk; MFk;. Mupaupd; Ntjk; rhHe;j Nts;tpr;  rlq;Ffis  epfkk; vdf;  Fwpg;gpLtH.

 

,d;W Mfkj;Jld;  epfkj;ijAk; fye;J jpUf;Nfhapy;fspy; G+iriaAk; Nts;tpr; rlq;FfisAk; nra;fpd;wdH.

 

Fd;wf;Fb mbfshH Nghd;NwhH Ntjj;ij Kw;whfg; Gwe;js;sptpl;L gd;dpUjpUKiwiaNa Ntjkhff; nfhs;fpwhHfs;.  Mfkj;jpy; gd;dpU jpUKiwf;F Vw;Gilatw;iw kl;Lk; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L kw;wtw;iw js;sptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ,tHfsJ epiyg;ghlhFk;.

 

Mdhy; itztk; gd;dpU Mo;thHfs; ghba ehyhapu jpt;tpag;gpuge;jj;ij jkpo;kiwahfNt Nghw;wpf; nfhz;lhLfpwJ. Mupa Ntjj;ij tpahrH Nghd;w KdptHfSf;F ,iwtd; mUspaJNghy> Ntjq;fis Mo;thHfs; %yk; jkpopy; mUspdhH vd;w Nfhl;ghL itztj;jpy; epyTfpwJ.

 

"Muz ehd;fpd; nghUis> Mo;thHfs; Ma;e;J milNt

 md;GlNd mk;GtpNahH midtUk; <LVw vd;W

 ehuzdhH jhs;fspNy ehyhapuk; jkpohy;

 vz;zp ciu nra;jtw;iw"                     (Njrpag; gpuge;jk;)

 

vd;Wk;

 

"me;jkpohy;> ew;fiyfs; Ma;e;J ciuj;j Mo;thHfs;

 ,e;j cyfpy;> ,Us;ePq;f - te;Jjpj;j

 khjq;fs;> ehq;fs;"

                                              (cgNjr uj;dkhiy)

vd;Wk;

 

"rPuhUk; Ntjk; jkpo; nra;j nka;ad;> vopy; FUif ehjd;"  (cgNjr uj;jpdkhiy)

 

vd;Wk; kzths khKdpfs; mUspa $w;Wf;fshYk; Ntjj;jpd; cl;fUj;ij Muha;e;J Mo;thHfs; mjidr; nre;jkpohy; mUs; nra;jhHfs; vd;gij Ntjhe;j NjrpfH mUspa $w;Wf;fshYk; mwpayhk;.

 

Mo;thHfs; ehtpypUe;J ghRuq;fs; ntspte;J ,Ue;jhYk;> mtw;iwAk;

 

"kwg;gpyh vd;idj; jd;dhf;fp> vd;dhy; jd;id

 cWg;gy ,d;ftp nrhd;d cjtpf;Nf"                   (jpUtha;nkhop 7-9-9)

 

"vd;neQ;rj;J cs; ,Ue;J> ,q;F ,Ue;jkpo; Ehy;

,it nkhope;J"                                      (jpUtha;nkhop (10-6-4)

 

vd;Wk;

 

"ghl;bdhy; cd;id vd; neQ;rj;J ,Ue;jik

fhl;bdha;"                                   (ngupa jpUnkhop 2-8-2)                                 

vd;Wk; $wp muq;fH tz;Gfo;Nky; Md;w  jkpo; kiwfs; ehyhapuKk; ew;wkpohy; ,iwtNd jk;ikf; fUtpahff; nfhz;L ghLtpj;jhd; vd;W Mo;thHfs; $wpapUf;fpwhHfs;.  

 

jpUtuq;fj;jpy;  jpUf;fhHj;jpifj; jpUtpohtpy; ngUkhSf;F Ntjk; XJtJ tof;fk;. jpUkq;ifaho;thH jpUneLe;jhz;ltk; Kjypa gpuge;jq;fis ngUkhs; jpUr;nrtp Nfl;FkhW ghbdhH. ngUkhSk; mjid ctg;Gld; Nfl;lUspdhH.

 

ngUkhs; mt;tho;thHf;Fr; rpwg;Gr; nra;aj; jpUTsq;nfhz;L "ckf;F nra;a Ntz;LtJ ahNjDk; cz;lh?" vdf; Nfl;fNt "cq;fs; mUs; Nehf;fhy; vdf;Ff; Fiwnahd;Wk; ,y;iy. MdhYk;> khHfop khjj;jpy; elf;Fk; jpUtj;aaNdhj;rt itgtj;jpd;NghJ ek;kho;;thuJ jpUtha;nkhopiaAk; Ntjq;fNshL nrtprha;j;jUs NtZk;" vd "mj;aaNdhj;rtj;jpNy Ntjq;fNshL jpUtha;nkhopiaAk; Nfl;lUsj; jpUTs;sq; nfhz;Nlhk;" vd;w jpUKfg; gl;ilaj;ijj; jpUkq;ifaho;thHf;Fj; jpUg;gzpahsH %yk; ngUkhs;  mDg;gp itj;jhH.

 

,t;thW jpUtha; nkhopj; jpUehspy; ngUkhs; Ntjk; Nfl;lUspa gpd;G jpUtha;nkhopiaf; Nfl;lUStij ,d;Wk; fhzyhk;. jpUkq;ifkd;dd; %ykhfj; jkpo; (jpuhtpl) kiwahd jpUtha;nkhopf;Fk; Ntjj;jpw;F ,izahd rpwg;Gf; fpl;baijNa ,f;fij vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ.

 

NkYk; gpuk#j;jpuj;Jf;F ,uhkDrH ciu vOJq;fhy;> rpf;fy; Njhd;wpa ,lq;fspy;jpUtha;nkhopapd; Jiznfhz;Nl  mtH KbntLj;jhH vd mwpfpNwhk;. ,jdhw;NghYk; Ntjhe;j NjrpfH>

 

nra;ajkpo; khiyfs; ehk; njspa Xjpj;

njspahj kiwepyq;fs; njspfpd;NwhNk  

 

vdr; nrg;gpdhH NghYk;. jpUtha; nkhop kl;Lky;y> ek;kho;thH mUspr; nra;j jpUtpUj;jk;> jpUthrpupak; vd;w gpuge;jq;fSk; Ntjq;fNshL xg;gr; nrhy;Yk; tof;fk; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.

 

ehd;kiwfspy; xd;whd ,Uf;F Ntjj;jpd; gpopNt EhW ghly;fs; nfhz;l jpUtpUj;jk; vd;Wk;> aRH Ntjj;jpd; gpopNt VO ghly;fisf; nfhz;l  jpUthrpupak; vd;Wk;> mjHtz Ntj rhuNk vz;gj;NjO ghly;fisf; nfhz;l jpUte;jhjp vd;gH. ehd;fhtjhf mike;j jpUtha;nkhopNa rhkNtj rhukhf 1>102 tpUj;jg; ghly;fspdhy;  Md gpuge;jk; vd;gH. ,jdhy; ek;kho;thH "Ntjk; jkpo; nra;j khwd;" vd;W ehjKdpfshy; rpwg;gpf;fg; ngw;Ws;shH.

 

NkYk; jpUtpohf;fspd;NghJ itzt Myaq;fspy; fUl thfdj;jpy;  mkHe;J ngUkhs; tPjptyk; tUk;NghJ mtUf;Fg; gpd;Nd tlnkhop Ntjghuhazk; njhlHe;J tu Kd;Nd jkpo;nkhopapYs;s ehyhapu jpt;tpag;gpuge;jk; Xjg;gLfpwJ. ,/J jkpo;nkhopf;F itztk; nfhLf;Fk; jdpr; rpwg;igf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.

 

"jkpopd; ngUikjhd; vd;Nd? ,j;jdpr; rpwg;G vk;nkhopf;Fj;jhd;  cz;L? md;gHfs; ed;F ftdpf;f. ,j;jifa rpwg;G tha;e;j ek; jha; nkhopia mtkjpj;J ,lHg;gLfpd;wdH. vd;Nd ,tH kjp?" vd Mjq;fg;gLfpwhH jpUKUf fpUghde;jthupahH.  Mdhy; fhiyj; Jhf;fp epd;whLk; eluhrg; ngUkhd; Nfhapy; nfhz;Ls;s rpjk;guj;jpy; %tH Njthuj;Jf;Fk; kzpthrfupd; jpUthrfj;Jf;Fk; irtrkak; nfhLj;Js;s ,lk; vd;d? kjpg;G vd;d?

 

rpjk;guj;jpy; Njthu jpUthrfq;fSf;F tlnkhop ke;jpuq;fSf;Fupa rkepiy ,y;iy vd;w epiyg;ghNl ,Uf;fpwJ. G+irapd;NghJ mk;gyj;jpd; fPNo ,wq;fp jpz;izf;Ff; fPo; epd;Wnfhz;Nl Njthuk; ghlg;gLfpwJ. XJthH tuhjNghJ jPl;rjH Njthuk; ghbdhYk; fPo; ,wq;fp epd;Nw ghlNtz;Lk;. fle;j Mz;L fhHj;jpifj; jpq;fspy;  XJthH MWKfrhkp mk;gyj;jpy; epd;W Njthuk; ghl Kad;wNghJ gj;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l  jPl;rjHfs; fPo;j;jukhd thHj;ijfs; nrhy;yp> rhjpapd; ngaiuAk; $wp mtiuf; fPNo gpbj;Jj; js;sp fhyhy; kpjpj;jhHfs;. kUj;Jtkidapy; NrHf;fg;gLk; mstpw;F jPl;rjfHfs; mtiu ieag; Gilj;jhHfs;.  

 

xU fhyj;jpy; jpy;iyj; jpUj;jye;jhd; Njthuj;ijg; ghJfhj;J  te;j jpUj;jykhf ,Ue;jJ. jpy;iyapy; xU miwapy; jPl;rjHfshy; G+l;b itf;fg;gl;L rpjykhd Njthur; Rtbfis Kjyhk; ,uhruhrNd kPl;nlLj;jhd;. Kjy; FNyhj;Jq;fd; fhyj;jpy; %tH Njthuk; nrg;Ngl;by; vOjpr; rpjk;guj;jpy; itf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,d;W kl;Lk; Vd; ,e;jg; gupjhg epiy?

(tsUk;)