fiy tpohf;fspd; nghUSk; gaDk;

ef;fPud;

fNdlh kz;zpy; vjw;Fg; gQ;rk; ,Ue;jhYk; fiy tpohf;fSf;Fg; gQ;rk; ,y;iy. Nfhil fhyj;jpy; fpoik ,Wjpapy; Fiwe;jJ ,uz;L %d;W fiy tpohf;fshtJ ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. FspH fhyj;jpy; nfhl;Lk; gdpapYk; khjk; ,uz;L %d;W tpohf;fshtJ ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. ,q;Fs;s fy;Yhup kz;lgq;fis thliff;Fg; gpbg;gtHfspy; 99 tpOf;fhl;bdH jkpoHfs;jhd;.

,e;j tpohf;fspy; ,ay;> ,ir> eldk;> ehlfk; vd;W gy;NtW epfo;r;rpfs; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd. ,isQHfs;> ,isQpfs; ,e;j epfo;r;rpfspy; ngUkstpy; fye;J nfhs;fpwhHfs;. ,it mtHfsplk; Fb nfhz;bUf;Fk; fiyj; jpwikia ntspf; nfhzuTk;> mtHfsJ fiy MHtj;jpw;F tbfhy; mikf;fTk; cjTfpd;wd.

vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ,e;jf; fiy tpohf;fs; jkpoHfsJ ghuk;gupaj;ijAk;> gz;ghl;ilAk; Ngzpg; ghJfhj;J tsHf;f cjTfpd;wd.

xU ,uz;L %d;W Ehw;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dH njhopy; fhuzkhf gpwe;j ehl;il tpl;Lg; Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfs; jq;fs; nkhop> gz;ghl;il ,oe;J tpl;lhHfs;. jq;fs; Njrpa milahsj;ijAk; njhiyj;J tpl;lhHfs;.

,g;gbg; Gyk;ngaHe;J gpA[p> NkhNwrpa];> klf];fH> njd;dhgpupf;fh> Nkw;fpe;jpaj; jPTfs; Nghd;w ehLfspy; FbNawpatHfs; ,d;W jq;fs; jha;nkhopia Kw;whf kwe;J NghdhHfs;. mtHfsJ ngaHfSk; jpupe;J Nghapd. mjdhy; mtHfsJ Njrpa milahsKk; Nja;e;J Ngha;tpl;lJ. mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy;jhd; ,g;gb may;ehLfspy; FbNawpa jkpoHfs; jq;fs; Ntiuj; NjLk; Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

,yq;ifapy; FbNawpa kiyafj; jkpoHfs; Njhl;lq;fspy; nrwpe;J tho;e;J te;j fhuzj;jhYk;> mq;F Vw;fdNt jkpo; kf;fs; FbapUe;jjhYk;> mz;ikapy; ,Ue;j jkpo;ehl;NlhL mtHfSf;F ,Ue;j njhlHG Kw;whf mWglhky; ,Ue;jjhYk; mtHfs; jq;fs; jha;; nkhopia ,of;ftpy;iy. ,Ue;Jk; Njhl;lq;fSf;F mz;ikapy; rpq;fsf; fpuhkq;fs; ,Ue;j fhuzj;jhy; gyH rpq;fsg; ngz;fis kze;J ngUk;ghd;ikaNuhL rq;fkk; Mfptpl;lhHfs;. ,d;Dk; gyH jkpopy; gbf;f gs;spf;$l trjpapy;yhjjhy; rpq;fsg; gs;spf;$lq;fspy; gbj;J jha;nkhopiaAk;> jq;fs; Njrpa milahsj;ijAk; ,oe;J tpl;lhHfs;. my;yJ ,oe;J tUfpwhHfs;.

,yq;ifapd; tlNkw;Fg; gpuNjrq;fshd Gj;jsk;> ePHnfhOk;G> rpyhgk;> nfhOk;G Nghd;w fiuNahu gl;bdq;fspy; FbNawpa jkpofg; gujtH> nrl;bkhH jq;fs; nkhopia ,oe;J ,d;W KOr; rpq;fstHfshf khwptpl;lhHfs;. ePHnfhOk;G> rpyhgk; Nghd;w gl;bdq;fspy; tho;e;j jkpoHfsJ fw;if nkhop jkpopy; ,Ue;J rpq;fsj;Jf;F EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH rpq;fs fj;Njhypf;f MaH xUtuhy; khw;wg;gl;lJ. me;j nkhopkhw;wk; jkpoHfs; rpq;fstHfshf khWtjw;fhd ,dkhw;wj;Jf;Fk; topNfhypaJ.

,g;gbg; Gyk;ngaHe;j fhuzj;jhy; jq;fs; nkhopiaAk;> Njrpa milahsj;ijAk; jkpoHfs; ,oe;jJ Nghy mz;ikapy; mnkupf;fh> INuhg;gpa ehLfSf;Ff; FbNawpa RkhH Ie;J ,yl;;rk; jkpoHfSk; jq;fs; nkhopiaAk;> fiy> gz;ghl;ilAk; ,of;Fk; mghak; ,Uf;fpwjh? Kd;ida fhyq;fspy; Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfSf;F Vw;gl;l nfjp ,tHfSf;Fk; Vw;gLkh? Vw;glhJ vd;gjw;F vd;d cj;juthjk;?

Kd;dH may;ehLfSf;Ff; FbNawpatHfs; ngUk;ghYk; gbg;gwpahj $ypNtiyf;Fr; nrd;w jkpoHfs; vd;gjhy; mtHfs; jq;fs; nkhopia ,yFtpy; ,oe;jhHfs; vd;W mikjpailayhk; vd;why; mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; tl mnkupf;fhtpy; FbNawpa nkj;jg;gbj;j jkpo;ehl;Lj; jkpoHfsJ Kjy; jiyKiw jkpo; nkhopia Vwf;Fiwa ,oe;J tpl;lJ. ,uz;lhtJ jiyKiw Kw;whf ,oe;J tpl;lJ.

fdlhtpy; fle;j gj;Jg; gjpide;J Mz;L fhyj;Jf;Fs; FbNawpa ,isa jiyKiwapdH kpf Ntfkhfj; jq;fs; nkhopia kwe;J tUfpwhHfs;. jhafj;jpy; jkpo;nkhop %yk; fw;W ,q;F te;j gj;J taJf;Fl;gl;l gps;isfs; ,d;W jkpio Kw;whf kwe;J tpl;lhHfs;. tpjp tpyf;Ffs; ,Uf;fyhk;. Mdhy; nghJthf mtHfs; jkpio kwe;J tpl;lhHfs; vd;gJjhd; frg;ghd cz;ik. ,q;F gpwe;J tsHfpw Foe;ijfs; gw;wpg; NgrNt Ntz;lhk;. %d;W taJ kl;Lk; tPl;by; ed;whfj; jkpo; NgRk; ,tHfs; koiyg; gs;spapy; NrHe;J gbf;f Muk;gpj;jJk; epyik jiy fPohf khwptpLfpwJ.

,d;iwa cyfk; mwptpaiy mbg;gilahff; nfhz;;lJ. mwptpay; fz;L gpbg;Gf;fshdthndhyp> njhiyf;fhl;rp> njhiyNgrp> xypehlh> xspehlh> fzdp> thdT+Hjp cyfj;ijNa xU fpuhkkhf khw;wptpl;;ld. ,yz;ld; jkpNohir epfo;r;rpia cyfpd; ve;j %iyapy; ,Ue;Jk; ,d;W Nfl;L kfpoyhk;. kpf mz;ikf;fhyf; fz;Lgpbg;ghd ,izajsk; ,jidr; rhj;jpakhfp tpl;lJ. fzdpapy; jkpo; gbf;fyhk;. fNdlh> mT];jpNuypah Nghd;w ehLfspy; jkpio xU ghlnkhopahfg; gbj;J guPl;ir vOJk; tha;g;Gk; trjpAk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

vdNt ngw;NwhHfs; Kad;why; gps;isfs; jq;fs; jha;nkhopia ,oe;J tpLk; mghaj;ijj; jtpHf;fyhk;. mg;gb ,y;iynad;why; jkpoHfs; fhyg;Nghf;fpy;> ,uz;L %d;W jiyKiwfs; fopj;J jq;fs; Njrpa milahsj;ij ,oe;J tpLthHfs;. nkhopjhd; jkpoHfsJ Njrpa milahsk;. A+jHfs;> K];ypk;fs;> rPf;fpaH Nghd;W rkak; my;y.

jkpoHfs; vj;jid fiy tpohf;fis elhj;jpdhYk;> vj;jid jpUf;Fws;> jpUthrf khehLfis elhj;jpdhYk; mtHfsplk; mbg;gilapy; jkpo;nkhop czHTk;> jkpo; ,dg;gw;Wk; kpff; FiwthfNt fhzg;gLfpwJ. mtHfsplk; czHT G+Htkhd jkpo; MHtk; ,Ue;jhYk; mwpT G+Htkhd Mo;e;j jkpo;nkhop czHTk;> jkpo; ,dg;gw;Wk; ,y;iy.

,jw;fhd murpay;> r%f-cstpay; fhuzq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. jkpo; kf;fs; ePz;l fhykhf mbikfshf tho;e;J gofpg; Nghdjhy; mtHfSf;F jkpo; nkhopapd; njhd;ikNah> mjd; tz;ikNah> ePHikNah> rPHikNah> jkpopdj;jpd; ehfupfr; rpwg;Ngh njupahky; ,Uf;fpwJ. mbik tho;f;if vd;why; EhW ,UEhW Mz;Lfs; my;y. jkpo;ehl;Lj; jkpoHfs; Fiwe;jJ Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; mbik tho;f;if tho;e;J ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. fsg;gpuH> gy;ytH> JYf;fH> ehthg;Gfs;> fd;dlH> njYq;fH> kuhj;jpaH> NghHj;Jf;NfaH> xy;yhe;jH> gpud;Rf;fhuH> Mq;fpNyaH vd vy;NyhUk; jkpo;ehl;ilg; gpbj;J mlf;fp Mz;lhHfs;. jkpoPoj; jkpoHfs; ehDhW Mz;L fhykhf NghHj;Jf;NfaH> xy;yhe;jH> Mq;fpNyaH ,g;NghJ rpq;fstH vd;W vy;NyhUf;Fk; fPo; mbikfshf thog; gof;fg;gl;L ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

,it fhuzkhf jkpoHfs; jq;fs; jd;khdj;ij ,oe;J tpl;lhHfs;. jd;ek;gpf;ifia ,oe;J tpl;lhHfs;. gpughfud; vd;w khtPud; jkpoPo kz;zpy; Njhd;W kl;Lk; tPuk; vd;d vd;gijNa kwe;J ,Ue;jhHfs;. jkpofj; jkpoHfs; ,d;Dk; xU gpughfuidg; ngw;nwLf;fNt ,y;iy. mjw;fhd rhj;jpaKk; Fiwthf ,Uf;fpwJ.

ghujpahH EhW Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dH Nfl;l Nfs;tpfs; ,d;Wk; ngUksT jkpo;ehl;bw;Fk; XusT jkpoPoj;Jf;Fk; nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

"njhz;L nra;Ak; mbik!- cdf;Fr; Rje;jpu epidNthlh?
gz;L fz;l Jz;Nlh? - mjw;Fg;  ghj;jpukhthNah?
rhjpr; rz;il Nghr;Nrh? cq;fs; rkar; rz;il Nghr;Nrh?
NrHe;J tho;tPNuh? cq;fs; rpWikf; Fzq;fs; Nghr;Nrh?
Nrid elj;JthNah? nfhOk;Gfs; nra;jpl tpUk;GthNah

NkYk; kfhftp ghujp Nfl;lhH.

Nrud; jk;gp rpyk;ig ,irj;jJk;
nja;t ts;Std; thd;kiw je;jJk;
ghupy; ey;ypirg; ghz;ba NrhoHfs;
ghuspj;J jHkk; tsHj;jJk;

....................................................

md;d ahTk; mwpe;jpyH> ghujj;
jhq;fp yk;gapy; gs;spAl; NghFeH
Kd;dH ehL jpfo;e;j ngUikAk;
%z;bUf;Fkpe; ehspd; ,fo;r;rpAk;

................................................

EhW Mz;Lfs; fopj;Jk; Nrud; jk;gp ,irj;j rpyg;gjpfhuk; cs;s jkpo; tPLfs; vj;jid? nja;t ts;Std; nra;j thd;kiw ,Uf;Fk; jkpo; tPLfs; vj;jid? xy;fhg; Gfo; njhy;fhg;gpaj;ijg; gbf;ftpy;iy> Fiwe;jgl;rk; mijg;gw;wpf; Nfs;tpg;gl;l jkpoHfs; vj;jid tpOf;fhL?

jkpoHfspd; tho;tpy; Kf;fpa ,lk;ngWtJ jpUf;Nfhapy;fshFk;. mq;F jkpo; ,Uf;fpwjh? Nfhtpiyf; fl;ba jkpod; fUtiwf;F ntspapy; epw;fpwhNd Vd;? jkpoHfsJ jpUkztpohf;fspy; jkpo; Xuq;fl;lg;gl;L gpwnkhopf; $r;ry; Nfl;fpwNj Vd;?

,itjhd; Nghfl;Lk; ,d;iwa jkpo;f; Foe;ijfspy; vj;jid NgUf;Fj; jkpo;g; ngaH ,Uf;fpwJ? jq;fs; Foe;ijfSf;F jkpo;g; ngaH itf;f kWf;Fk; my;yJ kwf;Fk; jkpoHfis jkpo; czHTs;s jkpoHfs; vd;W nrhy;yyhkh?

jkpoHfSf;F jq;fs; ,dnkhop gz;ila tuyhW gw;wpa rPUk; rpwg;Gk;> GfOk; ngUkpjKk; njupe;jpUe;jhy; kl;LNk mtHfshy; jq;fs; Njrpa milahsj;ijf; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;s KbAk;.

rPdHfis vLj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. ,q;F vj;jid jiyKiw tho;e;jhYk; rPdHfspd; Foe;ijfs; rPd nkhopjhd; NgRfpwJ. mtHfsJ tPl;Lnkhop rPd nkhopahf kl;Lk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

fhuzk; vd;d? rPdHfSf;F Vohapuk; Mz;L Gfo; G+j;j tuyhW ,Uf;fpwJ. nkhopapUf;fpwJ> gz;ghL ,Uf;fpwJ> ehfupfk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mtHfs; gpwUf;F xUNghJk; mbikfshf tho;e;jJ fpilahJ. rPdhtpd; xU rpW gFjpia nts;isaH gpbj;jNghJ me;j nts;isaiu jq;fistplf; Fiwe;j ehfupfk; mw;w ""fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs;"" vd;Wjhd; rPdHfs; mioj;jhHfs;. vq;fisg; Nghy; nts;isj; Njhiyg; ghHj;Jtpl;L mtHfisj; G+Tyfj; NjtHfshf epidj;J tha;nghj;jp> iffl;b> Fdpe;J> Fk;gpl;L epw;ftpy;iy. ,d;Wk; mtHfs; jha;ehL vd;W nrhe;jk; nfhz;lhlf;$ba xd;Wf;F ehY ehLfs; ,e;jg; G+kpg;ge;jpy; cz;L.

vdNt jkpoHfs; jkpoHfshf tho Ntz;Lk; vd;why; mtHfs; czHTG+Htkhf rpe;jpj;Jr; nrayhw;Wtjw;Fg; gjpy; mwpT G+Htkhfr; rpe;jpj;Jr; nray;g; glNtz;Lk;. jkpoHfsJ tho;f;ifapy; fhzg;gLk; Fiwfs; fisag; glNtz;Lk;. jkpoHfs; jq;fs; Gfo; G+j;j ePz;l tuyhW> ,yf;fpa tsk; epiwe;j caHjdpr; nrk;nkhop> caHe;j gz;ghL> rpwe;j ehfupfk; ,itgw;wpa mwpit tsHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

ngw;NwhHfSf;Fj; jkpo;g; gw;Wk; ,dg;gw;Wk; ,Ue;jhy;jhd; gps;isfSf;F nkhopg;gw;Wk; ,dg;gw;Wk; tUk;. mg;gb tUk;NghJjhd; gps;isfs; jq;fs; jha;nkhopia ,of;Fk; mghak; vohJ. vdNt fiy tpohf;fs; jkpo; kf;fs; xU tskhd nkhop> rpwe;j gz;ghL> caHe;j ehfupfk; ,tw;wpd; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; vd;w tuyhw;W cz;ikia ntspr;rj;jpw;Ff; nfhz;L tuNtz;Lk;. mg;NghJjhd; fiy tpohf;fs; elj;Jtjpy; nghUs; ,Uf;Fk;. gad; ,Uf;Fk;. (ed;wp - fy;yiwg; G+f;fs;)


rq;ifg;gl;l rq;fj; jkpo; khiy 2001! 

jpUkfs; 

fdlhtpy; Nfhil fhyk; njhlq;fptpl;lJ. ,dpf; Nfhil fhyk; KbAkl;Lk; nuhwd;Nuh efuk; fiy tpohf;fshy; my;Nyhy fy;Nyhyg;glg; NghfpwJ. jkpoupd; fiy> gz;ghL ,tw;iw tsHg;gjhff; $wpf; nfhz;L GJg; GJg; ngaupy; fiytpohf;fs; fpoikapy; %d;W ehd;F vd;W NkilNaWk;. 

me;jpkhiy> ehl;bakhiy> G+khiy> ghkhiy> gtskhiy> nghd;khiy> me;jpg; G+> G+turk; G+> ...........,g;gb tpohf;fSf;F  xU ePz;l gl;bay; ,Uf;fpwJ.   

,e;j tupirapy; fle;j fpoik NkilNawpAs;s  ""rq;fj; jkpo; khiy 2001.""  fdlh jkpoPor; rq;fk; ""ngUikAld;"" toq;fpa fiytpoh.  fle;j Nk 27k; ehs; (Qhapw;Wf; fpoik)  tpd;];ud; NrHr;rpy; fy;Yhup muq;fpy; ,lk; ngw;wJ. 

miog;gpjopy; tpoh Muk;gk; khiy 6 kzp vd;W Nghlg;gl;bUe;jJ. Mdhy; epfo;r;rp epuypy; khiy 5.30 vd;W Nghlg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,e;jf; Fog;gj;jhy; kq;fy tpsf;Nfw;Wtjw;F ,d;dhs; Kd;dhs; jiytHfs;> nrayhsHfs;> ,af;FeHfis Nkilf;F tUkhW mioj;jNghJ ghjpg;NgHjhd; NjwpdhHfs;. ,g;gb Kjypy; Vw;gl;l Fog;gk; epfo;r;rp KbAkl;Lk; ePbj;jJ! 

jkpoPor; rq;fk; nuhwd;Nuhtpy; cs;s goik tha;e;j> ghuk;gupak; epiwe;j mikg;G. jkpoPok; vd;w nrhy;yhl;rp Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngw Kd;dNu me;jg; ngaupy; njhlf;fg;gl;l rq;fk;. xY Njthya epytiwapy; xw;iw CopaUld; ,aq;f Muk;gpj;j rq;fk; ,d;W My;Nghy; jisj;J nuhwd;Nuh efnuq;Fk; fpistpl;L epw;fpd;wJ. ,d;W rq;fj;jpw;nfd miuf;Nfhb nlhyHfs; ngWkjpahd nrhe;jf; fl;blk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mq;Fjhd; jiyikafk; ,aq;FfpwJ.  35 Fk; Nkw;gl;l KONeu CopaHfs; gzpahw;WfpwhHfs;. tpiutpy; nts;sp tpohf; fhzg; NghfpwJ. Vida jkpo; mikg;GfNshL xg;gpl;Lg; ghHj;jhy; epiwa Ms;> mzp> mk;G epiwe;j mikg;G. mg;gbahd mikg;G elhj;Jk; fiytpoh fz;Zf;Fk; nrtpf;Fk; tpUe;jhfTk; fUj;Jf;F kUe;jhfTk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;Wjhd; gyUk; vjpHghHg;ghHfs;.  

khiy 5.45 kzpf;F muq;fpw;Fs; ehs; Eise;jNghJ vd;dplKk; me;j vjpHghHg;G epiwaNt  ,Ue;jJ. 

epfo;r;rpj; njhlf;fj;jpNyNa xypngUf;fp jfuhW nra;jJ. kfhftp ghujpahupd; jkpo;j;jha; tho;j;J> fdlh ehl;Lg;gz; ghLk;NghJ xyp Fiwthf tpl;L tpl;L te;jJ. ghba khztpfs; xypngUf;fpf;F mg;ghy; epd;W nfhz;L ghbaJ epyikia NkYk; Nkhrkhf;fpaJ. 

ey;yfhyk; mLj;J NkilNawpa rptrf;jp eHj;jdhya mjpgH nry;tp fTry;ah tpehaf%Hj;jp mtHfspd; khztpfs; Mba eldk; ghuhl;Lk;gbahf ,Ue;jJ. ""jhNa aNrhjh ce;jd; gps;is nra;Ak; khaj;ijf; Nfsb.....  "" vd;w Cj;jf;fhL ntq;flRg;igaH ,aw;wpa ghlYf;F Mly; mofpfsJ mgpeak; nkj;j NeHj;jpahf ,Ue;jJ. VNdh jhNdh vd;wpy;yhky; fLikahd xj;jpiff;Fg; gpd;dH mtHfs; NkilNawp ,Ue;jJ Jy;ypakhfj; njupe;jJ. xg;gidAk; NeHj;jpahf ,Ue;jJ.  

mLj;J ,irkQ;rup Nfl;L Ritf;Fk;gbahf ,Ue;jJ. rhapgpUe;jh mUe;jtrz;Kfehjd; mDgtk; epiwe;j ghlfp xUtH ghbaJNghy; Ruk; ghbdhH. gf;f thj;jpak; thrpj;NjhH NeHj;jpahfr; nra;jhHfs;. flk; thrpj;jtH mrj;jpdhH. ,irj;Jiwia KONeuj; njhopyhf Nkw;nfhs;Sk; tha;g;G ,q;Fs;s  fiyQHfSf;F ,d;W ,y;iy. ,Ue;Jk; ,tHfs; Nghd;w ,sq;fiyQHfs; nkd;NkYk; jq;fs; fiyQhdj;ij tsHe;J jkpopirf;F tUq;fhyj;jpy; tsKk; tdg;Gk; NrHf;f Ntz;Lk; vd Mirg;gLfpNwd;>    

mLj;J ""Titanic” Mq;fpyj; jpiug;glj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;w  ”My Heart Will Go On..”; vd;w ghliy nry;tp nkyhdp ul;zk; ghbdhH. ghbatH ed;whfg; ghbdhYk; mtuJ ghliy gpd;dzp ,ir xNuabahf mKf;fp tpl;lJ. mjdhy; mtH vd;d ghbdhH vd;gNj Mq;fpyk; njupe;jtHfSf;Nf tpsq;ftpy;iy. Mq;fpyk; njupahjtHfs;gw;wpr; nrhy;yj; Njitapy;iy. mJ rup. jkpo;f; fiy> gz;ghL vd;W xUGwk; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L kWGwk; Mq;fpyj; jpiug;glg; ghly; ghl Ntz;ba mtrpa mtruk; vd;d? mLj;j Mz;L gpuhd;R> ,Rg;ghdpa jpiug;glg;  ghly;fs; muq;Nfwg; Nghtjw;F ,e;j epfo;r;rp xU nts;Nshl;lkh vd;d? 

kyHntspaPl;il rpwg;G tpUe;jpdH n[aFkhH ,uhruj;jpdk; ntspapl;L itj;jhH. Mdhy; Kjy; gbia ngWtjw;F nra;jpj;jhs;fspd; MrpupaHfis mioj;jNghJ Kf;fhy;thrpg;NgH Nkilf;F tutpy;iy. ""ek;ehL"" MrpupaH xUtHjhd; MrpupaH vd;w Kiwapy; NkilNawp kyiu thq;fpf; nfhz;lhH. ""Kof;fk;"" nra;jpj;jhspd; MrpupaH ngaH miof;fg;glNt ,y;iy. mtUf;Fk; jkpoPor; rq;fj;jpw;Fk; VjhtJ jfuhwh?  

kyupd; ml;ilg; glk; ed;whf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; mr;rikg;G fw;Wf;Fl;bfspd; iftz;zk; vd;gJ njspthfj; njupe;jJ. gilg;ghspfspd; ngaiu Kd;Df;F my;yJ eLtpy; NghLtjw;Fg; gjpy; mbapy; Nghlg;gl;bUe;jJ. fl;Liuj; jiyg;Gf;fs; tpj;jpahrkhd jbj;j vOj;jpy; Nghl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Nghlg;gltpy;iy. ghly;fis ciuapy; ,Ue;J gpupj;J mjid jbj;j vOj;jpy; Nghl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; mg;gbr; nra;ag;gltpy;iy.  

$ba kl;Lk; jdpj; jkpopy; fij> fl;Liufs;> ftpijfs; vOjg;gl;Ls;sd. mjw;F kyH MrpupaH jpU. Ffjhrdpd; Kaw;rp fhuzk; vd ehd; epidf;fpNwd;. nkhj;jj;jpy; cUtk; rupg;gl;Ltuh tpl;lhYk; cs;slf;fk; ghuhl;Lk;gb ,Uf;fpwJ.  

jiyik tpUe;jpduhf tUif je;jpUe;j  Marilyn Mushinski, MPP (Scarborough Centre) and Parliamentary Assistant to the   Premier  mofhfTk; RUf;fkhfTk; NgrpdhH. ,g;gbahd epfo;r;rpfspy; NkilNawp kzpf;fzf;fpy; NgRNthH Neuj;jpd; mUik fUjp RUf;fkhfg; NgrpKbf;f Ntz;ba mtrpaj;ij ,tuplk; ,Ue;J fw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,ij vjw;Fr; nrhy;fpNwd; vd;why; mLj;J ele;j CanTYD epfo;r;rp xJf;fg;gl;l Neuj;ijtpl ( 15epkplk;) %d;W klq;F Neuj;ij vLj;jJ. ,e;j mikg;gpd; nghWg;ghsH Mde;jrq;fup ey;y Mq;fpyj;jpy; ePz;l Neuk; NgrpdhH. rup Nghfl;Lk; vd;W tpl;lhy; mLj;J mtH jkpq;fpyj;jpy; NgrpaJ fhJf;F fHzf^ukhf ,Ue;jJ.  jkpopy; Ngr Ntz;Lk;  vd;gJ fl;lhak; ,y;iy. jkpo; njupahjJk; Fw;wkpy;iy. Mdhy; vg;gb Mq;fpyj;jpy; NgRk;NghJ jdp Mq;fpyj;jpy; NgRfpNwhNkh mJNghy; jkpopy; NgRk;NghJ jkpopy; kl;Lk; NgrNtz;Lk;. ,uz;ilAk; fye;J jkpiof; nfhiy nra;af; $lhJ. ,J vy;yh Nkilg; Ngr;rhsHfSk; ftdj;jpy; itj;jpUg;gJ ey;yJ. 

mLj;J ,lk;ngw;w ehl;ba ehlfk; vy;NyhuJ nghWikiaAk; Nrhjpj;jJ. epfo;r;rp epuypy; ,e;j ehl;ba ehlfj;jpw;F xJf;fg;gl;l Neuk; 7.40 - 8.25 mjhtJ Kf;fhy; kzpj;jpahyk;. Mdhy; cz;ikapy; me;j epfo;r;rp Kba NkYk; miu kzpj;jpahyk; vLj;jJ. 

ehl;ba ehlfj;jpd; fUg;nghUSf;F vjw;fhf xU gioa Guhzf; Fg;igia fpswp vLj;jhHfNsh  njupatpy;iy. xz;ghd; RitiaAk; ntspf; nfhzu NtW fij fpilf;ftpy;iyah? ehl;ba ehlfj;jpy;  te;j ePz;l rlhKb jhb jupj;j KdptHfs;> khd;fs;> ghk;Gfs;> Gypfs;> G+jq;fs;> mRuHfisg; ghHj;j kwpypd; KRq;rp jkpoHfs; ehfupfk; ,y;yhj fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; vd  epidj;jpUe;jhy; (Guhzf;fij fhl;Lkpuhz;bf; fhyj;Jf; fijjhd;) mijapl;L ehd; Mr;rupag; gl;bUf;f khl;Nld;. mg;gbj;jhd; mtH epidj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk.; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; epfo;r;rp njhlq;fp ,UgJ epkplj;jpy; mtH muq;fpy; ,Ue;J mtru mtrukhf  ntspNawpapUf;f khl;lhH. me;j ehl;ba ehlfj;jpd; fij ,Jjhd;.  

jhUfhtdj;J KdptHfs; jtNk rpwe;jnjd;Wk; jq;fsJ kidtpfNs cyfpy; ngupa fw;GilatHfs; vd;Wk;> fHkNk gyidf; nfhLf;Fk; vd;w ,Wkhg;gpy; fz;Zjw; flTis fUjhJ kkijNahL tho;e;jpUe;jhHfs;.  

mtHfsJ ,Wkhg;igj; jfHf;f rptngUkhd; jpUTsq;nfhz;L jpfk;guuha;g; gpl;rhldj; jpUf;Nfhyj;jpy; jhUfh tdj;jpw;F tUfpwhH. jpUkhiy Nkhfpdp Ntlk;Nghl;L tUkhW nra;fpwhH. Nkhfpdpiag; ghHj;j Kw;We; Jwe;j KdptHfs; mtsJ mofpy; kaq;FfpwhHfs;. rptd;-tp\;Z ,UtUk; NrHe;J me;j KdptHfsJ jtj;ijAk; mtHfsJ gj;jpdpfspd; fw;igAk; mopf;fpd;wdH.  jq;fs; Qhdj;jhy; jkJ jtj;ijAk; jq;fs; gj;jpdpfspd; fw;igAk; #iwahbad; rptNd vd;Wk;> mtd; Vtyhy; Nkhfpdpahf te;jtd; jpUkhNy vd;Wk; mwpe;J nfhz;L rptngUkhd; kPJ Nfhgq; nfhz;L> mtiu mopg;gjw;fhf tp\ tpUl;rq;fisr; rkpijahf;fp Ntk;G Kjyupatw;wpd; nea;apdhy; mgprhuk; nra;J nfhba Nts;tpaj;ij nra;jdH. me;j Nts;tpj; jPapy;; ,Ue;J Gyp> ghk;G> khd;> fhsp> fhsh];jpup> G+jk;> akd;> akJhjd;  Kjyhapd vOe;jd. mtw;iw KdptHfs; rptngUkhd; Nky; VtpdH. rptngUkhd; Gypiaf; nfhd;W mjd; Njhiy Milahf mzpe;jhH. ghk;Gfis mzpfykhTk; fr;irahfTk; mzpe;jhH. (fr;R -,ilapy; Milapd; Nky; mzpAk; gl;ilahd fapW). ,e;j "tuyhw;iw" - 

"gha;Gypapd; cup mirj;j gyGs;sp gbtk; vy;yhk;

 Maputha;f; fUq;fr;ir moy; ckpo  mirj;jidNa

 NrhHkjj;j thHFUjp NrhidePH vdj;Jspg;g

 NtHkjj;j fupAUit Vfhrk; ,l;lidNa""                (ee;jpf; fyk;gfk;) 

""nghd;dhH NkdpaNd Gypj;Njhiy miuf;firj;J"" 

""vLthdpdk; jpq;fs; #bid nad;gpd; nfhy;Gypj; Njhypd;Nky;

MLghk;g jiuf;fire;j tbfNs ae;jz; fhtpup"" 

vd;w Re;ju%Hj;jp ehadhupd; Njthug; ghly;fs; Nghd;wit njuptpf;fpd;wd. ,e;jf; fijNahL gj;khRud; rptdplk; jhd; ahH jiyapy; ifitj;jhYk; mtdJ jiy rpjwp ntbj;Jr; rhfNtz;Lk; vd;W  tuk;ngw;W mjid guPl;rpj;Jg; ghHf;f rptdJ jiyapNyNa ifitf;f Kide;jNghJ mtH jiynjwpf;f Xb xU kiyf; Fifapy; xspfpwhH. ,jid mwpe;j jpUkhy; Nkhfpdp cUtk; vLj;J jdJ Mly;> ghly; mofhy; gj;khRuid kaf;fp mtd; jdJ ifia jdJ jiyapy; itf;fr; nra;fpwhH. gj;khRud; jiyntbj;J rpjWz;L ,wf;fpwhd;. rptdhH jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhH. ,ijAk; fijiaAk; NrHj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. 

ehl;ba ehlfj;ij muq;Nfw;w eld MrpupaH> ,d;Nlh-fdlh ehl;ba mf;flkp mjpgH  jpUkjp n[agj;kpdp Mde;j; nkj;jg; ghLgl;bUf;fpwhH vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy. ,Ugjw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l eHj;jfpfis xNu Nkilapy; Mlitg;gJ ,yFthd fhupaky;y. Mba mj;jid eHj;jfpfSk; ngUk; Kaw;rp vLj;J rpwg;ghf MbdhHfs;. xg;gidAk; mghuk;. Nkhfpdpahf te;jtuJ tpopfs; fij nrhy;ypd. Mdhy; mtuJ Kfntl;Lk;> cly;fl;Lk; jhUfh tdj;J KdptHfs; kaq;Fk; mstpw;F ,Uf;ftpy;iy. vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ehl;baj;Jf;F fij ifnfhLf;fhJ fhiythuptpl;L tpl;lJ. ehl;ba ehlf Kbtpy; jkpoPok; kyUk; vd;w ghly; tupfNshL Kbe;jJjhd; vy;NyhH kdJf;Fk; MWjiyahf ,Ue;jJ. 

rq;fj; jkpo; khiyapy; vQ;rpapUe;j ,urpfHfspd;  kdijj; njhl;L kfpo;tpj;j  epfo;r;rp ckhukz rHkhtpd; "fhdtpNehjk;" (mnjd;d fhdtpNehjk;? ,d;dpir vd;W Nghl;lhy; jkpo;  tsHe;JtpLk; vd;W tpohf;FOtpdH gae;J  NghdhHfsh vd;d?). Mdhy; ghtk; ckhukzd;.  ntwpr;Nrhbf; fple;j kz;lgj;jpd; ntWk;  ,Uf;iffisg; ghHj;Jg; ghlNtz;b ,Ue;jJ. vj;jid Neue;jhd; ntWk; ,Uf;iffisg; ghHj;J xU ,ir tpj;Jthd;  ghl KbAk;? gpd;Df;F Mq;fhq;F fQ;rpf;Fg; gaWNghy; fhzg;gl;l ,urpfHfis Kd;Df;F te;J mkUkhW mtNu Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhH. 

ghujpahupd; ghly;fs; vg;NghJk; Njd;Nghy; jpfl;lhJ jpj;jpg;git. mtw;iw ckhukzd; jdJ kJuf; Fuypy; ghtj;NjhL ghbaNghJ mit NkYk; jpj;jj;jJ.  nghJthf fHehlf rq;fPj tpj;Jthd;fs; fr;Nrupia Muk;gpf;Fk;NghJ ""thjhgp fzgjpk;"" ""uhkh eP rkhdnktU"" ""kupahj fhJuh"" ""tuKnyhrfp""  ......... vd;w njYq;Ff; fPHj;jidfspy; VjhtJ xd;NwhLjhd; Muk;gpg;ghHfs;. jkpoHfspd; fhJfs; ,Uk;Gf; fhJf;fs; vd;gJ rq;fPj tpj;Jthd;fsJ epidg;G! Mdhy; ukzd; flTs; tzf;fj;ij kl;Lky;y vy;yhg; ghly;fisAk;  jkpopNyNa ghb mitNahiu mrj;jpdhH. nrhw;fspd; nghUis ed;whfj; njupe;J itj;Jf; nfhz;L njspthf cr;rupj;jhH. 

""jhNa aNrhjh ce;jd; MaH Fyj;Jjpj;j fz;zd; nra;Ak; khaj;ij Nfsb..." vd;w Cj;jf;Fb ntq;fl Rg;igaH ,aw;wpa ghliy ckhukzd; kpf mofhfg; ghbdhH. 

""fhf;if rpwfpdpNy ee;jyhyh cd; fupa epwk; njupAijah ee;jyhyh"" ""jPHj;jf; fiuapdpNy njw;F %iyapy;.... ghHj;j ,lj;jpy; vy;yhk; cd;idg; NghyNt ghit njupAjB!"" vd;w ghly;fis mw;Gjkhf jhs Rj;jj;NjhL ukzd; ghbdhH. czHr;rpf; ftpQH fhrp Mde;jdJ ""jkpoh eP NgRtJ jkpoh"" vd;w mUikahd ghliy jdJ ifr;ruf;ifAk; NrHj;Jg; ghbaJ vy;NyhiuAk; kfpo;r;rpf; flypy; Mo;j;jpaJ. ""fz;zidf; fz;lhNah my;ypf; nfhbNa"" ""kzptz;zd; FoNyhir"" cz;ikapy; fhJf;Fj; NjdhfNt ,Ue;jJ. Neuk; Nghjhikahy; mitNahH tpUk;gpf; Nfl;l ghly;fis mtuhy; ghlKbatpy;iy. ,d;ndhUKiw mtHfsJ Ntz;LNfhis epiwT nra;tjhfr; nrhd;dhH. 

jkpoPor; rq;fj;jhH xd;W nra;ayhk;. ckhukzDf;F md;W ,ioj;j ghtj;jpw;F fOtha; Njbf; nfhs;SkhW mtiuf; nfhz;L %d;W kzpj;jpahy KONeu ,d;dpir epfo;r;rp xd;wpid xOq;F nra;ayhk;.    

nghd;dhil Kbe;Jtpl;ljhy; vd;dNth mtUf;F tpUJ kl;Lk; nfhLj;J rq;fj;jhH rkhspj;jhHfs;. mtuJ ,d;dpirf;F taypd; tpj;Jthd; Nfrt%Hj;jp> jtpy; tpj;Jthd; MWKfk;gps;is> nry;td; f[d; ifnfhLj;jhHfs;. 

rq;fj; jkpo; khiyapy; ckhukzdpd; ,d;dpirf; fr;Nrupia kl;Lk;  itj;jpUe;jhy; tpoh mNkhf ntw;wp ngw;wpUf;Fk;. mitNahH ,ilNtisNahL ,Uf;iffisf; fhyp nra;J muq;iftpl;L jg;gpNdhk; gpioj;Njhk; vd;W jq;fs; jq;fs; tPl;Lf;F Xbg; NghapUe;jpUf;f khl;lhHfs;!  

xU epfo;r;rpf;Fk; kw;iwa  epfo;r;rpf;Fk; ,ilNa tpUJ toq;fy; gy kzpj;Jspfis tpOq;fpaJ. ,e;j Ntfj;jpy; tpUJfs; nfhLj;jhy;>  nghd;dhilfs; NghHj;jpdhy; mtw;iw  fpNyh xU nlhyH vd;W $tp njUtpy; Nghl;L tpw;f Ntz;btUk;. mjw;fhd rhd;W me;j muq;fj;jpNyNa ghHf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ.  xUtH jdf;Ff; nfhLj;j tpUij mjd; mUik njupahky; jiuapy; tPrptpl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lhH. mjidf; fz;nlLj;j vdJ ez;gH vd;dplk; je;jhH. ehd; mjidg; gj;jpukhf mq;F epd;w rq;f Kd;dhs; CopaH xUtuplk; nfhLj;Njd;. nfhLj;j tpUJf;F>  tpUJ thq;fpatH nfhLj;j kupahij mt;tsTjhd;. xd;W nra;ayhk;. tpUJ nfhLg;gjw;nfd;Nw jkpo;f; fiy njhopy;El;gf; fy;Yhup nra;tJNghy; xU jdp tpoh elhj;jyhk;.  

,utPe;jpud;> Qhdg;gpufhrk; ,UtUk; fzPnud;w Fuypy; epfo;r;rpfisj; njhFj;J toq;fpdhYk; Neuj;ij ,Oj;jbj;jhHfs;. Neuj;jpd; mUik> mJgw;wpa gpuf;iQ mtHfSf;F ,Uf;fNt ,y;iy. mitapy; ,Ue;j xNu xU egUf;fhf ehl;ba ehlfj;jpd; Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;ig Ie;J epkplq;fs; thrpg;gJ mtrpae;jhdh? 

rq;fj; jkpo; khiy epfo;r;rpfspd; epiw Fiwfis ntl;nlhd;W Jz;L ,uz;lhf fUg;G nts;is Nghd;W nrhy;yptpl;Nld;. ahH kdijAk; Nehfr; nra;tJ vdJ Nehf;fky;y. ,g;gbahd epfo;r;rpfis jpwdha;tJ Rygk; NkilNaw;WtJ tpy;yq;fk; vd;gJ vdf;Fj; njupahjJ my;y. epfo;r;rpfis NkilNaw;w gyuJ ciog;Gk; NeuKk; epidg;Gk;> Mw;wYk;  Njitg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; mjw;fhf cz;ikf;Fg; Gwk;ghf> kdr;rhl;rpf;F khwhf vy;NyhiuAk; thdshtg; Gfo;e;J vOjp mtHfis kfpo;tpf;f ehd; jahuhapy;iy.  

vdJ jpwdha;T G+id Fl;biaf; ft;TtJ Nghd;wJ. G+id vypiaf; fbg;gJ Nghd;wjd;W. Nghypg; Gfo;r;rpahy; fiy tsuhJ. fiyQHfSk; tsu khl;lhHfs. mjdhy; fhf;fha; $l;le;jhd; ngUFk;. ctj;jy; fha;jy; ,y;yhj jpwdha;T ,Ue;jhy;jhd; fiy NkYk; tsUk;. fiy thOk;. ,jid rk;ge;jg;gl;ltHfs; Gupe;J nfhz;lhy; nkj;j kfpo;r;rpailNtd;.   


 

Kofj;jpd; KoTnkhop!

fiytpohf;fs; vd;why; Fiwe;j gl;rk; xU FkupKj;Jit ,wf;Fkjp nra;jhy; kl;LNk ntw;wpailAk; vd;w ek;gpf;ifia cilj;J cs;SHf; fiyQHfSila cjtpAld; mg;gbahd tpohf;fis ntw;wpfukhf elj;jyhk; vd;gij Kof;fk; nra;jp Vl;bd; 7tJ Mz;L epiwT tpoh vz;gpj;Js;sJ.

Kof;fk; xU tpj;jpahrkhd nra;jpg; gj;jpupif. jkpoPo tpLjiyia Mjupg;gJNghy; mt;tg;NghJ ebf;fhky; cz;ikapNyNa ehl;L tpLjiyf;F jd;id KOikahf ,izj;Jf; nfhz;l gj;jpupif. mjpYk; jkpoPoj; Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfuid cr;rpkPJ itj;Jf; nfhz;lhLk; gj;jpupif. gpughfud; Mz;Lg; gpufldk; mjw;F xU rpd;d vLj;Jf;fhl;L!

NkYk; Kof;fk; jkpo;r; rKjhaj;jpy; kype;JNgha;f; fplf;Fk; %l ek;gp;f;fis vjpH epWj;jp JzpNthL Jfs; Jfshf;Fk; gj;jpupif. nfhiy> nfhs;is tof;Ffspy; Fw;wthspahff; fhzg;gl;L 56 Mz;Lfs; rpiwj; jz;lid mDgtpf;Fk; gpNukhde;jh Nghd;w 'Rthkpfis' NjhYupj;Jf; fhl;Lk; gj;jpupif. jkpo; rKjhaj;ij gPbj;Js;s Neha;fshd ke;jpuk; khak; rlq;Ffs; rk;gpujhaq;fs; Nrhjplk; rhj;jpuk; Nfhj;jpuk; gpuhkzPak; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F mt;tg;NghJ Jzpe;J itj;jpak; nra;Ak; gj;jpupif. ,uz;L gf;fq;fspy; fpufgyd;gw;wp vOjp jkpoHfis mbKl;lhshf Mf;fhj gj;jpupif. jpUkz tpsk;guj;jpy; rhjp Nghl;lhy; me;j tpsk;guj;ijNa js;sptpLk; gj;jpupif. 'tl-fpof;F ]jk;gpjk;' vd;W Nghl;Lj; njhiyf;fhky; jdpj; jkpiof; ifahSk; gj;jpupif.

mg;gbahdnthU gj;jpupiff;F kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,t;tsT MjuT ,Ug;gJ tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ.

tpoh Muk;gk; 5.30 kzp vd;W tpsk;gug;gLj;jpdhy; mjw;F Nky; xU kzpj;jpahyaj;ijf; $l;b 6.30 kzpf;Fj;jhd; tpoh Muk;gkhFk; vd;gJ xU nghJthd fzpg;G. fhuzk; Fwpj;j Neuj;Jf;F muq;F epiwahky; ,Uf;Fk;. $l;lk; $L kl;Lk; tpoh Vw;ghl;lhsHfs; fhj;jpUg;ghHfs;.

Kof;fk; tpoh xU kzpj;jpahyak; jhkjpj;J Muk;gk; MdhYk; mjw;fhd fhuzk; kf;fs; my;y. kf;fs; Fwpj;j Neuj;Jf;F te;Jtpl;lhHfs;. xyp mikg;gpy;jhd; vjpHghuhj Rzf;fk;!

jkpo;j;jha; tho;j;J> X fdlh kw;Wk; mikjp tzf;fk; ,tw;NwhL tpoh Muk;gkhdJ. mikjp tzf;fj;jpy; =yq;fh kw;Wk; ,e;jpa mur gaq;futhjj;jpw;Fg; gypahd nghJ kf;fs;gw;wpf; Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy. NkYk; mikjp tzf;fj;jpw;F Neuk; Fwpg;gplg;gLtjpy;iy. Mdhy; mikjp tzf;fk; xU epkplk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ.

nghJthf mikjp tzf;fk; Nghuhspfs;> nghJ kf;fs; kw;Wk; nkhopg; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; capH Jwe;j Kj;jug;gpdUf;Fk; nrYj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

tuNtw;Giuia md;ld; Qhdk; epfo;j;jpdhH. ,e;j tpohtpd; ntw;wpf;F ifnfhLj;jtHfspy; Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;yf; $batHfs; eldkhba jpUkjp epNuhjpdp guuhrrpq;fk; mtHfsJ khztpfs;. mLj;J ftpauq;fk; ghba ftpQHfs;>

"" capNu jkpNo tzf;fk;...."" kw;Wk; ''vq;fs; jiytd; gpughfud; me;j KUfDf;Nf epfuhdtd;..'' ,uz;L eldq;fSk; kpf NeHj;jpahf ,Ue;jJ. nghJthf eHj;jfpfs; cilapy; mjpf ftdk; nrYj;Jtjpy;iy. Mdhy; epNuhjpdp Mrpupaupd; khztpfs; mjw;F Kw;wpYk; tpjp tpyf;F.

Jujpl;l trkhf gpd;Df;F ,Ue;jtHfshy; eld epfo;r;rpfisg; ghHj;J ,urpf;f Kbatpy;iy. eldk; Nkilapy;jhd; Mlg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJjhd; muq;fpy; cs;s miktUk; mjidf; fz;L fspf;fyhk;.

rpwg;Giu toq;fpatH 'jpdf;Fuy;' MrpupaH rptNerr;nry;td; mtHfs;. Mdhy; rpwg;Giu Nrhgpf;ftpy;iy. xUNtis ,UgJ Mz;L gj;jpupif mDgtk; gilj;j xUtuplk; mjpfkhd vjpHghHg;ig vjpHNehf;fpaJ fhuzkhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;. vy;yhtw;iwAk; Ngrptpl Ntz;Lk; vd;w Mirapy; td;dpgw;wpf; nfhQ;rk;> tPuNfrup Kfhikgw;wpf; nfhQ;rk;> gj;jpupif MrpupaH rq;fk;gw;wp nfhQ;rk; vd mq;nfhU fb ,q;nfhU fbahf Ngr;R NfhHitapy;yhky; ,Ue;jJ. jkpo;g; Gyik> cyf mwpT ,Ue;jhy; kl;Lk; NghjhJ. Nkilapy; NgRtJ xU fiy. mijj; njupe;J itj;Jf;nfhz;ltd;jhd; Ngr;rhsp.

ftpauq;Ff;F jiyik jhq;fpa GytH Nts;ek;gp kpf mofhfTk; mikjpahfTk; ftpauq;if newpg;gLj;jpdhH. jkpo; czHTk; ,dg;gw;Wk; epiwe;j Gytiug; NgrNt tpl;bUf;fyhk;.

ftpauq;fpd; fjhehafd; rpj;jptpdhafk;jhd;! %lj;jdj;ijAk; gpuhkzPaj;ijAk; eifr;RitNahL rhbdhH. rhjhuzkhfNt Koq;Ffpw &gd; ul;zk; Kof;fk; KoTnkhop vd;gjhy; NkYk; Xq;fp Koq;fpdhH. nghJthf vy;yhf; ftpQHfSk; ed;whfNt ftpij nra;J mitNahuJ ghuhl;ilg; ngw;whHfs;.

nghd;idah tpNtfhde;jdpd; FWehlfk; njhlf;fk; rup. Mdhy; KbT rupah vd;gJ Nfs;tpf;Fwp. glj;Jf;F msthf kfid ntl;Ltjh? my;yJ kfdJ msTf;F glj;ij ngUg;gpg;gjh? ,e;j ,uz;by; gpd;dij je;ijAk; kfDk; KbT nra;tjhf ehlfj;ij Kbj;jpUe;jhy; ed;whf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. ,e;j ehlfj;ijg; ghHj;Jtpl;L xt;nthU gps;isAk; jfg;gid js;sp tpOj;jp tpl;L %l;ilAk; Kbr;Rkhf tPl;il tpl;Lf; fpsk;g Muk;gpj;jhy; vd;dhtJ? rpth KUifahtpd; ebg;G kpf NeHj;jp. FkudhfTk; fpotdhfTk; NgrpAk; ebj;Jk; mitNahiu mrj;jpdhH!

xU rpy tpdhbfspy; Fkuidf; fpotdhf;fpa me;j xg;gidf; fiyQH ahH? mtUf;Fg; ghuhl;Ljy;fs;!

rJuq;fg; Nghl;bapy; gupR ngw;wtHfSf;F ikf; kf;fhjH gupRfis toq;fpdhH. Xtpag; Nghl;bg; gupRfis cyfj;jkpoH Vl;bd; nghWg;ghsH fky; toq;fpdhH.

xd;gJ kzpf;F 'lhz;' vd;W tUifje;j ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdH epidTg; gupRfis jdf;Nf cupj;jhd eifr;RitNahL toq;fpdhH. mtH murpay;thjp Mapw;Nw? xypthq;fpiaf; fz;lhy; tpLthuh vd;d? Ngrr; nrhy;yp ahUk; Nfl;fhtpl;lhYk; Ie;J epkplq;fs; NgrpdhH!

thdk;ghbfspd; fhdkio vjpHghHj;jJNghy; mikatpy;iy. fz;zjhrd;> eHj;jdh> mD\h ghly;fSf;F xypngUf;fpAk; muq;Fk; xj;Jiof;f mbNahL kWj;J tpl;ld.

,Nj tpoh ,uz;nlhU epfo;r;rpfis ePf;fptpl;L Nkil> xyp> xsp> Xir (acoustic) trjpnfhz;l muq;fpy; elj;jpapUe;jhy; tpoh NkYk; Nrhgpj;jpUf;Fk;! Mdhy; mJ fl;Lgbahf Ntz;LNk?

Kof;fk; nghWg;ghrpupaH thdjp jPHkhdq;fis Kd;nkhope;jNjhL ed;wpAiuiaAk; Mw;wpdhH.

fz;Zf;Fk; fhJf;Fk; tpUe;J gilj;j 'Kof;fk;' tapw;iwAk; kwf;ftpy;iy!


nrg;njk;gH 23> 2003

nuhwd;Nuh

 

MrpupaH

Kof;fk;

nuhwd;Nuh.

 

md;Gs;s MrpupaH jpU> nghWg;ghrpupaH thdjp ,UtUf;Fk;>

tzf;fk;. 'Kof;fk;' nra;jp VL njhlq;fpAs;s mk;G nra;jp mr;rfj;jpd; (Arrow web printers) jpwg;G tpohtpw;F vdJ kdk; epiwe;j ey; tho;j;Jf;fis njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy; kpf;f kfpo;r;rp milfpNwd;.

Kof;fk; vl;bd; tsHr;rpapy; ,J xU rhjid> iky;fy; vd;gjpy; ve;j Iag;ghLk; ,y;iy.

Kof;fk; njhlq;fpa fhyk; njhl;L xU vOj;jhsd; vd;w Kiwapy; kl;Lk; my;yhJ xU gFj;jwpTthjp vd;w KiwapYk; mjNdhL vdJ cwit neUf;fkhf   tsHj;J te;Js;Nsd;.

vdJ gFj;jwpTf; fUj;Jf;fSf;F Kof;fk; fsk; mikj;Jj; je;J te;Js;sJ. njhlHe;Jk; je;J tUfpwJ. Kof;fk; kl;Lk; ,y;iynad;why; vdJ fUj;Jf;fSf;F tbtk; nfhLf;f xU tbfhy; ,y;yhJ NghapUf;Fk;. ,J cz;ik ntWk; Gfo;r;rp ,y;iy.

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,jidj; njhlHe;J vOJ Kd; vdJ Ke;jpa fl;Liuapd; filrp thf;fpaj;ij jpUk;gg; ngw Ntz;ba fl;lhak; vdf;F cs;sJ.

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Njhs;jl;bg; NghuhlhJ Rk;kh mtH ,Ue;J tpl;lhNuh vd;W.

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NtW ve;j ehl;byhtJ jq;fs; nrhe;j nkhopapy; fy;tp Ntz;Lk;> nrhe;j nkhopapy; gbj;NjhHf;F Ntiy Ntz;Lk; vd;W ahuhtJ gl;bdpg; Nghuhl;lk; elj;Jfpwjhf ahUk; Nfs;tpg; gl;lJz;lh? ,e;jg; Nghuhl;lk; nre;jkpo; ehnlDk; NghjpdpNy ,d;gj; Njd;te;J ghAJ fhjpdpNy vd;W ghujpahH rpwg;gpj;Jg; ghba jkpo;ehl;by; eilngw;wJ. mjpYk; ahUila Ml;rpapy;? Njrpa ePNuhlj;jpy; ePr;rybf;Fk; jiytH jpz;btdk; uhk%Hj;jpapd; fhq;fpu]; Ml;rpapyh? ,y;iy. gr;irj; jkpoH fiyQH fUzhepjpapd; (mtH fdlhTf;F tUthH vd;W ituKj;J Nkilapy; nrhd;dNghJ Vd;jhd; ghHitahsHfs; ifjl;bdhHfNsh njupatpy;iy. mtuJ FLk;gj;Jf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd njhiyf;fhl;rpf;Fg; ngaH ""rd; up.tp."" mjpy; fhl;lg;gLk; epfo;r;rpfspYk; epfo;r;rpg; ngaHfspYk; jkpq;fpyk; fspelk; GupfpwJ ,tHfSf;F njupahJ NghYk;) Ml;rpapy; !

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mj;jpk;NgH mk;khkp vDe; jkpo;jhd; kPjk;!""

ghujpjhrd; fhyj;J rpdpkhtpw;Fk; ,d;iw rpdpkhtpw;Fk; mjpf tpj;jpahrk; ,y;iy. ,iriag; nghWj;jstpy; ftpauR fz;zjhrdpd; jpiug;ghly;fSf;F tpRtehjd;-,uhk%Hj;jp ,ir> gpd;dH ftpQH ituKj;Jtpd; jkpo;g; ghly;fSf;F ,isauhrhtpd; ,ir jkpo; rpdpkhit Jhf;fp epWj;j cjtpaJ. Mdhy; ,d;W ftpQH ituKj;Jtpd; jkpq;fpyg; ghly;fSf;F V.MH> ,uFkhdpd; Nky;ehl;Lg; ghzp ,ir jkpopiria Rj;jkhf fhl;Lf; fj;jyhf khw;wptpl;lJ. fhjpy; tpOtJ jkpo;g; ghlyh> jkpopirah vd;gijf; fz;L gpbg;gNj tpy;yq;fkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

jdpj; jkpo; ,af;fj;ij Rthkp Ntjhryk; vd;w ngaiu jdpj; jkpopy; kiwkiy mbfs;> R+upaehuhaz rhj;jpupahH vd;w tlnkhopg; ngaiu gupjpkhw;fiyQd; vd khw;wpa ,e;j ,UtUk; ,e;Ehw;whz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; Muk;gpj;J itj;jhHfs;. ,tHfNshL itj;Jg; Nghw;wg;gl Ntz;ba ,d;ndhUtH ghk;gd; Fku FUjhr mbfs;. Nre;jd; nre;jkpo; vd;Dk; Ik;ghd; ntz;ghj; jdpj; jkpo; Ehypaw;wp> Ehw;Wf; fzf;fhd tlnrhw;fl;F NeHj; njd;nrhw;fis nkhop ngaHj;Jk; Mf;fpAk; itj;jhH.

kiwkiy mbfs; jkpo;f; fly;. Mq;fpyKk; tlnkhopAk; gOjwg; gbj;jtH. jkpo;g; GytUk; jkpo;g; NguhrpupaUk; jkpOf;Fk; tlnkhopf;Fk; NtWghL njupahJ> Ehw;wpw;F vz;gJ tpOf;fhL tlnrhy; fye;J jkpiog; NgrpAk; vOjpAk; ghbAk; te;j fhyj;jpy;> jkpo;nkhop may; nkhopg; gilnaLg;ghy; jhf;Fz;L mbNahL mope;J NghftpUe;j fl;lj;jpy; 1919-Mk; Mz;bypUe;J tlnrhw;fis mwNt fise;J> Jha jPe;jkpopy; ciueil> nra;As;eil ,uz;bYk; Ehy;fs; gilj;jtH.

kiwkiy mbfNs jkpo;nkhop tuyhw;wpy; kWkyHr;rpj; jdpj; jkpo; Copiaj; njhlf;fp itj;J Kjd; Kjypy; jdpj; jkpo;j; jpUkzj;ijAk; nra;J itj;jtH.

ehl;Lg; gw;Wf;F capH nkhopg; gw;W. Kd;dJ vy;yhH thapyhfTk; ntspg;gLk;. gpd;dJ GytH thapyhf kl;LNk ntspg;gLk;.

jdpj; jkpo; ghtidapy; jkpo;ehl;il tpl jkpoPok; ,d;W Kd;Df;F epw;gjw;F jkpoPoj; jkpouJ ehl;Lg;gw;W xU fhuzkhFk;.

,q;F$l ngUk;ghyhd fpoik VLfs; Kbe;j kl;Lk; jdpj; jkpio ifahs;tijf; fhzyhk;. ,Ugj;J ehY kzp thndhyp nra;jp thrpg;ghsH njd;GNyhypA+H fpUl;bzypq;fk; nra;jp thrpf;Fk; NghJ jdpj;jkpo; nra;jp vd milnkhop nfhLj;J thrpg;gJ ftdpf;fj; jf;fJ.

rq;f fhyg; GytHfs; ,d;W ,y;iy. ,g;NghJ ,Uf;Fk; ftpQHfSk;> vOj;jhsHfSNk nkhopg;gw;iw tsHf;f Ntz;Lk;.

NguhrpupaH K.tujuhrd; jhd; vOjpa ehty;fspy; vq;nfy;yhk; jkpiog; gw;wp> jkpopirgw;wp> jkpoiug; gw;wpj; jk; fUj;ij ntspapl KbANkh mq;nfy;yhk; jaq;fhky; vLj;Jiug;ghH. rq;f ,yf;fpag; ghly;fis jdJ Gjpdq;fspy; ifahz;lhH.

""jkpo; xd;Nw jkpoiug; gpizj;J xw;Wikg; gLj;j ty;yJ. jkpo; Ml;rp nkhop MfTk;> fy;tp nkhopahfTk; Mdhy; jtpu> jkpOf;F vjpHfhyk; ,y;iy vd ek;G. Ml;rp nkhopnad;why; rl;lrig Kjy; ePjp kd;wk; tiuapy; jkpo; toq;f Ntz;Lk;"" ,t;thW 'jk;gp'f;F vd;Dk; Ehypy; Fwpg;gpLthH.

mtuJ Gjpdq;fspy; tUk; ghj;jpuq;fSf;F jdpj; jkpo; ngaNu toq;FthH. kyHtpop> khd;tpop> kq;if> Njnkhop> eWkyH> thlhkyH> my;yp> ,sq;Nfh> ghz;bad;> faw;fz;zp> epyh> nre;jhkiu> mUk;G> jpUtha;nkhop> ngha;ahnkhop> jpUg;ghit> kzpNkfiy> mUsg;gd; me;jg; ngaHfspy; rpythFk;. jPa ghj;jpuq;fSf;F mtH kwe;Jk; jkpo;g; ngaH itj;jjpy;iy. Mfg; ngaH itg;gjpYk; $l jkpOzHT> jkpo;rhd;NwhH topghL mtuplk; ntspg;gLtijf; fhzyhk;.

'ghuP];fhHdH' vd;w Mq;fpyr; nrhy;iy kpf ,ay;ghfTk; mofhfTk; ghupKid vd nkhopngaHj;J jdJ Gjpdj;jpy; toq;fpatH K.t.

'vd;W kbAk; vq;fs; Rje;jpu jhfk; vd;W kbAk; vq;fs; mbikapd; Nkhfk;?'

vd;W nghJthfg; ghbdhH ghujp. mJ rpwg;ghfj; jkpoUf;Nf nrhy;yg;gl;lJ vd;gJ Nghy mtHfs; jk; may;nkhop Nkhfk;> jho;T kdg;ghd;ik Mfpwtw;iwj; jk; Gjpdq;fs; thapyhf K.t. Gyg;gLj;JthH.

vd;d nrhy;ypnad;? vJ vOjpnad;? ,itnay;yhk; rpdpkhr; re;ijapy; filtpupj;J jkpio tpw;W tzpfk; nra;Ak; ftpQH ituKj;Jtpd; fhjpy; tpohJ. jkpioj; njhlHe;J jkpq;fpyk; Mf;fpNa jPUNtd; vd mtH mlk;gpbg;ghH. ,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; jkpoPo ehl;L Njrpa fPjk; ghlg; NghNwd; vd;w Nkilg; Ngr;R NtW. xU ehl;bd;> mJTk; nrq;FUjp rpe;jpg; Nghuhb ngWk; jkpoPoj;jpd; Njrpag; ghliyg; ghLtjw;F xU ftpQDf;F mUfij ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. cs;sj;jpy; xsp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Ngr;rpdpy; tha;ik ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJ ftpQH ituKj;JTf;F ,y;iy.

,g;gbj; Njrpa fPjk; ghlNtz;Lk; vd;w Qhdk; fdlh te;j gpwFjhd; tuNtz;Lkh? ,e;j czHT ,j;jid fhyKk; Vd; tutpy;iy? fdlhtpy; mur kuKk; ,y;iy. ,Ue;jhyhtJ Nghjpkuj;Jg; Gj;jiug; Nghy ftpQH ituKj;JTf;F jpBH Qhdk; gpwe;jpUf;fyhk; vd;W nrhy;yyhk;.

Kbthf ftpQH ituKj;Jitj; jho;ikahff; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;tJ. jkpo;nkhopia thotpLq;fs;! ghujpAk;> ghujpjrDk;> ftpQH fz;zjhrDk; rPuhl;bg; ghuhl;b tsHj;j nre;jkpio jkpq;fpyk; Mf;fhjPHfs;! cq;fis mioj;J cq;fs; fhypy; tpOe;jtHfis itj;J ,q;Fs;s jkpoHfs; vy;NyhUk; jkpo; czHT mw;wtHfs; vd vz;zptplhjPHfs;. (Kof;fk;)


 

vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; kiwT <L nra;a Kbahj xU Ngupog;G   

1916-k; Mz;L nrg;lk;gH 16-k; ehsd;W rz;KftbT mk;khs; - uhkrhkpg;gps;is jk;gjpapdUf;F mUe;jtg; Gjy;tpahf Njhd;wpatH vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp. ,tuJ jhahH rz;KftbT xU rpwe;j tPizf; fiyQH. vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; Kjy; FU mtUila jhahH jhd; njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; rz;Kf tbT mk;khspd; tPizf; fr;Nrupfspy; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp cld; ghb te;jhH. 1926-y; ntspaplg;gl;l xU vy;.gp ,irj;jl;by; kufj tbTk; nrq;fjpH NtYk; vd;Dk; ghliy rz;Kftbtpd; tPizAk;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ghl;Lk; ,ize;J ntsp te;jJ. jp l;tpd; upfhHbq; fk;ngdp ,ij ntspapl;lJ vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; Kjy; ,irj;jl;L ,Jjhd;.

jdJ jhahuplk; njhlf;f fhy ,iriag; gapd;wgpd; Nrj;JhH Re;jNur gl;lH vd;gtuplk; vk;.v]; Kiwg;gb ,ir gapd;whH.

vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpf;F xU %j;j rNfhjuUk;> xU ,isa rNfhjupAk; ,Ue;jdH. vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; mz;zd; ngaH kJiu rf;jpNty; gps;is. ,tH xU rpwe;j kpUjq;ff; fiyQH. jq;if ngaH tbthk;ghs; kJiu rf;jpNty; gps;is jdJ jq;if vk;.v];.rpd; fr;NrupfSf;F gyKiw kpUjq;fk; thrpj;Js;shH..

kpUjq;f cyf [hk;gthdhd GJf;Nfhl;il jl;rpzh%Hj;jp gps;is njhlf;f fhyj;jpy; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; tsHr;rpf;F cWJizahf ,Ue;jtHfSs; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f xUtH. mtuJ kzptpohtpy;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ghl;Lf; fr;Nrup eilngw;wJ. md;iwa jpdk; Myj;JhH rNfhjuHfs; ghl;L> jpUthtLJiw b.vd;.uh[uj;jpdk; gps;is ehjRtuk;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ghl;Lf; fr;Nrup eilngw;wJ.

1935-y; eilngw;w ,e;j epfo;r;rp vk;.v]; tho;tpy; xU jpUg;GKidahf mike;jJ.

mNj Mz;L ik#H rk];jhdj;jpy; mg;Nghija ik#H kfhuh[htpd; mur mitapy; jpUf;NfhfHzk; ,uq;fehafp mk;khs; kpUjq;fj;Jld;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp ghbaJ mtuJ kpfr; rpwe;j fr;NrupfSs; xd;W. mijj; njhlHe;J njd; ,e;jpahtpd; midj;J CHfspYk; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ,ir epfo;r;rpfs; eilngwj; njhlq;fpd. mf;fhy fl;lj;jpy; kha+uk; Nfhtpe;juh[g; gps;is taypDk;> jpUf;NfhfHzk; uq;fehafp mk;khs; kpUjq;fKk; vk;.v];.Rf;F gf;f thj;jpaq;fshf mike;jd.

vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp 1936-y; 'Nrth rjdk; vd;Dk; jpiug;glj;jpy; ebj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhH fpz;bapy; cs;s xU glg;gpbg;G muq;fpy; glg;gpbg;G eilngw;wJ. ,g;glj;ij ,af;fpatH Nf.Rg;gpukzpak;. vk;.v];.ir jpiu cyfpw;F mwpKfg;gLj;jpatH ,tH b.v];.rjhrptk; - vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp re;jpg;G mq;F mbf;fb epfo;e;jJ. 1940-y; b.v];.rjhrptKk;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;RkpAk; jpUePHkiy Nfhtpypy; vspa Kiwapy; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;ldH.

vk;.v];.rjhrptk; xU ,ir gpupaH ey;y urpfH mtNu jdJ fk;gPukhd Fuypy; Njr gf;jpg; ghly;fisg; ghb fjH Mil tpw;gid nra;Js;shH.

rFe;jiy vd;Dk; jpiug;glj;jpy; vk;.v]; rFe;jiyahfTk;> [p.vd;.ghyRg;ukzpak; J\;ae;jdhfTk; ebj;Js;sdH.

mf;fhyj;jpy; xU jpiug;glj;ijg; gw;wp vOj;jhsH fy;fp ghuhl;b tpkHrdk; vOjpdhy; me;jg; glk; epr;rak; ntw;wp ngw;W tpLk; fy;fpapd; vOj;Jf;fSf;F xU kfj;jhd rf;jp ,Ue;jJ.

Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; rj;jpahfpufk; nra;J fy;fp khatuk; rpiwapy; milf;fg;gl;bUe;jhH. Mde;jtpfld; gj;jpupifapd; nghWg;ghrpupauhf fy;fp gzpahw;wp te;jhH. khatuk; rpiwapypUe;J gpizapy; fy;fpia mioj;Jr; nrd;W jQ;rht+upy; Xbf;nfhz;bUe;j "rFe;jiy jpiug;glj;ij fy;fp ghHf;f rjhrptk; Vw;ghL nra;jhH. jpiu tpkHrdKk; fy;fp vOjpdhH mJ vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; tho;f;ifapy; xU gbf;fy;yhf mike;jJ.

vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ,ir MrpupaHfs;   

Kjypy; jdJ jha; rz;KftbT mk;khsplk; ,ir gapd;w vk;.v]; gpwF Nrj;JhH Re;jNur gl;lH vd;gtuplk; gy tUlq;fs; ,ir gapd;whH. jpUkzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF nrk;kq;Fb rPdpthr ma;aH> vk;.v];.]pd; gpujhd FUthfj; jpfo;e;jhH. filaey;Y}H ntq;fl;uhkd; mtuJ filrp FU md;dkhr;rupahH fPHj;jdq;fis b.gRgjp> NejE}up fpU\;z%Hj;jp MfpNahuplk; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. Njhb uhf Myhgid kl;Lk; b.vd;.uh[uj;jpdk; gps;isapd; ehj];tu ,iriaf; Nfl;Lf; fw;Wf; nfhz;ljhf $wg;gLfpd;wJ. Kj;Jrhkp jPl;rpjupd; fPHj;jidfis cr;r ePjpkd;w ePjpgjp b.vy;.ntq;fl;uhk ma;auplk; fw;Wf; nfhz;lhH. ghgehrk; rptDk;> ik#H thRNjthr;rhUk; jhq;fs; ,aw;wpa ghly;fisj; jhq;fNs vk;.v];.]{f;F fw;Wf; nfhLj;jdH.   

jkpo; ,ir tsHr;rpapy; Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; gq;F    

,uh[h[p> b.Nf.rp.> uh[h rH mz;zhkiy nrl;bahH> fy;fp fpU\;z%Hj;jp> MH.Nf.rz;Kfk; nrl;bahH> mwpQH mz;zh Nghd;w rhd;NwhHfshy; njhlq;fg;gl;l jkpo; ,ir ,af;fj;jpw;F gf;fgykhf epd;wtHfs; Rg;Gyl;Rkp - rjhrptk; jk;gjpapdH.

kfhftp Rg;gpukzpa ghujpahH> Rj;jhde;j ghujpahH> ts;syhH> ,uhkypq;f mbfshH> ghgehrk; rptd; Nghd;w vz;zw;w mUshsHfspd; jkpo;g; ghly;fis Nkil NjhWk; ghb> urpfHfs; kdjpy; gjpaitj;j ngUik vk;.v]; Rg;Gyl;RkpiaNa rhUk;. 

nrd;id jkpo; ,irr; rq;fk;> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpf;F ",irg; NguwpQH gl;lk; #l;b fTutpj;Js;sJ. ,tH ghb gpugykile;j jkpo; ghly;fSs; "thdj;jpd; kPJ kapyhlf; fz;Nld;"> "Fiwnahd;Wkpy;iy> eP ,uq;fha; vdpy; GfNoJ"> "xsp gilj;j fz;zpdha; th th th"> "thopa nre;jkpo; ' Mfpait Fwpg;gplj;jf;fit.    

If;fpa ehLfs; rigapy; Kjd; Kjypy; ghba ,e;jpaH.    

1966-k; Mz;L mf;NlhgH 23-e; Njjp I.eh rigapy; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; ,ir epfo;r;rp eilngw;wJ E}w;Wf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l ehLfspd; gpujpepjpfs; fye;J nfhz;l rupj;jpug; Gfo; kpf;f epfo;r;rp ,J cyf mikjpia typAWj;jp %jwpQH ,uh[h[p vOjpa "Nk jp yhHl; gHfpt; mtH rpd;];' vdDk; Mq;fpyg; ghliy vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp I.eh rigapy; ghbdhH. `hz;ly; NkDay; ,iraikj;Js;s ghly; ,J.

fhQ;rp gukhr;rhupahH = re;jpuNrfNue;jpu ru];tjp Rthkpfs;> vk;.v];.rpd; I.eh epfo;r;rpf;fhf gpuj;Nafkhf ,aw;wpa rk];fpUj RNyhfkhd "ikj;uPk; g[j vd;w cyf ed;ikf;fhd gpuhHj;jid RNyhfj;ijAk; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp ghbdhH. me;epfo;r;rpf;F tp.tp.Rg;gpukzpak; taypd;> b.Nf.%Hj;jp kpUjq;fk;> b.vr;.tpdhafuhk; flk; thrpj;jdH.    

vjpHghuhky; epfo;e;j vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; muq;Nfw;wk; kJiu NrJgjp caHepiyg;gs;sp muq;fpy; rz;KftbT mk;khs; tPiz fr;Nrup nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhH thrpg;ig jpBH vd epWj;jp tpl;L mUfpy; ,Ue;j jdJ kfs; 10 taJ rpWkp vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpia mioj;J> "FQ;rk;khs; eP te;J ghL vd;W Nkilf;F mioj;jhH. vk;.v];.ir mtuJ FLk;gj;jhH tPl;by; miof;Fk; ngaH FQ;rk;khs;. 

clNd mr;rpWkp FQ;rk;khs; Nkilf;F tpiue;J nrd;W `pe;J];jhdp nkl;by; mike;jpUe;j "Mde;j [h vd;Dk; kuhl;b uhfg; ghliy rpwpJk; rigf; $r;rk; ,d;wp ghbaij mq;F mkHe;jpUe;j midtUk; ghuhl;bdH.    

jiytHfs; ghuhl;L    

kfhj;kh fhe;jp Kjy; mg;Jy; fyhk; tiu Njrj; jiytHfs; midtUk; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; urpfHfs;. 

kfhj;kh fhe;jpapd; gpuhHj;jidfspy; fye;J nfhz;L gyKiw g[idg; ghly;fis vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp ghbAs;shH. ,d;iwf;Fk; 'My; ,e;jpah NubNah'tpy; fhe;jp mQ;rypf;F Kd;dhy; xypf;Fk; "it\;zt [dNj kw;Wk; "uFgjp uhft uh[huhk; Nghd;w kfhj;kh fhe;jpf;Fg; gpbj;j ghly;fs; vk;.v];.]hy; ghlg;gl;litNa. 

[tfHyhy; NeU> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkpapd; fr;Nrupiaf; Nfl;L tpl;L> "ehd; ntWk; ,e;jpag; gpujkHjhd; Mdhy; vk;.v]; ,ir cyfpd; murp vd;W midtH Kd;dpiyapYk; ghuhl;bAs;shH.   

vk;.v]; ngw;Ws;s tpUJfSk;> gl;lq;fSk;   

194 - ,ir thzp

195 - gj;k g+\d;

195 - fhspjh]; rk;kd; (kj;jpag;gpuNjr muR rhHghf [dhjpgjp toq;Fk; tpUJ)

196 - utPe;jpu ghujp fiyf; fofj;jpd; lhf;lH gl;lk;ë.

196 - rq;fPj fyh rhfh - tprhfg;gl;bzj;jpy; toq;fg;gl;lJ.

196 - nrd;id kpa+rpf; mfhlkpapd; rq;fPj fyhepjp

197 - jkpo; ,irr; rq;fj;jpd; ,irg; NguwpQH tpUJ.

197 - kfhrhNr tpUJ

197 - jpUkiy jpUg;gjp Njt];jhd M];jhd tpj;thd;

197 - gj;k tpg+\z;

198 - jkpo;ehL ,ay; ,ir ehlf kd;wj;jpd; jdpg;ngUk; fiyQH

198 - rHtNjr ,ir fTd;rpy; Muha;r;rpg; NguhrpupaH kw;Wk; cWg;gpdH

198 - `gp]; mypfhd; epidT tpUJ

199 - ,e;jpuhfhe;jp Njrpa xUikg;ghl;L tpUJ

199 - fyhuj;dh

199 - ghuj uj;dh (,e;jpahtpy; ghuj uj;dh tpUJ ngw;w Kjy; ghlfp ,tNu).

vk;.v];.Rf;F 200-f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l tpUJfSk;> gl;lq;fSk; gy;NtW mikg;Gfshy; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd.    

midtiuAk; Japy; vOg;Gk; Rg;ughjk Ntq;fNlr Rg;ughjk; jpUg;gjp jpUkiyapy; jpdKk; Nfhtpy; eil jpwf;Fk;NghJ ghlg;gLk;. 

,iwtid Japy; vOg;Gk; ,e;j nja;tPfg; ghliy g;ujpthjp gaq;fuk; mdq;fuhr;rhupahH vd;Dk; itztg; ngupatupd; Fuypy; jhd; jpUg;gjp Nfhtpypy; xypgug;gp te;jdH. 

vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp ghba Ntq;fNlr Rg;ughjk;> g[ Nfhtpe;jk; vd;Dk; Mjprq;fuupd; RNyhfk;> uq;fGu tp`huh vd;Dk; Kj;Jrhkp jPl;rpjupd; fPHj;jid Mfpatw;iw vr;.vk;.tp epWtdk; ,irj;jl;lhf ntspapl;lNghJ mJ cyf mstpy; ngUk; ntw;wpiaj; Njbj; je;jJ. 

jpUg;gjp Njt];jhdk; Kjypy; vk;.v];.rpd; Rg;ughjj;ij mq;fPfupf;fhky; ,Ue;jJ. gpwF 1975-y; jpUg;gjp Njt];jhdk; vk;.v]; ghba Rg;ughjj;ij xypgug;g rk;kjpj;jJ.    

vk;.v]; ebj;Js;s jpiug;glq;fs;  

,af;FdH Nf.Rg;gpukzpak; (gj;kh Rg;gpukzpaj;jpd; je;ij) mtHfshy; 'Nrth rjdk; vd;Dk; jpiug;glj;jpy; ghbf; nfhz;Nl ebj;jhH. vk;.v]; ,g;glk; 1938-y; ntspahdJ. 1940-y; ntspahd 'rFe;jiy vd;Dk; jpiug;glk; mNkhf ntw;wp ngw;w xU jpiug;glk;. ,ij vy;yP]; MH.lq;fd; ,af;fpdhH.  

uhay; lhf;fP]; b];l;bupgpa+l;lH]; epWtdKk;> re;jpug;gpugh rpdpNlhd; epWtdKk; ,ize;J jahupj;j jpiug;glk; ,J. ,g;glj;jpy; vk;.v];.Rf;F Nrhbahf gpugy ghlfH [p.vd.; ghyRg;ukzpak; ebj;jhH. fiythzH vd;.v];.fpU\;zd;> b.V.kJuk;> rpWfsj;JhH rhkh> b.v];.Jiuuh[;>> rhuq;fghzp MfpNahH ,jpy; ebj;Js;sdH.  

1941-k; Mz;L ntspte;j 'rhtpj;jpup ' jpiug;glj;jpy; vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;Rkp ehujuhfj; Njhd;wp ghb ebj;jJ mg;nghOJ kpfTk; gugug;ghf Ngrg;gl;l tp\ak;. 

1945-k; Mz;L jPghtsp md;W ntsp te;jJ 'kPuh jpiug;glk; re;jpug;gpugh rpdpNlhd; jahupg;gpy; vy;yP]; MH.lq;fd; ,af;fpa jpiug;glk; ,J. trdk; fy;fp fpU\;z%Hj;jp> ghly;fs; ghgehrk; rptd;. 

"fhw;wpdpNy tUk; fPjk; ' vd;Dk; Gfo; ngw;w ghly; cs;gl 16 ghly;fSk; ,g;glj;jpy; `pl; ,Nj 'kPuh kPz;Lk; ,e;jpapy; 'uP Nkf; nra;ag;gl;lJ. vk;.[p.MH.> vk;.v];.Rg;Gyl;RkpAld; NrHe;J ebj;j xNu glk; ,Jjhd;. vk;.v]; ebj;j filrp jpiug;glKk; ,JNt.