Kof;fk; Nfs;tp gjpy;

1) aho;g;ghzk; tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; ghJfhg;gpy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ vt;tsT nropg;Gw;W ,Ue;jJ. jw;NghJ Mghrg; glk; fhl;Lk; jpal;NlhHfSk;> tpgr;rhuq;fSk; mq;FngUfptpl;lNj vd;d mepahfkhf ,Uf;fpwJ?

qho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;bd; ngUk;gFjp rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpd; gpbapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. mtHfSf;F ey;yhl;rpapy; ek;gpf;ifapy;iy. mij ehk; vjpHghHf;fTk; $lhJ. kf;fsJ ftdj;ij jpirjpUg;g Mghrg;glq;fs;> tpgr;rhuk; ,tw;iw ,uhZtNk Cf;fptpf;fpwJ. ,jw;F jkpoH kj;jpapy; ,Uf;Fk; rpy r%ftpNuhjpfs; JizNghfpwhHfs;. kpf tpiutpy; kPz;Lk; Gypfspd; Ml;rp aho;g;ghzj;jpy; Vw;gLk;. mg;NghJ Gypfs; ,e;j r%f tpNuhjpfisj; Njbg;gpbj;J mjp cr;r jz;lid toq;FthHfs;vd vjpHghHf;fpNwd;.

2) tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; Gjpa aho; jsgjpapd; Ngl;bia gbj;jNghJ cq;fSf;F vjhtJ tplak; tpag;ghf ,Ue;jjh?

3)f];gH uh[; mbfs; xl;lhthtpy; ,Ug;gjhf nrd;w Kof;fj;jpy; nra;jp te;jJ. mtH nuhud;NuhTf;F tutpUf;fpwhuh?

,y;iy. mtH mnkupf;fh Nghf ,Uf;fpwhH. mg;Gwk; ,e;j Nfhil tpLKiwapd;NghJ jkpo;ehL nry;y ,Uf;fpwhH. Kd;diutpl ,g;NghJ mtuplk; mtuJ NeaHfspd; cUf;fkhd> czHr;rpkakhd kly;fs; gy iftrk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,tw;iw xypehlhthf ntspapl ,Uf;fpwhH. Kd;ida ntspaPl;iltpl ,J kpfr; rpwg;ghf ,Uf;Fkhk;.

4) jkpoPok; thq;fpj; jUtjhf Nthl;Lf; Nfl;l IahkhH jw;NghJ khTk; muprpAk;$l thq;fpj;juf; $l tf;fpy;yhky; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;." vd;W rptrpjk;guj;ij Kof;fjpy; fpz;ly; nra;jpUe;jhHfs;. mtiu ,q;F miof;f ,Ug;gtHfs; Kof;fk;kPJ Nfhgpg;ghHfNs?

xU fhyfl;lj;jpy; jkpoPog; Nghuhl;lj;ij gy njhy;iyfs;> ,og;Gf;fs; kj;jpapy; Kd;ndLj;jtH vd;gjhy; mtuplk; kf;fSf;F epiwa kupahij ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy;1983Mk; Mz;bw;Fg; gpwF mJ mbNahL Ngha;tpl;lJ. 1989,y; ey;YhH njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;L gL Njhy;tpaile;j NghJ "jkpo; kf;fs; vdf;F ey;y ghlk; gbg;gpj;J tpl;lhHfs;. ,dp murpaNy Ntz;lhk; mjw;F ,d;NwhL xU Fk;gpL NghLfpNwd; vd;W" mtH mwpf;if tpl;Ltpl;L mnkupf;fhTf;Fg; Ngha;tpl;lhH. Mdhy; ,e;j Qhdk; mjpf ehl;fs; ePbf;ftpy;iy. kPz;Lk; 1994 Mk; Mz;L tTdpahtpy; Nghl;bapl;L Njhy;tpaile;jhH. mj;NjhL murpaYf;F xU KOikahd KOf;Fg; Nghl;bUe;jhy; kf;fsplk; ,Ue;J nfhQ;r mDjhgj;ijahtJ ngw;wpUf;fyhk;. mij mtH nra;atpy;iy. xd;iwf; ftdpAq;fs;. ,q;F xU fl;rpj; jiytH NjHjypy;; epd;W Njhw;W tpl;lhy; clNd jiyikg; gjtpapUe;J kupahijahf tpyfptpLfpwhH. Mdhy; xUKiway;y ,uz;LKiw NjHjypy; gLNjhy;tpaile;j rptrpjk;guk; fl;rpj; jiytH gjtpapy; nfl;bahf xl;bf;nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhH. mt;tg;NghJ gjtpia tpl;L tpyfptplg; Nghtjhf ntUl;LtNjhL rup. je;ij nry;tehak; ,yl;rpak; ,izg;ghl;rp vd;W KOg; G+rdpf;fhia Nrhw;Wf;Fs; kiwf;Fk; rptrpjk;guj;ij je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; Ehw;whz;L epidT tpohtpw;F miog;gtHfs; " jkpoPoNk Kbe;j KbT"" vd;W capy; vOjp itj;Jtpl;L kiwe;j je;ij nry;tehafj;ij mtkupahij nra;fpwhHfs; vd;gNj vdJ jho;ikahd vz;zk;. rptrpjk;guj;ij tpl;L tpl;L khit Nrdhjpuhrhitf; $g;gpl;L tpohititf;fyhk;. Kof;fk; gj;jpupifia Nfhgpj;Jg; gadpy;iy.

5) aho;g;ghzj;ij ghz;ba kd;dHfs; Mz;ljw;fhd Mjhuk; VJk; fpilj;Js;shjh?

vdf;fj; njupe;jtiu ,y;iy vd;gNj gjpyhFk;. ghz;baHfistpl NrhoHfNs KO ,yq;ifiaAk; 75 Mz;Lfhykhf ( fp.gp. 995 - 1070) Ml;rpnra;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. ,d;iwa nghyeWitNa (n[fehjkq;fsGuk;) NrhoHfsJ jiyefuhfj; jpfo;e;jJ. mq;Nf Nrhoh;fs; vOg;gpa muz;kidfs; cl;gl ,uz;L rptd; Nfhtpy;fis ,g;NghJk; ghoile;j epiyapy; ghHf;fyhk;. 1973y; ehd; mijg; ghHj;jNghJ Nfhtpy;fs; ftdpg;ghuw;Wf; fhl;rpaspj;jJ. fUtiwapy; fhzg;gl;l ,ypq;fj;ij ahNuh tp\kpfs; ,uz;lhf cilj;jpUe;jhHfs;.

6) South Indian Studies vd;w Mq;fpyg; Gj;jfj;ij gbf;fg; Nghtjhf $wpapUe;jPHfs;. gbj;jPHfsh? mjpy; vdf;F nrhy;yNtz;ba tplak; VJk; cz;lh?

KOJk; gbf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;y Ntz;ba ,uz;L tplaq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

rq;ffhy r%fk; gw;wpa fl;Liuapy; mg;NghJ tho;e;j fhf;ifghbdpahH> nghd;KbahH> ntwpghba fhkf;fz;zpahH> xsitahH> ,sntapdp> ntz;zpf;Faj;jp> khrhj;jpahH Nghd;w ngz;GytHfs; gl;bay; nfhLf;fg; gl;bUf;fpwJ. ,J Mz;fs; NghyNt ngz;fSk; rq;ffhyj;jpy; xj;j fy;tpfw;W caHe;jijf; fhl;LfpwJ. ,ijtpl Mr;rupak; vd;dntd;why; ,jpy; fhf;ifghbdpahH> ,sntapdp> ntz;zpf;Faj;jpahH> khrhj;jpahH Nghd;wtHfs; Fwj;jp> NtlH Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtHfs;. xsitahH $l caH Fyj;ijr; rhHe;jtuy;ythk;. vdNt rq;f fhyj;jpy; gpd; MupaHfshy; GFj;jg;gl;l Fyj;Jf;nfhU ePjp nrhy;Yk; tHzh];jpu ghFghNlh mijtpl Nkhrkhd ""[hjp"" mikg;Ngh ,Uf;ftpy;iy vd;gjhFk;. ,ijg;gbf;f vt;tsT kfpo;r;rpahf ,Uf;fpwJ? mNj rkak; Mjpapy; ,y;yhJ ghjpapy; te;j [hjpapd; ngauhy;jkpopdk;> Fwpg;ghf jkpo;ehL> gpupTgl;L jho;e;J fplg;gijg; ghHf;f ftiyahf ,Uf;fpwJ. ,d;Dnkhd;W. rq;ffhyj; jkpo; kd;dHfsJ Jha jkpo;g; ngaHfs; gpw;fhyj;jpy; Mupag; ghHg;gdHfsJ nry;thf;fhy; vg;gbg; gbg;gbahf tlnkhopkag;gLj;jg; gl;lJ vd;gijAk; mwpe;J nfhs;sKbe;jJ.

 

7) nfhOk;gpy; re;jpupfhtpd; murpay; ehlfq;fs; vt;thW cs;sd?

,ilNtis tpl;L "fpiskf;];" fhl;rpia Nehf;fp efHe;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. mepahak; nrhy;yf;$lhJ. re;jpupfh> uj;tj;ij ,tHfsJ ebg;G mghukhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

8) th[;gha; jkpoPo kf;fSf;F ed;ik VjhtJ nra;thuh?

"ed;Wk; jPJk; gpwH ju tuh" vd;w fzpad; G+q;Fd;wdhupd; nghd;nkhop gbf;ftpy;iyah? vjpHtupirapy; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ murpay;ghjpfs; vijAk; NgRthHfs;. NgrKbAk;. MSk;fl;rpg; gf;fk; Nghdgpd; mNjkhjp NgRthHfs; vd;Nwh nra;thHfs; vd;Nwh vjpHghHf;f KbahJ. Mdhy; fhq;fpu];> If;fpa Kd;dzpg; gpujkHfistpl th[;gha; jkpo; kf;fs; gpur;rpidapy; rhjfkhf elw;J nfhs;thH vd vjpHghHf;fyhk;. cjhuzkhf tl-fpof;F epue;jukhf ,iza Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; gh.[.fl;rp cWjpahf ,Uf;fpwJ.

9) n[aRf;FW 12 khjq;fs; nfhz;lhLfpwNj! ,d;Dk; 12 khjq;fs; nfhz;lhLkh?

tTdpah - fpspnehr;rp nkhj;jJhuk; 76 fp. kP.. fpspnehr;rpia mila ,d;Dk; 40 f.p kP ( 25 iky;fs;) Jhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,Ue;Jk; ,d;Dk; 12 khjq;fs; n[arpf;FW ,uhZt eltbf;if jhf;Fg; gpbf;fhJ. mjw;Fs; ,uz;by; xd;W njupe;JtpLk;.

10) ',yq;if vd;gJ jha;j; jpUehL" vd;w ghly; jw;Nghija murpaw; #o;epiyf;F Vw;wjh? ,iria ehd; Fiw nrhy;y tpy;iy ghlypy; ,Uf;Fk; fUj;ij...

murpay; njspT ,y;yhjtHfs;jhd; ,g;gbahd ghly;fisg; ghLfpwhHfs;. my;yJ ghl itf;fpwhHfs;. jw;NghJkl;Lky;y vg;NghJk; ",yq;if vq;fs; jha;j; jpUehL" Mf ,Uf;f KbahJ. jkpoPoNk vq;fs; jha;j; jpUehL.

11) kpjthjf;fl;rpj; jiytH Nad; rNu yptuy; fl;rpf;Fj; jhtptpl;lhNu?

,q;Fs;s fl;rpfSf;F ntt;NtW ngaHfs; ,Ue;jhYk; nghUshjhu> tHj;jf> ntspAwT> FbtuT> ghJfhg;Gf; nfhs;iffspy; mtw;wpilNa tpj;jpahrk; ,y;iy. NjHjy; Neuj;jpy; thf;F mWtilf;fhf nfhQ;rk; tpj;jpahrkhfg; NgRthHfs;. cjhuzk; tlmnkupf;f Rje;jpu tHj;jf cld;ghL> rhkhd;fs; kw;Wk; Nritfs; tup> cyq;FthEhHjpf; nfhs;tdT ,tw;iwr; nrhy;yyhk;. ,tw;iw vjpHtupirapy; ,Ue;J KO%r;rhf vjpHj;j ypguy; fl;rp Ml;rpf;fl;by; VwpdJk; mtw;iw KO %r;rhf mKy; nra;jJ. ,g;NghJ 3 ePH%o;fpf; fg;gy;fis gpupj;jhdpahtplk; ,Ue;J nfhs;tdT nra;a tpguy; fl;rp vLj;j KbTf;F vjpHf; fl;rpfs; gr;irf; nfhb fhl;b tpl;ld.

12)fNdba jkpoH rq;fq;fspd; murpay; eltbf;iffs; nfhQ;rk; njha;e;J NghdJNghyj; njupfpwNj?

,y;iy. RNu\; tof;F tprhuiz Kbe;J tpl;ljhy; ,dp murpay;> r%f eltbf;iffs; KLf;fptplg; gLk;. ,e;j khjk; 19k; ehs; f.j.r.rk;Nksdk; trjpahd nrhe;jg; gzpkidf;F ,lk; khWfpwJ.

14) kPz;Lk; ,q;Fs;s Nfh\;bfs; kj;jpapy; Nkhjy;fs; Vw;gl;bUf;fpwNj? ,k;Kiw mJ Ms;f; flj;jypy; Kbe;jpUf;fpwJ. ,e;jj; jiyf;FdpTf;F Kw;Wg;Gs;spNa,y;iyah?

jiyf;FdpT kl;Lky;y. xU rjf;fhRf;F gaddpy;yhj> fhuzk; ,y;yhj> ,yf;F ,y;yhj tPz; Nkhjy;fs;. ,jw;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itf;f G+Hthq;f Kaw;rpfs; eilngWtjhff; Nfs;tpg; gLfpNwd;. ,e;j Kaw;rpf;F vy;NyhuJ MjuTk; MrpAk; Njs;it. ele;jit ele;jitahf ,Uf;fl;Lk;. ,dp elg;gJ ey;yitah ,Uf;f kyHe;Js;s Gj;jhz;L toprikf;f Ntz;Lnkdg; gpuhHj;jpf;fpNwd;.

 


1) GwehDw;Wj; jkpo;j;jha;khHfisAk;; jkpoPog; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ekJjha;khHfisAk; xg;gpLtPHfsh?

GwehDhw;Wf; fhyk; jkpoHfsJ nghw;fhyk;. me;jg; nghw;fhyj;jpd; gpd; ,d;ndhUnghw;fhyk; Njhd;wtpy;iy. ,d;iwa jkpoPok; kl;Lk; ,jw;F tpjptpyf;fhf ,Uf;fpwJ. GwehDhw;wpy; xU tPuj;jha; jdJ je;ijia Kd;ele;j ahidg; Nghupy; gwpnfhLf;fpwhs;. Kjy;ehs; Nghupy; mtsJ fztd; jpushd Mdpiufisf; fhj;J nrUf;fsj;jpy; tPo;e;J tpLfpwhd;. ,d;Wk; NghHg;giw Nfl;L kaq;fp vQ;rpapUe;j jdJ xNu kfid Nty; if nfhLj;J nrUKfk; Nehf;fp nry;nfd tpLj;j jhiag; ghHf;fpNwhk;. ,d;ndhU jha; jd; kfd; GwKJfpy; Nty;gl;L ,we;jhd; vdf; Nfl;L ntFz;L mg;gb mtd; ,we;Jgl;bUe;jhy; mtDf;F ghy; Cl;ba khHig mWj;njwpNtd; vd;W rgjkpl;L NghHf;fsk; nrd;W jdJ kfdpd; cliyj; NjLfpwhs;. tpOg;Gz; KJfpyy;y> khHgpy; vd;gijf; fz;L jha; ctif va;Jfpwhs;. kw;WnkhU jha; cd; kfd; ahq;F va;jpdd; vd tpdhtpa NghJ me;jg; Gypf;Fl;bia ngw;w FifNghd;w tapW ,Njh ,q;Nf ,Uf;fpwJ. kw;wg;gb NghHf;fsk; Nghdhy; me;jg; Gypia eP fhzyhk; vd;fpwhs;. ,d;W ,e;jg; GwehDhw;Wj; jha;khHfisnahj;j my;yJ mtHfisAk; tpQ;Rfpd;w Mapukhapuk; jha;khHfis ,d;iwa jkpoPoj;jpy; ghHf;fyhk;.

2)jpUkiyapy; nfhOk;Gj; jkpo;f; FOthd Gnshl;> xl;Nlh rhujp xUtiu flj;jpapUg;gjhfTk; mjdhy; xl;Nlh rhujpfs; gyH MHg;ghl;lk; nra;jjhfTk; Kof;fj;jpy; gbj;Njd;. Ml;flj;jy; Ntiyia GNshl; ,d;Dk; tpl;ljhf njupatpy;iyNa?

Gsl; FO vijj;jhd; tpl;lJ? tTdpahtpy; Gsl; FOtpdh; gaKWj;jp tHj;jfHfsplk; fg;gk; thq;FtJgw;wpAk;> nfhiy nfhs;isapy; <LgLtJgw;wpAk; tTdpahthrp xUth; mohf;Fiwahf Mq;fpyg; gj;jpupiff;F vOjpa fbjk; mz;ikapy; gpuRukhfpapUe;jJ. aho;g;ghzk;> nfhOk;G> kl;lf;fsg;G Nghd;w efuq;fspy; ,uhZtk; elhj;Jk; Rw;Wtisg;Gf;fspy; jiyahl;bfshf Gsl; cWg;gpdHfNs mjpfsT <LgLj;jg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. Gsl; FO KaNyhLk; ( jkpo;kf;fs;) Xl;lk; ehNahLk; (rpq;fs ,uhZtk;) Ntl;il!

3)aho;Flhehl;by; fLk;tul;rp epyTtjhy; ntg;gNeha;fs; ntFtha;g; gutptUfpd;wdthk; Nfs;tpg; gl;BHfsh?

njhw;W Neha;fistpl kNyupah Neha; aho;g;ghzf;Flh ehl;by; ntF Ntfkhfg; gutp tUtjhfg; gj;jpupifr; nra;jpfs; njuptpf;fpd;wd. kf;fs; ,lk; ngaHe;jjhYk;Ml;rp Fiye;jjhYk; aho;g;ghzf; FlhehL fhL kz;bg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. ,jdhy;Esk;Gfs; ngUfptpl;lJ kNyupah Neha; gut ,JNt fhuzkhFk;. aho;g;ghzf; Flhehl;bd; mgptpUj;jpf;F xJf;fpa epjpapy; 40 tpOf;fhl;il re;jpupfh muR jpUg;gpg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy; epyik NkYk; Nkhrkilag; NghfpwJ.

4)jkpoPog; gy;fiyf; fofq;fspy; epyTk; CopaH ntw;wplq;fSf;F gy;fiyf;fof Mizf;FO gl;ljhupfsplkpUe;J tpz;zg;gq;fisNfhupAs;sjha; mwpe;Njd; ntspehLfspy; ,Ue;Jk; tpz;zg;gpf;fyhkh?

tpz;zg;gpf;fyhNkh ,y;iyNah ,q;fpUe;J mq;F NeHKfg; guPl;irf;Fg; NghFk; xUtH Gypnad;w Fw;wr; rhl;by; nfhOk;gpy; itj;Nj ifJ nra;ag;gl;LtpLthH.

aho;g;ghzk; Nghf topNa ,y;iy.

5)tiuglk; nghwpf;g;gl;l ig xd;iw itj;jpUe;jhf 60 taJ jkpo;tNahjpgg; ngz; xUtH ,uz;LKiw ifJnra;ag;gl;L jLj;J itj;jpUg;gjhf nra;jpgbj;Njd;. gaq;futhj jLg;Gr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ifJ nra;ag;gLk; mg;ghtpj;jkpoHfs; 60tajpduhff; $l te;Jtpl;lNj?

60 taJ vd;whYk; Gyp GypjhNd? xU Gwk; tp.Gypfspd; gpbapypUe;J jkpo; kf;fis kPl;Lg; Nghl;Nlhk; vd;W re;jpupfh muR khHjl;LfpwJ. kWGwk; ve;jj; jkpoid my;yJ jkpopr;rpiag; ghHj;jhYk; rpq;fs ,uhZtj;jpd; fz;fSf;F mtHfs;GypfshfNt njupfpwhHfs;. ,jw;F Kd;dH fpspnehr;rpapy; itj;J 76 taJf; fpotiug; Gyp vd;w re;Njfj;jpy; ijJ nra;J mDuhjGur; rpiwr;rhiyapy; nfhz;LNgha; milj;jhHfs;. mg;Gwk; nfhOk;G ntypf;filr; rpiwapy; mtiug; G+l;bitj;jhHfs;. ,g;NghJ nfhOk;gpy; gLj;j gLf;ifapy; cLj;j cLg;NghL Mapuf; fzf;fhd jkpoHfis Gypfs; vd;w re;Njfj;jpy; nghyPrhH ifJ nra;J nghyP];epiyaq;fSf;F tpyq;Ffs; Nghy; ,Oj;Jr; nry;fpwhHfs;. ,e;jf; ifJfis mtrufhyr; rl;ltpjpfspd; fPNoNa nghyP]; nra;fpwJ. mtrufhyr; rl;l tpjpfs; khjh khjk; ghuhSkd;wj;Jf;F ePbg;gjw;F tUfpwNghJ mjid Mjupj;J jkpo;JNuhff; FOf;fs; mj;jidAk; jtwhJ thf;fspf;fpd;wd. ,Nj Nghy; ,dg; gLnfhiy Aj;jj;jpw;F Ntz;ba epjp xJf;fPl;Lf;F MjuthfTk; ,e;jf; FOf;fs; jtwhJ thf;fspf;fpd;wd. RUf;fkhfr; nrhy;tjhdhy; ,e;jf; FOf;fspd; MjuNthLjhd; re;jpupfh muR gjtpapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. vdNt tpahjp vq;fs; gf;fj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjw;F itj;jpak; nra;aNtz;Lk;.

6)nrd;uhdpay; jkpo; khztHfspd; 'jkpoPo rhtb" ,uz;lhk; ,lk;ngw;wJ Nghd;W ,q;Fs;s kw;iwa fy;tpf; $lq;fSk; ngWtJ vg;NghJ?

tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F jkpo; khztHfsJ gq;fspg;G Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT ,Uf;fpwJ. mJ NkYk; tsHf;fg; glNtz;Lk;. rl;lg;gb jkpoPoj;ij ntd;nwLf;FKd; jkpoPok; ajhHj;j uPjpapy; ntd;nwLf;fg; glNtz;Lk;.

7) Kof;fj;ij jil nra;J tpl;ljhf rpyH fij fl;bj; jpupfpwhHfNs cq;fs; fhJfSf;F vl;bajh?

,y;iy. rpyuJ eg;ghir mJthf ,Uf;fyhk;. gj;jpupifj; jil> gj;jpupifj; jzpf;if vd;w Ngr;Rf;Nf ,e;j ehl;by; ,lkpy;iy.

8),e;jpa ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; it.Nfh vd;d nra;fpwhH?

mz;ikapy; kf;fs; mitapy; NgRk; NghJ Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiaf; fLikahfj;jhf;fpg; NgrpdhH. gh.[. fl;rpNahL n[ayypjh NjHjy; $l;lzp itj;Jf; nfhz;ljd; %yk; tlehl;L rd;dpahrpfisAk; gz;lhuq;fisAk; jkpo; ehl;by; Eisaa topNfhyp tpl;Ltpl;lhH vd;w Kjy;tH fUzhepjpapd; Ngr;irf; fz;bj;Jj;jhd; itNfh jhf;fpg; NgrpdhH. khepyq;fs; mitapy; 20 tUlq;fs; itNfh cWg;gpduhf ,Ue;j mDgtk; mtUf;F ,g;NghJ epr;rak; if nfhLf;Fk;.

9)fhq;Nfrd; rPke;J njhopw;rhiyia rpwPyq;fh muR %baJ vt;tpjj;jpyhtJ murpay; jhf;fj;ij nfhz;LtUkh?

fle;j 10 Mz;Lfshf mJ %bj;jhNd fple;jJ.

10),uhrPt; fhe;jp nfhiytof;fpy; 26Ngupd; J}f;F jz;lidf;F ePjpkd;wk; jil tpjpj;jpUe;jhYk; Nkd;KiwaPl;il njhluj;jhd; Ntz;Lkh?

cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpd; jil xU ,ilf; fhyj; jil kl;LNk. vdNt Nkd;KiwaPLfl;lhak; njhluNt Ntz;Lk;.

11) ,t;thuj;jpy; ePz;l tpLKiwahr;Nr(long week end) vd;d nra;tjhf jpl;lk;?

South Indian Studies vd;nwhU Mq;fpyg; Gj;jfj;ij vg;ghLgl;Lk; gbj;J Kbj;J tplNtz;Lk; vd;gJ jpl;lk;. nkhj;jk; 1023 gf;fq;fs;. 1990y; mr;rplg;gl;lJ. njd;,e;jpa tuyhW> nkhop> rkak;> gz;ghL> fiy> ,itgw;wp mwpQH ngUkf;fs; vOjpa gy fl;Liufs; ,e;j Ehypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. nghJthf fHehlfk;> Me;jpuk;> kiyahsk; gw;wpAk; rpwg;ghf jkpofk; gw;wpAk; cs;slf;fk; mike;Js;sJ.

12) ,e;jpag; gpujkiu XNlhbg;Ngha; mikr;rH fjpHfhkH re;jpj;jpUf;fpwhNu?

mjdhnyd;d? Kf;fpakhfr; re;jpf;f Ntz;ba ghJfhg;G mikr;rH NahHr;R ngHdhd;l]; mtHfisr; re;jpf;fhky; fjpHfhkH jpUk;gp tpl;lhH vd nfhOk;Gg; gj;jpupiffs; mtiu tWj;J vLf;fpd;wd.


 

itNfhtpw;F tpiutpy; mikr;rH gjtp!

 

1) fdbaj; J}Jtiu Kof;fk; gj;jpupifahsHfs; re;jpj;jij Iyz;l; Kjyhspfspd; mbik> 'ntw;wpNte;jd;" vjpHj;jJ Vd;?

mJ xU FR FR $l;lk;. me;jf; $l;lj;Jf;F =yq;fhtpd; iff;$ypfs; kl;Lk;miof;fg;gl;bUe;jhHfs;. mjpy; "ntw;wpNte;jDk;" xUtH. jdJ v[khd tpRthrj;ij fhl;lf; fpilj;j re;jHg;gj;ij tpl;LtpLthuh vd;d? Mdgbahy;jhd; ""Kof;fk;"" gjpjpupifahsHfisf; fz;lJk; Fiuj;jpUf;fpwhH.

2) rpwPyq;fh ,uhZt Mf;fpukpg;gpy; ,Uf;Fk; gFjpfspy; jw;nfhiyfs; mjpfkhf cs;sd vd;W tpfpjhrhuk; fhl;b jdJ

jkpopdg; gLnfhiyia kiwf;f KaYk; rpwPyq;fh murpd; ehrfhuj; jpl;lj;ij cyfpw;F vLj;Jf; $WtJ vg;gb?

cyfk; mg;gb Vkhe;JtpLk; my;yJ Vkhw;wg;gl;L tpLk; vd;W ehd; ek;gtpy;iy.jw;nfhiyfs; mjpfkhf ,Ug;gjw;F rpq;fs ,uhZtk; jkpoH G+kpia Mf;fpukpj;f;nfhz;L ,Ug;gJjhd; Kf;fpa fhuzk; vd;W cyfk; epidf;Fk;. cz;ikAk; mJjhd;.

3) 'nkhl;ilf; fbjk;" vd;gJNt ngha;fis cz;ikNghd;W epahaj;jpw;F mg;ghw;gl;L epd;W $WtJjhd;. mjid Kof;fk; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L nkhl;ilf;fbjj;ij cjhrPdg;gLj;jpg; gpuRupf;fhky; tpl;bUe;jhy; ed;W vd;gJ vd; fUj;J. ePq;fs; vd;d epidf;fpwPh;fs;?

Fiuf;fpw eha;fs; Fiuj;Jtpl;Lg; Nghfl;Lk; vd;W ,uhky; Fiuf;fpw eha;fSf;Frpy rkak; ,uz;L fy;nyLj;J vwpaj;jhd; Ntz;Lk;.

4) fpUrhe;jp ghypay;-nfhiy tof;fpy; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;l ,U rpwPyq;fh ,uhZtj;jpdH jg;gpNahbaJ njhlh;ghf nfhOk;Gj; jkpo; murpay;thjpfs; ahuhtJ Fuy;vOg;gpdhHfsh?

mtHfSf;F mjw;nfy;yhk; Neuk; VJ? Ie;J el;rj;jpu Nfhl;lypy; re;jpupfh NghLk; tpUe;ij rhg;glNt mtHfSf;F ( jpU. NahNrg; guuhrrpq;fk; ePq;fyhf) Neuk; rupahfptpLwJ. mg;Gwk; fpUrhe;jp nfhiy tof;fpy;Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;l ,uhZtj;jpdH jg;gpNahlty;y> jg;gpNahltplg;gl;lijapl;L Fuy; vOg;g Neuk; vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwJ.

5) jkpoHfis mopf;Fk; cjtpf; fhuzp lf;fpsR Njthde;jh

vdg; gfpuq;ff; fbjk; vOjpAs;s nfhOk;Gj; jkpo; mikg;G vJ?

nfhOk;Gj; jkpo; mikg;gh? lf;fpsR Njthde;jhTf;F gfpuq;ff; fbjk; vOjpa jkpoH tpopg;Gg; Nghuhl;lf; FO aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ,aq;Fk; mikg;G vd;W ehd; vz;zp;f; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpNwd;. ""vq;fs; kf;fSf;F gzp nra;aNt aho; te;J epw;fpd;Nwhk;"" vd;W xU ,lj;jpy; nrhy;yg;gLtij itj;Jj;jhd; mg;gb vz;zpNdd;. rup> vJthfthtJ ,Ue;J tpl;Lg; Nghfl;Lk;. me;j mikg;G Njthde;jhit fpop fpopnad;W gdq;fpsq;iff; fpopj;jJ Nghyf; fpopj;jpUf;fpwJ. xt;nthUjkpoDk; gbj;Jg; ghHf;f trjpahf rl;lk; Nghl;L nghJ ,lq;fspy; njhq;f tpl Ntz;ba mwpf;if mJ. NtWahuhtJ vd;why; fOj;jpy; Jhf;Fg; Nghl;L capiu tpl;bUg;ghHfs;. Mdhy; Njthde;jhTf;Fj;jhd; khdk; kupahij vd;W xd;Wk; ,y;iyNa! fijNahL fij. R+sNkl;Lf; nfhiy rk;ge;jkhf Njthde;jh nrd;id ePjpkd;wj;jhy; gpwg;gpf;fg; gl;l gpbtpwhe;jpd;gb ifJ nra;ag;gl Ntz;batH. Mdhy; I.Kd;dzp Ml;;rpapd;NghJ ,e;jpah nrd;W Nrhdpah fhe;jp Kjy; Jf;sf; ""Nrh"" tiu Nwhtpd; Gz;zpaj;jpy; re;jpj;J tpl;L te;jtH. ,g;NghJ Ml;rp khwpapUf;fpwJ. ,dpg;Nghdhy; vd;d elf;Fk; vd;W ghHf;fyhk;.

6) iuw;uhdpf; glk; ghHj;jPHfsh?

,y;iy. xU ngupa kdpj mtyj;ij nfhypTl;fhuHfs; vg;gbf; fhrhf;fpwhHfs; vd;gijf; ftdpj;jPHfsh? $ba tpiutpy; ,sturp ladhtpd; mfhy kuzj;ijAk;;glkhf;fp fhrhf;FthHfs;. VyNt mtuJ FLk;gk; mJ Nghd;w Kaw;rpapy; Kk;kukhf ,wq;fpAs;sJ.

7) khq;Fsj;ij gpbg;gJ rpwPyq;fhg; gilfspd; ,yf;F my;y vd ruj; Kdrpq;f $wpapUf;fpwhNu?

Nrr;Nr me;jg; gok; Gspf;Fk;!

8) '..jd; capH ePg;gpDk; kd;capiu ePf;f

rhitAk; mizf;f Jzpe;J tho;e;j me;j khtPu eq;ifapd; rhNthL ,e;j tof;fhdJ Kbe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;..." (,uhrPt; nfhiy tof;F) vd;w rpth rpd;dj;jk;gp mtHfspd; fUj;J kpfTk; rupjhNd?

?

9) khtPuHfsJ tPu tuyhWfis cyfj; jkpoH gj;jpupif gpuRupf;Fk; mNj fijfis Kof;fk; kPz;Lk; gpuRupg;gJk;> Kof;fk; gpuRupg;gij cyfj;jkpoH kPz;Lk; gpuRupg;gijAk; jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;s eltbf;if vLg;gPHfsh?

Vd; jtpHj;Jf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;? ,uz;L gj;jpupiffspYk; tUk;NghJ c.jkpoH gj;jpupifiag; gbf;fj; jtwpatHfs; Kof;fj;jpy; mijg; gbf;fyhk;. mNjNghy; Kof;fk; gj;jpupifiag; gbf;fj; jtwpatHfs; c> jkpoH gj;jpupifiag; gbj;Jj; njupe;J nfhs;syhk;. xw;iwf; Foy; Jg;ghf;fpiatpl ,ul;ilf; Foy; Jg;ghf;fp Nkyy;yth?

10) njd;jkpoPoj;jpy;; 182 rpwPyq;fh Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gilapdH rpwPyq;fhg; ghJfhg;G mikr;rhy; gjtp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lij nrd;w Kof;fk; ,jopy; thrpj;Njd;. tpLjiyg; GypfsJ jkpoPo kPl;Gg; gzpia mtHfNs ,yFthf;fp tpLthHfs; Nghy; cs;sNj?

Rl;l kz;Zk; gr;ir kz;Zk; xl;lhJ. jkpoUk; rpq;fstUk; xd;whf thoKbahJ. ,ijj; jPHf;fjuprdj;NjhL nrhd;dtH je;ij nry;tehak;. =yq;fhtpd; Mf;fpuKg; gilapdH gjtp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhYk; rup nra;ag;glhtpl;lhYk; rup tpiutpy; jkpo; kz;zpy; ,Ue;J rpq;fsg; gil tpul;lg;gLk;. Gypg; gil ntw;wpthif R+Lk;. fp.gp. 2001y; Rje;jpu jkpoPok; kyUk;!

11) nrd;w ,jopy; 'fdbaj; J}JtH re;jpj;jJ jkpo;

kf;fsJ gpujpepjpfisah?" vd;w jiyg;Gr; nra;jpia thrpj;Njd;. ,jd; %yk; nkhl;ilf; fbjf; fhuHfis Kof;fk; njspthf ,dk; fhl;bAs;sJNghy; njupfpwJ. MapDk;> 'mth;' jtph;e;j rpyuJ njhlh;Gk; ,Uf;fpwJ Nghy;jhd; vdf;Fj; njupfpwJ?

12) Gyk;ngaHe;j jkpoHfs; vt;tif ,yf;fpaq;fSf;F Kd;Dupik nfhLf;fNtz;Lk;?

jkpoPoj;ijg; gpd;fskhff; nfhz;l ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;fSf;F Kd;Dupik nfhLf;fg; glNtz;Lk;. ,d;iwa ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;fs; ,d;iwa r%fj;ijg; gpujpgypf;f Ntz;Lk;.

13) vt;tpj mikg;gpyhd Ml;rp mike;jhYk; njhopyhsH

tHf;fj;ij KjyhsptHf;fk; njhlHe;J mbikg; gLj;jp tUtij mtjhdpj;jPHfsh?

(ftdnkLj;Jg; gjpy; nrhy;yTk; ,y;yhtpby; Kof;ff;fhuh; <.gp.f;fhuh; vd;W $l tje;jpfs; fpsk;gyhk;)

fk;A+dpRt jj;Jtk; Njhy;tp fz;Ltpl;lJ. mJ Kjypy; fhy;gjpj;j kz;zpNyNa(cUrpah) Mof;Fop Njhz;b ePsg; Gijf;fg; gl;L tpl;lJ. Mdhy; khHf;rpd; Kjyhsp -njhopyhs;p tHf;f Ngjk; vd;gJ ahUk; kWj;Jiuf;f Kbahj r%f-nghUspay; Nfhl;ghL. Mdhy; xt;nthU njhopyhopAk; jhndhU Kjyhspahfptplyhk; vd;W fdT fhz;gjhy; ,e;j tHf;f Kuz;ghL ,d;iwa etPd nghUs; cw;gj;jp Afj;jpy; gpd;js;sg;gl;L tpLfpwJ.

14. jkpo; nkhop> jkpo;g; gz;ghl;L mikr;rH jkpo;FbkfdJ rj;jj;ijNa fhNzhNk?

CUf;F ,isj;jtd; gps;isahH Nfhtpy; Mz;b vd;ghHfs;. mjw;F mLj;jjhf itj;Jg; Ngrg;gLgtH jkpo; thj;jpahH. fiyQNu jkpo;Fbkfid xU nghUl;lhf kjpg;gjpy;iy. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; jdJ FLk;gr; nrhj;jhd rd;uptpapd; ngaiu vg;NghNjh jkpo;gLj;jpapUg;ghNu?

15. itNfh ke;jpupg;gjtp Nfl;ljhfTk; mij th[;ghap nfhLf;f kWj;jjhy; itNfhtpw;F ngUj;j Vkhw;wk; vd;W ,q;Fs;s thndhyp xd;W xUKiwf;F gyKiw nra;jp nrhd;dNj? ePq;fs; Nfs;tpg;gltpy;iyah?

me;j thndhypr; nra;jpapy; ve;j cz;ikAk; ,y;iy. NjHjy; KbTfs; ntsptUKd;dNu mikr;rH gjtp vijAk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;skhl;Nld; vd;W itNfh Nfhitj; NjHjy; gpurhuf;$l;lj;jpy; NgRk;NghJ mwptpj;J tpl;lhH. mijtpl k.jp.K.f. nghJf;FOTk;; ke;jpupg;gjtp vijAk; Vw;gjpy;iy vd;W jPHkhdk; epiwNtw;wpapUf;fpwJ.

Mdhy; itNfhit mikr;ruitapy; NrHg;gjw;fhd Kaw;rpapy; gpujkH th[;gha; ,g;NghJ jPtpukhf ,wq;fpAs;shH.

cyfj; jkpoH ,af;f Kd;dhs; nghWg;ghsH khzpf;;fthrfk; RNu\; rpiwapy; ,Ue;J gpizapy; tpLjiy Mdhy;Rje;jpu kdpjuhfty;y!

cyfj; jkpoH ,af;f Kd;dhs; nghWg;ghsH khzpf;;fthrfk; RNu\; jpq;fs; khiy rupahf gp.g. 9.39 kzpf;F nlhd; rpiwapy; ,Ue;J tpLtpf;fg; gl;lhH. ePjpkd;wk; tpjpj;j 40>000 fhRg; gpizAk; 150>000 nrhj;Jg; gpizAk; ePjpkd;wj;jpy; nfhLf;fg; gl;lijj; njhlHe;J RNurpd; tpLjiyg; gj;jpuj;jpy; ePjpgjp fle;j jpq;fs; fpoik( 23-03-98); tpLjiyg; gj;jpuj;jpy; ifnaOj;J ,l;lhH.

RNuirg; gpizapy; tpLtjw;fhd cj;juit RNuRf;F vjpuhd FbtuTr; rl;ltof;if tprhupj;j mNj ePjpgjp ijj;njk;Nghk; fle;j khHr;R khjk; 18k; jpfjp cj;juT gpwg;gpj;jpUe;jhH vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. nrd;w nts;spf;fpoikNa mtiu ntspapy; nfhz;Ltu vLj;j Kaw;rp gydspf;ftpy;iy.

RNui\g; gpizapy; ntspNa tpLtjw;F vjpHg;Gj; njuptpjJ gy fhuzq;fis ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Kd; itj;j mur rl;lj;juzp mtH ntspNa tplg;gl;;lhy; mJ tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fg; ngU ntw;wpahfTk; fNdba muRf;F Njhy;tpahfTk; tp.Gypfs; gpurhuk; nra;thHfs; vd;gij xU fhuzkhff; fhl;bdhH. tpLjiyg; Gypfs;mg;gbg; gpurhuk; nra;a khl;lhHfs; khwhf mtuJ tpLjiy ePjpf;F fpilj;j ntw;wpahf vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk; vd ePjp kd;wj;jpy; njuptpf;fg; gl;lJ. ,J njhlHghf rhl;rpak; mspj;j RNuRk; ,Nj khjpupahd fUj;ij ePjpkd;wj;jpy; njuptpj;jhH.

Njrpag; ghJfhg;igf; fhuzk; fhl;b FbAupik rl;l tpjp 40.1 ,d; fPo; ifJ nra;ag;gl;Lg; gpd; Fw;wthspahff; fhzg;gl;l gpd;dH 120 ehl;fs; ( ,e;j fhyf; nfLTf;Fs; ehL flj;j KbahJ Nghd fhuzj;jhy; )fopj;J ntspapy; gpizapy; tpLtpf;fg; gl;l Kjy; Ms; RNu\; vd;gJ ,q;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

nrd;w [dtup khjk; 19k; jpfjp RNu\; =yq;fhtpw;F ehLflj;jg;gLtjw;F fNdba FbtuT mikr;rH Yhrpad; nwhgpyhl; ehLflj;jy; gj;jpuj;jpy; ifnaOj;J ,l;bUe;jJ njupe;jNj.

me;jf; fl;lj;jpy; ngupa kPd;""gpbgl;Ltpl;ljhfr; nrhy;yp mtiu ""tuNtw;f"" =yq;fh ntspAwT mikr;rH yl;Rkd; fjpHfhkH kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G mikr;R caH kl;l mjpfhupfs; jlGlyhd Maj;jq;fs; nra;jJk; Iyd;l; gj;jpupifAl;gl nfhOk;Gg; gj;jpupiffs; kfpo;r;rp nts;sj;jpy; kpje;jJk; njupe;jNj. "",dp iridl; mUe;JtJ jtpu NtWtop RNuRf;F ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy"" vd;W$l rpq;fs ,dthjj;ijf; ff;Fk; Mq;fpyg; gj;jpupif fl;Liu ntspapl;bUe;jJ.

,e;j ehL flj;jYf;fhd cj;juTf;F vjpuhd kDit kj;jpa ePjp kd;wk; js;Sgbb nra;jJ. Mdhy; ,jid mLj;J khfhz ePjp kd;wj;jpy; jhf;fy; nra;ag; gl;lkD kPjhd tprhuizapd; gpd; khfhz ePjpaurH ehL flj;jyp cj;juTf;F vjpuhfjilaj;juit toq;fp ,Ue;jhH. jdJ ifJf;F fhuzkhf ,Ue;j FbtuTr; rl;l tpjp 19.1 fNdba cupikfs; kw;Wk; Rje;jpuq;fs; rhrdjpjpd; tpjpfis kPWthjhf cs;sJ vd;W kj;jpa ePjpkd;wj;jpy; RNu\; rhHghf jhf;fy; nra;;ag;gl;l tof;Ffs; tprhupj;J jPHg;G toq;F kl;Lk; ,e;j jilAj;juT mKypy; ,Uf;Fk;.

RNu\; rpiwia tpl;L ntspapy; te;jhYk; mtuJ Rje;jpuk; fLikahff; fl;Lg;gLj;jg; gl;Ls;sJ. mtH kPJ ePjpkd;wk; fLikahd epge;jidfistpjpj;Js;sJ.cyfj; jkpoH ,af;fk;> fNdba jkpoH rq;fq;fspd; rk;Nksdk; my;yJ tpLjiyg;GypfSld; rk;ke;jg; gl;l mikg;Gf;fNshL RNu\; njhlHGitj;jpUg;gJ jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

nuhud;Nuh gl;bdj;J vy;iyf;F Ik;gJ fpNyh kPl;lH njhiyTf;F mg;ghy; mtH ntspA+H gazk; nra;tjw;Fk; jil tpjpf;fg;glLs;sJ.

rpiw nrd;wgpd; mtH fhrNehahy; gPbf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ njupe;jNj. mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; mtuJ RfaPdk; Nkhrkile;jpUg;gjhf nuhud;Nuh ];uhH gj;jpupif fle;j thuk; nra;jp ntspapl;bUe;jJ.

1995 Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH khjk; 18k; ehs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;l RNu\; fle;j ,uz;liu tUlq;fis rpiwapy; fopj;Js;shH.

kj;jpa ePjpkd;wk; mtuJ ehLflj;jYf;F vjpuhf jilAj;juT toq;f kWj;jgpd; mtuJ rl;lj;juzp ghguh af;kd; xd;NuupNah khfhz ePjp kd;wj;jpy; thjhb jilAj;juT thq;fpapUe;jhH. ,e;jj; jilAj;juT RNu\; rhHgpy; thjplg;gl ,Uf;Fk;murpay; ahg;G tof;Ffs; tprhupj;J KbT $Wk; tiu mKypy; ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJFwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

,e;j tof;Ffs; vy;yhtw;wpYk; RNu\; rhHghf gpugy rl;lj;juzp ghguh af;kd; ,uT gfy;ghuhJ fLikahf cioj;J ePjpkd;wj;jpy; ntw;wpfukhf thjhbdhH vd;gJ Nghw;Wjw;Fupa tplakhFk;.

cyfj; jkpoH ,af;f Kd;dhs; nghWg;ghsH khzpf;;fthrfk; RNu\; ,d;W rpiwapy; ,Ue;J tpLjiy?

cyfj; jkpoH ,af;f Kd;dhs; nghWg;ghsH khzpf;;fthrfk; RNu\; ,d;W rpiwapy; ,Ue;J tpLtpf;fg; gLthH vd vjpHghHf;fg; gLfpwJ. ePjpkd;wk; tpjpj;j 40>000 fhRg; gpizAk; 200>000 nrhj;Jg; gpizAk; ,d;W ePjpkd;wj;jpy; nfhLf;fg; gl;lJk; ePjpgjp tpLjiyg; gj;jpuj;jpy; ifnaOj;J ,LthH vd ek;gg; gLfpwJ.

nrd;w nts;spf;fpoikNa mtiu ntspapy; nfhz;Ltu vLj;j Kaw;rp gydspf;ftpy;iy.

mtH tpLjiy nra;ag;gl;lhYk; ePjpkd;wk; mtUf;F fLikahd epge;jidfistpjpj;Js;sJ. cyfj; jkpoH ,af;fj;NjhNlh my;yJ mJ Nghd;w mikg;Gf; fNshNlh mtH njhlHG itj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ vd;gJ me;j epge;jidfspy;xd;whFk;. Ik;gJ fpNyh kPl;lH njhiyTf;F mg;ghy; mtH ntspA+H gazk; nra;tjw;Fk; jil tpjpf;fg;gl;bUg;gjhfTk; "" <oehL"" mwpfpwJ.

rpiw nrd;wgpd; mtH fhrNehahy; gPbf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ njupe;jNj. mz;ikf; fhyj;jpy; mtuJ RfaPdk; Nkhrkile;jpUg;gjhf nuhud;Nuh ];uhH gj;jpupif nra;jp ntspapl;Ls;sJ.

1995 Mk; Mz;L xf;NlhgH khjk; 18k; ehs; ifJ nra;ag;gl;l RNu\; fle;j ,uz;liutUlq;fis rpiwapy; fopj;Js;shH.

fle;j [dtu; khjk; 19k; ehs; RNu\; =yq;fhtpw;F ehLflj;jg; gl ,Ue;jJk; "" ngupa kPd;""gpbgl;Ltpl;ljhfr; nrhy;ypf; mtiu ""tuNtw;f"" =yq;fh ntspAwT mikr;rH yl;Rkd; fjpHfhkH jlGlyhd Maj;jq;fs; nra;jJk; njupe;jNj.

kj;jpa ePjpkd;wk; mtuJ ehLflj;jYf;F vjpuhf jilAj;juT toq;f kWj;jgpd; mtuJ rl;lj;juzp ghguh af;kd; xd;NuupNah khfhz ePjp kd;wj;jpy; thjhb jilAj;juT thq;fpapUe;jhH. ,e;jj; jilAj;juT RNu\; rhHgpy; thjplg;gl ,Uf;Fk;murpay; ahg;G tof;Ffs; tprhupj;J KbT $Wk; tiu mKypy; ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJFwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.


 

26 capH fhg;G tof;F epjpf;FO Ntz;LNfhs;

1. MAjg; Gul;rpia nrhy;fpwPHfsh? N[.tp.gp.apdH jhq;fs; [dehafg; ghijf;Fj; jpUk;gp tpl;ljhfr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. vdNt MAjg; Gul;rpf;F topapy;iy. mlf;FKiwf;F fhyg;Nghf;fpy; Mshf;fg;gl;lhy; kPz;Lk; MAjk; Jhf;f mtHfs; epHg;ge;jpf;fg; glyhk;. jpBnud ahUk; MAjq;fisj; Jhf;f KbahJ. mjw;fhd murpay;-r%f epyikfs; cUthf Ntz;Lk;.

2. mJ =yq;fhtpd; eg;ghir. =yq;fhf; flw;gilf;Fk; ,e;jpaf; flw;gilf;Fk; Kd;gpUe;j "cwT" ,g;NghJ ,y;iy. %o;fpa fg;gypy; ,Ue;j MAj jsghlq;fis (,uz;L jhq;fpfs; cl;gl) =yq;fhf; flw;gilapd; RopNahbfs; "kPl;L"tpl;ljhf ghJfhg;G mikr;R mwptpj;Js;sJ.

3. ,e;jpahtpy; epiyahd Ml;rp ,y;yhjjhy; epiyahd ntspAwTf; nfhs;ifAk; ,y;yhJ ,Uf;fpwJ. ,e;jpahtpy; fhq;fpu]; fl;rp kl;LNk tp.Gypfis jdJ vjpupahff; fUjp nray;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,e;jpahtpd; mZFKiw kj;jpapy; ghujpa [djhf; fl;rpf; $l;lzp Ml;rp mikf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; khw ,lKz;L.

4. mtHfs; ,Ug;gijf; fhl;bf; nfhs;s Muhj;jp vLj;Jj;jhd; jPuNtz;Lk;. mnkupf;f JhJf;FOtplk; aho;g;ghzj;jpd; mgptpUj;jpf;F mohf;Fiwahf epjpAjtp Nfl;bUf;fpwhHfs;. aho;g;ghzf;Flhehl;il 300 Nfhb nrytpy; mgptpUj;jp nra;ag; Nghtjhf rdhjpgjp re;jpjpupfhtpd; gj;jpupif mwptpg;G vd;dthapw;W? njd;,yq;ifapd; mgptpUj;jpf;Nf murplk; gzk; ,y;iy. tl,yq;ifapd; mgptpUj;jpf;F

gzk; VJ? mijj; njupe;J nfhz;L NghYk; mnkupf;f JhJf;FOtpd; fhypy; jkpo;f; FOf;fs; fhypy; rhl;lhq;khf tpOe;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

5. gj;jpupifapy; gbf;ftpy;iy. je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; Ehw;whz;L epiwT tpohfl;lhak; nfhz;lhlg;glNtz;Lk;. Mdhy; mij elhj;JgtHfs; mtuJ jdpj; jkpo; <of; Nfhupf;ifia Mjupg;gtHfshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,d;iwa j.tp.$l;lzpapd; JNuhf murpay; jiyikia Mjupg;gtHfSf;F je;ij nry;tehafj;jpd; Ehw;whz;L epiwT tpohitf; nfhz;lhl Nahf;fpij fpilahJ.

6. tp. GypfSf;F rhjfkpy;yhky; ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. mEUj;j uj;tj;ijf;Fg; gjpy; tprak; njupe;j xUtH Jizg; ghJfhg;G mikr;ruhf tUtJ ey;yjy;y.

8. gy fhuzq;fs; cz;L. ,q;Fs;s me;epa fyhr;rhur; R+oy;. jha; je;ijaHfsJ fl;Lg; ghl;bd;ik. Nghijg; nghUl;fSk;> fs;sr; re;ijapy; MAjq;fSk; jhuhskhf fpilf;f toptiffs; ,Ug;gJ. fhty;Jiwapd; mf;fiwapd;ik my;yJ gpioahd mZFKiw. td;Kiwr; rk;gtq;fis Kisapy; fps;sp vwpahky; mtw;iw tsutpl;L Ntbf;if ghHf;fpwhHfs;. Fw;wr; nray;fspy; <LgLgtHfisj; jpUj;jp mtHfis ey;topapy; nfhz;LtUtjw;F nghUj;jkhd r%f mikg;Gfs; ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gJ. ,g;gb gy fhuzq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

9. mg;gb xNuabahfr; nrhy;yptpl KbahJ. ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;Fupa R+oy; nghJthf Gyk;ngaHe;j ehLfspy; ,y;iy. tho;f;if ,q;F ngupa Nghuhl;lkhf ,Uf;fpwJ. gbg;Gf;F Vw;w nghUj;jkhd Ntiy ,y;iy. Xa;tpy;iy. MrpupaH Ntiy ghHf;f Ntz;batH fjT ad;dy;fisj; Jhf;fpaLf;Fk; $yp Ntiy nra;fpwhH. my;yJ vk;[pahH Ntiy ghHf;fpwhH. ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapy; <LghL cs;stHfSk; mjidKONeukhfr; nra;aKbahJ ,Uf;fpwJ.

10. ,g;NghJjhd; ,ijf;fz;L gpbj;jPHfsh? fhrpy;yhjtd; me;jf; flTs; vd;whYk; fjitr; rhj;jb vd;wnthU jpiug;ghlNy ,Uf;fpwNj? gzk; Nfhapy;fspy; kl;Lk; jd; iftupiriaf; fhl;Ltjhfr; nrhy;y KbahJ. mjd; Mjpf;fk; mq;fpq;fpd;dhjgb vq;Fk; ePf;fkw epiwe;Js;sJ. nghUspyhHf;F ,t;Tyfpy;iy vd;W ts;StH mwpjpapl;Lr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

cjhuzj;Jf;Fr; nrhy;y Ntz;Lnkd;why; ,e;j ehl;Lf; FbtuTr; rl;lj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mfjpahf te;J murpay; milf;fyk; Nfl;lhy; Mapuk; Nfs;tpfs;. khjf;fzf;fhf tprhuiz. mfjpf; Nfhupf;if Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg; glhtpl;lhy;ePjpkd;wg; gbf;fl;Lf;fspy; Vwpapwq;f Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; cq;fs; tq;fpapy; 250>000 nlhyH ,Ue;jhy; epue;jutjpAupikia xU ehspy; thq;fptplyhk;!

11. NjHjy; eilngwtpy;iy. xj;jpg; Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. vd;idf; Nfl;lhy; fhty;Jiw jkpoH kj;jpapy; ey;Ywit tsHg;gjw;Fg; gjpy; ,Uf;fpw cwitAk; nfLf;f Kidtjhfj; njupfpwJ. fhty;Jiw NeNu tpuyhy; %f;ifj; njhLtjw;Fg; gjpy; jiyiar; Rw;tptisj;Jj; njhlg;ghHf;fpwJ. jkpo; kf;fSf;nfd mikg;Gf;fs; ,Uf;fpwJ. mtw;wpd; gpujpejpfis mioj;J fhty;Jiw jq;fs; gpur;rpidfis Kd;itj;J mtw;wpw;F gupfhuk; Njlyhk;. fhty;Jiwf;F jkpo; r%fk; vg;NghJNk jdJ xj;Jiog;ig toq;fp tUfpwJ. ,lk;ngw;w rpy td;KiwfisAk; mjpy; rk;ke;jg;gl;ltHfisAk; fNdbajkpoH rq;fq;fspd; rk;Nksdk; Nghd;w mikg;G fz;bj;Js;sJ. ,e;j ,lj;jpy; ehd; Nfs;tpg;gl;lij nrhy;ytpUk;GfpNwd;. td;Kiwapy; <Lgl;l rpy ,isQHfs; kdk; jpUe;jp xOq;fhf elf;f tpUk;gpdhYk; fhty;Jiw tpl;lghby;iyahk;. '' Mis Ms; Rl;Lf; nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;. Fiwe;j gl;rk; Mis Ms; mbj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; vq;fSf;F NtiyNa,y;yhky; Ngha;tpLk;"" vd;fpwhHfshk;. ,J cz;ikah?

12. jkpo; ehl;Lj; NjHjypy; jp.K.f-j.kh.fh $l;lzp gL Njhy;tp mile;Js;sNj?cq;fs; M&lk; gpioj;Jtpl;ljw;F vd;d nrhy;fpwPHfs;?

vdJ M&lk; jp.K.f. - j.kh.fh 30> m.jp.K.f. - gh.[djh $l;lzp 10 vd;gJ (GJitiaAk; NrHj;J). ,e;j M&lk; NjHjYf;F 3 thuq;fSf;F Kd; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. Fwpg;ghf Nfhit Fz;L ntbg;Gf;F Kd; nrhy;yg;gl;lJ. ,g;NghJ KbT 10-30 vd;W Kbe;jpUf;fpwJ. Mdhy; vdJ M&lk; ,e;jpah UNl> Frontline, Doordharshan ,,tw;wpd; fzpg;igtplg; gUthapy;iy. ,it m.jp.K.f - gh.[djh $l;lzpf;F39y; 4 ,lq;fs;jhd; fpilf;Fnkd;W NjHjYf;F Ke;jp fUj;Jf; fzpg;G elhj;jpAk;;;> Kbe;jgpd; Exit poll elhj;jpAk; nrhy;ypapUe;jd.

13. ,e;j tUlj;jpw;Fs; Aj;jj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L tug;Nghtjhf rdhjpgup re;jpupfh nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhNu?

1994Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; fpspg;gps;is khjpup ,ijj;jhd; mtH nrhy;yptUfpwhH. Mdhy; Aj;jk; Kbe;jghlhapy;iy.

14. m.jp.K.f - gh.[.f $l;lzpapd; mNkhf ntw;wpf;Ff; fhuzk; vd;d?

jp.K.fTf;F vjpuhf gh.[.f.> k.jp.K.f.> gh.k.f. [djh> uhrpt; fhq;fpu]; ,tw;iw mzpjpul;ba m.jp.K.f. nghJr; nrayhsH n[ayypjhtpd; murpay; rhzf;fpak;. If;fpa Kd;dzpiar; NrHe;j [djh jsk;> fk;A+dp];L (khHf;rp];L) fl;rpfisj;jhDk;NrHj;Jf; nfhs;shky; Gwf;fzpj;j fiyQhpd; murpay; QhdR+dpak;. cjhuzj;Jf;F kJiuj; njhFjpiar; nrhy;yyhk;. ,e;jj; njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl;L ntd;w Rg;gpukzpaRthkpapd; mjpfg;gb thf;Ffs; 20>897. fk;A+dp];l; Ntl;ghsH NkhfDf;F fpilj;j thf;Ffs; 1>10>862. fk;A+dp];L (khHf;rp];L) fl;rpNahL $l;L itj;jpUe;;jhy; kJiuj; njhFjpia 80>000 f;Fk; mjpfkhd thf;Ffshy; jp.K.f. -j.kh.fh $l;lzp rhHghf fk;A+dp];l; fl;rp Ntl;ghsH Nkhfd; ifg;gw;wpapUg;ghH. ,e;j ajhHj;jj;ij Gupe;J nfhs;s rhjhuz $l;ly; fopj;jy; fzf;Fj; njupe;jpUe;jhNy NghJkhdJ.


 

1. ,uz;L fhy; Gypfisj;jhd; mtHfSf;Fg; gpbf;fhJ. Kj;jpiuapy; ,Ug;gJ ehYfhy; Gypahapw;Nw! mg;gbj;jhd; gpbf;fhJ vd;W itj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; Gypfis ahUk; xd;Wk; nra;a KbahJ.

2;. fpA+ngf; gpupa Ntz;Lkh? Ntz;lhkh? gpue;jhy; ed;ikah? jPikah? vd;gijj; jPHkhdpf;f Ntz;batHfs; fpA+ngf; kf;fs; kl;LNk. fpA+ngf; kf;fs; jd;dhl;rp cupikf;F cupj;JilatHfs; vd;W vy;NyhUk; xj;Jf; nfhs;SfpwhHfs;. ,J rk;ke;jkhd tof;nfhd;W cr;r ePjpkd;wj;jpy; kj;jpa murpdhy; jhf;fy; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.Mdhy; fpA+ngf; khfhz vjpHf;fl;rpahd ypguy; fl;rpj; jiytH fpA+ngf; khfhzk;gpupe;J Nghtjh ,y;iyah vd;gijj; jPHkhdpf;Fk; cupik cr;r ePjpkd;wj;Jf;F my;y fpA+ngf; kf;fSf;F kl;LNk cz;L vd;W nrhy;yp fNdba muir jpf;FKf;fhl itj;Js;sJ. Rje;jpukhf thoNtz;Lnkd;W xU ehl;L kf;fs; KbT vLf;Fk;NghJ nghUshjhu fhuzq;fs; FWf;fpl;ljhf tuyhW ,y;iy. jq;ff;$l;by;gr;irf;fpspia milj;J itj;J ghYk; goKk; jpdk; jpd;df; nfhLj;jhYk; mJ Nrhiyf; fpspiag;Nghy; thdtPjpapy; Rje;jpukhf rpwfbj;Jg; gwf;fNt tpUk;GfpwJ. grp> jhfk;> Jhf;fk;Nghy; Rje;jpu czHTk; kdpjDf;F ,aw;ifahdJ.

3. jkpo; kf;fs; jq;fisj; jhq;fNs MSk; cupik fpilf;Fk;tiu ,e;jg; gpur;rpid jPutopNaapy;iy. mfjpnad;w nrhy;Yf;F mfuhjpapy; jkpod; vd;w nghUs;jhd; ,d;W epiyj;J tpl;lJ. ,Jjhd; ,d;iwa ajhHj;jk;. Kjypy; ,e;j ,opepiy khwNtz;Lk;. mjw;F Kof;fk; cl;gl vy;NyhUk; jPtpukhf ciof;f Ntz;Lk;.

4. aho;khtl;l NjHjy; KbTfs;gw;wp vd;d $WfpwPHfs;?

mJjhd; ,gpbgp> Gsl;> nuNyh Nghd;w JNuhff; FOf;fs; xtnthd;Wk; kw;wtHfsJ Cj;ij cLg;Gf;fis eLj;njUtpy; vy;NyhUk; ghHj;J eiff;Fk; tz;zk;Jitj;jhHfNs! NjHjy; Kbe;j gpd;dUk; rhuhak;> gl;Lr;Nriy gl;Lthlh nra;ag;gl;lijapl;Lk;> thf;Fg; ngl;bf;Fs; fs;s thf;Ffs; milj;jJ gw;wpAk;> nfhiy> nfhs;is elj;jpaJgw;wpAk; MSf;fhs; Nrw;iw ms;sptPrpf; nfhl;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;.

5.cq;fSf;Fs; ePq;fNs rpupj;Jf; nfhs;tJz;lh?

xt;nthU ehSk; rpupj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwNd! Kjyikr;rH fiyQH fUzhepjp Coy;gw;wpg; NgRk; Nghnjy;yhk; vdf;Fs; rpupj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

6. mEUj;j uj;tj;ij jdJ tpyfy; fbjj;ij jpUg;gpg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;L tpl;lhNu? ,J vijf; fhl;LfpwJ?

tp. GypfSf;nfjpuhd Aj;jj;ij re;jpupfh tpUk;gtpy;iy me;j Aj;jj;ij uj;tj;ijjhd; jPtpukhf Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;fpwhH vd;w kw;wtHfsJ vz;zk; gpionad;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ. tp. GypfSld; rkhjhdkpy;iy rz;iljhd; vd;w nfhs;ifia re;jpupfhjhd; jPtpukhf Kd;ndLf;fpwhH.

7. jkpo; ehl;bd; mLj;j Kjyikr;rH ahH?

fiyQH ,d;Dk; capUld;jhNd ,Uf;fpwhH? mg;Gwk; mLj;j Kjyikr;riug;gw;wp ,g;NghJ Vd; ftiyg;glNtz;Lk;? rup fiyQH ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; Njdhk;Ngl;il nrapd;l; N[hH[; Nfhl;ilf;Fg; NghFk; tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ. nrq;Nfhl;ilapy;,Ug;gtUf;F me;j tha;g;gpy;iy. FLk;gj;jpy; kfDf;Fj;jhd; Kjtplk;. kUkfDf;F mLj;j ,lk;. ,Jjhd; cyf epajp.

8. fdlhtpy; tp. GypfSf;F MjuT Fiwe;J tpl;lJ. tp. Gypfis khtPuH FLk;gk; kw;Wk; ,uz;L my;yJ %d;W rj tPj kf;fs; kl;Lk; Mjupf;fpwhHfs; nksdg; ngUk;ghd;ik ( silent majority) tp. Gypfis vjpHf;fpwhHfs; vd;W fpsp Nrhjplk; nrhd;dtiug; gw;wp vd;d epidf;fpwPHfs;?

,q;fpUe;jhy; ,dpg;gpiof;f topapy;iy vd;gijj; njupe;J nfhz;L fpspNrhjplf;fhuH %l;il Kbr;NrhL jdJ v[khdHfsJ ehl;Lf;Fg;Ngha;r; NrHe;Jtpl;ljhfr;nrhy;ypf;nfhs;fpwhHfs;.

1. jkpo;new; .......

aho;g;ghzj;jpypUe;J nfhOk;Gf;F njhiyNgrp %yk; jkpo;new; epUgH nra;jpfis mDg;gp itf;fpwhH vdj; njupfpwJ. mJNghy; NtW epUgHfSk; nra;jpfis mDg;gp itf;fyhk;. Mdhy; ,uz;L nra;jpfSk; xj;J ,Ug;gjhy; ePq;fs; nrhy;tjpy; cz;ik ,Uf;Fkhg;Nghy; njupfpwJ.

2. ,yq;if ,uz;L ehLfisf; nfhz;l xU j{T. ,jpy; re;Njfk; ,y;iy. xypgug;ghsUf;F Vd; ,e;jf; Fog;gk; vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy. nra;jp thrpf;Fk;NghJ jhafr;nra;jpfs; vd;W rupahfr; nrhy;rpwhHfNs?

3. Nfl;ff; fpilf;ftpy;iy. jpU. FkhH nghd;dk;gyk; = jyjh khspiff; Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjiyf; fz;bj;Jtpl;L ,e;Jf; Nfhtpy;fSk; fpwp];jt Njthyhaq;fSk; Fz;L Nghl;Lj; jfHfg;gl;l NghJ kw;wtHfs; tha;%b nksdkhf ,Ue;jijAk; fz;bj;jpUf;fpwhH. mg;gH tpl;l jtWjy;fSf;F kfd; gpuahr;rpj;jk; nra;tijg;ghHf;f kfpo;r;rpahf ,Uf;fpwJ.

4. me;jf; fhyk; vd;why; nrk;Gs;sp fUk;Gs;sp Fj;jp mtiu fOijapy; CHtyk; nfhz;L NghapUf;fyhk;!

5. fw;gidapy; $l tpUJgw;wp epidf;f vdf;F kdkpy;iy. vd;idf; Nfl;lhy; tpUJ toq;FgtUf;F xU jFjp Ntz;Lk;. mJ Nghy tpUJ thq;FgtHf;Fk; xU jFjp Ntz;Lk;. Njrpaj; jiytH gpughfud; NguhrpupaH vypNarUf;F

""khkdpjH" tpUJ nfhLj;jjw;Fg; ngaHjhd; tpUJ. mg;gbnahU tpUJ mj;jpG+j;jhw;Nghy; nfhLj;jhy; nfhLj;jtUf;Fk; rpwg;G thq;fpatUf;Fk; ngUik. mij tpLj;J jdpkdpjHfs; tpUij fpNyhf;fzf;fpy; epWj;J fhj;jhd; G+j;jhd; vy;NyhUf;Fk; tUlhtUlk; tpdpNahfk; nra;tJ ngupa Nfypf;$j;jhFk;..

6. mtiug; Nghy; ,d;Dk; gyH nra;jpUe;jhy; vy;NyhH Kfj;jpYk; fup G+rpapUe;jpUf;fyhk;. Fwpg;ghf rdhjpgjp re;jpupfhtpd; Kfj;jpy; ,d;Dk; fup G+rpapUe;jpUf;fyhk;.

7. mJ NghjhJ. fpspnehr;rpiaAk; NrHj;J tTdpah> jpUNfhzkiy> kl;LefH> aho;g;ghzk; ,q;nfy;yhk; Gypf;nfhb gwf;f Ntz;Lk;.

8. ,g;gb nte;jijj; jpd;W thapy; te;jijg; NgRgtHfs; vy;yhr; r%fj;jpYk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. ,];Nuy; ehL Rje;jpu ehlhf kyHe;jjw;F ntspehl;L A+jHfs;> Fwpg;ghf mnkupf;f ehl;L A+jHfsJ gq;fspg;G Kf;fpakhdJ.

9. tuhJ. xU ehl;bd; ePjpnad;gJ me;j ehl;bd; MSk;tHf;fj;jpd; tpUg;gj;ijg;nghWj;jJ ( a country’s justice is the will of the ruling class) vd;gJ fhHy; khHf;rpd; Nfhl;ghlhFk;. ,e;jf; nfhiyj; jz;lidiag; gw;wpf; fUj;Jf; $wpa rp.gp.I. mjpfhup fhHj;jpNfad; ,J uhrpt; fhe;jpapd; nfhiyf;F gopf;Fg; gop jPHj;Jf; nfhz;ljhFk; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH. mg;;gb nad;why; uhrpt; fhe;jpapd; nfhiyiaAk; gopf;Fg; gop thq;fpaJ vd;W nrhy;yyhkh? fhe;jpapd; capUf;F kl;Lk; tpiyAz;L mepahakhfr; rhfbf;fg;gl;l ,uz;lhapuk; mg;ghtpj; jkpo; kf;fsJ capHfSf;F tpiyapy;iyah?

11. rhs;]; ,sturH vd;d nra;thH? vOjpf; nfhLj;jij thrpj;Jtpl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lhH. nrhe;jkhf vijAk; nrhy;y Kbahj epiy mtUilaJ. mg;gb ,Ue;Jk;,dg;gpur;rpid jdf;F ftiyaspg;gjhfr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH.

12. fhfk; fj;jp khL rhtJz;lh? ,g;gbg;gl;ltHfSf;F xd;wpy; <zj;njupa Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ ef;fj; njupa Ntz;Lk;. ,uz;Lk; njupahtpl;lhy; vd;d nra;tJ?


 

1. ,tH ahnud;W vdf;Fj; njhpahJ. Mdhy; kw;wtHfisg;gw;wp NtW Ntiyntl;bapd;wp mtJhWk; tje;jpfSk; gug;GtijNa KONeuj; njhopyhff; nfhz;L ,tH jpuptjhfj; njupfpwJ. ,g;Nghnjy;yhk; rpyH jq;fSf;Fk; MH.rp.vk;.gpf;Fk; njhlHG ,Ug;gjhff; fhl;bf; nfhs;tjpy; xU jdpg; "ngUik" milfpwhHfs;. Kd;dijtpl gpd;dJjhd; rupahf ,Uf;fyhk;.

2. ,ij vOJk;NghJ jPHg;Gg; gw;;wpa tpguk; njupatpy;iy. jPHg;G 28.01.98 ,y; ntsptutpUf;fpwJ. xd;W kl;Lk; epr;rak;. uhrpt; fhe;jp nfhy;yg;gltpy;iy jw;nfhiy nra;J nfhz;lhH vd;W ,Uf;fhJ.

3. Kjypy; fe;jGuhzj;ij iggps; FHMd; ,tw;;NwhL xg;gpLtJ nghUj;jkhfj; njupatpy;iy. fe;jGuhzk; flTs; xUtH mRuDld; nghUjp mtid ntw;wpfz;l fijiar; nrhy;fpwJ. ehd; Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;baJ xU gonkhop. mg;gbahd gonkhop iggps; my;yJ FHMd; gw;wp ,Ug;gjhfj; njupatpy;iy. cq;fs; Nfhgj;ijj; jzpf;f xU rpW tpsf;fk;. me;jg; gonkhopf;F ,d;ndhU mHj;jKk; nrhy;yg;gLtJz;L. ,e;jg;GSF vd;gJ jtW. mJ ,e;Jg;GSF vd;wpUf;f Ntz;Lkhk;.mjhtJ xU rpW GSFk; fe;jGuhzj;jpy; ,y;iy vd;W mHj;jk;.

iggpis ehd; Vd; Fiw nrhy;y Ntz;Lk;? mijr; nra;a rpy fpwpj;jt jpUr;rigg; Nguhah;fNs ,Uf;fpwhHfNs! cjhuzj;Jf;Fr; nrhy;tnjd;why; ,tHfs; NaRehjupd; nja;tPfg; gpwg;ig ek;g kWf;fpwhHfs;. NaRehjH %d;whk;ehs; caph;j;njOe;J NjtNyhfk; NghdhH vd;gij ek;g kWf;fpwhHfs;. FHMdpy; vd;d FiwapUf;fpwJ vd;W Kjypy; ePq;fs; nrhy;Yq;fs;. mg;Gwk; ehd; gjpy; nrhy;fpNwd;.

4; ,j;jid Mapuk; vd;w fzf;iftpl czHr;rp G+Htkhff; fye;J nfhs;tJ Kf;fpak;. Kjyhk; jpfjp fhyepiy gUthapy;iy. vdNt gy;yhapuf;fzf;fhNdhH fye;J nfhs;thHfs; vd;W vjpHghHf;fpNwd;.

5; tuyhw;wpy; cUrpa ehl;L xf;NuhgH Gul;rpiaj;jhd; khngUk; Gul;rpnad;W vy;NyhUk; tHzpj;jhHfs;. vd;d Gz;zpak;? ,d;W mijg;gw;wpg; NgRthH$l ahUk; ,y;iyNa?

6. ,e;jj; NjHjy; gjtp Rfk; Njb miygtHfSf;fhf re;jpupfhthy; elhj;jg;gLk; NjHjy;. Kjypy; NjHjNy Ntz;lhk; vd;whHfs;. epakdg; gj;jpuk; epuhfupf;fg; gl;lJkiwKfkhd MrPHthjk; vd;whHfs;. ,g;NghJ fha;e;j khL fk;Gf; nfhy;iyapy; tpOe;j khjpup aho;g;ghzj;Jf;Fg; gilnaLj;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. aho;g;ghzg; NguhaH fyhepjp Njhk]; rTe;jpuehafk; mtHfSf;F r%fk; gw;wp ,Uf;fpw gpuf;iQ jkpo;f; FOf;fSf;Fk;> fpoL jl;bg;Nghd $l;lzp murpay;thjpfSf;Fk; ,y;yhjpUg;gJ Jujpl;lk;.

7. tp. Gypfis vj;jid thl;b jil nra;tJ? 1949Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fk; tPp.Gypfs; ,af;fk; jilnra;ag; gl;LtUfpwJ. ,e;jj; jil ngsj;j gpf;FkhHfisj; jpUg;jp nra;aNt Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ. jkpoHfs;kPJ Vtptplg;gl;l gprhRfs; Vtptpl;ltHfs; kPJ ,g;NghJ gha;tijf; ftdpj;;jPh;fsh?

8. <.Nt. uh ngupahUf;Fg;gpd; jkpog; ngupahH ahUk; ,y;iy.

9. ntFJhuk; NghthNdd;. ,q;NfNa vj;jidNahNgH jq;fs; kidtp gps;isfisg; gpupe;J Mz;Lf; fzf;fpy; tho;fpwhHfs;. ,tHfs; cly; grpiag; Nghf;f ,e;j Rkjp &gd; Maj;jkh? mjd; gpd; NfhNz];tupNghy; cly; rpjwpntbj;Jr; rhf Ntz;ba mtrpaKk; ,y;iy. mtH Maj;jkh? ,g;gb tf;fpuGj;jp gilj;jtHfis 24 kzpj;jpahyXypgug;Gf; $l;Lj;jhgdk; vg;gb> Vd; Ntiyf;F itj;jpUf;fpwJ vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.

10. k.jp.K.f. y; ,Ue;J kJuhe;jfk; MWKfk;> nghd; Kj;Juykypaq;fk; gpupe;J

NghdJkl;Lky;y gioagb jp.K.f. tpy; NrHe;J tpl;lhHfNs?

eilngwg;NghFk; NjHjypy; rPl;Lf;fpilf;ftpy;iy vd;w Nfhgj;jpy; Jz;il cjwp Njhspy;Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L eiliaf; fl;btpl;lhHfs;. k.jp.K.fTf;F xJf;fg;gl;l njhFjpfs; nkhj;jk; 5. Mdhy; ,Uf;fpw jiytHfNsh gj;J. mg;g vg;gb MSf;nfhU njhFjpia xJf;f KbAk;. ,jpypUe;J njuptnjy;yhk; murpay;thjpfs;gjtp Rfj;jpNyNa fz;zhapUf;fpwhHfs;. NtW ,yl;rpak; vJTk; mtHfSf;Ff; fpilahJ. ,J vy;yhf; fl;rpfhuHfSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk; vd;whYk; jpuhtpl ,af;fq;fs; vg;gbnay;yhk; newp nfl;L> ,ilapy; ghijkhwp tPo;e;Jtpl;ld vd;gjw;F,e;j fl;rpj; jhty;fs; ey;y vLj;Jf; fhl;L.

11.jPud; Nghl;b gh.k.f. njhlq;fp tpl;lhNu? jdJ fl;rpjhd; cz;ikahd gh.k.f. vd;W NtW $WfpwhNu?

ehd; Kd;dH nrhd;dJ Nghy jPud; jdpkuk;. jdpf;fl;rp elj;jf;$ba MSikNah gzgyNkh mtuplk; fpilahJ. Nghl;b gh.k.f. vd;W nfhQ;ehl;fSf;Fg; Nghf;Ff; fhl;btpl;L jp.K.f.,y; tpiutpy; rq;fkkhfptpLthH. ,jw;F Kd;Ndhbahf jp.K.f. - j. kh. fh $l;lzpf;F Mjuthfg; gpurhuk; nra;ag; Nghtjhf mwptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. ,t;tstpw;Fk; fiyQH Ml;rpapd; NghJjhd; mtuJ NguhrpupaH gjtp gwpNghdJ!

12. Nrhdpahtpd; murpay; gpuNtrk; vijf;fhl;LfpwJ?

95 Nfhb kf;fs; thOk; ,e;jpahtpy; 115 tUl goik tha;e;j fhq;fpu]; fl;rpf;F jiyik jhq;f Ms; gQ;rk; ,Ug;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ.

13. aho;g;ghzj; NjHjypy; Gsl; kw;Wk; ,gpbgp FOf;fspd; ,uhZtg; gpupTj; jiytHfs; Nghl;bapLfpwhHfNs?

mjpfhuk; Jg;ghf;fpf; Foy; topahfg; gpwf;fpwJ vd;w khNr Jqpfpd; $w;iw ,tHfs; nka;g;gpf;fpwhHfs;.

14. n[arpf;FW ,uhZt eltbf;if epWj;jg; gl;Ltpl;ljh?

,ij vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ n[arpf;FW ,uhZteltbf;ifia topelhj;jpa Jizg; ghJfhg;G mikr;ru; mEuj;j uj;tj;ij jdJ gjtpia ,uh[Pdhkhr; nra;J tpl;ljhfr; nra;jp te;jpUf;fpwJ. Kjy; Kiwahf uj;tj;ij ey;y fhupak; xd;iwr; nra;jpUf;fpwhH vd epidf;fpNwd;.


 

1) jp.K.fTld; $l;lzp itf;fg; Ngha; gh.k.f. ,uz;lh cile;J tpl;lNj! tpguj;Jf;F mLj;j Nfs;tpitg; ghUq;fs;;.

6) jPud; xU ,yl;rpathjp. Mdhy; fhupathjpay;y. m.jp.K.fTld; gh.k.f. $l;lzp itj;jij Ml;Nrgpj;J jPud; ePz;l mwpf;if tpl;bpUf;fpwhu;. ,jdhy; gh.k.f. ,uz;lhf cilAk; mghak; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. m.jp.K.f.Tld; Md $l;lzp rupNah gpioNah> ngUk;ghyhd fl;rp cWg;gpdu;fs; m.jp.K.fTld; $l;lzp itj;Jf; nfhs;tij Mjupf;fpwhu;fs; vd;gJjhd; cz;ik. jPud; tpl;l mwpf;iff;Fg; gpd;dhy; fiyQu; fUzhepapd; iffs; ,Ug;gjhf gh.k.f. epWtdu; uhkjh]; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhu;. jp.K.f. gf;fk; jPud; nfhQ;rf; fhykhf rha;e;J tUtij vd;dhy; mtjhdpf;f Kbe;jJ. fdlhtpy; ,Ue;J ehL jpUk;gpaJk; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; jfuhW njhlq;fp tpl;lJ. ,g;NghJ mJ mk;gyj;Jf;F te;Js;sJ. jPud; jp.K.f.Tf;F jht Maj;jk;.

3. nrd;w Nju;jypy; jp.K.f. - j.kh.fh $l;lzp nkhj;jk; 40 Mrdq;fisAk; ifg;gw;wpaJ. m.jp.K.f.Tf.F xU Mrdk;$lf; fpilf;ftpy;iy. Mdhy; ,k;Kiw Nghl;b fLikahf ,Uf;fg; NghfpwJ. m.jp.K.f. - gh.[.f.-k.jp.K.f. - gh.k.f. $l;lzpf;F Fiwe;jJ 10 Mrdq;fshtJ fpilf;fyhk; vd vjpu;ghu;f;fpNwd;.

4. rhjpntwp fdlhtpy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. ,JTk; ,g;NghJ Fiwe;J nfhz;L tUfpwJ. jkpoPoj;jpy; mq;F eilngWk; rKjhag; Gul;rp fhuzkhf rhjpntwp kOq;fbf;fg; gl;LtUfpwJ. ,jw;nfd xU jdpg; Gul;rp Njitapy;iy.

5. Mq;fpyj;jpy; xU trdk; ,Uf;fpwJ. Joining with the Jones. mjhtJ CNuhL xj;Jg; Nghjy;. xt;nthUtUk; FLk;g nfhutk; ghu;g;gjhNyNa fld; gl;L my;yJ jFjpf;F Nkyhfr; nryT nra;J jpUkzj;ij elj;Jfpwhu;fs;. vspaKiwapy; fy;ahzk; nra;J nfhs;s ahu; Kjypy; Kd;Df;F tUfpwhu;fs; vd;gJjhd; Nfs;tp. mjhtJ g+idf;F Kjypy; kzp fl;LtJ ahu;?

7. vk;.[p. Mu; vd;w %d;nwOj;J kdpjNuhL ahhiuAk; xg;gplKbahJ. mtu; capNuhL ,Uf;F kl;Lk; tsu;gpiwia my;yhJ Nja;gpiwia fz;lJ fpilahJ. Mdhdg; gl;l fiyQuhNyNa v.k;.[p.Mu; capNuhL ,Uf;F kl;Lk; vg;gb nag;gb Kad;W ghu;j;Jk; mtiu mirf;f Kbatpy;iy. v.k;.[p.Mu; xU kiyahsp vd;W$l fiyQu; nrhy;ypg; ghu;j;jhu;. vLgltpy;iy. ,d;Wk; m.jp.K.f. mtuJ ngaiur; nrhy;ypj;jhd; thf;F thq;FfpwJ.

8. tPug;gd; ,d;Wtiu capNuhLjhd; ,Uf;fpwhu;. my;yJ ,Uf;fpwhd;. mtiu my;yJ mtid mtrug;gl;L Vd; me;j thndhyp Rl;Lf; nfhd;wJ vd;gJ Gupatpy;iy.

9. Nkw;Nf rpyhgk; njhlf;fk; fpof;Nf fjpu;fhkk;tiu tpupe;J gue;J fple;jJ. njw;Nf mEuhjGuk; kl;Lk; vy;iy ePz;bUe;jJ. nwhghl; nehf;]; vd;gtu; fz;bapypUe;J jg;gp mEuhjGuj;ijmile;jNghJ mq;fpUe;j kf;fSld; rpq;fsj;jpy; Ngr Kbatpy;iy. fhuzk; mtu;fs; jkpou;fs;.

10. gz;ghL Rj;jkhd jkpo; nrhy;. fyhr;rhuk; tlnkhopr; nrhy;. fyhr;rhuk; vd;W vOJtJ jtW. fyhrhuk;jhd; rup. fiy rf Mrhuk; fyhrhuk;.

11. fiwahd; Gw;nwLf;f ghk;Gfs; FbNaWfpd;wd!

 

bnrk;gH 31>1997


 

1. cq;fSf;F ey;y Qhgf rf;jp. vy;NyhUk; kwe;J Nghd xUtiu ,d;Dk; ePq;fs; Qhgfj;jpy; itj;jpUf;fpwPHfs;. me;j kdpjH vq;Nf ,Uf;fpwhH vd;gJ mtuJ fl;rpf; fhuHfSf;Nf njupahJ. mg;gb ,Uf;f mtuJ jiy<L aho; Nju;jypy; vg;gb ,Uf;f KbAk;?

2. mt;tg;NghJ fz;nlLf;fg; gLfpd;wd. cjhuzkhf G+efupapy; gioa ehzaq;fs;> kl;ghz;lq;fs; rkPgj;jpy; fz;nlLf;fg; gl;bUf;fpwJ. G+efupjhs; aho;g;ghz kd;dHfspd; rpq;ifefH; vd;w gioa jiyefuk; vd;w xU Nfhl;ghL Kd;itf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. Kiwahd mfo;thuhr;rp %yNk aho;g;ghzj;jpd; njhd;ikahd tuyhw;iw mwpe;J nfhs;sf;$ba tha;g;G ,Uf;Fk;. aho;g;ghzg;ghzf; gy;fiyf;fofk; ,e;j Muhr;rpapy; rpwpa mstpy; <Lgl;L tUfpwJ.

3. td;dpapy; Gypfis ntw;wp fz;lgpd; KO ,uhZtj;ijAk; kWgbAk; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; Ftpj;J mq;fpUe;J Gypfis tpul;LtJ. mg;Gwk; fpof;F khfhzhj;jpypUf;Fk; tp. Gypfis xopj;Jf; fl;LtJ. ,Wjpahf Ky;iye;jPT khtl;lj;jpy; Klf;fg;gl;l vQ;rpa Gypfis epH%ykhf;FtJ. vg;gbj; jpl;lk; ?

4. mtH xU rhk;gy;gs;sj;jhf;F gioa nfhs;isf;fhup vd;gJk;> gpd; ,e;jpa murplk; ruzile;J rpiwthrj; jz;lid mDgtpj;jjpd; gpd; ghuhSkd;wj; NjHjypy; epd;W ntw;wp ngw;W ,g;NghJ vk;gpahf ,Uf;fpwhH. r%fj;jpd; mbkl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Vio vspatu;fSf;;fhff; ghuhSkd;wj;Jf;F cs;Sk; ntspAk; Fuy; nfhLj;J tUfpwhH. mz;ikapy; ,uhkehjGuj;J kPdtHfs; =yq;fhtpd; flw; gilapdhy; Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gLtij vjpHj;J elhj;jg;gl;l khehl;by; fye;J nfhz;L MNtrkhfg; NgrpapUe;jhH. ,ukehjGuj;J jkpo; kPdtHfSf;F gupe;J Ngr tlehl;bypUe;J xU g+yhd;Njtp tuNtz;bapUe;jijf; ftdpj;jPHfsh?

5. Rg;gpukzpa ghujpahHjhd;. ghujpahH nre;jkpo; NjdP> rpe;Jf;Fj; je;ij! Ftpf;Fk; ftpijf; Fapy;! ehl;bd; gifiaf; ftpo;f;Fk; ftp KuR! ePLJapy; ePf;f ghbte;j KOepyh! fhL fkOk; fw;g+ur; nrhw;Nfh! ,g;gbg; Gfo;e;J ghkhiy rhj;jpapUg;gtH Gul;rpf; ftpQH ghujpjhrd;. ghujpahupd;ftpijfis kl;Lk;jhd; ifapy; epfz;by;yhky; gbj;J kfpoyhk;.

6. Mf;fpukpg;Gf;fhuHfs; Rje;jpuj;ijf; nfhz;lhlj;jhd; nra;thHfs;. mijg; gpionad;W nrhy;yKbahJ. ehk; Nghu;Kidapy; ,oe;j Rje;jpuj;ij kPz;Lk; Nghu;Kidapy; ntd;nwLf;f Njhs; nfhLf;f Kbahtpl;lhYk; if nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.

7. ,we;j uhrpt; fhe;jpiag; NghyNy bf;rpj;Jk; gpughfudpd; murpay; ,uh[je;jpuj;ijAk;> ,uhZt kjpEl;gj;ijAk; rupahf kjpg;gplj; jtwptpl;lhu;. ,ij mtNu ,g;NghJ xj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;shu;. jkpoPok; gw;wpa gpughfudJ <LghLgw;wpj; njupe;J itj;jpUe;Njd;. Mdhy; mtu; xU rpwe;j murpay; ,uhZt je;jpup vd;gij gj;J tUlq;fs; fopj;Jj;jhd; Gupe;J nfhz;Nld; vd bf;rpj; $wpapUf;fpwhH.

8. ,e;jf; Nfs;tpf;F aho;g;ghzg; Nguhau; Njhk]; rTe;jpuehafk; mtu;fNs gjpy; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH. "" aho; kf;fs; Jd;gj;jpd; vy;iyf;Nf te;J tpl;lhHfs;. mtHfspd; Jauj;ijf; $l;bf; nfhs;sNt ,e;j Neuj;jpy; murpay; fl;rpfs; te;Js;sd. ,e;jf; fl;rpfs; kf;fspd; Kfj;jpy; fupG+rpf; fsq;fg; gLj;jNt Kay;fpd;ws"" vsTk; NguhaH Rl;bf; fhl;As;shH;. NkYk; gps;isfisg; ngw;w jha;khHfs; kbapy; neUg;igf; fl;bf; nfhz;bUg;gijg; Nghy vg;NghJ jq;fs; gps;isfis ,uhZtk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L Ngha; nfhiy nra;ag; NghfpwJ vdj; jtpj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;.

9. k];Nfh efuk; 850 - MtJ Mz;L tpohf; nfhz;lhb ,Uf;fpwNj mijtplg; goik tha;e;j jQ;ir> kJiu Nghd;w efuq;fSf;F tpoh Vd; vLf;ftpy;;iy?

vd;idf; Nfl;lhy;? fiyQH fUzhepjpia my;yth Nfl;fNtz;Lk;? fiyQuJ NeuKk; epidg;Gk; Nju;jypy; vg;gb ntw;wp thif R+lyhk;> ahNuhL Nju;jy; $l;L itf;fyhk; vd;gjpNyNa fopfpwJ. NtW epidg;Gf;F Neuk; VJ?

10. ,e;jpaj; Nju;jypy; ve;jf; fl;rpf;F ntw;wp tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ?

epr;rakhf gh.[.f. cz;L. Mdhy; mJ $l;lzp Ml;rpahfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;. ve;jf; fl;rpf;Fk; jdpj;J Ml;rp mikf;f tha;g;gpy;iy.

11. xt;nthU ehLk; mjdjd; nrhe;j eyq;fis ikakhf itj;Nj jq;fs; ntspAwTf; nfhs;iffis tFf;fpd;wd. ,e;jg; nghJ tpjp ,e;jpahTf;F kl;Lky;y cyfj;jpYs;s vy;yh ehLfSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. 1987,y; ,e;jpa - ,yq;if xg;ge;jk; cUthdNghJ me;j xg;ge;jk; ,e;jpahtpd; Gtpapay;-murpay; eyq;fs; fUjpNa vOjg;gl;ljhf jiytH gpughfud; RJkiyf; $l;lj;jpy; mwptpj;jhH. mJ Kw;wpYk; cz;ik vd;gij ,g;NghJ Kd;dhs; ,e;jpaj; JhJtH b.vd;. bf;\pj; jhd; vOjpa Gj;jfj;jpy; (Assignment in Colombo) xg;Gf; nfhz;Ls;shH.

nghJthf xt;nthU ehLk; jq;fs; Rje;jpuj;ij jhNk Nghuhbg; ngw;wpUf;fpd;wd. cjhuzk; vupj;jpah> nrr;rpdpah. ,jw;F tpjp tpyf;Fk; cz;L. tq;fhs Njrj;jpd; Rje;jpuj;Jf;F ,e;jpahtpd; jiyaPL Kf;fpa gq;F tfpj;jJ. ghfp];jhid ,uz;lhf cilf;fNtz;Lk;> mg;gb cilj;jhy; mJ ,e;jpahtpd; ghJfhg;Gf;F nkj;j ey;yJ vd;W md;iwa gpujkH ,e;jpuh epidj;jhH. mg;gbNa nra;Jk; fhl;bdhu;. ,e;jpuh fhe;jpf;F ,Ue;j Jzpr;ry;> ,uh[je;jpuk; ,g;NghJs;s ,e;jpa murpay; jiytu;fsplk; Ehw;wpy; xUgq;F$l ,y;iy. ,jdhy; ,yq;ifapd; ,dg; gpur;rpidapy; ,e;jpah jiyaplhJ. xU Ntis mnkupf;fh jdJ tHj;jf-ghJfhg;G eyq;fspd; epkpj;jk; ,yq;ifapy; ,d;Dk; rw;W Mokhff; fhYhd;w epidj;jhy; jdJ ghJfhg;Gf;fUjp ,dg; gpur;rpidapy; ,e;jpah kPz;Lk; jiyapl xU tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwJ. Mdhy; mg;gbj; jiyaplf; $ba Jzpr;ry; kpf;f murpay; fl;rpj; jiytHfs; fhq;fpu]py; ,y;iy. [f;fpa Kd;dzpapYk; ,y;iy. gh.[.fl;rpapypUe;Jjhd; mg;gb xUtH tuNtz;Lk;. nkhj;jj;jpy; ahH jatpYk; ,y;yhky; vq;fs; nrhe;jf; fhypy; epd;Nw vkJ Rje;jpuj;ij ntd;nwLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,Jjhd; jiytH gpughfudpd; nfhs;if. mJNt rupahd nfhs;if. ,e;jpah jiyapl;L Rje;jpuk; thq;fpj;jUk; vd epidg;gtu;fis ,yT fhj;j fpsppfSf;Fj;jhd; xg;gpl Ntz;Lk;.

12. mtNuhL xU thuk; neUq;fpg; gofpajpy; mtiu ek;gyhk; vd;Nw Njhd;WfpwJ. mtu; epidj;jhy; MSk; fl;rpf;F Mkhk; Nghl;L gy rYiffis mtuhy; ngwKbAk;. mij mtH nra;atpy;iy. jdJ nrhe;j ghJfhg;igAk; nghUl;gLj;jhJ re;jpupfh muRld; NkhJfpwhH. mtuJ thHj;ijapy; nrhy;y Ntz;Lnkd;why; " ehd; rpq;fj;jpd; FifapypUe;J nfhz;L NghuhLk; xU Gyp."

13. fhq;fpu]; fl;rpia 1885 Mk; Mz;by; Muk;gpj;jtNu xU nts;isf;fhuHjhd;! ngaH `pA+k;. vdNt xU ,j;jhypf;fhuH ,g;NghJ fhq;fpu]; jiytuhfTk; mg;Gwk; gpujkuhfTk; (?) tUtjpy; jtwpy;iy. Mdhy; NeU FLk;gj;jpy; NrHe;J nfhz;ljhy; kl;Lk; mtUf;F gpujkuhf tUk; jFjp te;Jtpl;ljhfr; nrhy;yKbahJ. mNj Neuk; NeU FLk;gj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; mb Kl;lhshf ,Ue;jhYk;mtu;fSf;F thf;Fg; Nghl;L NjHjypy; NjHe;njLf;f ,e;jpakf;fs; jahuhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs; vd;gijAk; kWg;gjw;Fk; ,y;iy. ,uhrpt; fhe;jp ,jw;F ey;y cjhuzk;. fhq;fpu]pd;%j;j jiytHfs; Nrhdpah fhe;jpapd; fhypy; tpohj Fiwahf nfQ;rpf; $j;jhbf; Nfl;L NjHjy; gpurhuj;Jf;F mioj;J te;jpUf;fpwhHfs;.

14. mLj;j muir fhq;fpu]; mikf;Fk; tha;g;G ,Uf;fpwjh?

tha;g;gh? mLj;j NjHjYf;Fg; gpwF me;jf; fl;rp capNuhL ,Uf;Fkh vd;gNj ,g;NghJ Nfs;tpf;Fwpahf khwpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. jhSfpw fg;gypypUe;J ghAk; vypfisg; Nghy fhq;fpu]pypUe;J jiytHfs; gh.[.f.f;F ehSk; nghOJk; gha;e;;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhHfs;! Nk.tq;fhsk;> xup];rh> Me;jpuk; ,q;nfy;yhk; fhq;fpu];fl;rp Vw;fdNt cile;J Ngha;tpl;lJ!

 


 

1. VjhtJ nra;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; mLj;j NjHjy;tiu fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjw;FKd; rhgk;jhd; NghlKbAk;.

2. jkpoPok; mtH gpwe;j kz;. jkpo; mtH Nerpj;j nkhop. mtiu ehk; rupahf kjpj;Jg; Nghw;wtpy;iy. XU Rje;jpu jkpoPoj;jpy; mtH cupa Kiwapy; nfsutpf;fg;gLthH. nfsutpf;fg; glNtz;Lk;.

3. xd;wy;y gytw;iwf; fw;Wf; nfhLj;jp;Uf;fpwJ. xd;W ekf;nfd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhs;s jkpoDf;F xU ehL Ntz;Lk;. me;j ehL jkpoPok; mJ tpiutpy; kyu Ntz;Lk;. ,uz;L jkpopdj;Jf;Fs; fhf;if td;dpaHfs; ,Uf;F kl;Lk; ,d;Dk; gy RNuRfs; Njhd;wyhk;. %d;W fdlh mfjpfSf;F milf;fyk; nfhLg;gjpy; Kd;dzp ehL vd;w khia Nghf;fbf;fg; gl;bUg;gJ. ,e;j ehl;bYk; ,dthjk; rfy kl;lq;fspYk; GiuNahbg; NghapUg;gijg; ghHf;f Kbe;jJ. Ie;J fdlh Nghd;w kf;fshl;rp ehLfspYk; ghrPr rl;lq;fs; ,Uf;fyhk; vd;w cz;ik. MWghguh af;kd; Nghd;w kdpjhgpkhdk; gilj;j rl;lj;juzpfSk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs; vd;w ajhHj;jk;.

4. ehd; Nfs;tpg; gltpy;iy. ,q;Fs;s ypguy; fl;rp mikr;rHfis ,e;j ehl;L ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdHfshNyNa re;jpf;f KbahNj? mg;Gwk; vg;gb ,tUf;F mtuJ rg;ghj;ij ef;f re;jHg;gk; tUk;? vjw;Fk; mtH mg;gbr; nrhy;ypapUe;jhy;mtuJ Jzpr;riy nkr;RfpNwd;.

5. mij mtHfsplk;jhd; Nfl;fNtz;Lk;. ""tof;F"" vd;W ePH cgNahfpj;j nrhy; nghUj;jkpy;iy. tprhuiz vd;w nrhy;jhd; nghUj;jkhdJ. tof;nfd;why; xU vjpup ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Kiwg;ghl;Lf;fhuH ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Kiwg;ghl;Lf;fhuuJ rhl;rpfs; FWf;F tprhuiz nra;ag; glNtz;Lk;. ,itnahd;Wk; ePH $Wk;tof;fpy; ,y;iy. Mq;fpyj;jpy; ,ij Judicial review vd;ghHfs;. vd;idf; Nfl;lhy; jkpopdj;Jf;F vjpuhd =yq;fhtpd; mlf;F KiwiaAk;> ,dg;gL nfhiyiaAk; fdlh Nghd;w ntsp ehl;L ePjpkd;wj;jpy; itj;Jmk;gyg; gLj;jp mij VLfspy; gjpaitj;jij xU ntw;wpahfNt fUJNtd;.

6. Nfs;tpg; gl;Nld;. mepahak; nrhy;yf;$lhJ. vLf;fpw rk;gsj;Jf;F Nkyhf fjpHfhkH Ntiy nra;fpwhH. Xd;W th[;gha; F[;uhy; Nghy; Nrhzfpup ,y;iy. mtUf;F vq;fsJ gpur;rpid njupAk;. kJiuapy; fiyQH $l;ba jkpoPo MjuthsHfs; khehl;by; fye;J nfhz;L ciuahw;wpatH. mg;gbg; gl;ltiu ,Nyrpy; fjpHfhkH tisj;Jf; iff;Fs; Nghl KbahJ.

7. mg;gbj;jhd;. Mdhy; fjpHfhkH jkpoH vd;W ahH ckf;Fr; nrhd;dJ? nts;isf;fhud; fhyj;jpy; mtuJ mg;ghit Ntiyf;F vLj;Jf; nfhz;lNghJ "" ehd; ,d;W fjpHfhkH vd;w rpq;fstiu vOj;jH Ntiyf;F itj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;'' vd;W jdJ Nkyjpfhupf;F Mq;fpy mjpfhup mwptpj;jpUf;fpwhH. ,d;iwa mtuJ kidtpAk; rpq;fsj;jp. Mdhy; miuFiw rpq;fstH gpujkhuhf tu tha;g;Ng ,y;iy. ,yq;if Rje;jpuk; ngw;wgpd; epjpke;jpupahff;$l xU jkpoH gjtp tfpj;jJ fpilahJ.

8. RNu\; tof;if c.j.,af;fk; mq;fk; tfpf;Fk; f. j. r. rk;Nksdk; elhj;JfpwJ. jsgjp fpl;Ltpd; epidT ehis c. j. ,af;fj;jpd; cg mikg;gpy; xd;whd fiy gz;ghl;Lf; fofk; elhj;jpaJ. ntw;wpf;Ff; fhuzk; ,tw;Wf;Fg; gpd;dhy; ,Uf;Fk; kf;fs; rf;jp.

9. tTdpah - fpspnehr;rpg; ghijf;Fg; gjpy; mjw;F rkhe;jpukhfg; NghFk; gioa fz;b - aho;g;ghz tPjpA+lhf n[arpf;FW ""Kd;NdWtjhf" muR jug;gpy; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; =yq;fhtpd; nghd; tpohf; nfhz;lhl;lj;Jf;F Kd; n[arpf;FW fpspnehr;rpiag; gpbj;J tpLk; vd;w rg;Gkhy; Fkhuahtpd; R+Siu gpioj;Jtpl;lJ.

10. tpLjiyg; Gypfs; Rje;jpu jpdf; nfhz;lhl;lj;Jf;F Kd; jhf;ff;$Lk; vd;w gag; gPjp epyTfpwJ. xd;iwf; ftdpAq;fs;. tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F MjuT ,y;iy vd;W xU Gwk; muR gpurhuk; nra;fpwJ. kWGwk; Gypfs; vd;w re;Njfj;jpy; Mapuf;fzf;fpy; jkpoHfis rpq;fsg; gil nfhOk;gpYk;> kl;lf;fsg;gpYk;> jpUNfhzkiyapYk;> aho;g;ghzj;jpYk; ifJ nra;J rpiwr;rhiyfspy; milf;fpwJ. ,e;j Kuz;ghl;il Nkw;Fyf ehLfs; fz;L nfhs;s kWf;fpd;wd.

11. rhuhak; nfhLj;J thf;Ffis tpiyf;F thq;Fk; epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

12. fdlhtpy; cs;s kTdkhd jkpo;g; ngUk;ghd;ikapdH (silent majority) tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F vjpuhf ,Ug;gjhf nfhOk;Gg; gj;jpifnahd;wpd; nuhud;Nwh epUgH vOjpapUf;fpwhNu?

me;j "kTdkhd jkp;o;g;ngUk;ghd;ikapdH" NtW ahUky;y. mij vOJk; MrhkpNajhd;. ,g;gbahd ngha; fe;jGuhzj;jpd; filrpg; gf;fj;jpYk; ,y;iy. ,e;jg; ngha;fis fle;j VO tUlkhfr; nrhy;yp tUfpwhH (mjw;F Ke;jpa ,uz;L tUlk; Gyp Ntlk;). vg;gb vg;gb vOjpdhy; jdf;Fr; rk;gsk; NghLk; rpq;fs v[khdH;fis jpUg;jpg; gLj;jyhk; vd;w tpj;ij mtUf;Fj; njupAk;.

14. ",d;W RNu\; ehid eP" vd;gJ rupay;y. RNu\; xU mfjpnad;w gbahy;jhd; me;j FbAupikr; rl;lj;ij csTj;JiwAk; FbtuT mikr;rUk; mtH kPJ ghatpl;lhHfs;. Fbkf;fis xd;Wk; nra;aKbahJ. fdlhtpy; gaq;futhjk;gw;wpa rl;lk; (FbtuT rl;lk; ePq;fyhf) vJTk; ,g;NghJ ,y;iy. mg;gbahd rl;lj;ij ,aw;WtJk; f\;lk;. ,aw;wpdhy; mJ fNdba cupikfs;> Rje;jpuq;fs; rhrdj;Jf;F Kuzhf ,Uf;Fk;.

15. RNui\ ehL flj;Jtjw;F vjpuhf kj;jpa ePjpkd;wj;jhy; epuhfupf;fg;gl;l jilAj;juT kD khfhz ePjp kd;wj;jhy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg; gl;bUf;fpwNj? ,J vg;gb?

kj;jpa ePjpkd;w ePjpgjpfs; murpay; epakdjhuHfs;. mtHfis gpujkH epakpf;fpwhH. ngUk;ghYk; mtHfs; gpujkuJ ez;gHfshf my;yJ mtUf;Fk; mtuJ fl;rpf;Fk; Ntz;batHfshf ,Ug;ghHfs;. khfhz ePjpgjpfs; mg;gbay;y. kpFjpia ckJ Cfj;Jf;F tpl;L tpLfpNwd;.

16. ,e;jpa -jkpo;ehL NjHjy; KbTfs; vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;? jkpo; ehl;by; jp.K.f - j.kh.fhq;fpu]; $l;lzpah? my;yJ m.jp.K.f -k.jp.K.f - gh.k.f. $l;lzpah?

NjHjy; KbTfs; fPo;f;fz;lthW ,Uf;Fk; -

,e;jpah - gh.[.f. - 240> fhq;fpu]; - 145> I.K. - 123> Vidait - 17

jkpo;ehL - jp.K.f - j.kh.fh $l;lzp - 24

m.jp.K.f. - k.jp.K.f - gh.k.f. - 16

17. ,q;Fs;s Nfhapy; jHkfHj;jh xUtH G+ir nra;a IaH Njitnad;W rpq;fstuhy; elhj;jg; gLk; Mq;fpyg; gj;jpupifnahd;wpy; tpsk;guk; nra;jpUf;fpwhNu?

xd;wpy; mtUf;F Mq;fpyk; njupe;j IaH Njitg; gl;bUf;fyhk;. ,y;iy rpq;fsk; njupe;j fg;Guhy Njitg; gl;bUf;fyhk;. ahH fz;lhHfs;? ,J fypfhyk;. vJTk; elf;fyhk;! mJ rup. me;jj; jkpo; tpNuhjg; gj;jpupifapy; tpsk;guk; gz;zpapUf;Fk; jkpo; tHj;jf epWtdq;fisg;gw;wPp ePH vd;d epidf;fpwPH?

18. nrd;w 11k; jpfjp nlhd; rpiwr;rhiyapd; fz;zhb Ntypf;Fg; gpd;dhy; rpiwr;rhiy rPUilapy; ( rPUilapYk;> iftpyq;NfhLk; mtiug; ghHf;Fk; NghJvdJ mKf;fk; mjpfupg;gJz;L.) epd;w jk;gp RNui\ ghHj;Jf; fijj;Njd;. tof;fkhf 20 epkplk;jhd; fijf;f tpLthHfs;. md;W ntspapy; cz;zhtpujg; Nghuhl;lk; ele;Jnfhz;bUe;jjhy; 40 epkplk; Ngr tpl;lhHfs;. ,jdhy; gyH mtiug;ghHj;Jf; fijf;f Kbe;jJ. ,jpy; lhf;lH Mjp fzgjpAk; xUtH. mjd; gpd; njhiyNgrpapy; mt;tg;NghJ fijg;gJz;L. fle;j 14k; jpfjpf;Fg; gpd; xU Kiwjhd; fijf;f tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ. ,ij vOJk;NghJ xU Gz;zpathd; nra;j ifq;fupaj;jhy; 24 kzpNeuKk; jdpikg;gLj;jp itf;fg; gl;Ls;shH. ahUk; ghHf;f KbahJ. njhiyNgrpj; njhlHGk; ntl;lg;gl;L tpl;lJ.

19. mwptpyp vd;W nrhy;yyhk;!

20. mtHfs; ve;j ,dj;ijr; rhHe;jtHfs; vd;W nrhy;ytpy;iyNa? thHj;ijg;gpuNahfj;ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L mtHfs; jkpo;g; ngbad;fs; vd;W epidf;fpNwd;. gf;fj;jpYs;s RtNuhL Kl;Ltijtpl NtWtop ckf;F ,Ug;gjhf vdf;Fj; njupatpy;iy. mJ rup. ,e;jg; ngbg; gps;isfsJ ngw;NwhHfs; vq;Nf Ngha;j; njhiye;jhHfs;?

21. jdJ iffspy; ,uj;jf; fiw gbe;Jtplf; $lhJ vd;w Kd;rhf;fpuijAld; mg;gbr; nrhy;ypapUf;fpwhH NghYk;.

22. Kl;lhs;fs; mg;gb ek;gyhk;. ePUk; xU Kl;lhs; vd;why; ePUk; ek;gyhk;!


 

1. jpU.it.Nfh. jdJ Ngug;gps;isf;F gpughfud; vd;W ngaH R+l;baJ. mJTk; jiytH gpughfudJ je;ijahiu mioj;J mtH ifapy; Foe;ijiaf; nfhLj;J nfsutpj;jJ. ,J ,d;Dk; mtuJ czHTfs; ePW G+j;j neUg;ghf ,Ug;gijf; fhl;LfpwJ.

2. ,uz;L NgUNk cz;l tPl;Lf;F ,uz;lfk; nra;ahky; nrQ;Nrhw;Wf; fld; fopj;jtHfs;. khw;whd; fhypy; tPo;e;J ,Ue;jhy; ,uh[Nghfj;NjhL ,UtUk; tho;e;J kbe;jpUg;ghHfs;. mij mtHfs; nra;atpy;iy. Fk;gfHzd; Njhs;typf;Fg;ngaH Nghdtd;. fHzd; ,y;iynad;dhJ thup toq;fp ts;sy; vd;w ngaH vLj;jtd;.

3. gpwe;j kz;Zf;Fj; jpUk;gpg; Ngha; fhiyapy; fpof;Fj; jpirapy; thdKk; flYk; Kj;jkpLk; Nfhl;by; ,Ue;J cjakhFk; R+upaidg; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;. khiyapy; Nkw;Ff; flypy; tPOk; r+upa m];jkdj;ijAk; mg;NghJ thdj;jpy; ,aw;ifjPl;Lk; tHzrhyq;fisAk; fz;Fspug; ghHj;J ,urpf;f Ntz;Lk;. cz;iknad;dntd;why; ,e;jf; fhl;rpfs; xU ehs;g; Nghy; ,d;ndhU ehs; ,Uf;fhJ. xt;nthUehSk; GJg; GJ Xtpaq;fs;. ,Nj Nghy; epyT nghopAk; ,uTfisAk;> fz;rpkpl;Lk; el;rj;jpuq;fisAk; ghHj;J ,urpf;f Mir. mg;Gwk; mk;kd; NfhtpYf;Fg;Ngha; (Fk;gpl my;y) Mir jPu if thspahy; ms;spf; Fspf;f Nt:z;Lk;. mg;Gwk; jpUney;Ntyp kuts;spf; fpoq;if ey;y gr;ir kpsfha; fk;gNyhL xU gpbgpbf;fNtz;Lk;. mg;Gwk; ePHNtyp ,uhrts;spf; fpoq;F. fPupkiyapy; khjk; xUKiwahtJ xU KOf;F. rd;djpf; flypy; Fspj;Jtpl;L klj;jpy; tpujr; rhg;ghL. rpd;dr; rpd;d Mirfs; ,d;Dk; vj;jidNah? xbay; gpl;L> fUg;gzp> fw;gfjUePuhfhuk;......nrhy;yp khshJ ........

4. mtHfis Kjypy; ehL flj;j Ntz;Lk;.

5. me;j thHj;ijfs; epr;rakhf cs;sj;jpy; ,Ue;J tutpy;iy. vz;gJ taij vl;bg; gpbf;Fk; NfrupahH jdJ me;jpk fhyj;jpy; gpujkuhfyhk; vd;w fdTfisf; fiyf;Fk; Nrhdpah fhe;jpf;F vg;gb cskhu gjtpiaj; Jwf;f xUg;gLthH?

6. vq;fs; czHTfSf;F cz;zhtpujk; Nghd;w Nghuhl;lq;fs; tbfhyhf mikfpd;wd. ,g;gbahd Nghuhl;lq;fshyhy; RNu\pd; kd;pjhgpkhdkw;w ehLflj;jiyg;gw;wp nghJkf;fs; Clfq;fsJ ftdj;ijf; nfhQ;rkhtJ <Hf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ. xg;gPl;L mstpy;jhd; fdlh ey;y ehL. kw;wg;gb R+j;ij> Fwpg;ghf mfjpfisg; nghWj;jstpy;> R+j;ijfs; ,Uf;fNt nra;fpd;wd. RNui\ ehLflj;jg; ghtpf;fg; gl;l rl;lk; xU ghrPr ehl;Lf;Fupa rl;lk; vd;gjpy; ve;jtpj re;;NjfKkpy;iy. Ntbf;ifnad;dntd;why; ,e;jr; rl;lj;ij gykhf Kd;dH (1988) vjpHj;j ypguy; fl;rp mjid ,g;NghJ gykhf mKy;gLj;JfpwJ. ,g;gbj;jhd; nghUl;fs; Nritfs; tupia Kk;kukhf vjpHj;Jtpl;L> gjptpf;F te;jhy; Kjy; Ntiyahf mjid ,uj;Jnra;Jtpl;Lj;jhd; kWNtiy vd;W fHr;rpj;j fpur;rpad; me;jr; rl;lj;jpy; xU nfhkhitf;$l khw;wk; nra;ahky; mg;gbNa mKy; nra;fpwhH. ,g'gb k{wg'gl;lNjHjy; thf;FwpjpfSf;F msT fzf;fpy;iy. ,jdhy; gbf;Fk; ghlk; vd;dntd;why; vy;yh ehl;L murpay; thjpfSk; xNu Fl'ilapy; Cwpa kl;ilfs;jhd;. mbg;gilapy; tpj;jpahrk; ,y;iy.

7. ek;Gq;fs; jkpoPok; ehis gpwf;Fk;

ehl;bd; mbik tpyq;Ffs; nehUq;Fk;...............

jiytUf;Fg; gpbj;j ghl;Lk; ,Jjhd;.

8. mq;nfhd;W ,q;nfhd;whff; Nfl;lNjnahopa Mumku ,Ue;J ,d;Dk; mij ,urpj;Jf; Nfl;ftpy;iy.

9. mlf;FKiw vd;W vijr; nrhy;YfpwPH? "nja;tk; njhohs; nfhSed; njhOnjOths; "nga;"nadg; nga;Ak; kio" vd;w Fwsh? my;yJ "rpiw fhf;Fk; fhg;Gvtd; nra;Ak;? kfspH epiwfhf;Fk; fhg;Ng jiy" Nghd;w Fws;fsh? ts;StH tho;e;j fhyk; NtW. ts;StuJ Fws;fis mtH tho;e;j fhyf; ( murpay;- r%f -nghUshjhuk;) fz;Nzl;lj;jpy; ghHf;f Ntz;Lk;. nja;tk; njhohs; nfhOed; .........vd;w Fwspy; ngz; "mlf;FKiwf;Fg; " gjpy; ehj;jPf neby; my;yth mbf;fpwJ? ngz;zpd; ngUikiag; Ngr ""tho;f;ifj;Jiz eyk;"" vd;w mofhd> mHj;jKs;s nrhw;nwhliu cyfpy; ts;StHjhd; Kjd;Kjyhff; ifahz;bUf;fpwhH vd;gij Vd; ePq;fs; ftdpf;ftpy;iy? rup mq;nfhd;W ,q;nfhd;whf ngz; mlf;F Kiwiaf; Fwpf;Fk; Fws;fs; xU gj;J ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W xj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; mjw;fhf kpFjp 1320 Fws;fisAk; xJf;fptpLtjh? muprpf;Fs; ckp ,Ue;jhy; ckpia vLg;Nghkh? muprpiaf; nfhl;LNthkh? vJ Gj;jprhypj;jdk;?

10. fpuhkj;jpd; nfhs;is moifAk;> me;jf; fpuhkj;J rhjhuz kf;fisAk; fkuhf;Fs; gpbj;J te;J tz;zj; jpiuapy; Nghl;Lf; fhl;ba ,af;FdH ghujpuh[h. me;jf; fpuhkj;J ,iria vy;NyhH fhJfspYk; Njdhfg; ghatpl;l ,irQhdp ,isaurh.

11. KO cyfj;Jf;nfhU GJik. Nghd jiyKiw fdtpy;$lf; fz;buhj fw;gid.

12. jkpoHfsJ mq;fhbfSf;Fg; Nghl;bahf ,Uf;ff;$ba mq;fhbfs; gw;wpa tpsk;guq;fs; epr;rak; tuhJ. rpj;jpiug; Gj;jhz;by; ntsptUfpwJ.

13. Nrhdpah fhe;jpapd; NjHjy; gpuNtrk;gw;wp?

fhq;fpu]; fpoz;bg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. ,dp ahuhYk; mij capHg;gpf;f KbahJ.

14. jPud; Nghl;b gh.k.f. njhlf;fp tpl;lhuhNk?

jPud; jdpkuk;. mJ Njhg;ghfhJ. Nghl;b gh.k.f. jq;F klk;. mtH filrpahfg; Ngha;r; NrUk; klk; jp.K.f. ,e;j murpay; M&lk; gpioj;jhy; vd; njhopiyNa tpl;LtpLfpNwd;!;