Gj;jhapuj;jpy; thd;Gfo; ts;StUf;F thd; Kl;Lk; rpiy!

 

jpUkfs;

 

(12)

 

,e;jg; Gj;jhz;L gytifapy; rpwg;GilaJ. xU Ehw;whz;L fope;J ,d;ndhU Ehw;whz;L kyHe;Js;sJ. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; xU Gj;jhapuKk; fope;J ,d;ndhd;W gpwe;Js;sJ. ,g;gb Gj;jhz;L> GjpaEhw;whz;L> Gj;jhapuk; xd;whfg; gpwg;gjw;F ,d;Dk; Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; MFk;.

 

ePsk;> mfyk;> cauk; Nghd;w Kg;gupkhzj;NjhL fhyj;ijAk; NrHj;J ehw;gupkhzk; tFj;j mwptpayhsH Id;];Bd;. mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky;  fhyk; vd;gJ xU xg;gPl;L msTjhd; vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il Kjypy; epWtp mwptpaypy; tpaj;jF jpUg;GKidia Vw;gLj;jpatUk; mtHjhd;. mtuJ E=mc2  gpd;dk; kpfTk; Gfo;tha;e;jJ.

 

cyfpy; 40f;Fk; Nkyhd ehl;fhl;bfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,uz;lhtJ Gj;jhapuk; vd;gJ NaRehjH gpwe;jjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLk; Mz;by; ,Ue;J (fp.gp. 1) Mz;Lfis tupirg;gb vz;zj; njhlq;fpajhy;jhd;. rPdHfSf;F ,g;NghJ elg;gJ 4697 Mk; Mz;L. K];ypk;fSf;F 1418 A.H. k; Mz;L. ts;StH Mz;L 2030. ts;StH gpwe;j nghq;fy; ehSf;F mLj;j ehs; 1969k; Mz;L njhlf;fk; jkpofj;jpy; nghJtpLKiw ehshf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ.  vJ vg;gb ,Ug;gpDk; Gj;jhapuk; Mz;by; jpUts;StUf;Fk; jpUf;FwSf;Fk; cz;ikapNyNa ey;y fhyk; gpwe;Js;sJ.

 

tq;ff; flYk;> mNugpaf; flYk; ,e;J kfh rKj;jpuKk; rq;fkk; MFk; FkupKidapy; jpUts;StUf;F 133 cau mbapy; thd;Kfpiyj; njhLk; fw;rpiy xd;W jkpo;ehL murpdhy; epWtg; gl;Ls;sJ. RkhH gj;Jf; Nfhb &gh nrytpy; epWtg;gl;Ls;s rpiyia tbj;jtH Gfo;ngw;w rpw;gp lhf;lH fzgjp ];jgjp.  jpUts;StH rpiyiaj; jpwe;J itj;jtH jkpof Kjyikr;rH K.fUzhepjp.  ntWk; fl;rp khehl;bw;Nf Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; gzk; nrytopj;Jg; gof;fg;gl;l jkpof murpay;thjpfs; jpUts;StH rpiy jpwg;G tpohit tpl;L tpLthHfsh vd;d? gzj;ij jz;zPuhf ,iwj;J tpohf; nfhz;lhbAs;shHfs;.

 

Ehw;wp Kg;gj;J %d;W mb cauk; cs;s ts;StH rpiy cyfj;jpd; 8tJ mjprak; (mnkupf;fhtpd; Statue of Liberty rpiyapd;; cauk; 305 mb Mdhy; mJ nrg;Gj; jfl;bdhy; nra;ag;gl;lJ) vd;W tHzpf;fg; gLfpwJ.

 

Kd;dhs; JizNte;jH Foe;ijrhkp "cyf mjpraq;fpy; xd;whf jpUts;StH rpiy jpwf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,J kfpo;r;rpiaj; jUfpwJ. jkpofj;jpy; vd;d fhuzj;jpdhNyh tuyhw;W cz;ikfs; ,y;yhky; cs;sJ. ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;G fupfhy; Nrhod; fy;yiziaf; fl;bdhd;. ,Jgw;wp tuyhw;wpy; fhy; gf;fj;jpy; $lf; Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy. ,J Nghd;W jQ;ir Nfhtpiyg; gw;wpa KOikahd tuyhW ,y;iy. Mdhy; Nfhl;lk; (ts;StH Nfhl;lk;) Kjy; Fkup tiu cs;s ,e;jg; gilg;gpy; gy jfty;fs; Jy;ypakhff; Fwpf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ" vd;W me;j rpiy jpwg;G tpoh njhlHghf ntspaplg;gl;l "Nfhl;lk; Kjy; Fkup tiu" vd;w kyHgw;wpg; NgRk;NghJ Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shH.

 

tuyhw;iw Kiwahfj; jkpod; vOjp itf;ftpy;iy. ,g;NghJ me;jj; jtW jtpHf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ vd;gijj;jhd;  Kd;dhs; JizNte;jH Foe;ijrhkp jdJ ciuapy; Rl;bf;fhl;bapUf;fpwhH.  

 

fd;dpahFkupf; flypd; eLNt mike;Js;s tpNtfhde;jH epidT kz;lgj;jpw;F mUfpYs;s ghiwapy; jpUts;StUf;F rpiy mikg;gnjd;w KbT 1975y; fiyQH K.fUzhepjp Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j fhyj;jpy; vLf;fg;gl;lJ.  mjw;fhd mbf;fy; mNj Mz;L khHfopapy; Kjy;tH fUzhepjpahy; ,lg;ngw;wJ. mjd;gpd; mtuJ Ml;rp khwpaJ. Kjyikr;rH vk;[pMH fhyj;jpy; (1979k; Mz;L rpj;jpiu 15k; ehs;) kPz;Lk; md;iwa gpujkH nkhuhrp Njrha; mtHfshy; mbf;fy; ehl;lg; gl;lJ. Mdhy; rpiykl;Lk; vOk;gtpy;iy. epjpg; gw;whf;Fiw fhuzk; vd mg;NghJ  nrhy;yg; gl;lJ. kPz;Lk;  Kjyikr;rH fUzhepjp Ml;rpf;F te;jNghJ 1990-91y; rpiy vOg;Gtjw;F  epjp xJf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; kPz;Lk; mtuJ Ml;rp fiyf;fg;gl;lJ. jpUk;gTk; 1996k; Mz;L jp.K.f. Ml;rpf;F te;jJ. mh;NghJ rpiy mikf;f epjp xJf;fPL nra;ag; gl;lJ. 1998k; Mz;L gq;Fdpj; jpq;fs; 20k; ehs; jpUts;StH rpiyf;fhd mbj;jsf; fw;fs; epWtg;gl;L gzpfs; njhlq;fpd.

jpUf;Fwspd; 133 mjpfhuj;ij Fwpf;Fk; tifapy; 133 mb cauj;jpy; rpiy mikf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ.  ,jd; jj;Jt tpsf;fk; vd;d?

 

gPlj;jpd; 38 mb caukhdJ mwj;Jg; ghypd; 38 mjpfhuq;fisf; Fwpg;gjhFk;. gPlj;jpd; Nky; vOe;jUsp ,Uf;Fk; 95 mb  cau ts;StH rpiyahdJ nghUs; kw;Wk; ,d;gj;Jg; ghypd; 95 mjpfhuq;fisf; Fwpg;gjhFk;.  Mk; mwj;ij mbj;jskhff; nfhz;L nghUSk; ,d;gKk; mile;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; tho;f;if newpia czHj;Jk; ts;StkhfNt rpiy tbtikf;fg;gl;L cs;sJ.

 

nkhj;jk; 7 Mapuk; njhd; vilAs;s ,e;jr; rpiy 3>631 tbtikf;fg;gl;l fw;fisf; nfhz;L mikf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ.

 

,e;jr;  rpiyiaj;  jhq;fp epw;Fk; gPlk;  15 mLf;Ffisf; nfhz;lJ. %d;W khbfisf; nfhz;l kz;lgkhff; fl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jg; gzp fle;j Mz;L Ig;grpj; jpq;fs; 10k; ehs; Kbtile;jJ.

 

mjd;gpd; Ig;grp 12k; ehs; jpUts;StH  rpiyapd; fhy; ghjk; gba itf;fg;gl;L rpiy mikg;Gg; gzp njhlq;fpaJ. ,e;jr; rpiy nkhj;jk; 21 mLf;Ffisf; nfhz;lJ. rpiyapd; cl;Gwk; 463 tbtikf;fg;gl;Ls;s fw;fs; nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; vil 2>500 njhd;. Mjhu gPlj;ijr; Rw;wp 38 mb cauj;jpy; Rw;Wr;RtH fl;lg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,jd; ntspg;gFjpapy; xNu fy;ypy; nrJf;fpa> xt;nthd;Wk; Ie;J njhd; vilAs;s gj;J ahidr; rpiyfs; itf;fg;gl cs;sJ. xNu ghHitapy; jpUts;StH rpiy gw;wpa tpguk; gpd;tUkhW.

 

rpiyapd; cauk;    -    95 mb

rpiyapd; gPlk;      -    38 mb

rpiyAk; gPlKk;     -   133 mb

Kfj;jpd; cauk;    -   10 mb

cly; gFjp        -   30 mb

njhilg; gFjp     -   30 mb

fhy; gFjp        -   20 mb

cr;re;jiy> fOj;J> Kl;b kw;Wk; ghjKk; NrHe;jJ - 10 mb

if jyk;           - 10 mb

Njhs;gl;il mfyk;   - 30 mb

MjhugPlk; cs;spl;l Rw;Wr; RtH -  60 mb ju 50 mb

xt;nthd;Wk; 5 mb 6 mq;Fyk; cauk; nfhz;l 10 ahidfs;

MjhugPlk; rpiw kw;Wk; Rw;Wr; RtH Mfpa tw;wpd; nkhj;j vil - 7>000 njhd;

 

jpUts;StUf;F mopahj epidTr; rpd;dj;ij vOg;gp jkpof Kjy;tH fUzhepjp jkpof tuyhw;wpy; ,lk; gpbj;Js;shH. ,jw;F Kd;dH nrd;idapy; ts;StH Nfhl;lj;ij epWtp jpUts;StiuAk; mtuJ jpUf;FwisAk; fUzhepjp ngUikg; gLj;jpAs;shH. fle;j ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;Lfshf ve;jg; ghz;baNdh> NrhoNdh> NruNdh nra;J fhl;lhj rpwg;ig fiyQH fUzhepjp nra;J Kbj;Js;shH. jkpoid jiy epkpHe;J epw;fr; nra;Ak; rhjid ,J. Kjy;tH fUzhepjpapd; murpay; gpbf;fhjtHfs; $l mtuJ ,e;jr; rhjidia fz;bg;ghfg;  ghuhl;lf; flikg;gl;Ls;shHfs;. (tsUk;) 

 

 


 

 

",uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Njhd;wpa ts;StH flj;jg; gl;lhH!"

 

jpUkfs;

 

(13)

 

fle;j 2000 Mz;Lfshf jpUf;Fws; mur kl;lj;jpy; ,Ul;lbg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;L te;Js;sJ. ,uhkhazk;> ghujk; Nghd;w gpw gz;ghl;L ,jpfhrq;fs;> fw;gidg; Guhzq;fs;>  xU Fyj;Jf;F xU ePjp NgRk; kDrhj;jpuq;fs;  jkpoH tho;tpy; fye;jJ Nghy; jpUf;Fws; fyf;ftpy;iy. tHzhr;rpu jHkj;;;;;;;;;;;ijAk; mjd; cl;gpupthd rhjp mikg;igAk; Jhf;fpg; gpbf;Fk; gftj;fPij jkpo; r%fj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg; gl;lJNghy; tho;f;iff;F topfhl;Lk;  jpUf;Fws; mwpKfg;gLj;jg; gltpy;iy. Gwg; gz;ghl;Lr; Nrw;wpy; jkpo; r%fk; mkpo;e;J mope;J gl;lNj ,jw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;.

 

jpUf;Fws; Kg;ghy;gw;wp kl;Lk; NgrpaJ. Mupa Ntjq;fs; ehw;ghy; gw;wpg; gpjw;wpd. MupaNtjk; ehy;tHzk;> ehyhapuk; rhjpiaf; fw;gpj;jJ. jpUf;Fws; "gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk;" vd;W Koq;fpaJ.  ts;StH fhyj;jpy; gyH gpwg;G mbg;gilapy; jq;fis me;jzH vd;W nrhy;ypAk;> gpwg;ghy; caHe;jtHfs; vd;W nrhy;ypAk;  cyh te;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjdhy; me;jzH ahH vd;gjw;F jpUts;StH tiutpyf;fzk; tFf;f Ntz;bapUe;jJ.  "me;jzH vd;NghH mwNthH> kw;W vt;TapHf;Fk; nre;jz;ik G+z;nlhOfyhd;" vd;W giwaiwe;jJ jpUf;Fws;.. ,q;Nf gpwg;ghy; kl;Lk; xUtd; caHT fzpf;fg;gLk; vd;w Mupaf; Nfhl;ghl;il Kw;W KOjhf cilj;J vwpfpwhH ts;StH.

 

Mupa Ntjk; mtp nrhupe;J Mapuk; Nts;tpfs; elhj;jpaJ. Vkhe;j my;yJ Vkhw;wg;gl;l rq;f fhy %Nte;jHfNs ,e;j Nts;tpfs; nra;jhy; nrhHf;fk; fpilf;Fk;> RfNghfk; fpilf;Fk; vd;w  %lek;gpf;ifapy; Ntj Nts;tpfs; nra;jhHfs;. gpuhkzHfSf;F Kw;Wk; mbikahfpj; jkpofj;ijg; ghohf;fpa ghz;baUs; jiyrpwe;j murHfspy; xUtdhd ngUtOjpf;F "gy;ahfrhiy KJFbkpg; ngUtOjp" vd;w gl;lNk nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ.

 

Ntj Nts;tpfisf; fzf;fw;Wr; nra;jjhYk;>  NtjNkhjpa ghHg;gdHfis vy;yhk; KdptH vd;W $wp> mtUf;Fj; jd; Fbkp mtpo;j;J tpOkhW jiy Fdpe;J tzq;Fk;gb> KJFLkpg; ngUtOjpia fhupf;fpohH vd;w jkpo;g; GytH Ntz;l mg;gbNa mtd; nra;jjhYk;  mtDf;F ,e;jg; gl;lk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ NghYk;. md;iwa epyikiag; ghHf;Fk; NghJ ,f;fhyk; ew;fhyk;Nghy; Njhd;WfpwJ.

 

",iwQ;Rf ngUkepd; nrd;dp rpwe;j

 ehd;kiw Kdpt Nue;Jif najpNu"                      (Gwk; 6)

 

,iwQ;Rf - tzq;Ff.

epd;nrd;dp - epdJ Kb.

rpwe;j ehd;kiw KdptH ve;J if  vjpNu - kpf;f ehd;F Ntjj;jpidAila me;jzH epd;id ePL tho;fntd;W vLj;j ifapd; Kd;Nd.

,iwQ;Rf -  tzq;Ff.

 

Ntj Nts;tpfspd; NghJ  nfhl;lg;gl;l ePupdhy; epyk; Nrwhfpg; Ngha;tpl;ljhf ,d;ndhU Gwg;ghly;  njuptpf;fpwJ.

 

Mdhy; jkpo;  Ntjk; vd;W Nghw;wg;gLk; jpUf;FwNsh "mtpnrhupe;J Mapuk; Ntl;lypd;>  xd;wd; capH nrUj;J cz;zhik ed;W" vd;W  rhw;wpaJ. Ntjj;ijf; fhjhy; Nfl;gJ #j;jpuDf;F mlhJ vd;W Ntjrhj;jpuq;fs; jkpod; %isf;F tpyq;F Nghl;l NghJ jpUf;Fws; "vz;nzd;g Vid vOj;njd;g ,t;tpuz;Lk; fz;nzd;g thOk; capHf;F" vd;w ,bj;Jr; nrhy;ypaJ. ,g;gb Mupa Ntjj;jpw;Fk; nghJkiw NgRk; jpUf;FwSf;Fk; cs;s  NtWghLfs; kiyf;Fk; kLTf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s NtWghLfs; Nghd;wit. ntz;nza;f;Fk; Rz;zhk;Gf;Fk; cs;s NtWghL Nghd;wit.  ,g;gb Mapuk; NtWghLfis mLf;fpf; fhl;lyhk;.

 

,e;jr; rpiyj; jpwg;G tpohtpy; Ngrpa  jkpo; tsHr;rpj;Jiw mikr;rH jkpo;f;Fbkfd; Nkw;fhl;ba fUj;Jf;fis mofhf mNj Neuk; Mzpj;jukhf mitNahH Kd; itj;jhH.

 

"fp. gpd;Dk; Kd;Dk;  fle;j 2000 k; Mz;Lfhykhf fsg;gpuH> gy;ytH> NrhoH Ml;rp ele;jJ. fp.gp. 1310 tiu jkpoH Ml;rp ePbj;jJ. gpd;dH jkpoH  tPo;r;rp mile;jdH. jkpoH tPo;e;jhy; vog; gy Ehw;whz;L MFk;. NrhoH> ghz;ba kd;dH Ml;rp ts;StH fhl;ba newp Kiwg;gb elf;ftpy;iy. gz;ila fhyf; fy;ntl;by; $wg;gl;Ls;s nrhw;fs;> thHj;ijfspy; ts;StH newp Kiwg;gb Ml;rp nra;atpy;iy vd;gJ njspthfj; njupfpwJ.

 

1891y; kNdhd;kzpak; Re;judhH jkpof tuyhw;iw rupahf vOj Ntz;Lk; vd;W $wpdhH. mtH ngaupy; ney;iyapy; gy;fiyf; fofk; cUthf;fp cs;shH fiyQH. mtuJ ghly;jhd; jkpo;j;jha; tho;j;jhf cs;sJ. Ntj fhyq;fspy; Ntjk; XJjiy fhjpy; Nfl;lhNy mJ Fw;wkhff; fUjg;gl;lJ.

 

mg;gbNa jg;gpj; jtwpf; Nfl;gtHfSf;F fLk; jz;lidAk; toq;fg;gl;lJ. jpUf;Fwspd; njhlf;fj;jpy; ts;StH vy;yhk; ,aw;if tpjpg;gb elf;Fk; vd;whH. ,Wjpapy; faikj;jdk; mjpfhuk; njhlq;Fk; NghJ tpuf;jp  epiyf;Fr;  nrd;Ws;shH." (jpdG+kp - 2-01-2000)

 

jkpo;tsHr;rp mikr;rH jkpo;Fbkfidj; njhlHe;J fy;tp mikr;rH f. md;gofd; NgrpdhH.

 

",q;F elf;Fk; jpUtpoh cyfj; jkpoHfSf;Nf jpUehs; tpohthFk;. Nja;e;j jpuhtpld; jiy epkpu ,t;tpoh cjTk;. newp mwpah kf;fSf;F newp$Wk; ed;dhs; ,d;dhs; vd;gij kfpo;r;rpAld; Fwpg;gpl tpUk;GfpNwd;. flj;jy;fhuHfsplk; ,Ue;J 160 gazpfs; kPl;fg;gl;l ey;y nra;jp ,j; jpUehspy; te;jJ. ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Njhd;wpa ts;StH $l flj;jg;gl;lhH. ts;Stupd; fw;gid tuyhw;iw AtAfk; flj;jpr; nrd;wJ. ts;StH Fwpj;J jtwhd fUj;Jf;fSk; gug;gg;gl;lJ. jpUf;Fws; $l NtW nkhopapy; ,Ue;J nkhop ngaHf;fg;gl;ljhff; fij fl;lg;gl;lJ. jkpOf;F kNdhd;kzpak; Re;judhH vOr;rpA+l;bdhH. ghujpahH Gul;rp Cl;bdhH.

 

jpuhtpl ,af;fk;jhd; jpUf;Fwis kf;fsplk; nfhz;L nrd;wJ vd;W thog;ghbahH ,q;Nf Fwpg;gpl;lhH. Fws; Fwpj;j caHT jkpoHfs; kj;jpapy; Nt&d;wg; ghLgl;Nlhk;. ts;StUf;Fupa ngUik ,e;jpahtpy; ,y;iyjhd;. kw;w khepy kf;fs; jq;fs; nrhe;j khepy tuyhw;iwAk; $l mwpa khl;lhHfs;. fd;dlk;> Me;jpuk; Mfpa tw;wpy; jkpOk; cs;sJ. ts;StH $l me;j khepyq;fSf;Fg; Gutyuhf ,Ue;Js;shH. fHehlfhtpy; $l ts;StH jkpo;ehl;Lf;fhuH vd;gjhy;jhd; mtUf;F rpiy mikg;gjpy; khWghL cs;sJ. ts;Stupd; Fws;> kdpjdpd; tho;f;ifia ikakhff; nfhz;lJ.

 

ve;j kjr; rhHgpYk; ,y;yhj Ehy; jpUf;Fws;. mJ rka Ehy; my;y. mjw;F mg;ghw;gl;L vOjg;gl;l Ehy;. mjw;F Kd; $l kd;dH fhyj;jpy; jpUf;Fws; muq;Nfwtpy;iy. Vnddpy; jpUts;StH jd;khdkpf;ftH. mtuJ Ehiy muq;Nfw;Wk; msTf;Fj; jFjpahdtH md;W vtUk; ,y;iy."

 

 


 

 

"jpUf;Fwis ehk;  ed;F  czuhjjw;Ff; fhuzk; kjk;> rhjp> jPz;lhik!"

 

jpUkfs;

 

(14)

 

"ts;StH$l xU kd;duhf ,Ue;Js;shH. kf;fsplk; jpUf;Fwis muq;Nfw;wpa ngUik jpKfitNa NrUk;. ts;Stiug; Nghd;W ,d;ndhU Gytd; cyfpy; vq;Fk; ,Jtiugpwf;ftpy;iy. jpUf;Fws; Nghd;W NtW ve;j EhypYk; jj;Jtk; fpilahJ. kdpjd; ey;ygb tho ey;y fUj;ij Fws; tbtpy; nrhd;dtH ts;StH. ,J ekf;Ff; fpilj;j fUT+yk;. ,jid ehk; ed;F czuNtz;Lk;. czuhjjw;Ff; fhuzk; kjk;> rhjp> jPz;lhik.

ts;StH $l Jwtpfs; ,g;gbj;jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. kdjpy; ey;y vz;zq;fs; ,Ue;jhNy NghJk;. Jwtpfs; vd;why; gpr;ir vLj;J tho;gtHfs; vd;W,Ue;j epiyia vjpHj;jtH ts;StH. FwSf;F fiyQH ciu vOjpdhH. Xtpak; tiue;jhH. vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; rpfukhf tpz;ZaH rpiy je;jhH. ts;Stupd; jpUf;Fwisg; Nghy; fiyQH tho;thq;F tho tpUk;GfpNwd;."

 

epw;f ,ilr; nrUf;fy; gw;wpAk;> Mjpgftd; nrhy;yhl;rp gw;wpAk; ehd; vOjpajw;F kpfTk;ehfupfkhd Kiwapy; kWg;G vOjpa ez;gH mdiy MW. ,uhNre;jpuDf;F vdJ tpupthd gjpiy kpf  tpiutpy; vOj ,Uf;fpNwd;. mtH jpUf;Fwis gFj;jwpNthL ghHg;gjw;Fg; gjpy;  gf;jpNahL ghHf;fpwhH vd;gJ njupfpwJ. mg;gbj;jhd; c.Nt. rhkpehj IaiuAk; gf;jpNahL ghHf;fpwhH.  

 

gf;jp te;jhy; Gj;jp Ngha;tpLk; vd;W ngupahH mbf;fb nrhy;thH. mNjNghy; Gj;jp ,Ue;jhy; gf;jp tuhJ vd;Wk; ngupahH nrhy;thH.  

 

cyfpy; ehd; mwpe;jstpy; ,uz;L rpe;jidahsHfs; kl;LNk  jhq;fs; nrhd;dij mg;gbNa Vw;Wf; nfhs;shky; ciuj;Jg; ghHj;J mwptpf;Fr; rupnad;W gl;lhy; kl;LNk Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;W nrhd;dhHfs;.  mjpy; xUtH nfsjk Gj;jH. kw;wtH jpUts;StH. Ntz;Lnkd;why; fpNuf;f ehl;bd; jiyrpwe;j jj;JtQhdp Nrhf;fpul;birAk; ,tHfNshL NrHj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;.

 

ts;StH rpiy jpwg;G tpohtpd;NghJ gjpdhW ftdH fdfRg;Guj;jpdk; mtHfspd;  epfo;r;rp ,lk;ngw;wJ. jpUf;FwSf;F ciu nrhy;tJ> Fwspd; Kjw; nrhy;iyr; nrhd;dhy; mjid Kbj;J me;jf; Fws; ve;j mjpfhuj;jpy; vj;jidahtJ Fws; vd;W nrhy;tJ> NkYk; Fwspd; vz;izf; nfhLj;jhy; me;jf; Fws; ve;jg; ghypy;> ve;j ,aypy;> vj;jidahtJ mjpfhuj;jpy; tUfpwJ vdr; nrhy;tJ ,g;gb Fws;gw;wpa epidthw;wy; mtu; nra;J fhl;Lk; gjpdhW ftdj;jpy; xd;whFk;.

 

,jid gjpdhWftdH fdfRg;Guj;jpdk; md;iwa tpohtpy; nra;J fhl;baJ NghyNt me;j epfo;r;rpapy;  "Kw;Nwhjy;" (KOJk; Xjy;") Nghl;bapy; fye;J nfhz;l 23 khztr; rpWtH rpWkpfSk; nra;J fhl;b Kjy;tH fUzhepjp> fy;tp mikr;rH f. md;gofd;  cl;gl tpohtpw;F tUif je;jpUe;j kw;Wk; mikr;rHfs; midtiuAk; tpag;gpy; Mo;j;jpdhHfs;. ,jpy; ,d;ndhU rpwg;G mk;rk; vd;dntd;why; ,e;j 23 khztr; rpWtH  rpWkpfspy; 3 NgH ,Ryhkpa jkpoHfshtH.

 

jpUf;Fws;gw;wpa ,e;j khztr; rpWtH rpWkpfsJ jpwikia vg;gbf; nfsutpf;fyhk;> vd;d guprspj;Jf; nfsutpf;fyhk; vd Kjy;tH fUzhepjp mikr;rH md;gofNdhL fye;jhNyhrpj;J tpl;L me;j khztr; rpWtH rpWkpfSf;F  khjk; NjhWk; Mapuk; &gh guprspg;gjhf KbT nra;J mjid me;j tpoh Nkilapy; itj;Nj Kjy;tH mwptpj;jhH.

 

,jpy; cs;s rpwg;G vd;dntd;why; ,e;jg; gupRj; njhif mtHfSf;F mtHfsJ tho;ehs;KOJk; fpilf;fg; NghfpwJ! vdNt ,Jtiu fhyKk; jpUf;FwSf;F ahUk; nra;jpuhj>nra;a Kd;te;jpuhj rpwg;ig nra;jpUf;fpw Kjy;tH fUzhepjpf;F kPz;Lk; ghuhl;Ljy;fis njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

 

jpUf;Fwis Gj;jhz;by;> Gjpa Ehw;whz;by;> Gj;jhapuj;jpy; jkpo;ehl;bd; gl;b njhl;bfs;  njUf;fs; vq;Fk; gug;g ,j;jifa Cf;Ftpg;Gfs; cjTk; vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy.

 

,e;j tpohtpy; FiwghLfs; ,y;yhkYk; ,y;iy. ftp ghbNahH> fUj;Jiu toq;fpNahH ts;Stiutpl Kjy;tH fUzhepjpiaNa thdshtg; Gfo;e;jhHfs;. tpoh thd;Gfo;  ts;StUf;fh my;yJ Kjy;tH fUzhepjpf;fh vd;w kiyg;Gj; Njhd;wpaJ. mjw;F Vw;whw;Nghy; fhf;fha; gpbf;Fk; ftpQH> vOj;jhsH $l;lj;ijNa tpoh mikg;ghsHfs; NkilNaw;wpdhHfs;.

 

Fws; Ma;tuq;fpy; Ngrpa fjpH kfhNjtd; nehbf;F  EhWKiw Mq;fpy thHj;ijfisg; gad;gLj;jpdhH. mT];jpNuypahtpy; ,Ue;J khehl;by; fye;J nfhz;l nghd;.rj;jpaehjd;xU mgj;jkhd fUj;ijf; $wp jpUf;Fws;gw;wpa jdJ jdpg;gl;l mwpahikia Nkilapy; epd;W gfpuq;fg;gLj;jpdhH. "gpwtpg; ngUq;fly; ePe;JtNj tho;f;ifnad;Wk;> cyfpy; Nkhl;rk; xd;Nw ,Wjp epiy vd;w rpe;jhe;jNk  jpUf;Fwspd; cs;slf;fk;" vd;gNj jpUf;Fws;gw;wpa rj;jpaehjdpd; fz;L gpbg;ghFk;. miuNtf;fhLfis tpoh mikg;ghsHfs; NkilNaw;wpdhy; ,Jjhd; gydhff; fpilf;Fk;.

 

jpUf;Fwspy;  nkhj;jk; 133 mjpfhuk; cz;L. ,jpy; Kjy; 4 mjpfhuq;fs; ghapuk; vd;W jiyg;gpl;L KiwNa flTs; tho;j;J> thd;rpwg;G> ePj;jhH ngUik>  mwd; typAWj;jy; gw;wpg; NgRfpd;wd> mLj;J mwj;Jg; ghypy; 38 mjpfhuq;fs; cz;L vd;W Kd;dNu ghHj;Njhk;. vQ;rpa 34 mjpfhuq;fspy; 20 mjpfhuq;fs; ,y;yw ,aiyg;gw;wpg; NgRfpwJ. mLj;J 13 mjpfhuq;fs; Jwtw ,ay;gw;wpg; nrhy;fpwJ. filrp mjpfhukhd  Co; ,ay; Co;gw;wpg; NgRfpwJ.  nghUl; ghypy; 70 mjpfhuq;fSk; fhkj;Jg;ghypy; vQ;rpa 25 mjpfhuq;fSk; fhzg;gLfpd;;wd.  ,jpy; ,Ue;J njuptJ vd;dntd;why; nkhj;jk; 133 mjpfhuq;fspy; flTs; tho;j;J> thd;rpwg;G> ePj;jhH ngUik> mwd; typAWj;jy; ,e;j ehd;NfhL Jwtwk; gw;wpa 13 mjpfhuq;fisAk; NrHj;J nkhj;jk; 17 mjpfhuq;fNs mwNthHf;Fk; Jwe;NjhHf;Fk;ts;StH xJf;fp ,Uf;fpwhH. vQ;rpa 95 mjpfhuq;fSk; ,e;j cyf tho;f;iff;Fj; Njitahd nghUs; gw;wpAk; ,d;gk; gw;wpAk; nrhy;tjw;F xJf;fp ,Uf;fpwhH.

 

,g;gb jpUts;StH mwg;ghYf;F 38 mjpfhuq;fs; kl;Lk; xJf;fp ,Uf;Fk; NghJ> mjpy;ghapuk; %d;whk; mjpfhuj;jpy; (ePj;jhH ngUik) tUk; xU Fwis khj;jpuk; nghWf;fp vLj;J  "gpwtpg; ngUq;fly; ePe;JtNj tho;f;ifnad;Wk;> cyfpy; Nkhl;rk; xd;Nw ,Wjp epiy vd;w rpe;jhe;jNk jpUf;Fwspd; cs;slf;fk;" vd;W nrhy;tJ jpUts;StiuAk; jpUf;FwisAk; mtkjpg;gjhFk;.  

 

NkYk; Jwtw ,aypy; rpwg;ghf nrhy;yg;gl;l mUs; cilik> Gyhy; kWj;jy;> $lh xOf;fk;> fs;shik> tha;ik> ntFshik> ,d;dhnra;> nfhy;yhik> nka; czHjy;> mth mWj;jy; ,y;ywj;jpy; cs;stHfSf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf fs;shik> tha;ik>ntFshik Jwtwj;jhUf;Fj;jhd; Njs;it ,y;ywj;jhUf;Fj; Njs;it ,y;iy vd;W ahUk; nrhy;y KbahJ. mJ ,U mwj;jhUf;Fk; nghJthd jj;Jtq;fs;.

 

 


  

 

"jpUf;FwSf;F Mapuk; Mz;Lfs; fopj;Nj ciunra;jhHfs;!"

 

jpUkfs;

(15)

 

jpUf;Fwis Cd;wpg; gFj;jwpTf; fz;NzhL gbg;gtHfSf;F xU cz;ik njupAk;. jpUts;StH Kg;ghy; vd;w xU Ehiy kl;Lk; vOjpdhH. mjidg; gpd;te;j ciuahrpupaHfs; jq;fs; tpUg;gj;jpw;F Vw;g gy ,ay;fshfg; gpupj;J> gj;Jg; gj;Jf; Fws;fisf; nfhz;l  mjpfhuq;fshf tFj;jhHfs; (MW. mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; ftdpf;f). ,ay; gFg;Gfs;NtW Ntwhf ,Ug;gjw;Fk;> rpy mjpfhuq;fspd; jiyg;Gfs; NtWgl;L ,Ug;gjw;Fk;> rpy Fws;fs; ,lk;khwp ,Ug;gjw;Fk; ,Jjhd; fhuzk; vd;gJ ntspg;gil.   vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf gupNkysfupd; gFg;G Kiwf;Fk; jpUf;FwSf;F ciunra;j ,d;ndhU ciuahrpupauhd kzf;FltH itg;G Kiwf;Fk; NtWghLs;sJ. ghlNtWghLk; ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf nghUl;ghypy; cs;s 70 Fws;fisAk; gupNkysfH murpay;( 25)> mq;f ,ay; (32);> xopG ,ay; (13) vd %d;W ,ayhf tFf;f> ciuahrpupaH kzf;FltH mjid (gpd;tUk;) MW ,ay;fshf tFj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

    1) murpay;        (25)

    2) mikr;rpay;     (10)

    3) nghUs; ,ay;    (5)

    4) el;G ,ay;      (5)

    5) Jd;g ,ay;     (12)

    6) Fbapay;       (13)

 

",jDs; ,iwkhl;rp Kjyhf ,Lf;fz; mopahik <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; ,Ugj;ije;Jk; ngUk;ghd;ikAk; murHf;F cupathjypd; murpay; vd;Wk;> mikr;R Kjyhf mitaQ;rhik <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; gj;Jk; ngUk;ghd;ik mikr;rHf;F cupathjypd; mikr;rpay;; vd;Wk;> ehL Kjyhfg; gilr;nrUf;F <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; Ie;Jk; nghUl;gFjpahjypd; nghUspay; vd;Wk;> el;G Kjyhff; $lhel;G <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; Ie;Jk;el;gpd; gFjpahjypd;  el;gpay; vd;Wk;> Ngjik Kjyhf kUe;J <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; gd;dpuz;Lk; Nfl;Lf;Ff; fhuzkhjypd; Jd;gtpanyd;Wk;> Fb Kjyhf faik <whff; $wpa mjpfhuk; gjpd;%d;Wk; kf;fsJ ,ay;G $Wjypd; Fbapay; vd;Wk; Mfg; nghUl;ghy; $wpa mjpfhuk; vOgjhapw;W" vd;W kzf;FltH jhd; nra;j mjpfhug; gFg;gpw;fhdtpsf;fj;ijf; nfhLj;Js;shH. ,e;j tpsf;fk; Vw;ff; $bajhf mike;Js;sJ.

 

,dpg; gupNkyofH - kzf;FltH ,UtuJ ciuapYk; Fws;fs; ,lk;khwp ,Ug;gjw;F vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf flTs; tho;j;J> thd;rpwg;G vd;w Kjy; ,uz;L mjpfhuq;fspy; tUk; Fws; vz;fs; fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Vida mjpfhuq;fspy; tUk;  vz;fspd; tupir NtWghl;il %y Ehy;fisg; gbj;J mwpe;J nfhs;sTk;.

 

gupNkysfH             kzf;FltH

       flTs; tho;j;J (1)

 

  7                         3

  8                         5

  4                         6

  5                         7

  6                         8

 10                         9

  9                        10     

         thd;rpwg;G (2)  

 18                        11

 19                        12

 20                        13

 13                        14

 16                        15

 17                        16

 14                        17

 15                        18         

 

gupNkyofHf;Fk; kzf;FltHf;Fk; ,ilapy; jpUf;Fwspy; cs;s ghlNgjj;jpw;F vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf gpd;tUk; Fws;fisf; $wyhk;.

 

nra;ahky; nra;j cjtpf;F> itafKk;

thdfKk; Mw;wy; mupJ                (Fws; 101)

 

kzf;FltH ghlk;nra;j  jpUf;Fwspy; "nra;ahky;" vd;w nrhy; "nra;ahjhH" vd;W fhzg;gLfpwJ. mjhtJ "nra;ahjhH nra;j cjtpf;F itafKk; thdfKk; Mw;wy; mupJ" vd;W fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,Nj Nghy;-

 

,yndd;W jPait nra;aw;f> nra;apd;

,ydhFk; kw;Wk; ngaHj;J              (Fws; 205)

 

kzf;FltH ghlk;nra;j ciuapy; ",yd;" vd;gJ ",yk;" vd;W fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,t;thNw ngwy; -ngww;F(213 )>  nrAk; ePu- nray;ePH (219)> tpj;jfHf;F - tpj;jfw;F (235)> xd;wd; - xd;wpd; (259)>  MirAs; - Mirapy; (266)  vd;w Fws;fspy; ghl Ngjk; fhzg;gLfpwJ.

 

nghJthf ciu vd;gJ xU nra;Ais vLj;Jf; nfhz;L mUk;gj ciu Kjy; nghopg;Giu tiu midj;ijAk; tpsf;fpg; nghUs; $WtjhFk;. jpUf;FwSf;F Kjd; Kjypy; ciu nra;jtHfs; gjpd;kH (gj;Jg;NgH). mtHfs;  1) jUkH> 2) kzf;FltH> 3) jhkj;jH> 4) er;rH> 5) gUjp> 6) jpUkiyaH> 7) ky;yH> 8) gupg;ngUkhd;> 9)fhypq;fH> 10) gupNkyofH.

 

,e;jg; gjpd;kupy; jpUf;FwSf;F Kjypy; ciunra;jtH jUkH. ,Wjpahf ciunra;jtH gupNkyofH vd;gij mwpQH cyfk; epWtpAs;sJ. ,tHfsJ fhyk; fp.gp. 10 Mk; Ehw;whz;by; ,Ue;J 13 Mk; Ehw;whz;L <whf vdf; fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjhtJ jpUts;StUf;Fg;gpd; Mapuk; Mz;L fopj;J tho;e;jtHfNs jpUf;FwSf;F ciu nra;Js;sdH.

 

jpUts;StH Ehy; nra;j Kiw> mtuJ cz;ikahd cs;sf;fplf;if vJ> mtH ifahz;l mwk;> Mjpgftd;> tlGyj;jhH> njd;Gyj;jhH> thdtH> tpRk;gpdH> ,katH> nja;tk;> Gj;Njs;> NjtH> ,k;ik> kWik> jhkiuf;fz;zhd; cyF> Mgad;> vOik> ,g;gb vz;zw;w nrhw;fSf;fhd rupahd nghUs; vd;d vd;gjpy; mwpQHfs; kj;jpapy; Mokhd fUj;J NtWghL epyTfpwJ.

 

,jw;F xU fhuzk; Fwspd; mikg;G. jkpopy; cs;s kpfr; rpwpa ahg;G ,Jjhd;. mjdhy; Vw;gl;Ls;s nrhw;rpf;fdKk; nghUl; nrwpTk;. kw;wJ ,lk;> nghUs;> fhy NtWghL. xU ngupa fUJNfhis VOrPH nfhz;l ,uz;L mbf;Fs; mlf;fp jpUts;StH Fws; nra;Js;shH. mjid tpupf;fg; NghFk;NghJ fUj;J Kuz;ghL vOfpwJ. ,jd; tpisthfj;jhd; ,Jfhytiu Ke;Ehw;Wf;Fk; mjpfkhdtHfs; jpUf;FwSf;F ciu nra;Js;shHfs;. nrd;w fpoik $l jpUf;FwSf;F Gjpa tpsf;f Ehy; xd;iw rhykd; ghg;igah vOjp ntspapl;Ls;shH. (ek;ehL - ij 20> 2000).  

 

   

 


 

 

"jkpo; tho;f! Fws; tho;f! ftpQH mdiy. MW ,uhNre;jpuj;Jf;F tpil!"

 

jpUkfs;

 

(16)

 

,jidj; njhlU Kd;dH ftpQH mdiy MW. ,uhNre;jpuk; mtHfsJ kWg;Gf; fl;Liuf;F tpil vOj tpiofpNwd;. mtH jdJ ngaiuj; jd;dlf;fk; fhuzkhf ntWkNd mdiy MW. ,uhNre;jpuk; vd;W Nghl;lhYk; mtH xU ey;y kuGf; ftpQH. ehd; tpUk;Gk; ftpQH xU rpyupy; mtUk; xUtH.  gy Mz;LfSf;F Kd; mtH vOjp "<oKurpy;" ntspte;j "fpsptpL JhJ" ftpij ,g;NghJk; vdJ epidtpy; epoyhLfpwJ. jhd; gpwe;J> tsHe;J> tay;ntspfspy; Xbahbj; jpupe;j mdiyjPT ,g;NghJ vg;gb ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W ftpQH JhJ tpLj;j fpsp mq;F nrd;W jhd; fz;ldtw;iw nrhy;YtJNghy mike;j ftpij mJ. Njbg; ghHj;Njd; me;jf; ftpij iff;F mfg;gltpy;iy. ,d;ndhU ftpij mfg;gl;lJ. mjd; jiyg;G 'fdlh Mw;Wg;gil.'

 

fdlhtpd; cs;s ngz; xUj;jp jdJ Njhopf;F fdlh tUtjw;Fupa MNyhridfis toq;Ffpwhs;. jhd; fdlh te;jhYk; Njhopia kwf;ftpy;iy vd;fpwhs;. jkpo; nfhQ;Rk; me;jf; ftpijapy; ,Ue;J ,uz;L ghly;fs; ,Njh.

 

ee;jpdp ez;gp ehNdh

     eyKNsd; ePA ke;j

fe;jdpd; mUspdhNy

     fhrpdp thOk; Nrjp

je;jepd; mQ;ry; fz;L

     jspHe;jdd; rpe;ij vd;Wk;

te;jid nra;j jhq;Fk;

     tho;TW ,dpikf;fhf

 

ehLfs; fle;jpl;lhYk;

     ed;dpiy te;Jw;whYk;

Nfhbaha;g; gzk; Ftpe;J

     Ftya nkq;Fk; fPHj;jp

VLfs; NjhWk; Vwp

     vid ed;F tho;j;jpdhYk;

MbLk; neQ;R nfhz;l

     mupit ahd; md;W Njhop!

 

ftpQH ey;y flTs; gf;jp cilatH vd;w vdJ fzpg;gpy; jg;gpy;iy. mjdhy;jhd; "fe;jdpd; mUspdhNy fhrpdp thOk; Njhop" vd tpopf;fpwhH.

 

,g;gb mUikahd kuGf; ftpijg; G+f;fisj; njhLj;J xU ftpij khiyahf ntspapl;lhy; jkpo; md;idapd; moFf;F moF NrHf;Fk; my;yth? Mdhy; ,q;F ftpij> fij> fl;Liu vOJgtHfs; jhq;fshfg; ghHj;J  jq;fs; nrytpy; Ehy; ntspapl;lhy; rup. ,y;iynad;why; mit Ehyhf cUg;ngwhJ. NjLthuw;W ,we;njhope;J tpLk;. Mdhdg;gl;l kfhftp ghujpahNu mtH fhyjj;jpy; jdJ nrytpy; jdJ ftpijfis ntspapl;lhH vd;why; kw;wtHfisg; gw;wpf; Nfl;fth Ntz;Lk;? ftpQuJ ,d;ndhU ftpijapd; ngaH 'nre;jkpoH rPH NfL". ,e;jf; ftpijapy;  jkpo; tho;TKiw gz;ghl;il Jwe;jtHfisAk;  kwe;jtHfisAk;> NgH $l koiyf;Fj; jkpopw; R+l;lhg; ngUq;NfL njhlHfpwJ! vd;Nd fhyk;? vdf; ftpQH foptpuf;fg;gLfpwhH. fhyj;ij ntd;W epw;Fk; me;jf; ftpijapy; xU ghly; ,J. ,e;jg; ghly;fs; mtUf;Nf epidT ,Uf;fpwjh vd;gJ Nfs;tpf;Fwp!

 

NgHR+l;ly; tho;TKiw nkhopapw; gw;W

gz;ghL midj;jpYNk jkpiotpl;Lr;

rPHnfl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;Nlhk; rpe;jpj;jhNyh

     rPuoptpd; tpjk;GupAk; rpWik Njhd;Wk;

ghHvq;Fk; tpae;Njj;j gd;Dhwhz;L

     ige;jkpohw; ftpgilj;j topapy;te;NjhH

NgH $l koiyf;Fj; jkpopw; R+l;lhg;

     ngUq;NfL njhlHfpwJ vd;Nd <dk;!

 

,q;Fs;s jkpoHfs; ,g;NghJ  jq;fs; gps;isfSf;F 'mwk;Gwk; rpjk;gukhfg;" ngaH R+l;LfpwhHfs;. Mrh> Nfhrh ANudpah> f[d;> epNuh\p>  fN[hy;> ,g;gb nghUs; ,y;yhj gy;Yilf;Fk; ngaHfisj; jq;fs; gps;isfSf;Fr; R+l;Lk; jkpo;g; ngw;NwhHfs; epiwa ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. fhyk; Nghf;fpy; kuk;> nrb> nfhb> fy;> kz;> ml;uk;> iel;w[d;> ifl;nw[d; vd;W ngaHfisg; ngw;NwhHfs; NjHe;njLj;J jq;fs; gps;isfSf;F itj;jhYk; Mr;rupag;gl khl;Nld;.

 

epw;f. ,g;NghJ fzdp njhlf;fk; fUNtg;gpiy  <whf thq;fp tpw;W jkpoHfs; thzpgk; nra;fpwhHfs;. fhuzk; mtw;iw thq;f EfHNthH ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; Gj;jfk; thq;fpg; gbf;fj;jhd;   Ml;fspy;iy. thq;FgtHfs; ,Ue;jhy;jhNd tpw;gtHfs; Njhd;WthHfs;? gj;J eiff; filf;F xU Gj;jff; fil vd;w tpOf;fhL $l ,y;iy. xz;Nz xz;Z fz;Nz fz;Z vd;fpwkhjpup ,uz;L Gj;jff; filfs; kl;Lk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mjpy; xd;Wf;F nrd;w fpoik NghapUe;Njd;. mq;Nf Ms; mutNk ,y;iy.  Kjyhspiaj; jtpu.  ,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; ngUk;ghyhd jkpoHfs; tPl;by; G+ir miwapy;  fiykfs; glj;ij khl;b itj;J Mz;Lf;nfhUf;fh me;jg; glj;jpd; Kd;dhy; (ghlg;) Gj;jfq;fis itj;J tpohf; nfhz;lhLtjpy; kl;Lk; Fiwr;ry; ,y;iy!

 

kd;dH fhyj;jpy; khup Nghy; GytHf;F thup toq;fpa  ghup> Xup> fhup ts;sy;fs; ,Ue;jhHfs;. ehq;fs; nra;j ghtk; mtHfSk; ,d;wpy;iy mtHfisg; Nghd;wtHfSk; ,d;wpy;iy. Fiwe;j gl;rk; nrhe;jk; vd;W nrhy;ypf;nfhs;s xU ehL $l ,y;iy. ,Ue;jhy; me;j ehlhtJ mdiy. ,uhNre;jpuk; Nghd;wtHfSf;F xU cghj;jpahaH gjtpiaf; nfhLj;J Mjupj;J ,Uf;Fk;. mjd; %yk; mtuhy; jkpOk;  jkpohy; mtUk; cau top  gpwe;jpUf;Fk;.

 

rup ,dp vLj;Jf; nfhz;l  nghUSf;F tUNthk;. miiyahH vOjpa kWg;ig mNj tupirg;gb ghHg;Nghk;.

 

'jpUf;Fwspy; vy;yh mjpfhuq;fspYk; me;j mjpfhuj;jpy; tUk; nrhy; xd;W jiyg;ghf tUk;NghJ flTs; tho;j;jpy; kl;Lk; me;j mjpfhuj;jpy; tUk; gj;Jf; Fws;fspy; fhzg;glhj flTs; vd;w nrhy; mjpfhuj; jiyg;Gf;Ff; nfhLf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. vdNt ,e;jf; flTs; tho;j;J mjpfhuk; gpw;fhyj;jpy; nra;ag;gl;l ,ilr; nrUf;fyhf ,Uf;fyhk; vd;gJmwpQHfsJ fUj;jhFk;' vd;gNj vdJ $w;W.  ,jpy; ftdpf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ ,e;jf; fUj;J jpUkSila fUj;jy;y. mwpQHfsJ fUj;jhFk;.

 

,jid kWf;Fk; mdiyahH "VohtJ mjpfhuj;jpy; kf;fs; vd;w nrhy; gy ,lq;fspw; gapd;W te;jNghJk; mJ jtpHf;fg;gl;L Gjy;tiug; ngWjy; vd;Nw mjpfhug; ngaH R+l;lg;gl;Ls;sJ" vd;fpwhH.

 

 

 


 

kf;fl; NgW vd;W ,Ug;gNj nghUj;jk;! Gjy;tiug; ngWjy; vd;gJ nghUj;jkw;wJ!

 

jpUkfs;

 

(17)

 

ehd; Vw;fdNt jpUf;Fwis (Fws; fhuzg; ngaH. ts;StH jhd; vOjpa EhYf;Fr; R+l;ba ngaH Kg;ghy; vd;Nw ,Ue;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.  gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fspNy Kg;ghy; vd;w ngauhNyNa jpUf;Fws; Rl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,J gw;wp NkYk; Muhag;gl Ntz;Lk;.) jpUts;StH vOj mjid mjpfhuk; gpupj;J xt;nthU mjpfhuj;jpYk; gj;Jf; Fws;fis itj;J me;j mjpfhuj;Jf;F ngaH nfhLj;jtHfs; gpw;fhy ciuahrpupaHfs;. jpUts;StH my;y.

 

jpUf;FwSf;F kl;Lk; my;y ehybahiuAk; mjw;F ciunra;j gJkdhH vd;w GytNu mjid ehw;gJ mjpfhuq;fshfg; gpupj;Js;shH. gonkhop ehDhw;Wf;Fk; gpw;fhyj;jpNyNa mjpfhuk; tFf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. ,tw;iw mdiy MW. ,uhNre;jpuk; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

 

Vohk; mjpfhuj;Jf;F 'Gjy;tiug; ngWjy;' vd;w ngaiuj; jiyg;ghff; nfhLj;jtHfs; gj;J Kjy; - gjpd; %d;whk; Ehw;whz;by; tho;e;j  ciuahrpupaHfs; MtH. kzf;FltH> gupNkyofH ,UtUk;  ,e;jj; jiyg;igj;jhd; nfhLj;Js;shHfs;. Mdhy; ,e;jj; jiyg;G rw;Wk; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;gJ me;j VohtJ mjpfhuj;ij cd;dpg;ghfg; gbg;gjd; %yk; mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. Vohk; mjpfhuj;jpd; Kjy; FwNs-

 

ngWktw;Ws; ahkwptJ ,y;iy> mwptwpe;j

kf;fl;NgW my;y gpw   (Fws; 61)

 

xUtd; ngWk; NgWfSs;  mwpa Ntz;batw;iw mwpAk; ed;kf;fisg; ngWtijf; fhl;bYk; gpw vjidAk; ehk; nry;tkhff; fUJtjpy;iy.  ,q;Nf ts;Stupd; cs;sf;fplf;ifia Cd;wpf;  ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;. KjyhtJ ngWfpd;w nry;tq;fspy; kf;fisg; Nghd;w rpwe;j nry;tk; NtW ,y;iy. ,uz;L me;j kf;fSk; mwptwpe;j kf;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. %d;W kf;fs; vd;gjd; %yk; Mz;> ngz; ,UtiuAk; xU Nruf; Fwpf;fpwhH. vdNt ,e;j mjpfhuj;Jf;F kf;fl; NgW vd;W jiyg;Gf; nfhLg;gNj nghUj;jkhdjhFk;.

 

Gjy;tiug; ngWjy; vd;w nrhy;yhl;rpapy; kf;fl; NgW vd;w nrhy;yhl;rpapy; ,Uf;Fk; nghUs; tsk;> nghUs; El;gk; fpilahJ. Gjy;tiug; ngWjy; vd;w nrhy;yhl;rpapy; Gjy;tp tpLgl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. mJkl;Lk; my;yhJ Gjy;tiug; ngWjy; vd;gJ capupay; nraw;ghl;ilf; fhl;LfpwJ ( biological function). xU NgW vd;w fUj;J mjpy; Gyg;gltpy;iy.  

 

,e;j mjpfhuj;Jf;F ciunra;j gupNkyofH "mjhtJ ,Ugpwg;ghsH %tuhYk; ,ay;ghf,Wf;fg;gLk; fld; %d;wpDs; KdptH fld; Nfs;tpahYk;> NjtH fld; Nts;tpahYk;> njd;Gyj;jhH fld; Gjy;tiug; ngWjyhYk; my;yJ ,Wf;fg; glhikapd;> mf;fld; ,Wj;jw;nghUl;L ed;kf;fisg; ngWjy; mjpfhu Kiwik NkNy $wg;gl;lJ" vd;W $WfpwhH.

 

,e;j ciu ts;StUf;Fg; gpd;> Mapuk;  Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpd; te;j ghHg;gd ciuahrpupauhd gupNkyofH jdJ fhyj;jpy; jkpoH r%fj;jpy; tYg;ngw;Wtpl;l tHzhr;rpuk jHkj;Jf;F Vw;g ciu nra;jjhy; Vw;gl;l NfhshwhFk;. gps;isfisg;; ngWtJ gpjpH fld; nra;tjw;F vd;gJ jkpoH  Mupar; Nrw;wpy; fhiy itj;jgpd; G+rpf;nfhz;l mOf;fhFk;. ,e;jMupaf; fyg;G rq;f fhy ,Wjpapy; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lJ. Mdhy;  ,Ugpwg;ghsH> Nts;tp> ,itnay;yhk; ts;StUf;F gpbf;fhj rq;fjpfshFk;. gpbf;fhjJ kl;Lky;y mtw;iw ntspg;gilahff; fz;bf;fpwhH.

 

kdpjUs; xU gpwg;ghsH> ,Ugpwg;ghsH vd;w Ngjk; ,y;iy. "gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk;> rpwg;nght;th nra;njhopy; Ntw;Wikahd;" vd;W rkj;Jtk;  nrg;gpatH ts;StH. NkYk; "mtp nrhupe;J Mapuk; Ntl;lypd; xd;wd; capH nrFj;J cz;zhik ed;W" vd;W ,bj;Jiuj;jtH ts;StH. jpUts;StH ve;j kjj;ijNah> kjthjpfisNah gpd;gw;wp mwnewpfisf; $wtpy;iy. cyf epyikfis Muha;e;J kf;fs; thOk; topiaf; $wpatH.  ehk; tho;f;ifapy; nfhs;s Ntz;bait vitnait> js;s Ntz;bait vitnait (Doís and Dontís) vd;gijr; nrhd;dtH.

 

irtk;> ngsj;jk;> rkzk;> fpwpj;jtk; vd;W xt;nthU kjKk; ts;Stiur; nrhe;jk; nfhz;lhl Kad;W Njhy;tpNa fz;Ls;sd. ,e;j cz;;ikia fy;yhlH vd;w GytH xU ghly; %yk; njuptpf;fpwhH.

 

"rkafzf;fH kjptop $whJ>

cyfpay; $wpg;> nghUs; ,J vd;w

ts;Std;"                              (ghly; 172)

 

ve;j ,yf;fpaj;ij Muha;e;jhYk; me;j ,yf;fpak; Njhd;wpa fhyj;ij ehk; kwe;J tplf;$lhJ. Ntz;Lk; vd;Nwh jw;nrayhfNth gupNkyofH ,e;j tpjpia kwe;J tpl;l fhuzj;jhNyNa mtH ,lHg;gLfpwhH. nghJkiw nrhy;ypa ts;StUf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l mePjp vd;W $lr; nrhy;yyhk;. VohtJ mjpfhuj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; gj;J Fws;fspYk;  ve;jnthU FwSk; gupNkyofH me;j mjpfhuj;Jf;F ciuj;j fUj;Jf;F xj;jjhf ,y;iy vd;gJ ntspg;gil. kf;fs; NgW vd;w nry;tk;gw;wp cyfj;J mwpQHfs;> jj;Jtthjpfs; nrhy;yhjtw;iw ts;StH kpf mofhfr; nrhy;yp ,Uf;fpwhH.  

 

Md fhuzj;jhNyNa  mwpQH K.t. jhd; nra;j jpUf;Fws; ciuapy; ,e;j mjpfhuj;Jf;F kf;fl; NgW vd;Nw ngaH R+l;b cs;shH. mtiug; NghyNt ftp.Re;jhde;jghuhjpahUk; jdJ  jpUf;Fws; Mq;fpy nkhopngaHg;gpy; VohtJ mjpfhuj;Jf;F kf;fl; NgW vd;W jkpopYk; WEALTH OF CHILDREN vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpYk; jiyg;Gf; nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhH. v];.vd;. =uhkNjrpfd; vOjpa jkpo; Mq;fpyj; njspTiuapYk; mjpfhuj; jiyg;G 'kf;fl; NgW" vd;Wjhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. mtH xUghHg;gdH Mjyhy; NghYk; kf;fl; NgW vd;W   vOjp tpl;L mjd; fPNo "Gj;jpu ghf;fpak;"vd;W tlnkhopapy; Nghl;bUf;fpwhH. jkpoHfs; tpopg;ghf ,Uf;fh tpl;lhy; mLj;j gjpg;gpy; kf;fl; NgW mfw;wg;gl;L Gj;jpu ghf;fpaNk epiyj;J tpLk;. mg;Gwk; xU Ehw;whz;L fopj;J tUk; ,d;ndhU mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; mjpfhuj; jiyg;G "Gj;jpu ghf;fpak;" "kf;fl; NgW" my;y vd thjplf; $Lk;!

 

 


 

fhyk;gw;wpa Qhdk; ,y;yhJ ,lHg;gLk; mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk;!

 

jpUkfs;

 

(18)

 

 NkYk; mwk; vd;gij tpsf;fte;j  gupNkyofH gpd;tUkhW $WfpwhH.

 

"mwkhtJ kD Kjypa Ehy;fspy; tpjpj;jd nra;jYk;> tpyf;fpad xopj;jYk; Mk;. m/J xOf;fk;> tof;F> jz;lk; vd %tifg;gLk;.

 

"mtw;Ws; xOf;fkhtJ me;jzH Kjypa tUzj;jhH> jj;jkf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l gpukrupak; Kjypa epiyfspy; epd;W mtw;wpw;F Xjpa mwq;fspy; tOthJ xOFjy;>"

 

,g;gb jpUts;StuJ jpUf;FwSf;F gupNkyofH ehy;tUzg; G+r;Rg; G+RtJ jpUts;StUf;Fg; gupNkyofH nra;j JNuhfkhFk;. tHz jUkj;jpd;gb xUtd; jdJ tHzj;Jf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l njhopiyNa nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mg;gbnad;why; mjd; mHj;jk; vd;d vd;gij ehd; tpupj;Jf; $w Ntz;bajpy;iy. rJHtHzj;ijf; fhl;bj;jhd; MupaHfs; jkpoHfisj; jho;j;jp rhjpNgjk; fw;gpj;jhHfs;. Ntjj;ij R+j;jpud; gbf;f kl;Lk; my;y Nfl;fTk; $lhJ. Nfl;lhy;  gOf;ff; fha;r;rpa ,Uk;ig mtd; fhjpy; Cw;w Ntz;Lk;! ,Jjhd; kD $Wk; jUkk;!

 

gftj; fPijapy;  '" eP ve;jf; flTis tzq;fpdhYk; cd; rhjpia> rhjp jHkj;ij> rhjp fHkj;ij kwe;J tplhNj" ,J gfthd; mUSk; jHkk;!

 

"ed;whf mDl;bf;fg;gl;l gpwjHkq;fisf; fhl;bYk;  jdf;nfd;W Vw;gl;l jHkk; Fzkpy;yhjjhf ,Ug;gpDk; caHe;jJ. jd;Dila jHkj;jpy; moptNj Nky;. gpw jHkk; Mgj;ij tpistpf;Fk;" (mj;. 3 - RNyhfk; 35) ,JTk; me;jg; gfthd; etpYk; jHkk;!

 

xU Fyj;Jf;F xU ePjp nrhd;d kD vq;Nf? gpwg;nghf;Fk; vy;yh capHf;Fk; vd;W rkj;Jtk; Ngrpa ts;StH vq;Nf? ,jdhy;jhd; jkpod; gs;spnaOr;rp ghba kNdhd;kzpak; Re;judhH " ePuhUk; flYLj;j epykle;ijf; nfop nyhOFQ; rPuhUk; tjdnkdj; jpfo;guj fz;lkjpy;" vdj; njhlq;Fk;  kNdhd;kzpaj; jkpo;j; nja;t tzf;fg; ghlypy;-

 

"ts;StH nra; jpUf;Fwis kWtw ed;Fze;NjhHfs;

 cs;StNuh kDthjp  nahUFyj;Jf; nfhU ePjp"

 

 vdr; rhbdhH.   

 

vdNt ,JfhWk; $wpatw;why; flTs; tho;j;J vd Kjyjpfhuk; miof;fg;gLtjw;F ve;j Kfhe;jpuKk; ,y;iy vd;gJ ngwg;gLk;. flTs; vd;w nrhy; Kjy; mjpfhuj;jpy; kl;Lky;y vQ;rpa  132 mjpfhuq;fspYk; ,y;iy. vdNt ,J ,ilr;nrUf;fyhf ,Uf;fyhk; vd;gJ mwpQHfsJ (vy;NyhUk; my;y) KbT.  mjid typAWj;j mfehDhW> GwehDhW> FWe;njhif> Iq;FWEhW> ew;wpiz Nghd;w rq;f Ehy;fspy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s flTs; tho;j;Jg; ghly;fs; gpd;dhy; ghujk; ghba ngUe;Njtdhuhy; ghlg;ngw;wJ vd;W Kd;dH nkhope;Njd;.  mjd; fhuzkhfNt ,tw;wpy; 400 ghly;fSf;Fg; gjpy; 401 ghly;fs; (FWe;njhifapy; 402 ghly;fs;) fhzg;gLfpd;wd vd;gJ vdJ thjk;. ,jid mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; kWf;ftpy;iy vd;gjhy; mjid Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;shH vd;gJ njspT.

 

gz;ilj; jkpo;  GytHfs; jkJ mwptpy; ek;gpf;if itj;Nj Ehy;; nra;jdH. vdJ Ehy; ,dpJ Kba flTs; Jiz nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;W Kjypy; flTis tho;j;Jk; tof;fk; mtHfsplk; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. vLj;j vLg;gpNyNa Ehiyg; ghlj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;.

 

jkpopy; ,d;Ws;s Ehy;fspy; fhyj;jhy; Kw;gl;lJ njhy;fhg;gpak;. mJ flTs; tho;j;Jld; njhlq;fg;gltpy;iy. njhif Ehy;fshd mfehDhW> GwehDhW> FWe;njhif. Iq;FWEhW Nghd;wit kl;Lky;yhky; fstop ehw;gJ> jpizkhiy Ehw;iwk;gJ> Mrhuf;Nfhit> KJnkhopf; fhQ;rp> Ie;jpiz vOgJ> Ie;jpiz Ik;gJ> ifepiy> fhH ehw;gJ  Nghd;w gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fSf;Fk; $l flTs; tho;j;Jg; ghly; ,y;iy.

 

rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; flTs; tho;j;Jg; ghly;  ,y;iy.  jpq;fSf;F xU tho;j;Jiu> QhapWf;F xU tho;j;Jiu> kiof;F xU tho;j;Jiu> G+k;GfhUf;F xU tho;j;Jiu.  ,g;gbj;jhd; rpyg;gjpfhuk; njhlq;FfpwJ. kzpNkfiy ngsj;j fhg;gpak; vd;w fhuzj;jhy; mjpYk; flTs; tho;j;Jg; ghly; ,y;iy.

 

rkz rkaj;jtNu Kjd; Kjy; flTs; tho;j;Jg; ghl;Lld; Ehy; vOjj; njhlq;fpatHfs;. gpw;fhyj;jpy; jkpo;g; GytHfs; vy;NyhUk; ,e;j tof;fj;ijg; gpd;gw;wpdH. vl;Lj;njhifAk; gj;Jg; ghl;Lk; rkzHfs; jkpopNy Ehy; vOJ Kd;dH njhFf;fg;gl;lit. Mjyhy; mit njhFf;fg; gl;l fhyj;jpy; flTs; tho;j;Jf;fs; ,Ue;jpUf;f KbahJ.

 

flTs; tho;j;J ,Utifg;gLk;. mitahtd Vw;Gilf; flTs; tho;j;J> topgL flTs; tho;j;J. Ehypd; nghUSf;F Vw;g flTis tho;j;Jjy; Vw;Gilf; flTs; thoj;J. Ehypd; nghUs; vg;gbapUg;gpDk; jhd; tzq;Fk; flTis tho;j;jp Ehiyj; njhlq;Fjy; topgL flTs; tho;j;J.

 

jpUf;Fwspy; fhzg;gLk; flTs; tho;j;J Vw;Gilf; flTs; tho;j;J. Ehypd; nghUSf;F Vw;g flTis tho;j;Jjy;. Ehy; mwk;> nghUs;> ,d;gk; vd;w %d;W cWjpg; nghUl;fisg;gw;wpaJ. ,q;Nf Vw;Gilf; flTs; tho;j;J tuNtz;ba mtrpak; vd;d? NkYk; ,e;j Kjy; mjpfhuj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; gj;Jf;Fws;fspy; xd;whtJ flTis tho;j;Jtjhf mikatpy;iy. ,e;j Ehy; ,dpJ Kba flTs; mUs;Gupa Ntz;Lk; vd;w Ntz;LNfhs; flTs; tho;j;jpy; ,y;iy.

 

,JfhWk; $wpatw;why; gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fspy; xd;whd jpUf;Fwspy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s flTs; tho;j;J mfehEhW> GwehDhW> Iq;FWEhW Nghd;W gpd;dhy; te;j GytH xUtH ghbr; NrHj;jjhf mjhtJ ,ilr; nrUf;fyhf ,Uf;fyhk; vd vz;Ztjpy; vd;d gOJ ,Uf;fpwJ?

 

"vg;nghUs; ahHahHtha;f; Nfl;gpDk;> mg;nghUs;

 nka;g; nghUs; fhz;gJ mwpT "

 

vd;gJjhNd ts;StH mwpTf;F tiue;Js;s ,yf;fzk;!

 

,y;iy ,ilr;nrUf;fyhf ,Uf;f KbahJ "ej;jj;jdhH> rpWNkjhtpahH> vwpr;rYhH kyhldhH> Nghf;fpahH> NkhrpfPudhH> fhtpupg;G+k; gl;bdj;Jf; fhupf; fz;zdhH> kJiug; ngUkUjdhH NghYk; GytH ngUkf;fs; jpUf;Fws; "Mapuj;J Ke;Ehw;W Kg;gJ mUq;FwisAk;" nfhz;bUe;jjhf jpUts;StH khiyapy; njspthff; $wpAs;sdH" vd;fpwhH mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk;.

 

fhyk;gw;wpa Qhdk; ,y;yhjjhy;  jpUts;StHkhiy rq;fg; GytHfshy; rq;f fhyj;jpy; nra;ag;gl;lnjd;w ,lHg;ghl;bw;F my;yJ   kaf;fj;jpw;F mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; cs;shfpwhH. cz;ik vd;dntd;why; jpUts;StH khiy kzf;FltH> gupNkyofH Nghd;w ciuahrpupaHfs; fhyj;Jf;Fk; gpw;gl;ljhFk;. mjhtJ fp.gp. gjpide;jhk;  Mz;ilr; NrHe;jjhf,Uf;fyhk; vd;gJ JzpG.

 

 


 

 

jpUf;Fws; ciuahrpupaH vtUk; jpUts;StHkhiy gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy!

 

jpUkfs;

 

(19)

 

jpUf;FwSf;F ciunra;j ve;j ciuahrpupaUk; jpUts;StHkhiy gw;wp xU ,lj;jpNyDk; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. mjw;F ciunra;aTk; ,y;iy. jpUts;StHkhiyapy; fhzg;gLk; 53 ghly;fSk; jdp Vlhff;  fhzg;gLfpd;wNjad;wp jpUf;FwSld; NrHe;J fhzg;ngwNt ,y;iy! Kjypy; jpUf;Fwisg; gjpg;gpj;jtHfs; jpUf;FwSld; ,k;khiyia ,izf;fTk; ,y;iy! (ghHf;fTk; gjpg;Giu> gf;fk; 15> gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F- epA+ nrQ;rup Gf; `T];-1981k; Mz;Lg; gjpg;G)

 

jpUts;StUf;Fg; gpd; te;j GytHfNs jpUts;StHkhiyia ghbapUf;f KbAk;. mjpy; ve;j IaKk; ,y;iy. mg;gbnadpy; jpUts;StH fhyk; vJ? jpUts;StH rq;fk; kUtpa fhyj;ijr; NrHe;jtH. rq;f fhyj;Jf;Fk; (fp.K. 500- fp.gp. 200)  rpyg;gjpfhuk;> kzpNkfiy fhyj;Jf;Fk; ,ilg;gl;ltH. kiwkiy mbfshH jiyikapy; $ba mwpQHfs; jpUts;StH fhyj;ij fp.K. 31 Mff; fzpj;jhHfs;. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt ,d;iwa jpUts;Stuhz;L fp.gp. 2031 vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ Mdhy; ,JNt jpUts;Stuhz;L vd;W mWjpapl;Lr; nrhy;y KbahJ. rupahd   tuyhw;iw ahUk; vOjp itf;fhjjhy; mjid xU kjpg;gPlhfNt vLLj;Jf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.  Mdhy; jpUts;StH fhyk; rpyg;gjpfhuk;> kzpNkfiy fhyj;Jf;F Ke;jpaJ vd;gij  kl;Lk; Jzpe;J nrhy;yyhk;. rq;fk; kUtpa fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa ,ul;ilf; fhg;gpaq;fshd kzpNkfiy> rpyg;gjpfhuk; ,uz;bYk; jpUf;Fws; KOikahf mg;gbNa vLj;jhsg;gl;Ls;sJ.

 

nja;te; njhoh ms; nfhOew; njhOnjOths;

nga;nadg; nga;A kio.                       (Fws; 55)

 

nja;te; njhohms; nfhOew; njhOnjOths;

nga;nadg; nga;Ak; ngUkio vd;wt;

ngha;apy; Gytd; nghUSiu Nfsha;.....   kzpNkfiy> rpiwnra; fhij - 59-61

 

nja;te; njhohms; nfhOew; njhOnjOthisj;

nja;te; njhOe;jifik jpz;zpjhy;.....        rpyg;gjpfhuk; - fl;Liu fhij  

 

rq;ffhy Ehy;fshd vl;Lj;njhif gj;Jg;ghl;by; Fws; nrhy;Yk; fUj;Jf;F xg;ghd ghly;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ew;wpizapy; tUk; ghly; mbfs; jpUf;Fwspy; mg;gbNa vLj;Jf; ifahsg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. me;jg; ghly; mbfs; ,J.

 

ePupd; wikah cyfk; Nghyj;

jk;kpd; wikah ee;eae; jUsp    ew;wpiz 1

 

ePupd; wikah Jynfdpd; ahHahHf;Fk;

thdpd; wikah njhOf;F.        Fws; 20

 

,g;gbf; FWe;njhif> gjpw;Wg;gj;J> mfehDhW> GwehDhW> gupghly;> fypj;njhifg;  ghly;fs; gy jpUf;Fwspy; vLj;jhsg;gl;bUf;fpwJ.

 

,y;yJ Nehf;fp ,sptuT $whKd;

my;yJ nt/fp tpidnra;thH"           (gupghly; 10> tupfs; 87-88)

 

,yndd;Dk; vt;tk; ciuahik aPjy;

FyDilahd; fz;Nz As"                (Fws; 223)

 

rq;fg; ghly;fs; jpUf;Fwspy; ,lk;ngw;wJ vd;gjw;Fg; gjpy; vjpHkiwahf rq;fg; GytHfs; jq;fs; ghly;fspy; jpUf;Fwis ifahz;bUf;fyhk; my;yth? vd;w Nfs;tp vOfpwJ.

 

,jw;F jpUts;Stupd; rka ek;gpf;iffs;> gof;f tof;fq;fs;>  mtHfhy r%f mikg;G> gz;ghL> ehfupfk; vj;jifaJ vd;gij mtH vOjpa Ehy; %yk; fz;lwptJ mtrpak;.    

 

rq;f fhyj;jpy; NghH> fhjy;> Mwiyj;jy;> fs; cz;zy;> ,iwr;rpAk; kPDk; cz;zy;> guj;ijaH cwT> fhkf;fpsj;jpaH kzk; Nghd;witnay;yhk; caHthfg; Ngrg;gl;ld.

 

jf^iu   Mz;l mjpakhd; neLkhdQ;rp> xsitahH epykpir eP^op tho ney;ypf;fdp nfhLj;j mNj mjpakhd;> mtd;  NrukhNdhL Nghupl;Lj; JQ;rpaNghJ xsitahH neQ;R fyq;fp mOJ Gyk;gpdhH. mtd; capUz;l Nty; ghzH> GytH KjypNahuJ tho;f;ifiaAk;  rPuopj;J tpl;ljhfj; JaUw;whH. mjpakhNdhL cld; ,Ue;J Mbg;ghba ehl;fis vz;zpg; ghHf;fpwhH. "rpwpa mstpidAila fs;isg; ngwpd; vq;fSf;Nf jUthd;! ngupa mstpidAila ehwiyg; ngwpd; mjid ehk; cz;L ghl vQ;rpaij mtd; cz;L kfpo;thd;" vdf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhH. ,J fw;gidf; fijay;y. fHzguk;giuf; fijAk; my;y. GwehDhw;wpy; fhzg;gLk; xsitahH ghba ghly;.

 

rpwpafl; ngwpNd nakf;fPA kd;Nd

ngupa fl; ngwpNd

ahk; ghlj; jhd;kfpo;j; Jz;Z kd;Nd"                  (GwehDhW 235)

 

NjHtz; kiyad; vd;Dk; ts;sy; gUj;jpg; ngz;bupd; gDty; md;d neUg;Gr; rpdk; jzpe;j epzk; mire;jhLk; nfhOtpa  jirapid kz;ilapy;  Cw;wpa fs;NshL ,utyHf;Ff; nfhLj;jhd; ( Gwk; -125). Nrukhd; nry;tf; fLq;Nfhthopahjd; GytHf;Fk; ghzHf;Fk; kio nghoptJNghy;  fs;is toq;fpdhd;. mOifr; Ritf;Fupa gz;fisnay;yhk; ,irthzd; khw;wp khw;wp ,irj;jhw;Nghyg; gy;NtW kJ tiffisf; nfhLj;jhd;. ,jid-

 

jPe;njhil kugpd; ghiy ty;Nyhd;

igAs; cWg;gpw; gz;Zk; ngaHj;jhq;Fr;

Nrupnra; khupapd; mspf;Fk; epd;

rhWgL jpUtpd; fypkfpohNd....                       ( gjpw;Wg;gj;J 65)

 

vd;w GytH $w;why; mwpayhk;.

 

Mdhy; jpUf;Fwspy; fs; cz;gJ fLikahff; fz;bf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. fs;Sz;gtiu eQ;R cz;gtH vd ts;StH rhLfpwhH. mJ NghyNt tiutpd; kfspH> gpwdpy; tpioahik> Gyhy; cz;zy; fz;bf;fg; gLfpwJ. nfhy;yhik Nghw;wg; gLfpwJ. xUj;jDf;F xUj;jp vd;w Nfhl;ghL tw;GWj;jg;gLfpwJ. jpUts;Stupd; fhkj;Jg;  ghypy; VO xOf;f tiffspy; (jpizfspy;) xd;whd iff;fpis (xUjiyf; fhkk;) kw;Wk; ngUe;jpiz (nghUe;jhf; fhkk;) $wg;gltpy;iy. guj;ijaH cwT mbNahL tplg;gl;Ls;sJ. mfg;nghUs; ,yf;fzj;jpy;  "md;gpd; Ie;jpiz" vd;W Gfog;gl;l jiytd; jiytp ,ilapyhd fhjNy Nghw;wg;gLfpwJ.  

 


 

 

rq;fg; GytHfs;  ts;StHgw;wpg;  ghbdhHfs;  vd;W thjpLtJ kfs; jhiag; ngw;w fijahfp tpLk;!

 

jpUkfs;

 

(20)

 

,e;j khWjy;fSf;F rq;ffhy Kbtpy; jkpofj;jpy; jiyJhf;fpa rkz> ngsj;j kj jhf;fq;fs; fhuzkhFk;.  rkz kjk; mfpk;iria mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ. kw;w ve;j rkaj;ijAk; tpl rkzk; nfhy;yhikiaAk; Gyhy; cz;zhikiaAk; typAWj;JfpwJ. ngsj;jk; nfhy;yhikia typAWj;jpaJNghy Gyhy; cz;zhikia typAWj;jpajhff; nfhs;s KbahJ. md;iwa itjPf Ntj kjk; Nts;tp nra;jiyAk;> Gyhy; cz;gijAk;> Nrhkghdk; gUFtijAk;  Nfhl;ghlhff; nfhz;bUe;jJ. Nts;tp nra;jiyAk; mjd;NghJ mtp nrhupjiyAk; ts;StH fz;bf;fpwhH. kopj;jYk; ePl;lYk; Nghd;w Ntlj;ijg; NghLNthHfis gopf;fpwhH. Mdhy; mtuJ fz;ldk; nghJikNahL rkaq;fSf;F mg;ghy; epd;W nfhz;L fz;bg;gjhfNt ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

vdNt nghJthf Nehf;Fkplj;J rq;f fhyg; ghl;L njhiffs; Njhd;wpa r%f mikg;G. gof;f tof;fq;fs;> ehfupfk; Kjypatw;wpw;Fk; jpUf;Fws; cl;gl gjpndz; Ehy;fs; Njhd;wpa r%f mikg;G> r%f  R+oYf;Fk; NtWghLfs; kpFjpahf cs;sd.  Kd;djpy; fhzg;gl;l ehfupfk;> gz;ghL> tho;f;if Kiw gpd;djpy; ,y;iy.

 

rq;f Ehy;fspy; te;Js;s GytH ngaHfspy; fgpyH> ngha;ifahH vd;Dk; ,UtH ngaHfs; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fspYk; te;Js;sd. ,tHfs; ,UtUk; rq;ffhy fgpyH> ngha;ifahH ,UtupYk; NtW gl;ltHfs;.  ,tHfs; ,UtUk; vOjpa ,d;dh ehw;gJ> fstop ehw;gJ nra;As; eiliag; ghHj;jhNy ,e;j cz;ik gspr;nrdj; njupAk;.

 

vdNt ,JfhWk; $wpatw;why; gpd; Njhd;wpa jpUts;Stiug;gw;wp (jpUts;StH ,aw; ngauy;y. xd;wpy; mJ njhopw; ngauhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; my;yJ Fbg; ngauhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;) mtUf;Fg; gyEhw;whz;LfSf;F Kd;Njhd;wpa rq;fg; GytHfs; ghbapUf;f KbahJ! rq;fg; ghly; xd;NwDk; ts;StH ghbajhf ,y;iy. mg;gbapy;iy rq;fg;GytHfs; ts;StHgw;wpAk; jpUf;Fws;gw;wpAk; ghbdhHfs; vd;W thjpLtJ kfs; jhiag; ngw;w fijahfptpLk;! vdNt jpUts;StHkhiy gpd;dhy; te;j GytHfs; rpyH Kd;dhs; ,Ue;j GytHfsJ ngaupy; ghbaitahFk;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf xsitahH ngaupy; Fiwe;jJ %d;W xsitahHfs; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwhHfs;. Ehypd;  eiliag; ghHj;Nj mjd; fhyj;ijg; ngUk;ghYk; fz;lwpe;J tplyhk;.  jpUf;Fws; ciuNtWghL gw;wp Muha;r;rp nra;Js;s mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; ,tw;iw mwpahjJ vdf;F tpag;ghf ,Uf;fpwJ!

 

vdNt jpUts;StH khiyapy; "Mapuj;J Ke;Ehw;W Kg;gJ mUq;FwisAk;" nfhz;bUe;jjhf jpUts;StH  khiyapy; njspthff; $wpAs;sdH" vdr; nrhy;tJ jpUf;Fwspy; ,ilr; nrUfy; ,y;iy vd;gij kWg;gjw;F tYthd thjkhf mika KbahJ.

 

,dp "Mjpgftd;" vd;w nrhy;yhl;rp gw;wpg; ghHg;Nghk;. Mjp vd;why; gioik vd;Wk;> gftd; vd;why; flTs; vd;Wk; Mjpgftd; vd;why; "gioikNa flTs;> flTNs goik vd;Dk; nghUs;jUk; ,U nganuhl;Lg; gz;Gj; njhifahf"Mjpgftd;" vd;gijj; jpUts;StH Mz;Ls;shH vd;gNj rupahd thjkhFk;" vd;gJ mdiy ,uhNre;jpuk; mtHfsJ kWg;ghFk;. ,jpypUe;J mtH jpUf;FwSf;F gupNkyofH jdJ fhyj;jpy; jdJ rkaf; nfhs;iff;F Vw;g nra;j ciuiaNa Ntjthf;fhff; nfhs;fpwhH vd;gJ njupfpwJ.

 

Mdhy; Mjp vd;w nrhy;Yf;Fj; njhlf;fk; vd;W ehd; nghUs; nrhd;dJ rupnad;gJ Nghy ,uhNre;jpuk; jpUntk;ghitapy; "MjpAk; me;jKk; ,y;yh mUl;ngUQ;Nrhjp" vd;Wk;> jpUg;nghw; Rz;zj;jpd; ,Wjpg; ghlypy; "MjpAk; me;jKk; MapdhHf;F" vd;W khzpf;fthrfH ghLtijAk;  Nkw;Nfhs; fhl;LfpwhH. mjhtJ Mjp vd;W nrhy;Yk;NghJ me;jKk; ,y;yhjtd;  vd;W NrHj;Nj khzpf;fthrfH nrhy;fpwhH. mNjNghy; goikf;Fk; GJikf;Fk; vd;W NrHj;Nj nrhy;fpwhH. ts;StHNghy; Mjp vd;W jdpahfNth> goik vd;W jdpahfNth khzpf;fthrfH nrhy;ytpy;iy.

 

khzpf;fthrfH nrhy;ypaJ  flTSf;F cupa ,yf;fzk; vd;gjpy; vdf;F ve;j khWghLk; fpilahJ. njhlf;fKk; KbTk; ,y;yhjtd; flTs;. mJkl;Lk; my;yhJ Ntjq;fs; (,Uf;F Ntjj;jpy; flTsH FbntwpaHfshfTk;> khkprg;gw;W kpf;fitahfTk;> giftiu ehrg;gLj;Jk; gz;Gs;sitahfTk;> fw;gopg;G> eatQ;rfk;> R+J Kjypa Fzq;fs; kpf;fitahfTk;> xU rhuhUf;F rhHghditahfTk;> xU $l;lj;Jf;Fr; nrhe;jkhditahfTk; khWgl;l $l;lj;jpw;F CW nra;gtitahfTk; rpj;jupfg;gl;Ls;sd. ,jpfhrk;>  Guhzq;fspYk; ,Nj fijjhd;. flTs; gps;isf;fwp Nfl;Fk; ,uf;fkw;w ghtpahfTk;> fl;ba kidtpia jd;NdhL tpLkhW Nfl;Fk; fhkhe;jfhudhfTk; rpj;jupf;fg;gl;Ls;shH. mtw;iw ,g;NghJ kwe;J tpLNthk.; mtw;iw tpupj;jhy; ,uhNre;jpuk; Nghd;Nwhuhy; jhf;Fg; gpbf;f KbahJ. vjw;Fk; kiwkiy mbfshupd; jpUf;Fws; Muha;r;rp vd;w Ehiyg; gbj;Jg; ghHf;fTk;.) cgepljq;fs;> Mfkq;fs;>  ,jpfhhrq;fs;> Guhzq;fs; flTSf;Fupa  ,yf;fzj;ij gpd;tUkhW  tiuaiw nra;fpd;wd.  (gjp - flTs; NghyNt gR- capHfs;> ghrk; -Nghfg; nghUl;fs;>  Mztk; - mwpahik>  khia-mz;ilg; gilg;gpw;fhd %yg; nghUs;  (xd;iw Ntwhff; fhl;Lk; xU kaf;fk; vd;W Ntjhe;jk; $Wtij rpj;jhe;jk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy)> fd;kk; - Kd;tpidg; gad; ,e;j MWk; mdhjpahdit vd;gJ irt rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;if)  

 

vq;Fk; epiwe;jtH>

vy;yhk; njupe;;jtH

vy;yhk; ty;ytH

epfH mw;wtH

Fzk; mw;wtH

NtWghL mw;wtH

mUs; kpf;ftH

md;gpd; cUtk;

cz;ikapd; tbtk;

Ik;GyDf;Fk; mg;ghw;gl;ltH

 

Mdhy; Nkw;fhl;ba  nghUspy; jpUts;StH "Mjpgftd;"  vd;w Mz;ghy; nrhy;iy gad;gLj;jpdhH vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ. NkYk; Kjy; mjpfhuj;jpy; mtH  $Wk;  "thywptd;"  "kyHkpir Vfpdhd;" "Ntz;Ljy; Ntz;lhik ,yhd;" ",iwtd;" "nghwpthapy; Ie;jtpj;jhd;" "jdf;Ftikapy;yhjhd;" "mwthop me;jzd;" "vz;Fzj;jhd;" vd;Dk; nrhw;nwhlHfs; Nkw;fz;l flTs; ,yf;fzj;Jf;F mikar;  nrhy;yg;gl;ljhfj; njupatpy;iy.

 

,e;jf;; fl;lj;jpy; ts;StH fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;j rkaq;fs;> mtw;wpd;  flTl; Nfhl;ghLfs;  vit vd;gijr; rw;Wg; ghHg;gJ nghUj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;. mjid mLj;j fpoik ghHg;Nghk;.