Nrhjplk; rhj;jpug; Nga;fs; nrhy;Yk; ngha;!

jkpod; etNfhs;fisr; Rw;Wtjw;Fg; gjpy; mtw;iw msg;gJ vg;NghJ?

  (31)

 

mz;l ntsppapy; Gjpjhff; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;l xU Nfhs; gw;wp Kd;dH (mj;jpahak; 29) vOjpapUe;Njd.  me;jr; nra;jpapd; jiyg;G ePUld; cs;s Nfhs; - R+upa kz;lyj;jpw;F ntspNa Kjd;Kjy; fz;Lgpbg;G vd;gjhFk;.

 

NkYk; capu; tho;tjw;F Xu; mbg;gilj; Njitahd ePu; cs;s Nfhs; (fpufk;) xd;W> R+upa kz;lyj;jpw;F ntspapy; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gij thdpayhsHfs; njupag;gLj;jpdu;.

 

ePiug; ngw;wpUf;fpw ,e;jf; Nfhs; Ntjp (urhad) vup nghUs;fisf; nfhz;L ehk; nrYj;Jk; VTfizfs; vl;l Kbahj njhiytpy; ,Uf;fpwJ;. tho;tjw;Fg; nghUj;jkw;wjhfTk; cs;sJ. mjpy; ghiwapy;iy. thAjhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjpy; cs;s ntg;gepiy v/Fit cUf;fj;jf;fjhFk;;. mjdhy; mjpypUf;Fk; ePu;> kpFntg;g ePuhtp (super heated steam) Mf khwptpLfpwJ. ,e;jf; NfhSf;F (fpufj;jpw;F) HD 189733b vdg; ngauplg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. R+upa kz;lyj;jpy; Rw;wptUk; tpaho Nfhistpl 15 tpOf;fhL ngupjhf ,e;jf; Nfhs; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;Wk; vOjpapUe;Njd;.

 

HD 189733b vd;w ,e;jf; Nfhs; GtpapypUe;j 63 xspahz;Lfs; njhiytpy; cs;s Vulpecula vd;w el;rj;jpuj;ij 30 ,yl;rk; iky; njhiytpy; Rw;wp tUfpwJ. mg;gbr; Rw;wptu vLf;Fk; fhyk; 2.2 Gtp ehs;fs; kl;LNk. vkJ thAf; Nfhshd tpahoid tpl mstpy; rw;Wg; ngupjhd ,f; Nfhspd; jpzpTk; rw;W mjpfk;. ,e;jf; Nfhspd; ntg;gk; 1>300 ghif ghud;idl; (700 ghif nry;rpa];) MFk;. ,jd; fhuzkhfNt jz;zPH kpF ntg;g ePuhtp tbtj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpwJ. vdNt mq;F vq;fSf;Fj; njupe;j capupdk; ,Uf;f tha;g;gpy;iy.

 

ntsp mz;lj;jpy; (Extrasolar System) ,Jtiu rpwpaJk; ngupaJk; Md  RkhH 200 Nfhs;fis thdpayhsHfs; fz;L gpbj;Js;shHfs;.

 

,g;NghJ ,e;jr; nra;jpiag; gbAq;fs;.

 

Nth\pq;ld;> Mf];l; 7- nrt;tha;f; Nfhspy; fle;j fhyj;jpy; capu;fs; ,Ue;jdth? epfo; fhyj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wdth?  vd;gdtw;iw mwptjw;F cjtf; $ba Ma;T fyj;ij Mf];l; 4 ,y; mnkupf;fh tpz; ntspf;F mDg;gpAs;sJ.

GNshuplh khepyj;jpy; cs;s  Cape Canaveral Air Force Base  Kidapy; ,Ue;J ,e;j tpz;ntsp Ma;Tf;fyk; Vtg;gl;lJ.  Phoenix Mars Lander   vdg; ngaH #l;lg;gl;Ls;s ,e;j tpz;ntsp Ma;Tf; fyk; 679 kpy;ypad; (67 NfhbNa 90 yl;rk;) fpkP njhiyT nrd;W xd;gJ khjq;fSf;Fg; gpd;G 2008 Nk 25 ,y; nrt;tha; Nfhspy; jiu ,wq;Fk;. ,jw;F 420 kpy;ypad; (42 Nfhb nlhyu;) nrythapw;W.

,g;nghOJ mDg;gg; gl;Ls;s tpz;fyk; nrt;tha; epyg;gFjpiaAk; gdpf;fl;biaAk; mfo;e;J vLf;Fk; khjpupg; nghUs;fis mjpYs;s fUtpfspd; Muha;r;rpf;F cl;gLj;Jk;.

tpz;ntspia CLUtp nrt;thapy; ,wq;f ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j tpz;fyk; R+upa Mw;w yhy; nray;gLfpwJ. mjpy; 2.35 kPl;lu; ePsKs;s ve;jpuf; if nghUj;jg;gl;bUf; fpwJ.

nrt;tha; Nfhspd; ntg;g epiy  -73 ghif  nry;rpa]; Kjy; - 33 ghif  nry;rpa]; Mfpatw;wpw;F ,ilg;gl;lJ MFk;. Mifahy; nrt;thapd; Nky; gFjpapy; rpy mq;Fyj;jpw;Ff; fPo; gdpf;fl;b ,Uf;Fk; vd ek;gg;gLfpwJ.

,e;jf; fyj;jpy; ,uz;L fUtpfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. capu; tho;Tf;Fj; Njitahd ePu; kw;Wk; fupapd; mbg;gilapyhd Ntjpg; nghUs;fs; gw;wp xU fUtp MuhAk;. kw; nwhU fUtp mq;Fs;s kz;zpd; jd;ikia MuhAk;.

goq;fhyj;jpy; nrt;tha;f; Nfhspy; flYk; MWk; ,Ue;jpUf;ff; $Lk; vd thdpayhsHfs; fUJfpwhu;fs;.

2002 ,y;  X.b.rp. vd;w fyj;ij ehrh mDg;gpaJ. nrt;thapy; epiwa ePuf tha;T (hydrogen) ,Ug;gij mJ fz;Lgpbj;jJ. mjdhy; xU kPl;lUf;Ff; Fiwthd Moj;jpNyNa mq;F gdpf;fl;b ,Uf;fyhk; vdf; fUjg;gLfpwJ.

2004 ,y; ehrh mDg;gpa Spirit (Cf;fk;) kw;Wk; Opportunity (tha;g;G)  vDk; Cu;jpfs; R+upa rf;jp%yk; ,lk; ngau;e;J Ma;Tfs; nra;jd. Mdhy; ,g;nghOJ mDg;gg;gl;Ls;s Phoenix epiyahf ,Ue;J Ma;Tfis Nkw; nfhs;Sk;. mjd; msT 5.5 x 1.5 kPl;lu; MFk;. mjpy; 55 fpNyh vilAs;s fUtpfs; cz;L.

ngUk;ghyhd jkpoHfs; ,JNghd;w fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fisg; gw;wpNah tpz;ntsp Ma;Tfs; gw;wpNah myl;bf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. cz;LLj;J tho;e;Njd; ,uz;L fhy; khLNghy tho;fpwhHfs;. mtHfSf;Fj; njupe;jJ vy;yhk; Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpy; nrhy;yg;gl;bUf;Fk; Nfhs;fSk; mtw;wpd; Fzhk;rq;fSNk!

ghujpahH xU xg;gw;w ftpQH. mtiug; Nghy; jkpo;nkhopiaAk; jkpo; ,dj;ijAk; fhjypj;j ftpQd; ,Jtiu gpwe;jjpy;iy. ,dpAk; gpwf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. mtH jkpo;f; FKfhak; rhjp> kj Ngjkw;w FKfhakhf kpspu Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhH. Mapuk; nja;tq;fs; cz;nld;W Njb miyAk; mwptpypfhs; - Rj;j mwpNt rptnkd;W $WQ; RUjpfs; NfsPNuh? vd;W flhtpdhH.

jkpoHfs; nts;spg; gdpkiyapd; kPJ cyhTNthk; mb Nkiyf; fly; KOJk; fg;gy; tpLNthk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhH.

fq;if ejpg;Gwj;Jf; NfhJikg; gz;lk; fhtpup ntw;wpiyf;F khW nfhs;Nthk; vd;whH.

fhrp efHg;Gw GytH NgRk; ciu jhd;
fhQ;rpapy; Nfl;gjw;NfhH fUtp nra;Nthk;

vd;W fdT fz;lhH.

eilAk;  gwg;GKzH tz;bfs; nra;Nthk;
Qhyk; eLq;ftUk; fg;gy;fs; nra;Nthk;!

vd rq;fehjk; nra;jhh.

,it vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf

ke;jpuk; fw;Nghk; tpidj; je;jpuk; fw;Nghk;>
     thidasg; Nghk;fly; kPidasg;Nghk;
re;jpu kz;lyj;jpay; fz;Lnjsp Nthk;
     re;jp njUngUf;Fk; rhj;jpuk; fw;Nghk;.

vdg; ghujpahH Mirg;gl;lhH.

Mdhy; ,itnay;yhk; jkpoHfs; fhjpy; tpotpy;iy. nts;isf;fhud; fhjpy; tpOe;J mtd; re;jpudpNyNa fhy; gjpj;J rhjid gilj;jhd;. ,g;NghJ thid msf;fpwhd;.

nts;isf;fhud; thid msf;Fk; NghJ jkpoHfs; vd;d nra;fpwhHfs;? etf;fpufq;fisr; Rw;wpr; Rw;wp tUfpwhHfs;. rdp Njh\k; Nghf vs;nsz;nza; rl;b vupf;fpwhHfs;.  fhfj;Jf;Fr; NrhW itf;fpwhHfs;.  nrt;tha; Njh\k; ePq;f tpujk; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. nkhj;jj;jpy; Nfhapy; Nfhapyhf Vwp ,wq;FfpwhHfs;. ,e;j ,yl;rzj;jpy; jkpopdk; jiy epkpHtJ vg;NghJ? rpe;jpf;fj; njupe;jtHfs; Mo;e;J rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

xU Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; NghJ mbthdj;jpy; vOk; ,uhrp (,yf;fpdk;) re;jpud; epd;w n[d;k ,uhrp> re;jpud; epd;w n[d;k el;rj;jpuk; Mfpait me;jf; Foe;ijapd; jiytpjpia. ed;ik jpd;ikia> fy;tp> nry;tk;> Neha; -- Nehapd;ik> mfit> jpUkzk;> kidtp> Foe;ijfs; Nghd;wtw;iwj; jPHkhdpf;fpd;wd vdr; NrhjplHfs;  nrhy;fpwhHfs;.  mjd; gpd;dUk; Nfhs;fspd; ngaHr;rp kdpjHfisg; ghjpf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;fpwhHfs;. Mdhy; vJ vg;gbg; ghjpf;fpwJ vd;gijr; nrhy;y kWf;fpwhHfs;. VNjh xU rf;jp my;yJ Mw;wy; kdpjHfisg; ghjpf;fpwJ vdr; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. jhq;fs; nrhy;tij mg;gbNa Ntjthf;fhff; nfhz;L ek;Gk;gb Nfl;fpwhHfs;. 

,aw;ifapy; ehy; tif mbg;gil tpirfs; kl;LNk tpz;ntspapy; ,Ue;J fpilf;fpd;wd vd;gij Kd;dNu (mj;jpahak; 3) $wpAs;Nsd;. mitahtd ty;mZtpir (Strong nuclear force) kpd;fhe;j tpir (Electromagnetic force) nkd; mZtpir (Weak nuclear force) <Hg;G tpir (Gravitational  force) vd;gdthFk;. ,tw;Wf;F Nkyhf NtW nja;tPf Mw;wy; ,y;iy.

 

kdpjd; gpwe;j Gtp;f; NfhisAk; mjd; jhf;fj;ijAk; Nrhjpl rhj;jpuk; mwNt fzf;fpy; vLg;gjpy;iy. GtpAk; xU Nfhs; vd;gJ Nrhjpl rhj;jpupfSf;Fj; njupe;jpUf;ftpy;iy vd;gNj mjw;fhd VJ MFk;. 

 

fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;l ml;ltiz  <Hg;G tpirapd; ngWkjpia (nrt;tha;f; NfhNshL xg;gpLk; nghOJ) fhl;LfpwJ. nrt;thNahL xg;gpLtJ Nrhjplk;; me;jf; NfhSf;Ff; nfhLf;Fk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; fhuzkhfNt! .   

 

    <Hg;G tpir          <Hg;G tpirapd; ngWkjp

 

    jha;                      20

 

    kUj;JtH                  06

 

    kUj;Jtkid              500

 

    QhapW                 854>000

 

    epyh                     4>600

 

    Gjd;                     .38

 

    nts;sp                   27

 

    nrt;tha;                   1

 

    tpahod;                   46

 

    ANwD];                   0.1

 

    neg;jpA+d;                  0.03

 

    GSl;Nlh                  0.059

 

    thy;kPd                0.00001

 

<Hg;G tpir Nfhs;fs; Gtpf;F mz;ikapy; tUk; nghOJ fzpf;fg;gl;ljhf nfhs;sg;gl;lJ. Nkyjpfkhf nfhs;sg;gl;l mDkhdq;fs; (Assumptions)-

 

    Foe;ijapd; vil                                   -  3 fpNyh

 

    jhapd; vil                                       -  50 fpNyh

 

    kUj;JtH vil                                     -  75 fpNyh

 

    kUj;Jtkidf; fl;llj;jpd; vil                    -  2.1 x 1012 fpNyh

 

    jha;f;Fk; Foe;ijf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s njhiy        -  0.1 kP

 

    kUj;JtUf;Fk; Foe;ijf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s njhiy    -  0.3 kP

 

    kUj;Jtkidapd; ika vilFk; Foe;ijf;Fk;

    ,ilapy; cs;s njhiy                             -  6.1 kP

 

NkNy nfhLf;fg;gl;l juTfs; mbg;gilapy; Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; nghOJ  jha;> kUj;JtH kw;Wk; kUj;Jtkidf; fl;llk; %ykhf ,lk; ngWk; <Hg;G tpirapd;; (force of gravity) jhf;fk Nrhjplk; mjpf Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;Fk; nrt;tha;f; Nfhis tpl KiwNa 20> 6 kw;Wk; 500 klq;F $Ljyhf ,Ug;gij ePq;fs; mtjhdpf;fyhk;. vdNt xU NrhjplH xU Foe;ijapd; rhjfj;ij <Hg;G tpir mbg;gilapy; jahupj;jhy; Nfhs;fis kl;Lky;y tpz;ntspapYk; kz;zpYk; fhzg;gLk; Vida gUg;nghUs;fisAk; fzf;fpy; vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. (tsUk;)

 


 

 

Nrhjplk; rhj;jpug; Nga;fs; nrhy;Yk; ngha;!

 xU Foe;ijapd; Fzhk;rk;fis jha; je;ijauJ kuGf; FwpNa jPHkhdpf;fpwJ

 (32)

 

<Hg;G tpir my;y me;j Mw;wy; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; (electro-magnetic energy) vd;W Nrhjplk; nrhy;Ykhdhy; xU Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; nghOJ mjd; kPJ gUg;nghUs;fs; nrYj;Jk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; nrt;tha;f; Nfhspy; ,Ue;J ntspg;gLk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wNyhL xg;gpLk; nghOJ gpd;tUkhW fhzg;gLk;.

 

gUg;nghUs;                        kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy;

 

QhapW                                3 x 109

 

200 tl;]; kpd;Fkpo; (2 kP njhiytpy;)        9 x 106

 

KO epyh                              7>600

 

Gjd;                                  0.4

 

nts;sp                                4.4

 

nrt;tha;                               1

 

tpahod;                               0.8

 

rdp                                   0.1

 

ANwD];                               .0004

 

neg;jpA+d;                               .00005

 

 

NkNy nfhLf;fg;gl;l juTfspd; mbg;gilapy;  200 tl;]; Mw;wy; cila xU kpd;Fkpopapy; ,Ue;J ntspg;gLk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; nrt;tha;> Gjd;> nts;sp Nghd;w Nfhs;fistplg; gy Mapuk; klq;F tYthdJ!

 

Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; nghOJ mjidg; ghjpg;gJ Nfhs;fspd; <Hg;G tpirAk; my;y kpd;fhe;j tpirAk; my;y vd;why; gpd; vJjhd; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; jiytpjpia epHzapf;fpwJ? vd;gijr; NrhjplHfs; njspthf tpsf;f Ntz;Lk;. gpwg;gjw;F Kd;dNu Kw;gpwg;gpy; nra;j ey;tpid jPtpid  fhuzkhf xt;nthU capupd; jiytpjp jPHkhdpf;fg;gLfpwJ vd;W ,e;J kjk; (cyfpy; cs;s kf;fspy; 15 tpOf;fhl;bdNu ,e;Jf;fs;) nrhy;fpwJ! mJ cz;iknad;why; xU Foe;ijapd; gpwg;gpd; nghOJ Nfhs;fs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs;> ,uhrpfs; Mfpatw;wpd; ,Uf;if Kf;fpakw;Wg; Ngha;tpLfpwJ.

 

Nrhjplk; Kw;wpYk; gpioahd mbj;jsj;jpy; vOg;gg;gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;gjw;F NkNy vLj;Jf; fhl;bait Nkyjpf rhd;WfshFk;.

 

thdpay; gw;wpa mwpT ,d;wpUg;gJ Nghy; gz;ilf; fhyj;jpy; ,y;yhjjhy; NrhjplHfs; kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; Nfhs;fs; gw;wpAk; ,uhrpfs; gw;wpAk; ,uhrp  tPLfs; gw;wpAk; el;rj;jpuq;fs; gw;wpAk;  vOjp itj;jhHfs;. mg;gb vOjp itj;jijg; ngupa Fw;wk; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ.  md;iwa mwpT mtHfSf;F me;j mstpy; kl;LNk ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,d;iwa NrhjplHfs; njhykp> tuhfkpuH> Mupag;gl;lH Nghd;NwhH jq;fs; fhyj;jpy; vOjp itj;jijNa fpspg;gps;is Nghy; kdg;ghlk; nra;J mjd; mbg;gilapy; rhjfk; fzpj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. ,J NrhjplHfspd; cr;r fl;l Gul;L MFk;.  

 

xU Foe;ijapd; epwk;> Fzk;> cly; eyk;> Gj;jpf; $Hik> MAs; gyk; Nghd;w Fzhk;rk;fs; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; jha; je;ij ,UtuJ kuGf; FwpNa (genetic code) jPHkhdpf;fpd;wJ. ,JNt ,d;iwa mwptpaypd; Kbe;j KbghFk;. 

 

,g;NghJ nrd;idapypUe;J <Nuhl;Lf;Fj; njhlHtz;bapy;  NghFk;NghJ jhd; re;jpj;j Nrhjpluplk; rpy Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;ljhfTk; me;jr; NrhjplH nrhd;d gjpy;fis fky; vd;gtH xU ,izajsj;jpy; gjpT nra;Js;shH. NrhjplH> Nrhjpl ghlj;jpy; kJiu fhkuhru; gy;fiyapy; gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;wtuhk;. cq;fSf;Fg; gad;gLk; vd;gjhy; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j ciuahliy fPNo je;Js;Nsd;. 

 

Nfs;tp : kw;wf; fpufq;fNshL R+upaDk; Nru;e;J Rw;WfpwNj mJ vg;gb?

 

gjpy; : [hjfk; fzpf;fg;gLtJ G+kpia mbg;gilahf itj;Jj;jhd;. mjhtJ Geo centric. R+upad; epiyahf epd;W mijg; G+kp Rw;wpdhYk; G+kpia epiyahf itj;Jg; ghu;j;jhy; R+upad; Rw;WtJ Nghyj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;.

 

Nfs;tp : N[hjplj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Nfhs;fspd; Ntfk; thdpay; $Wk; mNj Ntfkh?

 

gjpy; : Mkhk;. (Mdhy; ,ij vg;gbr; rupghu;g;gJ vdj; njupatpy;iy. ahuhtJ tpsf;Fq;fNsd;!)

 

Nfs;tp : G+ir Gd];fhuq;fs; vg;gb nfl;l gyd;fisj; jLf;fpd;wd?

 

gjpy; : nfl;l gyd;fs; KOtJkhfj; jLf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mtw;wpd; tPupaj;ij XusTf;Ff; Fiwf;fyhk;.

 

Nfs;tp : ve;j msTf;F?

 

gjpy; : mJ mtutu;fspd; ek;gpf;ifiag; nghWj;jJ.

 

Nfs;tp : kw;wtu;fs; Kd;Ndw> Ie;Jf;Fk; gj;Jf;Fk; gyd; nrhy;yp miye;J nfhz;bUf;fpwPu;fNs> Vd; cq;fSila [hjfj;ij ePq;fNs ghu;j;Jg; gupfhuk; nra;J tho;tpy; Kd;Ndwf;$lhJ?

 

gjpy; : vd; [hjfj;ijg; ghu;j;Njd;. mjpy; ehd; gpwUf;Fg; gyd; nrhy;Yk; N[hjpldhfj;jhd; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

Nfs;tp : gue;J tpupe;j kpfg;ngupa thd;ntspapy; vq;Nfh Rw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Nfhs;fs; vg;gb kdpju;fspd; tho;tpy; ghjpg;ig (ey;yit> nfl;lit ,uz;Lk;jhd;) Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd?

 

gjpy; : vy;yhf; fpufq;fSk; xd;Wf;nfhd;W njhlu;GilaJ. gTu;zkp md;W fly; nfhe;jspg;gjpy;iyah? mJ Nghyj;jhd;.

 

Nfs;tp : gTu;zkpapy; fly; nfhe;jspg;gJ fhe;jg; Gyj;jpd; khw;wq;fshy;. vq;Nfh ,Uf;Fk; nrt;tha;f;Fk; jpUkzk; epd;W Nghtjw;Fk; vd;d rk;ge;jk;?

 

gjpy; : ,jw;Fr; nrt;tha; kl;LNk fhuzkpy;iy. kw;w mUfpypUf;Fk; fpufq;fSk;jhd; fhuzk;. (Mdhy; vg;gbnad;W mtH filrp tiu $wNtapy;iy)

 

Nfs;tp : xNu gpwe;j Neuk; kw;Wk; ,lj;ij ,UNtW N[hjplu;fsplk; nfhLj;jhy; ,uz;L tpjkhd [hjfq;fs; kw;Wk; gyd;fs; tUfpwNj> mJ vg;gb?

 

gjpy; : xNu gpwe;j Neuj;Jf;F xNu khjpupahd [hjfk;jhd; tuNtz;Lk;. [hjfk; fzpg;gtu; xU tpehbia tpl;Ltpl;lhYk; [hjfk; khwpg;NghFk;. fk;g;A+l;lu; [hjfj;jpy; NtWNtW ,lq;fspy; nfhLj;jhYk; xNu khjpupahd [hjfk;jhd; tUk;. (fzpdpapy; xNu cs;Ns GFj;Jtij (input) vj;jid jlit ,af;fpdhYk; mijNa ntspapy; js;SfpwJ (output) vd;gJ vq;fSf;Nf njupANk!)

 

rpy Nfs;tpfSf;Fg; gjpNy tutpy;iy. njupe;jtu;fs; ahuhtJ ,Ue;jhy; $Wq;fNsd;!

 

1. gpwg;G vd;gJ xU nehbapy; epfo;tjy;y. Fiwe;jgl;rk; rpy tpehbfshtJ MFk;. mg;gbahdhy; gpwe;j Neuk; vd;gJ vJ? jiy ntspte;j Neukh my;yJ KO cly; ntspte;j Neukh my;yJ Kjd;Kjypy; mOj Neukh? kUj;Jtu; $Wk; Neukh? kUj;Jtu; $Wk; Neunkd;why; mtuJ fbfhuk; rupahd Neuj;ijf; fhl;LfpwJ vd;gJ vd;d epr;rak;?

 

2. N[hjplj;ij xU fzf;F vd;Nw itj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk;> thf;fpak; kw;Wk; jpUf;fzpjk; vd;w ,UNtW #j;jpu;q;fs; (formula) vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;? ,uz;by; vJ rup? ,uz;LNk rupnad;why; ,uz;Lf;Fk; Neutpj;jpahrk; ,Uf;fpwNj? gyd;fs; NtWglhjh?

 

Nkw;fz;l ,uz;L Nfs;tpfis ehDk; vOg;gpapUe;Njd; vd;gij ,e;jj; njhliuj; njhlf;fk; Kjy; gbj;J cq;fSf;Fj; njupe;jpUf;Fk;.

 

,g;gbahd Nfs;tpfSf;F NrhjplHfs; nrhy;Yk; gjpy; kf;fs; Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpwhHfs;. mJ ngha;nad;why; vg;gb NrhjplHfs; njhlHe;J njhopy; nra;a KbAk;? filia tpupj;Njd; nfhs;thH ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L filia %bay;yth ,Ug;ghHfs;?

 

Nrhjplk; ,d;W xU kpFe;j tUtha; jUk; njhopy; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. mnkupf;fhtpy; ,e;jj; njhopypy; 2000 - 3000 KONeu NrhjplHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. rhjfk; ghHj;jy;> ifNuif ghHj;jy;> vz;rhj;jpuk; nrhy;Yjy;> Fwp nrhy;Yjy;> ikNghl;Lg; ghHj;jy;> Njhr gupfhuk; nra;jy; Nghd;wtw;wpy; Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; nlhyH GuSfpd;wd. kdpjHfspd; %lek;gpf;if my;yJ FUl;L ek;gpf;if ,uz;LNk ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; MFk;.

 

flypy; %o;fg;Nghwtd; vt;thW xU JUk;igg; gpbj;Jj;jd;Dk; fiuNaw KidthNdh mNj Nghy; tho;tpy; Jd;gk;> ,lH> gpd;dilT> ,og;G> Njhy;tp Vw;gLk;NghJ  kdpjd; NrhjplHfsplk; XLfpwhd;. NrhjplHfSk; ,y;yhjijAk; nghy;yhjijAk; nrhy;ypg; gaKWj;jp  mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J gzj;ijf; fwe;J tpLfpwhHfs;.

 

,g;NghJ ,d;ndhU Nrhjplupd; Gyk;giyf; NfSq;fs;.

 

kdpjDf;F tho;f;ifapy; Jd;gk; tUk;NghJ  vj;ij jpd;dhg; gpj;jk; njspAk;D Nrhrpaul;lg; Nghfpwhd;. NrhrpaUk; gyidr; nrhy;Yk; NghJ (ckf;F $lg;gpwe;jtq;f ,uz;L mz;zd;fSk; xU jq;ifAk; cz;L) VjhtJ xd;W gypj;jhYk; NghJk; NrhjplH vy;yhtw;iwAk; Jy;ypakhfr; nrhy;fpwhH vd;W Nrhjplk; ghHj;jtH KbT fl;btpLfpwhH. Mapuk; nrhy;yp mjpy; VjhtJ xz;Z gypr;Rl;lhYk; gypf;fhj 999 ma; kwe;J tpLtJjhd; kdpjHfspd; ngUe;jd;ik.

 

kj;jg;gb kf;fs; ek;gpf;ifiag;ngw mwptpay; uPjpahd tpsf;fk;yhk; Njitd;wJ %l ek;gpf;if. ahuhtJ Rk;kh Fwp nrhd;dhNy ek;gpUtha;q;f..

 

vdf;F N[hrpak; nrhy;ypj;je;j thj;jpahU Foe;ij Kjy; Kjyh mOj Neuk;jhd; mJ gpwe;j Neuk; vd;W nrhd;dhH. ,d;ndhU thj;jpahH Foe;ij Kjy;y %r;Rtpl;l Neuk; - mijj;jhd; [hjfk; fzpf;f vLj;Jf;fpwZk; vd;W nrhd;dhU. ,d;ndhUj;jU Ntw khjpupr; nrhy;whU. [hjfk; fzpf;fpw fzf;F tiuf;Fk; rupahj;jhd; nrhy;ypj;jUfpwhd;fs;. gyhgyDf;F tUk;NghJ Fog;gp xz;Zf;fpUe;Jl;lhg; Nghy ............. gpd;dhb FLk;g N[hjplk; Gj;jfj;jtr;R KbQ;r msTf;F vJnty;yhk; nghUe;jp tUNkh mijnay;yhk; vOjpg; gl;lKk; thq;fpNdhk;. (tsUk;)

 

 


Nrhjplk; rhj;jpug; Nga;fs; nrhy;Yk; ngha;!

 xU Foe;ijapd; Fzhk;rk;fis jha; je;ijauJ kuGf; FwpNa jPHkhdpf;fpwJ

 (32)

 

<Hg;G tpir my;y me;j Mw;wy; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; (electro-magnetic energy) vd;W Nrhjplk; nrhy;Ykhdhy; xU Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; nghOJ mjd; kPJ gUg;nghUs;fs; nrYj;Jk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; nrt;tha;f; Nfhspy; ,Ue;J ntspg;gLk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wNyhL xg;gpLk; nghOJ gpd;tUkhW fhzg;gLk;.

 

gUg;nghUs;                        kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy;

 

QhapW                                3 x 109

 

200 tl;]; kpd;Fkpo; (2 kP njhiytpy;)        9 x 106

 

KO epyh                              7>600

 

Gjd;                                  0.4

 

nts;sp                                4.4

 

nrt;tha;                               1

 

tpahod;                               0.8

 

rdp                                   0.1

 

ANwD];                               .0004

 

neg;jpA+d;                               .00005

 

 

NkNy nfhLf;fg;gl;l juTfspd; mbg;gilapy;  200 tl;]; Mw;wy; cila xU kpd;Fkpopapy; ,Ue;J ntspg;gLk; kpd;fhe;j Mw;wy; nrt;tha;> Gjd;> nts;sp Nghd;w Nfhs;fistplg; gy Mapuk; klq;F tYthdJ!

 

Foe;ij gpwf;Fk; nghOJ mjidg; ghjpg;gJ Nfhs;fspd; <Hg;G tpirAk; my;y kpd;fhe;j tpirAk; my;y vd;why; gpd; vJjhd; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; jiytpjpia epHzapf;fpwJ? vd;gijr; NrhjplHfs; njspthf tpsf;f Ntz;Lk;. gpwg;gjw;F Kd;dNu Kw;gpwg;gpy; nra;j ey;tpid jPtpid  fhuzkhf xt;nthU capupd; jiytpjp jPHkhdpf;fg;gLfpwJ vd;W ,e;J kjk; (cyfpy; cs;s kf;fspy; 15 tpOf;fhl;bdNu ,e;Jf;fs;) nrhy;fpwJ! mJ cz;iknad;why; xU Foe;ijapd; gpwg;gpd; nghOJ Nfhs;fs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs;> ,uhrpfs; Mfpatw;wpd; ,Uf;if Kf;fpakw;Wg; Ngha;tpLfpwJ.

 

Nrhjplk; Kw;wpYk; gpioahd mbj;jsj;jpy; vOg;gg;gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;gjw;F NkNy vLj;Jf; fhl;bait Nkyjpf rhd;WfshFk;.

 

thdpay; gw;wpa mwpT ,d;wpUg;gJ Nghy; gz;ilf; fhyj;jpy; ,y;yhjjhy; NrhjplHfs; kdk; Nghd Nghf;fpy; Nfhs;fs; gw;wpAk; ,uhrpfs; gw;wpAk; ,uhrp  tPLfs; gw;wpAk; el;rj;jpuq;fs; gw;wpAk;  vOjp itj;jhHfs;. mg;gb vOjp itj;jijg; ngupa Fw;wk; vd;W nrhy;y KbahJ.  md;iwa mwpT mtHfSf;F me;j mstpy; kl;LNk ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; ,d;iwa NrhjplHfs; njhykp> tuhfkpuH> Mupag;gl;lH Nghd;NwhH jq;fs; fhyj;jpy; vOjp itj;jijNa fpspg;gps;is Nghy; kdg;ghlk; nra;J mjd; mbg;gilapy; rhjfk; fzpj;Jg; gyd; nrhy;fpwhHfs;. ,J NrhjplHfspd; cr;r fl;l Gul;L MFk;.  

 

xU Foe;ijapd; epwk;> Fzk;> cly; eyk;> Gj;jpf; $Hik> MAs; gyk; Nghd;w Fzhk;rk;fs; me;jf; Foe;ijapd; jha; je;ij ,UtuJ kuGf; FwpNa (genetic code) jPHkhdpf;fpd;wJ. ,JNt ,d;iwa mwptpaypd; Kbe;j KbghFk;. 

 

,g;NghJ nrd;idapypUe;J <Nuhl;Lf;Fj; njhlHtz;bapy;  NghFk;NghJ jhd; re;jpj;j Nrhjpluplk; rpy Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;ljhfTk; me;jr; NrhjplH nrhd;d gjpy;fis fky; vd;gtH xU ,izajsj;jpy; gjpT nra;Js;shH. NrhjplH> Nrhjpl ghlj;jpy; kJiu fhkuhru; gy;fiyapy; gbj;Jg; gl;lk; ngw;wtuhk;. cq;fSf;Fg; gad;gLk; vd;gjhy; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;j ciuahliy fPNo je;Js;Nsd;. 

 

Nfs;tp : kw;wf; fpufq;fNshL R+upaDk; Nru;e;J Rw;WfpwNj mJ vg;gb?

 

gjpy; : [hjfk; fzpf;fg;gLtJ G+kpia mbg;gilahf itj;Jj;jhd;. mjhtJ Geo centric. R+upad; epiyahf epd;W mijg; G+kp Rw;wpdhYk; G+kpia epiyahf itj;Jg; ghu;j;jhy; R+upad; Rw;WtJ Nghyj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;.

 

Nfs;tp : N[hjplj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Nfhs;fspd; Ntfk; thdpay; $Wk; mNj Ntfkh?

 

gjpy; : Mkhk;. (Mdhy; ,ij vg;gbr; rupghu;g;gJ vdj; njupatpy;iy. ahuhtJ tpsf;Fq;fNsd;!)

 

Nfs;tp : G+ir Gd];fhuq;fs; vg;gb nfl;l gyd;fisj; jLf;fpd;wd?

 

gjpy; : nfl;l gyd;fs; KOtJkhfj; jLf;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mtw;wpd; tPupaj;ij XusTf;Ff; Fiwf;fyhk;.

 

Nfs;tp : ve;j msTf;F?

 

gjpy; : mJ mtutu;fspd; ek;gpf;ifiag; nghWj;jJ.

 

Nfs;tp : kw;wtu;fs; Kd;Ndw> Ie;Jf;Fk; gj;Jf;Fk; gyd; nrhy;yp miye;J nfhz;bUf;fpwPu;fNs> Vd; cq;fSila [hjfj;ij ePq;fNs ghu;j;Jg; gupfhuk; nra;J tho;tpy; Kd;Ndwf;$lhJ?

 

gjpy; : vd; [hjfj;ijg; ghu;j;Njd;. mjpy; ehd; gpwUf;Fg; gyd; nrhy;Yk; N[hjpldhfj;jhd; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

Nfs;tp : gue;J tpupe;j kpfg;ngupa thd;ntspapy; vq;Nfh Rw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Nfhs;fs; vg;gb kdpju;fspd; tho;tpy; ghjpg;ig (ey;yit> nfl;lit ,uz;Lk;jhd;) Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd?

 

gjpy; : vy;yhf; fpufq;fSk; xd;Wf;nfhd;W njhlu;GilaJ. gTu;zkp md;W fly; nfhe;jspg;gjpy;iyah? mJ Nghyj;jhd;.

 

Nfs;tp : gTu;zkpapy; fly; nfhe;jspg;gJ fhe;jg; Gyj;jpd; khw;wq;fshy;. vq;Nfh ,Uf;Fk; nrt;tha;f;Fk; jpUkzk; epd;W Nghtjw;Fk; vd;d rk;ge;jk;?

 

gjpy; : ,jw;Fr; nrt;tha; kl;LNk fhuzkpy;iy. kw;w mUfpypUf;Fk; fpufq;fSk;jhd; fhuzk;. (Mdhy; vg;gbnad;W mtH filrp tiu $wNtapy;iy)

 

Nfs;tp : xNu gpwe;j Neuk; kw;Wk; ,lj;ij ,UNtW N[hjplu;fsplk; nfhLj;jhy; ,uz;L tpjkhd [hjfq;fs; kw;Wk; gyd;fs; tUfpwNj> mJ vg;gb?

 

gjpy; : xNu gpwe;j Neuj;Jf;F xNu khjpupahd [hjfk;jhd; tuNtz;Lk;. [hjfk; fzpg;gtu; xU tpehbia tpl;Ltpl;lhYk; [hjfk; khwpg;NghFk;. fk;g;A+l;lu; [hjfj;jpy; NtWNtW ,lq;fspy; nfhLj;jhYk; xNu khjpupahd [hjfk;jhd; tUk;. (fzpdpapy; xNu cs;Ns GFj;Jtij (input) vj;jid jlit ,af;fpdhYk; mijNa ntspapy; js;SfpwJ (output) vd;gJ vq;fSf;Nf njupANk!)

 

rpy Nfs;tpfSf;Fg; gjpNy tutpy;iy. njupe;jtu;fs; ahuhtJ ,Ue;jhy; $Wq;fNsd;!

 

1. gpwg;G vd;gJ xU nehbapy; epfo;tjy;y. Fiwe;jgl;rk; rpy tpehbfshtJ MFk;. mg;gbahdhy; gpwe;j Neuk; vd;gJ vJ? jiy ntspte;j Neukh my;yJ KO cly; ntspte;j Neukh my;yJ Kjd;Kjypy; mOj Neukh? kUj;Jtu; $Wk; Neukh? kUj;Jtu; $Wk; Neunkd;why; mtuJ fbfhuk; rupahd Neuj;ijf; fhl;LfpwJ vd;gJ vd;d epr;rak;?

 

2. N[hjplj;ij xU fzf;F vd;Nw itj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk;> thf;fpak; kw;Wk; jpUf;fzpjk; vd;w ,UNtW #j;jpu;q;fs; (formula) vg;gb ,Uf;Fk;? ,uz;by; vJ rup? ,uz;LNk rupnad;why; ,uz;Lf;Fk; Neutpj;jpahrk; ,Uf;fpwNj? gyd;fs; NtWglhjh?

 

Nkw;fz;l ,uz;L Nfs;tpfis ehDk; vOg;gpapUe;Njd; vd;gij ,e;jj; njhliuj; njhlf;fk; Kjy; gbj;J cq;fSf;Fj; njupe;jpUf;Fk;.

 

,g;gbahd Nfs;tpfSf;F NrhjplHfs; nrhy;Yk; gjpy; kf;fs; Nrhjplj;ij ek;GfpwhHfs;. mJ ngha;nad;why; vg;gb NrhjplHfs; njhlHe;J njhopy; nra;a KbAk;? filia tpupj;Njd; nfhs;thH ,y;iy vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L filia %bay;yth ,Ug;ghHfs;?

 

Nrhjplk; ,d;W xU kpFe;j tUtha; jUk; njhopy; vd;gjpy; ma;akpy;iy. mnkupf;fhtpy; ,e;jj; njhopypy; 2000 - 3000 KONeu NrhjplHfs; ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. rhjfk; ghHj;jy;> ifNuif ghHj;jy;> vz;rhj;jpuk; nrhy;Yjy;> Fwp nrhy;Yjy;> ikNghl;Lg; ghHj;jy;> Njhr gupfhuk; nra;jy; Nghd;wtw;wpy; Nfhbf;fzf;fpy; nlhyH GuSfpd;wd. kdpjHfspd; %lek;gpf;if my;yJ FUl;L ek;gpf;if ,uz;LNk ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; MFk;.

 

flypy; %o;fg;Nghwtd; vt;thW xU JUk;igg; gpbj;Jj;jd;Dk; fiuNaw KidthNdh mNj Nghy; tho;tpy; Jd;gk;> ,lH> gpd;dilT> ,og;G> Njhy;tp Vw;gLk;NghJ  kdpjd; NrhjplHfsplk; XLfpwhd;. NrhjplHfSk; ,y;yhjijAk; nghy;yhjijAk; nrhy;ypg; gaKWj;jp  mtHfsplk; ,Ue;J gzj;ijf; fwe;J tpLfpwhHfs;.

 

,g;NghJ ,d;ndhU Nrhjplupd; Gyk;giyf; NfSq;fs;.

 

kdpjDf;F tho;f;ifapy; Jd;gk; tUk;NghJ  vj;ij jpd;dhg; gpj;jk; njspAk;D Nrhrpaul;lg; Nghfpwhd;. NrhrpaUk; gyidr; nrhy;Yk; NghJ (ckf;F $lg;gpwe;jtq;f ,uz;L mz;zd;fSk; xU jq;ifAk; cz;L) VjhtJ xd;W gypj;jhYk; NghJk; NrhjplH vy;yhtw;iwAk; Jy;ypakhfr; nrhy;fpwhH vd;W Nrhjplk; ghHj;jtH KbT fl;btpLfpwhH. Mapuk; nrhy;yp mjpy; VjhtJ xz;Z gypr;Rl;lhYk; gypf;fhj 999 ma; kwe;J tpLtJjhd; kdpjHfspd; ngUe;jd;ik.

 

kj;jg;gb kf;fs; ek;gpf;ifiag;ngw mwptpay; uPjpahd tpsf;fk;yhk; Njitd;wJ %l ek;gpf;if. ahuhtJ Rk;kh Fwp nrhd;dhNy ek;gpUtha;q;f..

 

vdf;F N[hrpak; nrhy;ypj;je;j thj;jpahU Foe;ij Kjy; Kjyh mOj Neuk;jhd; mJ gpwe;j Neuk; vd;W nrhd;dhH. ,d;ndhU thj;jpahH Foe;ij Kjy;y %r;Rtpl;l Neuk; - mijj;jhd; [hjfk; fzpf;f vLj;Jf;fpwZk; vd;W nrhd;dhU. ,d;ndhUj;jU Ntw khjpupr; nrhy;whU. [hjfk; fzpf;fpw fzf;F tiuf;Fk; rupahj;jhd; nrhy;ypj;jUfpwhd;fs;. gyhgyDf;F tUk;NghJ Fog;gp xz;Zf;fpUe;Jl;lhg; Nghy ............. gpd;dhb FLk;g N[hjplk; Gj;jfj;jtr;R KbQ;r msTf;F vJnty;yhk; nghUe;jp tUNkh mijnay;yhk; vOjpg; gl;lKk; thq;fpNdhk;. (tsUk;)

 

 

 


Nrhjplk; rhj;jpug; Nga;fs; nrhy;Yk; ngha;!

 Njhrk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;W nrhy;yp gzk; gwpf;Fk; NrhjplHfs;

  (33)

 

ngUk;ghd;ik jkpoHfs; fhyk; fhykhf ek;gp tUk; Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;ij kWj;J mJ xU Nghyp mwptpay; vd vz;gpf;Fk; xU Ehiy 50 fdba nlhyH nfhLj;J thq;f Ehw;Wf;fzf;fpy; kf;fs; jpuz;L tUthHfsh? mjpYk; 3 ,yl;rk; kf;fSf;F %iyf;F %iy 60 f;Fk; mjpfkhd Nfhapy;fspy; NjH> jPHj;jk;> rg;guj; jpUtpoh> mUr;rid> mgpNrfk;> tpsf;Fg; G+ir> rdp Njhrk; ePq;f vs;nsz;nza;r; rl;b vupj;jy;  vd filtpupj;jpUf;Fk; nuhwd;Nuhtpy; mJ rhj;jpakh?

 

fle;j rdpf;fpoik (08-09-2007) ef;fPud; vOjp jkpo;g; gilg;ghspfs; fofk; kw;Wk; Kof;fk; nra;jp ,jo; ,uz;Lk; ,ize;J elj;jpa  Nrhjplg; Gul;L Ehy; ntspaPl;L tpohTf;Fj; jkpo;nkhopg; gw;whsHfs>; jkpopd czHthsHfs;> gFj;jwpTthjpfs;> rpe;jidahsHfs;> rhd;NwhHfs; vdg; ngUkstpy; fye;J nfhz;L mJ rhj;jpaNk vd vz;gpj;jhHfs;.

 

fdlh fe;jrhkp Nfhapy; kz;lgk; kf;fshy; epuk;gp tope;jJ. ,lk; ,y;yhjjhy; gyH Vkhw;wj;Jld; tPL jpUg;gpdH. jpU. kh.f.<oNte;jd; Kjd;ik tpUe;jpdH MfTk; rpwg;Gg; Ngr;rhsH MfTk; fye;J nfhz;lhH. ef;fPud; vOjpAs;s Nrhjplg; Gul;L vd;w Ma;T Ehy; vkJ r%fj;ijg; gPbj;Js;s %lek;gpf;if vd;w Nehiaf; Fzg;gLj;j epr;rak; cjTk; vd  jpU.kh.f.<oNte;jd;> eh.c. jdJ rpwg;Giuapy; Fwpg;gpl;lhH. 

 

nuhwd;NuhTf;Fj; jkpo; ehl;by; ,Ue;J Nrhjpl ,uj;jpdq;fs;> Nrhjpl gz;bjHfs;> Nrhjpl rhj;jpupfs; vdj; jq;fisj; jhq;fNs $wpf;nfhs;gtHfs;  gilnaLg;gjw;F ,q;Fs;s rpy mq;fhb cupikahsHfNs fhuzkhf ,Uf;fpwhHfs;. NrhjplHfs; vd;W nrhy;yhky; ,e;J FUkhH vd;W ngha;nrhy;yp ,tHfSf;F ,e;j mq;fhb cupikahsHfs; tprh thq;fpf; nfhLj;JtpLfpwhHfs;. mjw;F Cjpakhf Nrhjplupd; tUkhdj;jpy; 20 tpOf;fhl;il thq;fpf; nfhs;fpwhHfs; vd;W Kd;dH vOjpapUe;Njd;.

 

NkYk; ,e;jr; NrhjplHfs; 20 nlhyiu kl;Lk; thq;fpf; nfhz;L gyd; nrhd;dhYk; thbf;iff;fhuUf;Fj; Njhrk; ,Ug;gjhfTk; fz;lk; ,Ug;gjhfTk; gaKWj;jpg; gupfhug; G+irf;nfd Nkyjpfkhf Mapuf;fzf;fpy; gzj;ijf; fwe;J tpLfpwhHfs; vd;Wk; mg;gbr; NrhjplHfs; gzk; fwe;J nfhz;l epfo;TfisAk; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;Njd;.

 

cz;ik vd;dntd;why; NrhjplHfspd; Ruz;ly; njhlHe;J eilngWfpwJ. xUtUf;Ff; fz;lk; ,Ug;gjhff; $wp rhe;jp nra;ar; Risahf 7>000 nlhyiu mtuplk; ,Ue;J xU NrhjplH gwpj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. ,ijr; nrhd;dtH me;jr; NrhjplUf;Ff; $ypf;F miw nfhLj;jpUf;Fk; mq;fhb cupikahsH.

 

,d;ndhU NrhjplH xU ngz;zplk; gpupe;J thOk; fztNuhL xd;W NrHj;J itg;gjhff; $wp 1>000 nlhyiuf; fwe;J tpl;lhH. mtH nra;j gupfhuk; xU fljhrpapd; ehd;F %iyapYk; kQ;rs; jltp me;jg; ngz;zplk; nfhLj;J mjpy; fbjk; vOjp mjidf; fztdf;F mDg;GkhW nrhd;dJjhd;. me;jf; fljhrp trpak; nra;ag;gl;lJ vd;W me;jg; ngz;zplk; NrhjplH GYlh tpl;bUf;fpwhH.  

 

vijr; nrhd;dhYk; vij vOjpdhYk; kdeyk; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fs; NrhjplHfisj; Njb Xbf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ,iw ek;gpf;ifia tpl Nrhjpl ek;gpf;if kf;fsplk; $Ljyhf ,Uf;fpwJ.

 

,jdhy; fdlhTf;F ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J NrhjplHfs; gilnaLj;j tz;zk; cs;sdH. mq;Nf xU khjk; ciof;fpw gzj;ij ,q;F xU ehspy; rk;ghjpj;J tpLfpwhHfs;. gyd; nrhy;tjpy; mjpf tUtha; ,y;iy. G+ir nra;fpNwhk;> gupfhuk; nra;fpNwhk;> rhe;jp nra;fpNwhk; vd;W nrhy;ypj;jhd; ,tHfs; gzj;ij Mapuf;fzf;fpy; fwf;fpwhHfs;.

 

,d;Dk; 6 khjj;jpy; fz;lk; vd;W xUtiug; gaKWj;jp gupfhuk; nra;a Risahf 1>000 nlhyHfisg; NrhjplH gpLq;fpg;Nghl;lhH.  fztd; - kidtpf;Fs; rpf;fy; vd;W nrhy;yp Nrhjpluplk; Nghd FLk;gk; "xd;whf ,Ue;jhy; capUf;F Mgj;J" vd;W NrhjplH ntUl;;l ,g;NghJ mtHfs; epue;jukhfg; gpupe;J tpl;lhHfs;!

 

vdf;F xU ez;gH ,Uf;fpwhH. Ngunjdpah gy;fiyf; fofg; gl;ljhup. fdlh tUKd; caHe;j mur gzpapy; ,Ue;jtH. mtH Nrhjplj;jpYk; ifNuif rhj;jpuj;jpYk; vz;rhj;jpuj;jpYk; mjPj ek;gpf;if itj;jpUf;fpwhH.  Rakhf njhopy; nra;Ak; ,tH jdJ rhjfg; gbNa vy;yhk; elg;gjhff; $WfpwhH. ,tuJ rhjfj;ij vOjpatH khj gyid vOjp itj;jpUf;fpwhH. ,J Nghjhnjd;W fdlhTf;F tUk; gz;bjHfs;> rhj;jpupfsplKk; rhjfj;ijf; fhl;bg; gyd; Nfl;ghH. rhjfk; ghHf;fj; njupahj NrhjplHfsplk; ifNuif rhj;jpuk; Nfl;ghH. vz; rhj;jpug;gb jdJ ngaupy; cs;s vOj;Jf;fisAk;  khw;wp itj;jpUf;fpwhH. njhopw;ngaUk; vz;rhj;jpug;gbjhd; itj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

mz;Nz ePq;fs; Gj;jfq;fisg; gbj;J tpl;L tPl;by; ,Ue;j gb Nrhjplk; Gul;L> ifNuif ngha;> vz;rhj;jpuk; GYlh vd;W vOjpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwPHfs;. vdf;Fj; njupe;j rhj;jpup xUtH te;J ,Uf;fpwhH. xUtuJ ifiag; ghHj;J mtuJ ,we;j fhyk;> epfo;fhyk;> vjpHfhyk; vd Kf;fhyj;ijAk; mr;nrhl;lhfr; nrhy;fpwhH. vdf;Fk; nrhd;dhH. nrhd;dnjy;yhk; rup. ehd; cq;fis mtuplk; $l;bf; nfhz;L NghfpNwd;. xUKiw cq;fs; ifiaf; fhl;bg; ghUq;fs;. ePq;fNs kiyj;Jg; NghtPHfs;. mg;Gwk; nrhy;Yq;fs; Nrhjplk;> ifNuif rhj;jpuk; cz;ikah ngha;ah vd;W nrhd;dhH.

 

rup> tUfpNwd;. Mdhy; Kd;$l;bNa vd;idg; gw;wp Nrhjpluplk; xd;Wk; nrhy;yf; $lhJ vd;Nwd;.

 

mz;Nz! mg;gbnay;yhk; cq;fSf;F JNuhfk; (,uz;lfk;) nra;Ntdh? vd;whH.

 

ehs;fs; efHe;jd. Misf; fhNzhk;. vd;d ele;jJ vd;W Nfl;Nld;. me;jr; rhj;jpup  CUf;Fg; Nghl;lhd; mz;Nz vd;whH.

 

Xf];l; filrpapy; xU ehs;. njhiyNgrp kzp xypj;jJ. mz;Nz! xU rhj;jpup te;jpUf;fpwhH. ifiag; ghHj;J me;jkhjpupr; nrhy;fpwhH. ePq;fs; ntspfpl;L epy;Yq;Nfh cq;fis te;J $l;bf; nfhz;L NghfpNwd; vd;whH.

 

NghFk; NghJ jdJ nry;yplNgrpapy; Rthkp! vdJ ez;gH xUtH cq;fisg; ghHf;f tpUk;GfpwhH.  ,g;g te;jhy; ghHf;fyhk;jhNd? vdf; Nfl;lhH.

 

,jpy; xU Ntbf;if vd;dntd;why; mtuJ JiztpahUf;F Nrhjpl rhj;jpuj;jpy; ek;gpf;if ,y;iy. nghJthf Mz;fis tpl nky;ypauhd ngz;fNs %lek;gpf;if cilatuhf ,Ug;ghHfs;. ,tH tPL mjw;F vjpHkhW. 

 

xU thbf;iffhuH ,Uf;fpwhH. mtiug; ghHj;jgpd; cq;fsJ ez;giug; ghHf;fpNwd; vd rhj;jpup kWKidapy; nrhd;dhH.

 

mq;F Nghdhy; ahiuAk; fhNzhk;. rup> rup thUq;fs;> cl;fhUq;fs; vd;W rhj;jpupAk; mtuJ kidtpAk; tuNtw;wdH. rhjhuz cilapy; Kfj;jpy; Nrhfj;ij mg;gpf; nfhz;L NrhjplH Kd; cl;fhHe;Njd;. gf;fj;jpy; ez;gH. rhj;jpupahH rpkpopy; ,Ue;j Fq;Fkj;ij vLj;J ,uz;LNguJ new;wpapYk; ,l;lhH.

 

Rk;kh nrhy;yf; $lhJ. fl;ilahd cUtk; vd;whYk; xU mry; ke;jputhjp Nghy gfl;lhf cil cLj;jpUe;jhH. gl;Lr; rl;il> ,ilapy; gQ;rfl;rk;. fOj;jpy; jq;fr; rq;fpyp> iffspy; Nkhjpuk;> miw KOJk; Ntq;flhrygjp> mk;kd;> mDkhd; glq;fs;. Nkirapy; mk;kd; cUtk;. jl;L epiwa  vYkpr;rk; goq;fs;. ,uz;nlhU Riuf;fha;...... ml;lfhrkhd myq;fhuk;.

 

vdJ tyJ ifiag; gpbj;jgb VNjNjh tha;f;Fs; KZKZj;Jf; nfhz;lhH. xU ifNuif rhj;jpug; Gj;jfj;jpy; fPwpapUe;j ifiaAk; mjpYs;s ifNuiffisAk; mbf;fb ghHj;Jf; nfhz;lhH.

 

me;j Neuk; ghHj;J mtH nrhd;d thbf;iffhuH te;J NrHe;jhH. clNd vq;fisg; ghHj;J rw;W Neuk; ntspapy; ,Uq;fs;. ,tiug; ghHj;Jtpl;L cq;fisf; $g;gpLfpNwd; vd;whH.

 

NtW topapd;wp ehq;fs; ntspNa nrd;Nwhk;. me;j thbf;iff;fhuH xU jkpo; ,isQH. mtH vq;fisg; ghHj;Jr; nrhd;dhH vdf;F Neuk; vLf;Fk;. ePq;fs; cs;Ns Nghq;fs;. ehd; ntspNa Ngha; xU Nfhg;gp Fbj;Jtpl;L MWjiyahf tUfpNwd; vd;W nrhy;yptpl;Lf; fpsg;gpg; Ngha;tpl;lhH.

 

ehq;fs; kWgbAk; cs;Ns nrd;W cl;fhHe;J nfhz;Nlhk;.    

 

kPz;Lk; ifia cw;Wg; ghHj;j NrhjplH ckf;F MAs; nfl;b. Vw;fdNt 3 fz;lq;fs; te;J Nghapl;LJ. ,dp ePH 97 taJtiu tho;tPH. ckJ MAs; Nuif mg;gbj;jhd; nrhy;fpwJ vd;whH.

 

rpwpJ ,ilntspf;Fg; gpd;dH ePH xU rpq;fk;> ckJ rk;ghj;jpaj;jpy; ,uhrh khjpup tho;fpwPH vd;whH.

 

ehd; Xa;T ngw;W 10 Mz;Lfs; Mfptpl;ld. JiztpahH Ntiy nra;tjpy;iy. vkJ gps;isfspd; jatpy; ,uhrhkhjpup tho;fpNwhk; vd;gJ rupjhd;.

 

mLj;Jr; NrhjplH nrhd;dJjhd; ey;y eifr;Rit. ePH xU gf;jpkhd;> ckJ new;wpapd; eLtpy; ehkf;NfhL ,Uf;fpwJ vd;whH. NrhjplH njYq;fH. njYq;fHfs; itzt rkaj;jtH. mjdhy;jhd; miw KOjk; jpUg;gjp ntq;flhrygjpapd; glq;fis khl;bapUe;jhH. mtUf;Fj; jkpOk; ,;lf;Fg; gz;zpaJ

 

mLj;Jg; nghj;jhk; nghJthf vdf;Fk; kidtpf;Fk; clk;gpy; Neh ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhd;dhH. ,e;j mfitapy; ahUf;Fj;jhd; clk;gpy; Neh ,y;iy? cz;ikapy; mtH vdf;F thjk; ,Ug;gjhfr; nrhy;ypapUf;fyhk;. thjj;jpy; 68 tif thjq;fs; cz;L. vdJ tajpy; mjpy; xd;whtJ ,Uf;Fk;!

 

vdJ %j;j kfdpd; ngaH mfitiaf; Nfl;lwpe;J nfhz;lhH. ,uz;lhtJ %d;whtJ gps;isfsJ ngaHfisAk; mfitiaAk; Nfl;Lj; njupe;J nfhz;lhH. mg;Gwk; ckf;F 5 gps;isfs;. mjpy; xd;W jtwpg; Ngha;tpl;lJ vd;whH. mJ gpio. vdJ ez;gupd; Kfj;ijg; ghHj;Njd;. tpsf;nfz;nza; tope;jJ! njhlHe;J NrhjplH nrhd;d gyd;fs; midj;JNk gpioahf ,Ue;jd. (tsUk;)

 

 


 

  

Nrhjplk; rhj;jpug; Nga;fs; nrhy;Yk; ngha;!

 FULk; FULk; Ful;lhl;lk; MLfpd;wd

(34)

 

mLj;J vdJ ez;gH ,tUf;F xU gpur;rid ,Uf;fpwJ. ntspehl;by; ,Ue;J xUtH tuNtz;Lk;. tUtjpy; jil....  vd;W nrhy;Yk; NghNj Nrhjplupd; Kfk; kyHe;jJ. 

 

mtiu ,q;F tu xUtH jil nra;fpwhH. Mdhy;  vz;zp 3 khjj;jpy; mtiu vd;dhy; ,q;Nf tutiof;f KbAk; vd;whH.

 

mtH 3 khjj;Jf;Fg; gpd;dH te;J gyd; ,y;iy. nrg;njk;gH 08 Mk; jpfjpf;F (Nrhjplg; Gul;L ntspaPl;L tpoh) Kd; tuNtz;Lk;?

 

mg;gbr; nra;a vd;dhy; KbAk;. ,q;fpUe;J ke;jpuk; nrhy;yp c\; vd;W nrhd;dhy; (NrhjplH thahYk; ifahYk; ebj;Jf; fhl;LfpwhH) mLj;j fpoikNa mtH ,q;F epw;ghH!

 

mjw;F vd;d gupfhuk;? rhj;jpupiaf; NfSq;fs; vd;W vdJ ez;guplk; nky;yr; nrhd;Ndd;. (vdf;Ff; fhJ Nfl;fhjJ Nghy; ghrhq;F nra;jjhy; rhj;jpupaplk; Nfl;f Ntz;ba Nfs;tpfis ez;gH %yNk Nfl;Nld;)

 

,uz;L NguJ ngaUf;Fk; G+ir nra;a Ntz;Lk;

 

vt;tsT nrythFk;?

 

mg;gb xd;Wk; ngupa njhif ,y;iy. 500 nlhyH nfhLq;fs;. gzk; nfhQ;rk; Mdhy; G+ir ngupJ!

 

ehd; vdJ ngaiuAk; ntspehl;by; ,Ue;J tUgtUila ngaiuAk; jkpopy; vOjpf; nfhLj;Njd;. ngaHfis mr;RWj;jp ehd; nrhy;y  NrhjplH njYq;F nkhopapy; mtw;iw mNj Jz;Lj;jhspy; vOjpdhH.

 

,jidg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j vdJ ez;gH cz;ikapy; ehd; G+ir nra;ag; NghfpNwd; vd;w vz;zj;jpy; gzg; igiaj; jpwe;J Kw;gzk; vd;W nrhy;yp xU 50 nlhyH jhis vLj;J Nkirapy; itj;jhH.

 

Nrhjplupd; Kfk; md;wyHe;j jhkiu Nghy; kyHe;jJ. Mdhy; mLj;j fzk; mtuJ Kfk; ,Uz;L tpl;lJ. vd;d fhuzk;?

 

vdJ ez;gH Vw;fdNt 21 nlhyiu vdf;fhf ,oe;J tpllhH. ,g;NghJ NkYk; 50 nlhyiu ,of;fg; NghfpwhH. vdJ %is kpd;dy; Ntfj;jpy; Ntiy nra;jJ.

 

Nkirapy; ez;gH itj;j 50 nlhyH jhis glhnud;W gha;e;J vLj;J mtuJ igf;Fs; jpzpj;Njd;!

 

,uz;;L ehspy; KOg; gzj;Jld; tUfpNwd; vd;W rhj;jpupaplk; nrhy;yptpl;L vdJ ez;gNuhL fpsk;gpNdd;. NrhjplH ,d;Wtiu ,yT fhj;j fpsp Nghyf; fhj;jpUf;fpwhH.

 

,g;NghJ vdJ ez;gH jdJ ngaiu ntspapy; tpl Ntz;lhk;> nra;jpj;jhspy; vOjptpl Ntz;lhk; vd;W mohf; Fiwahff; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;L jpupfpwhH.

 

,e;jg; gpugy Nrhjpl epGzH jd;idg; gw;wp ,q;Fs;s nra;jpapjo;fspy; KOg;gf;f tpsk;guk; nfhLj;jpUf;fpwhH. ngaH gz;bj; uhkuh[P rhj;jpup. ifNuif> Kfk; ghHj;J tUq;fhyk;> epfo;fhyk; Mfpatw;iw kpfj;Jy;ypakhff; fzpj;Jr; nrhy;thH. ,tH gpugy;akhd ebfH> ebiffs;> mikr;rHfs; Nghd;NwhUf;Fg; gyd; nrhy;yp ghuhl;Ljy;fisg; ngw;wtH (mtHfNshL NrHe;J vLj;j glq;fs; tpsk;guj;jpy; fhl;rp  mspf;fpd;wd) ePq;fs; mNdf NrhjplHfisg; ghHj;jpUf;fyhk;. ,tiu xUKiw re;jpAqfs;. mg;NghJ ,tiug;gw;wp mwptPHfs;.

 

jpUkzj; jilfs;> FLk;gj;jpy; epyTfpd;w gpur;ridfs; jPu> fhjy;> njhopy;> tpahghuhk; Mfpatw;wpy; Vw;gLk; jilfs; kw;Wk; Foe;ijg; ghf;fpak;> fz;jpU\;b ...vJthdhYk; ,tH gupfhuk; nra;J itg;ghH.

 

,jpy; cs;s Nrhfk; vd;dntd;why; %d;whk; cyifr; NrHe;j gj;jhk; tFg;Gg; gbj;j njYq;fHfs; Kjyhk; cyfpy; thOk; gbj;j jkpoHfs; jiyapy; kpsfha; miuj;Jtpl;Lg; NghfpwhHfs;! jkpod; jkpod; jiyapy; kpsfha; miuj;jhy; gUthapy;iy. jkpod;jhNd gpioj;Jg; Nghfl;Lk; vd;W tpl;L tplyhk;. Mdhy; njYq;fHfs;> tlehl;L ,e;jp gz;bjHfs; kpsfha; miug;gijj;jhd; nghWf;f Kbahky; ,Uf;fpwJ. ;

 

,d;ndhU Nrhfk;. ehd; Nrhjplg; Gul;L Ehy; ntspaPl;L tpohTf;F Kjd;ik tpUe;jpduhf mioj;jpUe;j ngupahH jpuhtplH fofg; nghJr;nrayhsH tpLjiy ,uhNre;jpuDf;F fdlh tu ,irTr; rPl;L fdba JhJtuhy; kWf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ. Mdhy; ,e;j rhj;jupfSf;F kl;Lk; Rw;Wyh ,irTr; rPl;L toq;fp FLk;gj;NjhL ,q;F mDg;gp itf;fpwhH. ,J vg;gb vd;Wjhd; njupatpy;iy.

 

ifNuifiag; ghHj;J xUtUf;F vj;jid gps;isfs;> gps;isfspd; gps;isfSf;F vj;jid gps;isfs;> fy;tp> nry;tk;> njhopy;> mfit> cly;eyk; vy;yhk; nrhy;y KbahJ. rpytw;iw Cfj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; nrhy;yyhk;. Mdhy; Jy;ypakhf vjidAk; nrhy;y KbahJ. fhuzk; rhjff; fzpg;Gg; Nghy; ifNuiff;Fk; mwptpay; mbg;gil fpilahJ.

 

flTs; ek;gpf;if> kj ek;gpf;if> Nga; gprhR ek;gpf;if Nghd;W NrhjplKk; xU ek;gpf;ifjhd;.

mwpT> mwptPdk;> ek;gpf;if %d;iwAk; gpd;tUkhW tiuaiw nra;ayhk;.

mwpT  - Nrhjpf;ff; $ba fUj;Jf;fs; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. (cyfk; cUz;ilahdJ. kNyupah Neha; Esk;Gfshy; Vw;gLfpwJ.)

mwptPdk; - Nrhjpf;ff; $ba fUj;Jf;fs; ,d;Dk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. (jpahdk; xUtiu me;juj;jpy; kpjf;f itf;Fk;.)

ek;gpf;if    - Nrhjid nra;aKbahj fUj;Jf;fs;. (Njtijfs; typia  czHtjpy;iy. rdpf;F vs;nsz;izr; rl;b vupj;jhy; rdp Njhrk; ePq;FfpwJ. ehq;fs; tho;tJ kw;wtHfSf;F cjTk; nghUl;L. )

mwpT> mwpahik> ek;gpf;if vy;yhk; xNu khjpupahdit my;y. mt;thNw tpOkpaq;fSk; (values) nka;ikfSk; (facts) xd;wy;y.

NrhjplHfs; Nrhjplj;ij tpOkpakhhff; fUjp mJ cz;ik vd;fpwhHfs;. mwptpayhsHfs; Nrhjplj;ij nka;ikapd; mbg;gilapy; ghHj;J mijg; Gul;L vd;fpwhHfs;. 

,JfhWk; nrhy;ypatw;why; Nrhjplk; xU Nghyp mwptpay; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ. gpd; Vd; vkJ kf;fs; cLk;Gg; gpbahf mijg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L jpup;fpwhHfs;. vy;yhk; gof;f Njhrk;jhd;.

jfg;gd; ntl;ba fpzW vd;W nrhy;yp %lHfs; cg;G ePiuf; Fbf;fpwhHfs; vd;W gQ;je;jpuk; eiff;fpwJ vd;W ghujpahH jkpoUf;F vd;w fl;Liuapy; (ghujpahH fl;Liufs; - gf;fk; 134) nrhy;tJ Kw;wpYk; cz;ik.

jkpoHfs; jpUkzk; vd;W tUk;NghJ nghUj;jk; ghHf;fhky; nra;tjpy;iy vd Kd;dNu (mj;jpahak; 25) Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nsd;.

kPz;Lk; me;jg; nghUj;jq;fs; vitnad;gJ  fPNo nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

(1) fpufg; nghUj;jk;

(2) el;rj;jpug; nghUj;jk;

(3) fzg; nghUj;jk;

(4) kNfe;jpug; nghUj;jk;

(5) ngz; jPHf;fg; nghUj;jk;

(6) Nahdpg; nghUj;jk;

(7) ,uhrpg; nghUj;jk;

(8) ,uhrpajpgjp;g; nghUj;jk;

(9) trpag; nghUj;jk;

(10) ,ur;Rg; nghUj;jk;

(11) Ntijg; nghUj;jk;

(12) tpU\g; nghUj;jk;

(13) MAs; nghUj;jk;

(14) Gj;jpug; nghUj;jk;

 

nghUj;jk; ghHg;gjpy; $l NrhjplHfsplk; xj;j fUj;jpy;iy. rpyH gj;Jg; nghUj;jq;fs; ghHj;jhy; NghJk; vd;ghHfs;. xU NrhjplH el;rj;jpuk;> fzk;> Nahdp> ,uhrp> ,ur;R Mfpa ma;e;Jk; Kf;fpak; vd;ghH.  mJ kl;Lk; my;yhky; gpuhkzUf;F mjpgjpAk; rj;jpupaUf;Ff; fzKk; itrpfUf;F ngz; jPHf;fKk; #j;jpuUf;F NahdpAk; Kf;fpakhfg; nghUe;j Ntz;Lk;.

 

gj;Jg; nghUj;jq;fspy; ma;e;Jf;F Nky;  nghUe;jpd; cj;jkk;. ma;e;J nghUe;jpd; kj;jpkk;. mjw;Fk; Fiwe;jhy; mjHkk;.

 

el;rj;jpuq;fisf; nfhz;lwpag;gLk; nghUj;jq;fspYk; fpufepiyiaf; nfhz;lwpAk; nghUj;jNk Kf;fpakhdJ vd thf;fpa gQ;rhq;fk; (gf;fk; 24-26) $WfpwJ.

 

mz;ikapy; vdf;Fj; njupe;j FLk;gq;fSf;F ,ilNa jpUkzg; Ngr;R ele;jJ. khg;gps;is ngz; ,UtUNk kUj;Jtj;Jf;Fg; gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhHfs;. ngz; ,yq;if Ngunjdpah gy;fiyf; fofj;jpYk;  khg;gps;is mnkupf;f gy;fiyf; fofk; xd;wpYk; gbf;fpwhHfs;. gbg;G Kba ,uz;nlhU Mz;Lfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.

 

khg;gps;is ngz; ,UtUf;Fk; ,ilapy; 1) Fbg;gpwg;G (2) xOf;fk;  (3) Ms;tpidAlik (4) mfit (5) tbT  (6) fhkxOf;fj;Jf;Fupa cs;sf; fpsHr;rp (7) rhy;G ew;Fzk; (8) mUSlik (9) cs;sf; Fwpg;ig mwpe;njhOFk; Ez;zwpT (10) nja;tg; nghypT vdg; gj;Jg; nghUj;jq;fSk; nghUe;jp ,Ue;jd. ,Ue;Jk; jpUkzg; Ngr;R ,ileLtpy; Kwpe;J Nghapw;W. vd;d fhuzk;?

 

ePq;fs; Cfpj;jpUg;gPHfs;. rhjfk; nghUe;jp tutpy;iy. khg;gps;is tPl;lhH rhjfj;ijf; nfhLj;Jg; nghUj;jk; ghHj;jNghJ 70 tpOf;fhL nghUj;jk; vd;W rhj;jpup nrhd;dhH. Mdhy; ngz;tPl;lhH rhjfk; nfhLj;Jg; ghHj;j rhj;jpup el;rj;jpug; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;w xNu fhuzj;jhy; nghUj;jk; mbNahL ,y;iy vd;W js;sptpl;lhH. kw;wg; nghUj;jq;fis mtH ghHf;fNt ,y;iy.

 

khg;gps;is tPl;lhUf;F ve;j mbg;gilapy; NrhjplH jpUkzg; nghUj;jk; 70 tpOf;fhL cz;L vd;W nrhd;dhH vd;gJ njupahJ. mJ NghyNt ngz; tPl;lhUf;F el;rj;jpug; nghUj;jk; ,y;iy vd;W NrhjplH nrhd;dJ njupAk;. ve;j mbg;gilapy; vd;gJ njupahJ.

 

,jpypUe;J vd;d njupfpwnjd;why; nghUj;jk; ghHg;gJ FULk; FULk; FUl;lhl;lk; MLfpd;wd. (tsUk;)